What are they used for?
• When we want to focus attention on
or emphasize one part of a sentence,
we can do this by adding certain
words or phrases to the beginning of
a sentence. This is sometimes called
Types of Cleft sentences
•1. beginning with :What or All
▫ What= the thing; All =the only thing
+ clause `be, and then the emphatic
▫ E.g.: What I need is a new car.
▫ All I want is to travel
2. beginning with What happens is…/
What happened was….
▫ Used to emphasize an event/ action
▫ E.g.: What happened was ( that) we
missed our flight.
3. beginning with
The person who…, the place where…,
• The person who…,
• The place where…,
• The first/last time…,
• The resason why…,
▫ E.g.: The reason why I bought it was because it
part of the
sentence at the
4. Beginning with It
▫It is / was+ the emphasized part
of the sentence + a relative
• E.g. It was last Friday when we had the
Now it’s your turn to give emphasis
• Rewrite the sentences with the bold word.
▫ 1. We stopped in an absolutely beautiful place for
▫ ______________was absolutelly beautiful.
▫ 2. We got stuck in an enormous traffic jam.
_____________we got stuck in an enormous traffic
• They didn’t apologize for arriving late, which
really annoyed me.
▫ _______________they didn’t apologize for
• A girl from my town won the silver medal.
▫ ___________________won the silver medal
• I only said that I didn’t like her dress
▫ _________________that I didn’t like her dress
• I like my Aunt Emily best of all my relatives
▫ _________________is my Aunt Emily.
• You pick up your tickets at the box office.
▫ __________________you pick up your tickets
at the box office
• Right now you need to sit down and put your
▫ _________________to sit down and put your
• I first met Serena at a conference in Berlin.
▫ ________________at a conference in Berlin.
• Adapted from: New English File Advanced
• Extra materials:
• The teacher’s blog