Elisabeth Chan
The International Center for English
Arkansas State University
TICE ESL Mini Conference – November 19, 2010
What’s the difference?
 Magnetic attraction occurs only between
ferrous metals.
 Our experiments showed that magnets
att...
 Magnetic attraction occurs only between
ferrous metals.
 Our experiments showed that magnets
attract some metals.
 We ...
 Magnetic attraction occurs only between
ferrous metals.
 Our experiments showed that magnets
attract some metals.
 We ...
Conversational vs Academic
 Cummins (1981)
 BICS – basic interpersonal
communicative skills
○ 2-3 years
 CALP – cogniti...
Cummins’ Quadrants
COGNITIVELY
UNDEMANDING
CONTEXT CONTEXT
EMBEDDED REDUCED
COGNITIVELY
DEMANDING
Academic Bag of Tricks
 How academic English is different &
Activities for building:
 Writing
 Reading
 Speaking
 Voc...
Writing
Organization
Content
Grammar
 ORGANIZATIONAL PATTERN
 CONTENT
 TOPIC
 SUPPORTING DETAILS
 GRAMMAR
 COMPOUND SENTENCES
 COMPLEX SENTENCES
Differe...
Building Academic Writing
 Focus on content
 State a topic and develop it
 Focus on cohesive paragraph structure
 Refe...
Writing Activity: Focus on Content
Original
Text
Adjectives
Adverbs
WH
Questions
 The movie was good. The man met a
woman...
Writing Activity: Focus on Content
Original
Text
Adjectives
Adverbs
WH
Questions
 The romantic movie was good. The
handso...
Writing Activity: Sentence
Transformation
The police investigation of the robbery
lasted for one month.
The police investi...
Difference?
Building Academic Reading
 Explicitly teach reading skills
 Model the skills! Use “Think Alouds”
 Build reading fluency...
Reading Activity:
Think Aloud
 Titles & Headings
 Figures
 Bold words
 Objectives
 Language!
Guessing from context!
C...
Speaking
Building Academic Speech
 Extend conversation
 Avoid IRE’s = Initiation, Response, Evaluation
(Cazden, 2001)
 Raise stu...
Speaking Activities
 Avoiding IRE’s
 Ask more open ended questions
 Respond with encouragement and in a way that extend...
Describe this image
Academic Vocabulary
 Every day vocabulary vs. Academic
(Brook, D. 1998)
 Explicitly teach vocabulary learning
strategies...
Vocabulary Activities
 Note cards or Notebooks
Vocabulary Activities
 Note cards or Notebooks
Collocations
Collocations
References
 Brook, D. 1998. The Journey of English. New York: Clarion Books.
 Cazden, C. 2001. Classroom Discourse: The ...
QUESTIONS?
CONTACT INFO
Elisabeth Chan
echan@astate.edu
http://www.astate.edu/international/tice
http://www.slideshare.net...
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TICE - Building Academic Language in the Classroom Handout

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TICE - Building Academic Language in the Classroom Handout

