Eco-City Action Plan

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Eco-city is relatively recent concept. Many cities are interested to know how to go about . This presentation provides the process that was followed in the cities of Sangli-Miraj-Kupwad in State of Maharashtra, India for building an Action Plan. Unfortunately, the plan got only partially implemented due to paucity of funds. The model could set however an example for other cities to follow.

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Eco-City Action Plan

  1. 1. Eco-City Action PlanforSangli-Miraj-Kupwadin India –Demonstrating Involvement of Government-Business and CommunityByDr. Prasad Modak,Director, Ekonnect Knowledge Foundationprasad.modak@ekonnect.net©2013 Ekonnect Knowledge Foundation
  2. 2. Background: Eco-City in IndiaThe first discussions on Eco-City started byMinistry of Environment & Forest (MoEF) in May2000As a part of the 10thPlan activities, Eco-CityProgram was initiated in the year 2002Several Eco-City program launched – in sixsmall & medium sized towns The Eco-City program were however noteffective with little or no implementation ofprojects in place.INDIA©2013 Ekonnect Knowledge Foundation
  3. 3. Reasons for FailureNarrow emphasis on projects andno emphasis on the processAbsence of linkages with programs,plans and policiesPoor community engagementLack of strategic approach towards buildingcapacities and partnerships ( especially PPPs)Absence of political will©2013 Ekonnect Knowledge Foundation
  4. 4. Sangli- Miraj-Kupwad (SMK)Sangli-Miraj-Kupwad (SMK)represents a typical medium sized cityagglomerationPopulation: 0.49 million (2011)SMK is in the banks of the KrishnaRiverSugar belt of Maharashtra, IndiaKrishna RiverSMKINDIAMAHARASHTRA©2013 Ekonnect Knowledge Foundation
  5. 5. Glimpses of SMKKrishna river ghat Heritage School buildingDump site in Miraj Traffic junctionWater supplyArtisan in Miraj©2013 Ekonnect Knowledge Foundation
  6. 6. Key Enabling Factors for Eco-City SMKPolitical will & supportCommitment of City AdministrationSupport from Maharashtra State Pollution ControlBoardInterest from local community©2013 Ekonnect Knowledge Foundation
  7. 7. Eco-City Action Planning ProcessLaunch of Eco-citywebsiteLaunch of Eco-citywebsiteData Collection &AnalysisData Collection &AnalysisLaunch Workshop(Public meeting)Formation ofCore CommitteeIdentification ofIssues &OpportunitiesIdentification ofIssues &OpportunitiesDesign &implementation ofawareness campaignDesign &implementation ofawareness campaignPreparation of Eco-city CharterPreparation of Eco-city CharterPreparation of DraftAction PlanPreparation of DraftAction PlanCore CommitteeMeetingFinal Workshop(Public meeting)Approval inGeneral BodymeetingFinal Eco-CityAction PlanFinal Eco-CityAction PlanStakeholderConsultationWorkshopPHASEIInputsDisclosureMobilization offinancial resourcesMobilization offinancial resources©2013 Ekonnect Knowledge Foundation
  8. 8. Action Plan Implementation ProcessFinal Eco-CityAction PlanFinal Eco-CityAction PlanPHASEIIPHASEIFormation of SMKEco-City Pvt. Ltd(SEPL)Implementation ofEco-City ActionPlanImplementation ofEco-City ActionPlanImplementation ofAwarenessCampaignsImplementation ofAwarenessCampaignsMonitoring of Eco-City Action PlanMonitoring of Eco-City Action PlanReview &Adaptation ofAction planReview &Adaptation ofAction plan©2013 Ekonnect Knowledge Foundation
  9. 9. Overall Approach©2013 Ekonnect Knowledge Foundation
  10. 10. Multi-Stakeholder Engagement: SnapshotAwarenessworkshopLaunchworkshopDrawingand slogancompetitionLaunchofwebsiteAwarenesslectures incollegesPromotion ofwebsite throughstickersWorkshopon Eco-cityWorkshopon Eco-cityPublicMeetingExtensiveField Visits©2013 Ekonnect Knowledge Foundation
  11. 11. Community EngagementCommunity is informed about Eco-City ActionPlanning process, objectives and expectedoutcomesIndividuals, communityrepresentatives participate inidentifying issues and opportunitiesKey stakeholdersinvolved in identifyingsolutions / interventionDecisionMaking forimplementationCommunity Participation & Stakeholder Involvement atvarious stages of the Eco-city Action Plan©2013 Ekonnect Knowledge Foundation
