The cognitivist theory


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The cognitivist theory

  1. 1. The Cognitivist Theory Jessica , Gigi , Shawnda , Julie, Lauren
  2. 2. What is this theory all about? Cognitivism is an attempt to explain what is going on in the mind while learning. * inner mental activities –“black box” of the brain * people learn by active participation * actions are consequence of thinking * metaphor of the mind as a computer- information comes in, gets processed and leads to outcomes.
  3. 3. • Learning is an active constructive process. • The learner processes information like a computer. • The focus is on inner mental activities such as thinking, memory, knowing. • Knowledge is constructed based on personal experiences. • As information is processed, it changes the existing scheme.
  4. 4. •Howard Gardner •Benjamin Bloom •Allan Paivio •Robert Gagne
  5. 5. Howard Gardner
  6. 6. Benjamin Bloom
  7. 7. •Recognized that recall and recognition is related to how it is presented (visually and verbally) •Dual Coding Theory - distinct information processing 1) images 2) language Sub processes 1) representational - verbal or nonverbal representations are directly influenced 2) referential - verbal systems activate nonverbal communication or vice-versa 3) associative - text and graphics trigger mental associations.
  8. 8. Robert Gagne•Identified five categories of learning 1) Verbal information - learner can state what has been learned. 2) Intellectual skills - learner can discriminate between facts, can identify colors, and can follow directions. 3) Cognitive strategies - learner reads books. 4) Motor skills - learner can use a mouse or joystick. 5) Attitudes - learner ‘s choice of actions •Identified events of instruction 1) Gain attention of the learners 2) Inform learners of the objective 3) Stimulate recall of prior learning 4) Present the stimulus or lesson 5) Provide learning guidance and instruction 6) Elicit performance 7) Provide feedback 8) Assess performance 9) Enhance retention and transfer
  9. 9. How does this apply in the classroom?
  10. 10. How can I use this theory in my classroom?
  11. 11. Credit Goes To: