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APA BASICS
PROFESSOR BRANDY HORNE
INSTRUCTION/REFERENCE LIBRARIAN
REFERENCE LIST
Last, F. (Year). Title of book in italics. City,
ST: Publisher.
BOOK, ONE AUTHOR
Floyd-Wilson, M. (2013). Occult knowledge, science,
and gender on the Shakespearean stage.
Cambridge, UK: Cambridge University Press.
Last, F., & Last, F. (Year). Title of book in italics.
City, ST: Publisher.
BOOK, TWO AUTHORS
Gaiman, N., & Pratchett, T. (1990). Good omens : The
nice and accurate prophecies of Agnes Nutter,
witch : A novel. New York, NY: Workman
Publishing.
Last, F. (Year). Article title. Journal Title in
Italics, v#(i#), ##-##. Retrieved from
journal homepage URL
ARTICLE WITHOUT DOI
Ulbig, S. G., & Funk, C. L. (1999). Conflict avoidance and
political participation. Political Behavior, 21, 265-
282. Retrieved from http://link.springer.com/
journal/11109
Last, F., & Last, F. (Year). Article title. Journal
Title in Italics, v#(i#), ##-##. doi: ###
ARTICLE WITH DOI
Taber, N., & Woloshyn, V. (2011). Dumb dorky girls and
wimpy boys: Gendered themes in diary cartoon
novels. Children’s Literature in Education, 42(3), 226-
242. doi: 10.1007/s10583-011-9131-6
Last, F., Last, F., & Last, F. (Year). Title of book
in italics (# ed.). Retrieved from publisher
homepage
EBOOK
Fry, S., Veatch, R., & Taylor, C. (2011). Case studies in
nursing ethics (4th ed.). Retrieved from
http://www.r2library.com
Last, F. (Year). Title of web page. Retrieved from
full URL
(***If there is no publication date use n.d. in place of date.)
WEBSITE
Wong, D. (2012). 5 ways to spot a b.s. political story in under
10 seconds. Retrieved from http://www.cracked.com/
blog/5-ways-to-spot-b.s.-political-story-in-under-10-
seconds/
IN-TEXT CITATIONS
One Author: (Floyd-Wilson, 2013)
Two Authors: (Gaiman & Pratchett, 1990)
Three-Five Authors:
First mention: (Fry, Veatch, & Taylor, 2011)
Subsequent mentions: (Fry et al., 2011)
Six or More: (Wasserstein et al., 2005)
AUTHORS (P. 177)
 Groups readily identified through abbreviation
 First mention
(National Institute of Mental Health [NIMH], 2003)
 Subsequent mentions
(NIMH, 2003)
 Groups, no abbreviation
(University of Pittsburgh, 2005)
GROUP AUTHORS
Confusing this issue is the overlapping nature
of roles in palliative care, whereby “medical
needs are met by those in the medical
disciplines; nonmedical needs may be
addressed by anyone on the team” (Csikai &
Chaitin, 2006, p. 112).
PARENTHETICAL CITATIONS
According to Csikai and Chaitin (2006), what’s
confusing this issue is the overlapping nature
of roles in palliative care, whereby “medical
needs are met by those in the medical
disciplines; nonmedical needs may be
addressed by anyone on the team” (p. 112).
SIGNAL PHRASE
Among epidemiological samples, Kessler
(2003) found that early onset social anxiety
disorder results in a more potent and severe
course.
The study also showed that there was a high
rate of comorbidity with alcohol abuse or
dependence and major depression (Kessler,
2003).
PARAPHRASE

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APA Basics

  • 1. APA BASICS PROFESSOR BRANDY HORNE INSTRUCTION/REFERENCE LIBRARIAN
  • 3. Last, F. (Year). Title of book in italics. City, ST: Publisher. BOOK, ONE AUTHOR Floyd-Wilson, M. (2013). Occult knowledge, science, and gender on the Shakespearean stage. Cambridge, UK: Cambridge University Press.
  • 4. Last, F., & Last, F. (Year). Title of book in italics. City, ST: Publisher. BOOK, TWO AUTHORS Gaiman, N., & Pratchett, T. (1990). Good omens : The nice and accurate prophecies of Agnes Nutter, witch : A novel. New York, NY: Workman Publishing.
  • 5. Last, F. (Year). Article title. Journal Title in Italics, v#(i#), ##-##. Retrieved from journal homepage URL ARTICLE WITHOUT DOI Ulbig, S. G., & Funk, C. L. (1999). Conflict avoidance and political participation. Political Behavior, 21, 265- 282. Retrieved from http://link.springer.com/ journal/11109
  • 6. Last, F., & Last, F. (Year). Article title. Journal Title in Italics, v#(i#), ##-##. doi: ### ARTICLE WITH DOI Taber, N., & Woloshyn, V. (2011). Dumb dorky girls and wimpy boys: Gendered themes in diary cartoon novels. Children’s Literature in Education, 42(3), 226- 242. doi: 10.1007/s10583-011-9131-6
  • 7. Last, F., Last, F., & Last, F. (Year). Title of book in italics (# ed.). Retrieved from publisher homepage EBOOK Fry, S., Veatch, R., & Taylor, C. (2011). Case studies in nursing ethics (4th ed.). Retrieved from http://www.r2library.com
  • 8. Last, F. (Year). Title of web page. Retrieved from full URL (***If there is no publication date use n.d. in place of date.) WEBSITE Wong, D. (2012). 5 ways to spot a b.s. political story in under 10 seconds. Retrieved from http://www.cracked.com/ blog/5-ways-to-spot-b.s.-political-story-in-under-10- seconds/
  • 10. One Author: (Floyd-Wilson, 2013) Two Authors: (Gaiman & Pratchett, 1990) Three-Five Authors: First mention: (Fry, Veatch, & Taylor, 2011) Subsequent mentions: (Fry et al., 2011) Six or More: (Wasserstein et al., 2005) AUTHORS (P. 177)
  • 11.  Groups readily identified through abbreviation  First mention (National Institute of Mental Health [NIMH], 2003)  Subsequent mentions (NIMH, 2003)  Groups, no abbreviation (University of Pittsburgh, 2005) GROUP AUTHORS
  • 12. Confusing this issue is the overlapping nature of roles in palliative care, whereby “medical needs are met by those in the medical disciplines; nonmedical needs may be addressed by anyone on the team” (Csikai & Chaitin, 2006, p. 112). PARENTHETICAL CITATIONS
  • 13. According to Csikai and Chaitin (2006), what’s confusing this issue is the overlapping nature of roles in palliative care, whereby “medical needs are met by those in the medical disciplines; nonmedical needs may be addressed by anyone on the team” (p. 112). SIGNAL PHRASE
  • 14. Among epidemiological samples, Kessler (2003) found that early onset social anxiety disorder results in a more potent and severe course. The study also showed that there was a high rate of comorbidity with alcohol abuse or dependence and major depression (Kessler, 2003). PARAPHRASE