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Defining vs non defining relative clauses-advanced


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Defining vs non defining relative clauses-advanced

  2. 2. IDENTIFYING VS NON-IDENTIFYING NON-IDENTIFYINGIDENTIFYING CLAUSES CLAUSES Identify or classify  Describe the person nouns. /thing identified and Tell us which provides extra person/thing is meant information  E.g. People who take  E.g. This is Ms Rogers, physical exercise live who’s joining the firm longer next week
  3. 3. PUNCTUATIONIDENTIFYING NON-IDENTIFYING Usually follow  Are normally separated immediately after the by pauses and /or noun that they modify without a break: they are intonation breaks and not separated by pauses commas. or intonation movements  E.g. Dorothy, who in speech, or by commas in writing. does my hair, has moved to another E.g. The woman who does my hair has city. moved to another hairdresser’s
  4. 4. WHO- AS OBJECT IN IDENTIFYING CLAUSESWHO- IDENTIFYING WHOM- NON-IDENTIFYING E.g. The woman who I  He met Rachel, whom marry will have a good she was later to marry. sense of humour. N.B. WHOM is more formal
  5. 5. WHO/WHOM
  6. 6. POSITION OF PREPOSITIONS1. BEFORE RELATIVE PRONOUNS2. AT THE END OF CLAUSESRELATIVE+ PREPOSITION=+ FORMAL PREPOSITION STRANDING 1. He was respected by  1. He was respected by the people with whom the people he worked he worked with. 2. This is the room in  This is the room I was which I was born= born in.
  7. 7. EXERCISES 2.html#preps
  8. 8. THINGS : OF WHICH, THAT…..OF Instead of whose, we can use of which or that…of ( less formal) to refer to things, and these are sometimes preferred. The most common word order is :  noun+ of which  noun+ that…..of  of which…….+ noun  Examples He’s written a book whose name I’ve forgotten. He’s written a book the name of which I’ve forgotten. He’s written a book that I’ve forgotten the name of. He’s written a book of which I’ve forgotten the name.
  10. 10. 1. EXERCISE ON RELATIVE CLAUSESNON-DEFINING RELATIVE CLAUSES Combine the sentences using relative clauses. Note that all relative clauses are non-defining. Samuel Johnson was the son of a bookseller. Samuel Johnson was born in 1709. Samuel Johnson ________________________________________ In 1728, he went to Oxford. He studied at Pembroke College in Oxford. In 1728, he went _______________________________________ Johnson had to leave Oxford without a degree. He was too poor to pay the fees. Johnson _____________________________________________ _ In 1737, Johnson moved to London. There he wrote poetry, essays and biographies. In 1737, Johnson _______________________________________
  11. 11.  In 1746, Johnson started to write his dictionary. It took him nine years to complete. In 1746, Johnson started __________________________ His home at that time was in 17 Gough Square in London. It is a museum now. 17 Gough Square in London ________________________ In this house, his wife died in 1752. Her name was Elizabeth Porter. In this house his wife ____________________________ In 1755, the work was published. It was called A Dictionary of the English Language. In 1755, the work ______________________________ Samuel Johnson died in 1784. He is buried in Westminster Abbey. Samuel Johnson _______________________________
  12. 12. EXERCISES NON-DEFINING CLAUSES Check your keys here up/grammar/relative-clauses/exercises?12
  14. 14. WEBBLOGRAPHY up/grammar/relative-clauses/exercises?12 You can take this diagnosis test here:  More Power Points 6595371