FILE 1A PRESENT SIMPLE AND CONTINUOUS. ACTION AND NON- ACTION VERBS
USE THE PRESENT SIMPLE FOR:1. Habits/routines. e.g.: John starts work at eight o’clock.2. Things that are always true/permanent. e.g.: Spain is a hot country.3. Describing a state. e.g.: Dimitri is really happy about his job.4. With the present simple use the following time expressions: e.g. every day, once a month, sometimes, never, and other adverbs of frequency ( before the main verb and after be)
3RD PERSON PRONUNCIATION -s can be pronounced in different ways: / s/- with verbs ending in an unvoiced consonant. e.g. cooks, eats / z / - with verbs ending in a vowel sound or voiced consonant. e.g. plays, has / iz /- with verbs where you add –es e.g. watches, finishes
USE THE PRESENT CONTINUOUSFOR:1. Things that are happening now, at this moment. e.g. Janet is having a shower.2. Temporary situations that are happening around now ( but not at this exact moment). e.g. I am learning Spanish for my job.3. For future arrangements. e.g.What are you doing after class? - I’m going to the cinema.4. Time expressions used with the present continuous: e.g. now, at the moment, this week, today…
Present continuous: Form and spellingFORM:Be + verb + -ingSPELLING( remember )Living, studying, getting
ACTION AND NON-ACTION VERBS Action verbs are verbs which describe actions. They can be used in the present simple or continuous. e.g. make, cook Non-action verbs are verbs which describe states or feelings ( not actions), e.g. like, want, be are not normally used in the present continuous.
Common non-action verbs are: Have ( possess), like, love, hate, need, want, hope, prefer, find, know, think, realise, believe, understand, remember, seem, depend, suppose, mean, see, hear, smell, taste, agree.
have Have has action and non-action meaning. action meaning –( experience) e.g. I’m having lunch we’re having a wonderful holiday non-action meaning- ( possession) e.g. we have a lovely room by the sea
Listening http://www.english- test.net/esl/lesson- plans/grammar_tenses.html Lets practise some more. Listen to the following conversation andfind out which tenses are used:
Transcript part 1 - Good morning Darling, how are you feeling today? - Thanks, Im feeling OK, thanks. Whats that sound? Are our neighbours testing their new power tools? - No, this time its not our neighbours but our kids. - Our kids? What are they doing? - Well, youll be surprised -- they are listening to the CD you bought them for Christmas. - Ah, I see. But why arent they using their headphones? - Headphones? Do they have headphones? - Yes, of course they do. They are just not using them to provoke us.
Transcript part 2 Oh, come on. Dont say that. They probably think we should be listening to their music, too. - Right. I should be listening to Techno songs at 9 oclock on a Sunday morning. You must be kidding! - 9 oclock? Its 10:30, the sun is shining and your parents are coming in two hours. How about getting ready for them?
Transcript part 3 - Why are my parents visiting us today? Did you tell them about my promotion? - Well, how did you think I could hide such news from them? Of course I told your mother about your success. Were are so proud of you! - Thanks a lot. Maybe, today you are cooking lunch for a change? - That wont be necessary I suppose. Our kids are already working hard in the kitchen. - Is that true? We have wonderful kids, dont we?
Thanks to: Face2face intermediate New English File intermediate http://www.english-test.net/esl/lesson-plans/gramm By Elena Gómez