  1. 1. Elisabeth Chan The International Center for English Arkansas State University TICE ESL Mini Conference – November 19, 2010
  2. 2. What’s the difference?  Magnetic attraction occurs only between ferrous metals.  Our experiments showed that magnets attract some metals.  We found out the pins stuck on the magnet.  Look, it’s making them move. They don’t stick. Gibbons (2002, p.40)
  3. 3.  Magnetic attraction occurs only between ferrous metals.  Our experiments showed that magnets attract some metals.  We found out the pins stuck on the magnet.  Look, it’s making them move. They don’t stick. Gibbons (2002, p.40) Registers!
  4. 4.  Magnetic attraction occurs only between ferrous metals.  Our experiments showed that magnets attract some metals.  We found out the pins stuck on the magnet.  Look, it’s making them move. They don’t stick. Gibbons (2002, p.40) Registers! Non-Academic Academic
  5. 5. Conversational vs Academic  Cummins (1981)  BICS – basic interpersonal communicative skills ○ 2-3 years  CALP – cognitive academic language proficiency ○ 5-7 years  Cummins’ Quadrants  Context embedded?  Cognitively demanding?
  6. 6. Cummins’ Quadrants COGNITIVELY UNDEMANDING CONTEXT CONTEXT EMBEDDED REDUCED COGNITIVELY DEMANDING
  7. 7. Academic Bag of Tricks  How academic English is different & Activities for building:  Writing  Reading  Speaking  Vocabulary
  8. 8. Writing Organization Content Grammar
  9. 9.  ORGANIZATIONAL PATTERN  CONTENT  TOPIC  SUPPORTING DETAILS  GRAMMAR  COMPOUND SENTENCES  COMPLEX SENTENCES Difference?
  10. 10. Building Academic Writing  Focus on content  State a topic and develop it  Focus on cohesive paragraph structure  Reference, conjunctions, nominalization  Teach and practice the writing process  Focus on sentence structure  Compound, clauses, signal words  Paraphrasing
  11. 11. Writing Activity: Focus on Content Original Text Adjectives Adverbs WH Questions  The movie was good. The man met a woman. They fell in love.
  12. 12. Writing Activity: Focus on Content Original Text Adjectives Adverbs WH Questions  The romantic movie was good. The handsome man met a beautiful woman. They fell in love quickly.
  13. 13. Writing Activity: Sentence Transformation The police investigation of the robbery lasted for one month. The police investigated the robbery for one month. Nominalization Simple form (verb, adjective)
  14. 14. Difference?
  15. 15. Building Academic Reading  Explicitly teach reading skills  Model the skills! Use “Think Alouds”  Build reading fluency through Extensive Reading  Engage students & increase motivation  Goal of knowledge
  16. 16. Reading Activity: Think Aloud  Titles & Headings  Figures  Bold words  Objectives  Language! Guessing from context! Context-embedded + Cognitively demanding 
  17. 17. Speaking
  18. 18. Building Academic Speech  Extend conversation  Avoid IRE’s = Initiation, Response, Evaluation (Cazden, 2001)  Raise students’ awareness of academic speech  Use discussion groups with questions about differences  Listen to lectures or speeches & analyze the language used  Analyze research or focus on prevalent structures
  19. 19. Speaking Activities  Avoiding IRE’s  Ask more open ended questions  Respond with encouragement and in a way that extends their response and thinking ○ T: The teacher –blank– a book to the class every week. S: reads T: That’s right! Why do we use “reads” and not “read”? OR T: Very good! What other verbs can we use? S: gives? T: Excellent! What is a verb we cannot use there? Why not?
  20. 20. Describe this image
  21. 21. Academic Vocabulary  Every day vocabulary vs. Academic (Brook, D. 1998)  Explicitly teach vocabulary learning strategies  Vocabulary notebook activities  Extensive reading Anglo-Saxon French Latin fear terror trepidation win succeed triumph holy sacred consecrated
  22. 22. Vocabulary Activities  Note cards or Notebooks
  23. 23. Vocabulary Activities  Note cards or Notebooks
  24. 24. Collocations
  25. 25. Collocations
  26. 26. References  Brook, D. 1998. The Journey of English. New York: Clarion Books.  Cazden, C. 2001. Classroom Discourse: The Language of Teaching and Learning. Portsmouth, NH: Heinemann.  Cummins, J. 1981. “The Role of Primary Language Development in Promoting Educational Success for Language Minority Students.” In Schooling and Language Minority Students: A Theoretical Framework, 3-49. Los Angeles: Evaluation, Dissemination and Assessment Center, California State University, Los Angeles.  Freeman, Y.S. and D.E. Freeman. 2009. Academic Language for English Language Learners and Struggling Readers: How to Help Students Succeed Across Content Areas. Portsmouth, NH: Heinemann.  Gibbons, P. 2002. Scaffolding Language, Scaffolding Learning: Teaching Second Language Learners in the Mainstream Classroom. Portsmouth, NH: Heinemann.  Guthrie, J. and M. Davis. 2003. “Motivating Struggling Readers in Middle School Through an Engagement Model of Classroom Practice.” Reading and Writing Quarterly 9: 59-85.  Swales, J. 2005. “Academically Speaking.” Language Magazine 4 (8): 30-34.  Arms, K. 1996. Environmental Science. Austin, TX: Holt, Rinehart, and Winston.  Rowling, J.K. 1999. Harry Potter and the Sorcerer’s Stone. Scholastic Paperbacks.  Scholastic. Magnetic Attraction. http://www2.scholastic.com/browse/article.jsp?id=1227. Accessed October 5, 2010.  POS Hardware. International Point of Sale Cash Registers. http://www.internationalpointofsale.com/store/index.php?cPath=84. Accessed October 5, 2010. Image Citations
  27. 27. QUESTIONS? CONTACT INFO Elisabeth Chan echan@astate.edu http://www.astate.edu/international/tice http://www.slideshare.net/ElisabethChan The International Center for English Arkansas State University

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