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WORKING WITH PERSONS
 WHO ARE MENTALLY
     RETARDED
WORKING WITH PERSONS
    WHO ARE MENTALLY
        RETARDED
  Persons who have mild
mental retardation have the
 same basic physiological,
social, and emotional needs
  as people who are not
          retarded!
WORKING WITH PERSONS WHO ARE
     MENTALLY RETARDED
Most mentally retarded people are capable of
obtaining jobs and functioning independently in
the community.
Most are capable of functioning adequately on a
number of levels in a variety of contexts. There
are times, however, when they have difficulty
coping with environmental demands.
As a group they may encounter their greatest
difficulties in school and in making the transition
to community living.
Children who are mentally retarded
 usually experience delays in their
   physical, cognitive and social
development; they exhibit behavior
  that is characteristic of children
      considerably younger in
          chronological age.
NOTE: Persons with learning
 disabilities have average to
above average intelligence but
  do not function up to their
     cognitive potential.
WORKING WITH PERSONS WHO ARE
     MENTALLY RETARDED
The wide range of behaviors and
functional abilities of people with learning
impairments necessitates careful
consideration of each person’s abilities.
 Assumptions about the individual, based
upon a categorical designation, must be
avoided.
WORKING WITH PERSONS WHO ARE
     MENTALLY RETARDED
Activities should be divided into
manageable parts and carefully
sequenced to offer a progression of skills.
Repetition of important tasks may also
facilitate learning.
Whenever possible, it is helpful to provide
a demonstration so participants can model
the desired behavior.
WORKING WITH PERSONS WHO ARE
     MENTALLY RETARDED
Use verbal instructions that are clear and
easy to understand.
Provide careful supervision of all activities
especially those in which accidents or
injuries are possible, but be careful not to
overprotect participants.
Explain required learning tasks in terms of
concrete concepts.
Stress real-life applications.
WORKING WITH PERSONS WHO ARE
     MENTALLY RETARDED
Plan activities that are age appropriate.
Plan activities that require skills useful in
community living, job training, etc.
Try to ensure that the challenges of an
activity correspond with the skills of the
participants.
When possible start an activity at the
participant’s current skill level rather than
the lowest possible level.
WORKING WITH PERSONS WHO ARE
     MENTALLY RETARDED
Small group and cooperative activities
may facilitate social development for those
with deficiencies in adaptive behavior.
Establish necessary rules for appropriate
behavior, and use consistent
consequences.
WORKING WITH PERSONS WHO ARE
       MENTALLY RETARDED
Individuals who have learning disabilities
  It is especially important to reduce
  extraneous stimuli.
  The leader should limit the quantity of
  materials, directions, verbal suggestions,
  and so on.
  Care should be taken not to eliminate
  choices or limit opportunities for creativity.
WORKING WITH PERSONS WHO ARE
     MENTALLY RETARDED
Activities should involve as many of the
senses as possible.
Abstractions are often difficult for children
to grasp, so visible evidence of success,
such as certificates of achievement,
should be used.
WORKING WITH PERSONS WHO ARE
     MENTALLY RETARDED
Mentally retarded persons are good
workers, dependable and good at
repetitive tasks
HORTICULTURE PROGRAMS FOR
    MENTALLY RETARDED PERSONS
Why Horticulture?
 job market for horticultural skills which a person
 who is mentally retarded can do
 horticultural activities provide a therapeutic
 milieu which is effective training for job
 placement in many other settings
 the horticultural training program can generate
 its own products and some of its own operating
 funds
 many people want to buy plants, giving a natural
 means for social interaction with clients
HORTICULTURE PROGRAMS FOR
    MENTALLY RETARDED PERSONS
Goals of Programs:
 training
 employment
 teaching other life skills in an alternative
 environment
 avocational interests
HORTICULTURE PROGRAMS FOR
    MENTALLY RETARDED PERSONS
Four Types of Program:
 affiliation with public schools
 training center in a public or private
 residential facility
 part of a work training center
 as a horticultural training center
HORTICULTURE PROGRAMS FOR
   MENTALLY RETARDED PERSONS
Examples of programs:
 Public and private schools
 State schools
 Brookwood Community
 Marbridge Ranch
 Providence Farm

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Working with Persons Who Are Mentally Retarded - Horticultural Sciences, Texas A&M University

  • 1. WORKING WITH PERSONS WHO ARE MENTALLY RETARDED
  • 2. WORKING WITH PERSONS WHO ARE MENTALLY RETARDED Persons who have mild mental retardation have the same basic physiological, social, and emotional needs as people who are not retarded!