  12. 12. Mapping exercise to identifyand locate issue areasParticipants: Citizens,regulators, businessmen,financiers, NGOs, research &academiaResult: Identification of locations of concern Severity of identified issues Prioritizing issues Ongoing initiatives Possible opportunitiesFocus Group Discussions©2013 Ekonnect Knowledge Foundation
  13. 13. MAPPING EXERCISE©2013 Ekonnect Knowledge Foundation
  14. 14. Core CommitteeCore committee was formulated to Serve as a think tank for the Program Review and suggestComprised of – elected members of SMKMC,engineers, builders, architects, activists,academia & other influential people in SMKCore CommitteeCore CommitteeEMCEMCSMKMCSMKMCConsult andimplementReview and FacilitateDevelop Action PlanInteract with Citizens, NGOs,Professional Bodies,Academic and ResearchInstitutesInteract with Citizens, NGOs,Professional Bodies,Academic and ResearchInstitutesInteract with State andCentral Bodies, InternationalOrganizationsInteract with State andCentral Bodies, InternationalOrganizations©2013 Ekonnect Knowledge Foundation
  15. 15. Awareness programs – lectures inschools & colleges, drawing and slogancompetition, Stickers, launch of website,media coverage etc.Public meetings At the time of launch After preparation of Draft PlanRecommendations were incorporated inthe relevant Action Plans. New actionswere also added, such as, Truck Terminal, Haripur Nallahremediation, Participatory budget etc.Citizen Awareness & Participation©2013 Ekonnect Knowledge Foundation
  16. 16. Eco-City Website: Eco-VoicesLaunch of Eco-City website www.ecocitysmk.netPurpose: Awareness generation, Information dissemination,promote the concept of Eco-City, share various outputs, stimulatenetworking Integrated tool on GoogleMaps to allow citizens toprovide location-specificcomments Interactive features –mapping, opinion polls &discussion groups©2013 Ekonnect Knowledge Foundation
  17. 17. Eco-City Website: Eco-Voices©2013 Ekonnect Knowledge Foundation
  18. 18. Commitment to Eco-City The Charter for Eco-City Action Plan was developed whichcomprised of - Vision Statement, Policy, Guiding Principles & GoalsDifferent Aspirations in VisioningVision Statement: The citizens of Sangli-Miraj-Kupwad (SMK) will work togetherto help make their cities a clean, healthy and safe place. SMK as an emergingEco-City will grow by following the path of sustainable development wheredecisions for development will need to be inclusive and integrate economic,environmental and social considerations.©2013 Ekonnect Knowledge Foundation
  19. 19. Commitment to Eco-City Pledge was taken by the officials aswell as public in the public meeting“ We are committed to Clean and GreenSMK Eco-City and we will strive toachieve it”.Standing Committee approved theEco-City Action Plan in the GeneralBody Meeting of the MunicipalCorporation on 7thOct 2010Standing committee’s decision:“This meeting approves the SMK Eco-City Action Plan and all its components.The project should be implemented©2013 Ekonnect Knowledge Foundation
  20. 20. SMK Eco-City Report©2013 Ekonnect Knowledge Foundation
  21. 21. Thematic ApproachComposite Actions1. Environmental Awareness Centre2. Environmental Monitoring Plan3. Green School Program4. Advanced Locality Management5. Ward level Score Card6. GHG Inventorization7. EMS ISO 140018. Participatory Budget©2013 Ekonnect Knowledge Foundation
  22. 22. Framework for Action EvolutionPolicy Plan Programs ProjectsSituationAnalysisGapAssessmentBenchmarksComplianceRequirementsVisionGuidingPrinciplesInstitutionalArrangementsFinancialResourcesCommunityParticipation©2013 Ekonnect Knowledge Foundation
  23. 23. Highlights of ActionsDistribution of Awareness programs to support eachthemeDistribution of Actions (4P) PerspectiveDistribution of Actions under each theme©2013 Ekonnect Knowledge Foundation
  24. 24. Illustrations forCommunity driven Actions©2013 Ekonnect Knowledge Foundation
  25. 25. Proposal for an Environmental Awareness and Activity CentreBenefits Demonstrate ‘green’ building design andtechnology Initiate innovative outreach programs forenvironmental awareness Promote dialogue and interactionbetween the different stakeholders Provide resources Provide expert advice on greentechnology and environmental issuesEstimated CostsUS $ 0.7 millionThe Operation cost will be covered by the revenuegenerated within the Centre.©2013 Ekonnect Knowledge Foundation
