Social Farming (SF) in Italy: an opportunity for local development
Social Farming (SF) in Italy: an opportunity for local development Roberto Finuola Economic Development Ministry Evaluation Unit (Uval), Italy email@example.com
What is Social Farming (SF ) ? A wide constellation of dif- ferent practices with two common elements: 1. to be practised in a farm; 2. to be directed to less em- powered people (mentally & physically disabled, drug addicts, children, the elderly, prisoners, youngsters, burnt out.... people).
Social farming Areas Therapy - Work EducationRehabilitation inclusion Recreation• Therapeutic activity • Work placement and• Assisted therapies with training • Inclusion in schools animals (e.g., pet • Inclusion in the job market • Activities for students therapy) horticultural of physically and mentally with learning difficulties therapies... for people disabed people who parti- or social adaptation with physical disabilities cipate in the agricultural problems. or psychiatric problems. cycles depending on their• Rehabilitation, abilities. • Learning activities housing, social • (Educational farms) • Prisons hands-on learning for integration. • Work and training in new students about rural• Not self-sufficient job skills. livelihoods and elderly, drug/alcohol addicts, victims of • Lands confiscated from agricultural cycles. trauma (children, abused organized crime entities • Cultural activities people…), former (Italy) prisoners, people • Renewed appreciation • young people in social co- of traditional rural recovering from illness operatives. values and customs• …….
European nets on SF voluntary based activity around Social Farming http://sofar.unipi.it research net focused on 3 fields: efficiency, economics , Green Care policies project aimed at sup- porting EU policies
SF in EU: a diverse history GERMANY FRANCE IRELAND long history (since 1800) Long history (“open gardens”); 70’ Camphill, religious 70’ s sheltered workshops; 90’s networks (“Les“Jardins de communities Camphill communities… Cocagne”,“Reseau de 90’ first soc. farms Cocagne…”)SLOVENIA Social-health INSTITUTIONAL institutions90’ first soc. farms APPROACHNETHERLANDS BELGIUM PRIVATE70’s Anthroposophist & religious 1800: Community of communities; Geel 90’s private care farms APPROACH 90’ private “care farms” ITALY Closing down of mental MIXED hospitals in the 70’s; start of social co- APPROACH operatives; 2000: RD opened to SF
SF in EU: a diverse orientation Social & Public projects (employment) Rural develop. health care policies Italy, Compensations to Associations Farmers (B) France Charity (I, Fr) Social Co-ops Support to new type B (I) SF initiatives (I) Public paymentsGermany, Public structures Ireland, (Gr,SL, Irl) Farms (I, Fr)Slovenia Belgium Social Co-ops type A/B (I) Netherlands Farms (NL) Food markets Public funds (ethical; direct (Health/care, selling) educ. sector)Health Agriculture Source: Sofar Project - 2008 In many countries SF < 1% of total farms but operating in remote rural areas
Social Farming Governance in Italy ConsumersPublic Institutions Private actors AGRICULTURE State Social Farms Regions Private farms; SF as diver- sification (multifunctionality) Beneficiaries mentally/psychiatrically disabled Social Coop. B Agriculture as an Municipalities physically disabled children,youngsters, occupational therapy; agriculture as a job Provinces Local the elderly, drug-alcohol addicted Social Coop. A Health Units prisoners & former pr. …………. Agricultural processes as a tool for care (“green” therapies) VOLUNTARY & SERVICES ASS. Users
Rural Development Policy 2007-2013SF is a“key action” of AxisIII in National Strategy Plan A) Improving the quality of life2007-2013 referring to: in rural areas: “A trend worth promoting and sustaining is that of companies (agricultural and service-providing) that operate in the field of the so-called social agriculture (using farms for meeting social needs such as the rehabilitation and re-integration of disadvantaged people, educational acti- vities for schools, etc.)”. B) To diversify the rural economy : The initiatives of social agriculture are among the key actions for the creation of new occupational or income-generating opportunities in rural areas.
SF in Regional Rural Development Programmes (RDPs) 2007-2013 Meas. 311 – Diversification All of the regions foresee social agriculture actions Meas. 321 – Services for the rural populations All of the regions – except for a few exceptions - foresee social Social Farming is agriculture actionssupported by RDPs
SF in Regional & Cohesion PoliciesIn the National Strategic Fra-mework 2007-2013 2 prio-rities interesting SF: Pr. 4: social inclusion and services for the quality of life and the attractiveness of the territory actions for disabled/disadvantaged people improving the quality and ac- cessibility in rural areas of social protection services Pr. 8: competivity and at- tractiveness of cities and urban systems Reinforcement of functional rela- tionships between urban systems and rural systems
SF in Regional Operational Programmes ESFAxis: Social Inclusion(integration into the job marketof disadvantaged persons …)Axis: Adaptability (trainingfor new activities …) ERDF (Southern Italy) Improving essential services for the rural area population (social- health, services for children…) Adaptability and employability priority (new profiles of entrepre- neurship, social responsibility…) ERDF (Northern Italy)Focus on productivitySome actions in priorities infavour of entrepreneurship
The role of SF in connecting policies: some experiences “Distretto rurale di econo- "Valdera Health mia solidale” (Solidary Econo- Society” new my Rural District). Integrated organization to inte- approach of local social-health grate health policy institutions, farmers, co-ope- within a participa- ratives…….. Activities: working tive territorial ap- inclusion, housing autonomy for proach. disabled people, ethical trade mark for local products (wine)….. “La Buona Terra” (the good land). Wor- king inclusion of drug/alcohol addicts in Co.ops & private farms“Rete Nazionale Fatto- “Libera Terra” (Free Land) netrie sociali” (Social Farms “TITRA - INEA” (Institutional of co-operatives cultivating landsnational network) Table for Therapeutic Rehabilita- confiscated to organized crime ting activities in Agriculture). Aim: to promote experimental projects to validate AAT.
depopulationdecreasing of young people Concentration of elderly people pressure on publich health care organized crimeAn Integrated Policy
Is SF able to give answers to these issues? depopulation & undermi- SF could create new and ning provision of key diffused services in farms public services everywhere in rural areas decreasing number of young SF is an opportunity for young people (public lands given to young people in rural areas people co-operatives?) SF allows to create, possibly atConcentration of elderly people puts lower costs, structures in farms to give daily assistance topressure on publich health care elderly people and also to host them permanently organized crime confiscated lands offer new opportuni- impacts policy ties to young people and develop the effectiveness awareness of “legality” in difficult areasan integrated policy “Integration” is a key word in SF,should foster social including agriculture, health, social, local development, employment andcohesion education…
Future developments in supporting SF• In Italy: Regional Policy and Rural Development Policy are working in this direction with the support of the Evaluation Unit and the The National Rural Network• In Europe: nets of SF are also working to improve knowledge about the phenomena and the impact of policies • What is happening in other OECD countries? • Can we foresee to deep Social Farming analysis at OECD level?
Thank you for your attention. firstname.lastname@example.org