Research Strategies

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A sample lesson in Information Literacy and college-level research strategies, designed for a fictional community college. Created and presented to 9443: The Academic Library. Fall 2013.

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Research Strategies

  1. 1. Research Strategies Fenton Valley College Intro. To College Research November 5, 2013 Eliot Boden Image credit Clker user MrChicken
  2. 2. Information Literacy Recap “Information literacy is a set of abilities requiring individuals to recognize when information is needed and have the ability to locate, evaluate, and effectively use the needed information.”*  Determine the extent of information needed  Access the needed information effectively and efficiently  Evaluate information and its sources critically  Incorporate selected information into one’s knowledge base  Use information effectively to accomplish a specific purpose  Understand the economic, legal, and social issues surrounding the use of information, and access and use information ethically and legally * Association of College and Research Libraries. “Information Literacy Competency Standards.” Chicago: American Library Association, 2000. http://www.ala.org/acrl/standards/informationliteracycompetency. Web. 12 Nov 2013.
  3. 3. Today’s Objective Standard 2: The information literate student accesses needed information effectively and efficiently. The information literate student… Selects the most appropriate investigative methods or information retrieval systems for accessing the needed information. Constructs and implements effectively designed search strategies. Retrieves information online or in person using a variety of methods. * Association of College and Research Libraries. “Information Literacy Competency Standards.” Chicago: American Library Association, 2000. http://www.ala.org/acrl/standards/informationliteracycompetency. Web. 12 Nov 2013.
  4. 4. http://vimeo.com/13186317
  5. 5. Scholarly Communication Users Apply information to research Teach information literacy to students Write articles and submit them for peer-review Libraries Purchase, organize, and give access to resources Package content and sell access rights to libraries Publishers Create books, journals, electronic databases
  6. 6. How Many Keywords?  Most databases do not understand human language    Google’s natural-language search is not perfect Must break down question into small pieces Keywords (Thesaurus)  3-4 is just the right amount 1. State your topic as a question “Where have dinosaur bones been found?” 2. Extract the main concepts from the question dinosaur, bones, location 3. Brainstorm a list of synonyms and related terms fossil, skeleton, triceratops [a dinosaur], Colorado [a location] 4. Voila! You have your keywords! Book image credit deviantart user narutolove1477 Dinosaurs image credit Wikipedia user Mariana Ruiz Villareal
  7. 7. Group Activity! Immigration Global Warm in g Independe nce movemen ts Piracy ~7 minutes. In groups of 3-4, brainstorm keywords for one of the topics above. Image credit Flickr user lumaxart
  8. 8. Search Techniques Useful in the catalog and online databases. Computers do not understand human language  Operators help a computer think Boolean? What?  AND, OR, NOT – narrow or broaden search  NEAR, BEFORE, AFTER – sets order of terms Wildcards  Expand the range of your search  * - searches the root word “soci*” will find social, society, sociology  ! – for alternate spellings “wom!n” will find woman and women Playing Cards image credit Wikipedia user atchius George Boole image credit Wikipedia user Haks
  9. 9. See you Next Time! DON’T FORGET! The Research Plan is due Tuesday, November 12 at the start of class.
  10. 10. Research Strategies Continued… Fenton Valley College Intro. To College Research November 12, 2013 Eliot Boden image credit deviantart user MegLyman
  11. 11. Today’s Objective: Standard 2: The information literate student accesses needed information effectively and efficiently. The information literate student… Retrieves information online or in person using a variety of methods. Refines the search strategy if necessary. Extracts, records, and manages the information and its sources.
  12. 12. How to Use Call Numbers  Library of Congress (LC)   In alphabetical, then numerical order   Books grouped by subject Great for browsing! Here's a sample call number, with an explanation for each line:  QA - letter line, describes general subject area; alphabetical order  152.3 - number line, narrows subject area; numerical order  .L37 - cutter line, usually specifies author or key word(s) from title; alphabetical then decimal order  2008 - year of publication, numerical order Image credit Flickr user CCAC North Library
  13. 13. Using Interlibrary Loan  Fenton Valley has 40,000 titles  MOBIUS has 25 million books   ~3-4 days to arrive   Request with your student ID Use the catalog to renew Articles   Image credit Flickr user Brian Gaid Citations in library databases Full-Text must be available in electronic format to request  Usually 5-7 days to arrive  Link will appear in your email
  14. 14. Group Activity! ~ 5 minutes. In groups of 2-3, use the MOBIUS catalog to find books and answer the questions provided on the worksheet. Image credit Flickr user lumaxart
  15. 15. Group Activity! ~5 minutes. In groups of 2-3, use Academic Search Premier to find articles and answer the questions provided on the worksheet. Image credit Flickr user lumaxart
  16. 16. How to Cite Sources  Why Cite?  Appear more credible to your readers.  Display engagement with your sources.  Show respect to authors.  Modem Language Association (MLA)  Helpful Resources    MLA Handbook 7th ed. Purdue OWL (Online Writing Lab) Hanging Indent!  Format > Paragraph > Indentation: Special (drop-down menu) Image credit Flickr user pricejaj
  17. 17. http://vimeo.com/13016416
  18. 18. Thanks for Participating! DON’T FORGET! The Modified Annotated Bibliography is due Tuesday, November 19.

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