Cleft sentences

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Cleft sentences

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Cleft sentences

  1. 1. CLEFT SENTENCES ADVANCED 2
  2. 2. What are they used for? • When we want to focus attention on or emphasize one part of a sentence, we can do this by adding certain words or phrases to the beginning of a sentence. This is sometimes called ‘cleft sentence’
  3. 3. Types of Cleft sentences •1. beginning with :What or All ▫ What= the thing; All =the only thing + clause `be, and then the emphatic sentence. ▫ E.g.: What I need is a new car. ▫ All I want is to travel
  4. 4. 2. beginning with What happens is…/ What happened was…. ▫ Used to emphasize an event/ action ▫ E.g.: What happened was ( that) we missed our flight.
  5. 5. 3. beginning with The person who…, the place where…, • The person who…, • The place where…, • The first/last time…, • The resason why…, ▫ E.g.: The reason why I bought it was because it was cheap. + clause+ beemphasized part of the sentence at the end.
  6. 6. 4. Beginning with It ▫It is / was+ the emphasized part of the sentence + a relative clause • E.g. It was last Friday when we had the meeting
  7. 7. Now it’s your turn to give emphasis • EXERCISE • Rewrite the sentences with the bold word. ▫ 1. We stopped in an absolutely beautiful place for lunch  PLACE ▫ ______________was absolutelly beautiful.
  8. 8. ▫ 2. We got stuck in an enormous traffic jam.  HAPPENED  _____________we got stuck in an enormous traffic jam.
  9. 9. • They didn’t apologize for arriving late, which really annoyed me. ▫ WHAT ▫ _______________they didn’t apologize for arriving late
  10. 10. • A girl from my town won the silver medal. ▫ IT ▫ ___________________won the silver medal
  11. 11. • I only said that I didn’t like her dress ▫ ALL ▫ _________________that I didn’t like her dress
  12. 12. • I like my Aunt Emily best of all my relatives ▫ PERSON ▫ _________________is my Aunt Emily.
  13. 13. • You pick up your tickets at the box office. ▫ HAPPENS ▫ __________________you pick up your tickets at the box office
  14. 14. • Right now you need to sit down and put your feet up. ▫ WHAT ▫ _________________to sit down and put your feet up
  15. 15. • I first met Serena at a conference in Berlin. ▫ TIME ▫ ________________at a conference in Berlin.
  16. 16. RESOURCES • Adapted from: New English File Advanced • Extra materials: • http://es.scribd.com/doc/52432150/CLEFT- SENTENCES • The teacher’s blog ▫ http://cursodeingles- elena.blogspot.com.es/2013/10/b2-advanced-2- grammar-unit-1b-cleft.html

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