Anticipatory it b2

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Grammar - explanation of anticipatory it and revision of Cleft sentences.

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Anticipatory it b2

  1. 1.  ADVANCED B2 GRAMMAR Why Steve Jobs was a genius is clear. It is clear why Steve Jobs was a genius. Anticipatory it
  2. 2. If the subject is a long or grammatically complex structure (a that-clause, wh-clause, toinfinitive or if-clause), we prefer to use a pattern with it. This allows us to put those clauses at the end of the sentence, which is the usual place in English for information that is important or new.  Example:  Why  Steve decided to resign Better: It is clear resign. is clear. why Steve decided to
  3. 3.  It + is + clear + why Steve decided to resign.  It + is + my ambition + to set up my own business.  Original sentence:To set up my own business is my ambition:  It + is + an honour + that Professor Jobs is attending the conference this evening.
  4. 4.  Examples:  It + helps + the cook + to have a sharp knife.  It + upsets + me + to hear people arguing.  It + worried + her parents + that she drove so fast.
  5. 5.  Verbs in this group include amaze, annoy, astonish, bother, concern, frighten, hurt, please, scare, shock, surprise, upset and worry.  They also have an alternative pattern, e.g. Her parents were worried that she drove so fast.  Verbs with NO alternative pattern include appear, come about, emerge, follow, happen, seem, transpire, e.g. It turned out that the bike didn’t belong to him.
  6. 6.  This structure is common with many adjectives expressing possibility, necessity, importance, etc. Some of them are un/important, essential, necessary, normal, common, un/usual, right, wrong, pointless, vital, etc.
  7. 7.  It + is + vital + for + her + to be resilient in her job.  It + is + important + for + the meeting + to start at 8.00.
  8. 8. C) IT + VERB + ADJECTIVE/NOUN PHRASE + FOR + OBJECT + TO INFINITIVE  mistake, idea, plan, shame and pity.  It + was + a good idea + for them + to travel in separate cars.
  9. 9. C) IT + VERB + ADJECTIVE/NOUN PHRASE + FOR + OBJECT + TO INFINITIVE  un/important, essential, necessary, normal, common, un/usual, right, wrong, pointless, vital, etc.
  10. 10.  It refers to a clause that comes later in the sentence.  SUBJECT + VERB+ IT + THAT – CLAUSE/ WHCLAUSE/ IF- CLAUSE  SUBJECT + VERB + IT + NOUN PHRASE/ ADJECTIVE + THAT – CLAUSE/ WH- CLAUSE/ INFINITIVE
  11. 11. I + hate + it + that you can swim so well and I can’t.  I + wouldn’t mind + it + if she helped in the house when she stayed with us.  We + like + it + when you cook for us.
  12. 12.  have to do with (not) liking, e.g. bear, enjoy, hate, like, love, don’t mind, can’t stand, prefer, resent, understand, etc.
  13. 13.  We + found + it + strange + that she hadn’t written.  I + consider + it + a waste of money + to throw food away.  Verbs used with this structure indicate how we see a particular event or situation, e.g. believe, consider, find, feel, think, etc.
  14. 14.  Verbs used with this structure indicate how we see a particular event or situation, e.g. believe, consider, find, feel, think, etc.
  15. 15.  To drive a car without a licence is illegal.   That she wasn’t hurt in the fall was a miracle.   To sing in a choir is very enjoyable.   If the two countries don’t reach an agreement soon will be surprising.   Where the light was coming from was far from clear.   That the two sides work towards peace is the Foreign Minister’s hope.
  16. 16.  That you already know my secret is obvious.   To send his children to study abroad is his intention.   When Max eventually turned up was a relief.   To know basic computer skills is essential nowadays.   That they could get lost on the way back really worries me.   That he has a good rapport with his students is very important for Pete.
  17. 17.  Join the sentences using introductory it as an object. You might need to make some changes.  She would like to make a living from her painting. She finds this impossible.  She dances very well. I love this. She moves so gracefully.  Students make the same mistake again and again. I can’t stand this.  People don’t pick up their dog’s mess. I hate this.
  18. 18. 1. USES OF IT: IT PRONOUN, DUMMY/PREP IT, ANTICIPATORY IT.  http://www.ucl.ac.uk/internetgrammar/minor/antit.htm 2. IT EXTRAPOSITION ( extra practice)  http://www.grammar-quizzes.com/sentcleft.html#whatcleft weighing content).
  19. 19.  http://www.odlt.org/ballast/anticipatory_it. html  Also remember to revise cleft sentences, to do this you can visit:  http://cursodeingleselena.blogspot.com.es/2013/10/b2advanced-2-grammar-unit-1b-cleft.html
  20. 20. Adapted from “anticipatory it” notes by Jackie Knowles. Power Point by Elena Gómez.

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