  • 3. WORKING WITH PERSONS WHO ARE MENTALLY RETARDED Most mentally retarded people are capable of obtaining jobs and functioning independently in the community. Most are capable of functioning adequately on a number of levels in a variety of contexts. There are times, however, when they have difficulty coping with environmental demands. As a group they may encounter their greatest difficulties in school and in making the transition to community living.
  • 4. Children who are mentally retarded usually experience delays in their physical, cognitive and social development; they exhibit behavior that is characteristic of children considerably younger in chronological age.
  • 5. NOTE: Persons with learning disabilities have average to above average intelligence but do not function up to their cognitive potential.
  • 6. WORKING WITH PERSONS WHO ARE MENTALLY RETARDED The wide range of behaviors and functional abilities of people with learning impairments necessitates careful consideration of each person’s abilities. Assumptions about the individual, based upon a categorical designation, must be avoided.
  • 7. WORKING WITH PERSONS WHO ARE MENTALLY RETARDED Activities should be divided into manageable parts and carefully sequenced to offer a progression of skills. Repetition of important tasks may also facilitate learning. Whenever possible, it is helpful to provide a demonstration so participants can model the desired behavior.
  • 8. WORKING WITH PERSONS WHO ARE MENTALLY RETARDED Use verbal instructions that are clear and easy to understand. Provide careful supervision of all activities especially those in which accidents or injuries are possible, but be careful not to overprotect participants. Explain required learning tasks in terms of concrete concepts. Stress real-life applications.
  • 9. WORKING WITH PERSONS WHO ARE MENTALLY RETARDED Plan activities that are age appropriate. Plan activities that require skills useful in community living, job training, etc. Try to ensure that the challenges of an activity correspond with the skills of the participants. When possible start an activity at the participant’s current skill level rather than the lowest possible level.
  • 10. WORKING WITH PERSONS WHO ARE MENTALLY RETARDED Small group and cooperative activities may facilitate social development for those with deficiencies in adaptive behavior. Establish necessary rules for appropriate behavior, and use consistent consequences.
  • 11. WORKING WITH PERSONS WHO ARE MENTALLY RETARDED Individuals who have learning disabilities It is especially important to reduce extraneous stimuli. The leader should limit the quantity of materials, directions, verbal suggestions, and so on. Care should be taken not to eliminate choices or limit opportunities for creativity.
  • 12. WORKING WITH PERSONS WHO ARE MENTALLY RETARDED Activities should involve as many of the senses as possible. Abstractions are often difficult for children to grasp, so visible evidence of success, such as certificates of achievement, should be used.
  • 13. WORKING WITH PERSONS WHO ARE MENTALLY RETARDED Mentally retarded persons are good workers, dependable and good at repetitive tasks
  • 14. HORTICULTURE PROGRAMS FOR MENTALLY RETARDED PERSONS Why Horticulture? job market for horticultural skills which a person who is mentally retarded can do horticultural activities provide a therapeutic milieu which is effective training for job placement in many other settings the horticultural training program can generate its own products and some of its own operating funds many people want to buy plants, giving a natural means for social interaction with clients
  • 15. HORTICULTURE PROGRAMS FOR MENTALLY RETARDED PERSONS Goals of Programs: training employment teaching other life skills in an alternative environment avocational interests
  • 16. HORTICULTURE PROGRAMS FOR MENTALLY RETARDED PERSONS Four Types of Program: affiliation with public schools training center in a public or private residential facility part of a work training center as a horticultural training center
  • 17. HORTICULTURE PROGRAMS FOR MENTALLY RETARDED PERSONS Examples of programs: Public and private schools State schools Brookwood Community Marbridge Ranch Providence Farm