Defining vs non defining relative clauses-advanced
DEFINING VS NON- DEFININGRELATIVE CLAUSESUnit 4
IDENTIFYING VS NON-IDENTIFYING NON-IDENTIFYINGIDENTIFYING CLAUSES CLAUSES Identify or classify Describe the person nouns. /thing identified and Tell us which provides extra person/thing is meant information E.g. People who take E.g. This is Ms Rogers, physical exercise live who’s joining the firm longer next week
PUNCTUATIONIDENTIFYING NON-IDENTIFYING Usually follow Are normally separated immediately after the by pauses and /or noun that they modify without a break: they are intonation breaks and not separated by pauses commas. or intonation movements E.g. Dorothy, who in speech, or by commas in writing. does my hair, has moved to another E.g. The woman who does my hair has city. moved to another hairdresser’s
WHO- AS OBJECT IN IDENTIFYING CLAUSESWHO- IDENTIFYING WHOM- NON-IDENTIFYING E.g. The woman who I He met Rachel, whom marry will have a good she was later to marry. sense of humour. N.B. WHOM is more formal
POSITION OF PREPOSITIONS1. BEFORE RELATIVE PRONOUNS2. AT THE END OF CLAUSESRELATIVE+ PREPOSITION=+ FORMAL PREPOSITION STRANDING 1. He was respected by 1. He was respected by the people with whom the people he worked he worked with. 2. This is the room in This is the room I was which I was born= born in.
THINGS : OF WHICH, THAT…..OF Instead of whose, we can use of which or that…of ( less formal) to refer to things, and these are sometimes preferred. The most common word order is : noun+ of which noun+ that…..of of which…….+ noun Examples He’s written a book whose name I’ve forgotten. He’s written a book the name of which I’ve forgotten. He’s written a book that I’ve forgotten the name of. He’s written a book of which I’ve forgotten the name.
PRACTICE 1: OF WHICH http://www.grammar-quizzes.com/clauses-8.html
1. EXERCISE ON RELATIVE CLAUSESNON-DEFINING RELATIVE CLAUSES Combine the sentences using relative clauses. Note that all relative clauses are non-defining. Samuel Johnson was the son of a bookseller. Samuel Johnson was born in 1709. Samuel Johnson ________________________________________ In 1728, he went to Oxford. He studied at Pembroke College in Oxford. In 1728, he went _______________________________________ Johnson had to leave Oxford without a degree. He was too poor to pay the fees. Johnson _____________________________________________ _ In 1737, Johnson moved to London. There he wrote poetry, essays and biographies. In 1737, Johnson _______________________________________
In 1746, Johnson started to write his dictionary. It took him nine years to complete. In 1746, Johnson started __________________________ His home at that time was in 17 Gough Square in London. It is a museum now. 17 Gough Square in London ________________________ In this house, his wife died in 1752. Her name was Elizabeth Porter. In this house his wife ____________________________ In 1755, the work was published. It was called A Dictionary of the English Language. In 1755, the work ______________________________ Samuel Johnson died in 1784. He is buried in Westminster Abbey. Samuel Johnson _______________________________
EXERCISES NON-DEFINING CLAUSES Check your keys here http://www.ego4u.com/en/cram- up/grammar/relative-clauses/exercises?12
OTHER RELATED TOPICSPREPOSITION PLACEMENT http://www.grammar-quizzes.com/preps- placement.html
WEBBLOGRAPHY http://www.grammar-quizzes.com http://www.ego4u.com/en/cram- up/grammar/relative-clauses/exercises?12 You can take this diagnosis test here: http://www.grammar-quizzes.com/adjcl-diagnostic.html More Power Points http://www.slideshare.net/joseanis/relative-clauses- 6595371