Spanish flora and_fauna

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Spanish flora and_fauna

  1. 1. Landmark Almeria province for its uniqueness andenvironmental importance and great beauty,where you can find numerous endemic species.  The climate of high mountains with altitudes near 3000 m, with significant thermal gradients, high winds and lots of sunshine, hence the name given by the Arabs (“Sulair”, mountain of the sun and the wind).
  2. 2.  Its location south of the European continent with very low latitudes, caused adequate shelter for wildlife who fled the last continental glaciation.The union in the pastwith the Africancontinent, originatedEuropeancolonization of NorthAfrican flora andfauna that expandedthroughoutAndalusianmountains.
  3. 3. Thymus serpylloides All these environmental factors together made the flora and fauna evolve leading to the large amount of unique species that cannot be found in the rest of the world.    world. 
  4. 4. Variety and richness are undoubtedly thebest adjectives that can define the flora ofSierra Nevada, with more than 2,000 plantspecies of the 8,000 that make up theSpanish flora. lOTUS GLAREOSUS Zamárraga
  5. 5.  We find examples of all bioclimatic zones,with more than 2100 higher plants. Butuniqueness is what most characterizes theflora of the massif, to accommodate atleast 66 local endemic or unique specieslike the iconic star of the snows. Star of the snows
  6. 6. The arid and low rainfall climatology of this mountain give it a steppe character, which determines undoubtedly the kind of wildlife that lives here.It is the high mountainwhich houses the mostunique animal speciesof Sierra Nevada.Among birds we findthe Alpine Accentor,that lives there the Alpine accentorwhole year.
  7. 7. The wheatear, the skylark, partridge, which reaches 3,000 meters, and the golden eagle. Skylark WheatearPartridge Golden eagle
  8. 8. In the rocky area, the rock thrush andchoughs, moving in flocks. Choughs Rock thrushMammals include the ibex, the voles(common and snow) and the bold fox. Voles Bold fox
  9. 9. Insects are the most interesting group, with more than 100 endemic species, noted for its richness and variety the Coleoptera or beetles, which live among the bushes, taking an inconspicuous appearance (black color and chubby body) due to their adaptation to the high insolation and high winds. Erebia Hispania Beetle
  10. 10. We also find the group of ants and thebutterflies, represented by a large number ofspecies, including endemic Parnasius. apollosubsp. nevadensis and Erebia hispanica.Butterfly Ants
  11. 11. Agriculture is the main resource of themountains; cereals, vines and olive treesare the most common crops. In theprotected valleys abound and betterwatered we find cherry, apple, walnut andhazelnut trees. olive trees vines
  12. 12. Cherry-trees Chestnut tree There are also magnificent chestnut trees, adapted and naturalized since the sixteenth century, occupying the wetter headwaters of streams and ravines.
  13. 13. Wedged between the mountains of SierraNevada and the Mediterranean Sea, theregion of Las Alpujarras lies within theprovince of Almería.
  14. 14. Las Alpujarras is a peaceful region of greatbeauty that retains its unique history,architecture, crafts and food. The amazingscenery that we can enjoy is dotted with smallpicturesque white villages hanging on theslopes as Laujar of Andarax, Ohanes, Bayarcal,Alboloduy, etc ...
  15. 15. Sierra Nevada isthe last greatwall of southernEurope.
  16. 16. “Gata-Nijar Cape” Natural ParkOnly 100 km of the eastern foothills of theSierra Nevada National Park we find thismagnificent natural environment, beingunique in Europe for its volcanic past anddesertic climate.
  17. 17. All these factors have shaped a coastallandscape dotted with pristine beachesand reefs like the Sirens, where sailorsconfounded the siren songs with shouts ofmonk seals.
  18. 18. Corals Parapristipoma octolineatumThe richness of the natural environment liesnot only in the uniqueness of thelandscape, or in the adaptation of flora toovercome summer drought. One of itsgreatest natural exponents is the naturalbeauty and natural value of its seabed.
  19. 19. Its sea consists of oceanic Posidonia. Theseextensions are underwater green foodand shelter numerous species ofcrustaceans, molluscs and fish. It isn’tanecdotic the sightings of a variety ofCetaceans. Globicephala melas Tortoise

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