  26. 26. Development of Advanced Locality Management (ALM)BenefitsIncreased sense of responsibilityand awareness of civic issues (e.g.waste segregation, composting,cleanliness) among residentsReduced burden on SMKMC as ALMshares responsibility, interactsclosely with ward officer to resolveissuesExample of ALM in Mumbai, MaharashtraNeighborhood Initiative; Community Based Organization inthe form of Advanced Locality Management (ALM)Supported by Municipal Corporation of Greater Mumbai(MCGM)Number of Households: 125©2013 Ekonnect Knowledge Foundation
  27. 27. Green School Programme (GSP)BenefitsPhase-wise implementation covers alarge audienceMultiplier effect as students andsuccessive generations carry learningfrom GSPImpact on larger society of parents,teachers and institution staffRepository of knowledge base andresources for the neighborhoodConnect school curriculum, teaching-learning methodologies and overallmanagement of the schoolEstimated CostsUS $ 0.15 MillionGSP to cover 40 schools out of around 170 in the SMKarea. These should include English and Marathi medium,Government aided and Private.©2013 Ekonnect Knowledge Foundation
  28. 28. Features ofAwareness PlanJan Feb MarApr May JunJul Aug SepOct Nov DecInclusive of all themes andstakeholders mentioned inthe Action PlanShift from ‘EnvironmentEducation’ (EE) to‘Education for SustainableDevelopment’ (ESD)Phase-wise planning forincorporation of feedbackfrom stakeholdersBlended nature of activitiesencompassing all awarenesstechniques©2013 Ekonnect Knowledge Foundation
  29. 29. Estimation of Cost of Various ActionsThemeNoActions Indicative Cost( in US $)Tech.AssistCapitalCostTotal CostWater 1 Pilot Projects on Rooftop RWH 0.00 21,500 21,5002 Comprehensive Hydro-Geological Study 41,700 0.00 41,7003 Manual Preparation on RWH for SMK region 10,200 0.00 10,2004 City level Initiatives for Storm WaterManagement0.00 0.00 0.005 Door-to-door Program on Leak Repairs andRetrofits0.00 11,150 11,150SewerageandSanitation6 Insitu Biological Treatment in Nallahs in SMKMC(Sheri Nallah, Haripur Nallah and MalgaonOdha)4,500 1225,0001229,5007 Reduction of Load on Dhulgaon STP 0.00 3155,0003155,0008 Decentralized Waste Water Treatment andRecycling at Ambarai0.00 78,500 78,500©2013 Ekonnect Knowledge Foundation
  30. 30. Total Cost of the ProjectSr.No.Activities/Heads Cost(in US$ million)1. Implementation of Proposed Actions (Plans,Projects & Programs)15.7Technical Assistance Required in Planning Stage:US$ 0.4 millionCapital Costs: US$15.3 million2. Conducting Awareness Programs 0.053. Company Formation: SMK Eco City Pvt. Ltd. (SEPL) 0.014. Appointment of Project Management Consultant(for 7 years)1.15Total cost 16.95©2013 Ekonnect Knowledge Foundation
  31. 31. Distribution of Funding RequirementsPhase I Phase II Phase III0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7Funds for ProjectImplementationGrants for ProjectPlanning and ProgramsYears3 Million 7 Million 5 Million0.4 Million 0.3 Million 0.3 Million©2013 Ekonnect Knowledge Foundation
  32. 32. Cost-Benefit ScenarioTangibles and Intangibles for each themeTangibles – Revenue generated for the SMKMC Financial benefits for the people of SMK©2013 Ekonnect Knowledge Foundation
  33. 33. Benefits Calculated: Solid WasteSavings up to US$ 0.75 US million every yearwhich amounts to US$ 5.25million $ for 7 yrs.RouteOptimizationCOLLECTION&TRANSPORTEFFICIENCY IMPROVEMENTWasteInventorizationStrengtheningcollection andtransportCollection Coverage willincrease from 63.3%(existing) to 100% in thespan of 7 yrs57% savings in totalcost presently spent ontransport of SWM©2013 Ekonnect Knowledge Foundation
  34. 34. Benefits Calculated: Solid WastePROCESSING3RDecentralized Bio-Methanation plantsCommunity SortingCentresBan onPlastic wasteTREATMENTGuidelines &facility for C&DwasteInstitutionalizationof Rag pickersCDM PossibilitiesReduction in transportation cost- US$ 65,000/yrReplacement of LPG with biogas- US$31,000 /yrTotal Savings: US$ 96000/yrSale of recyclables- US$ 0.3million/yr.Savings from transportation costs- US$ 0.8million/yrTotal- US$ 1.1 million/yrCDM benefits-Total : US$ 1.85million over 7yrs.Total benefit from ‘3R’ actionsUS$ 10.5 million for 7 yrs©2013 Ekonnect Knowledge Foundation
  35. 35. Intangible Benefits Across Themes• Water Security• Green Jobs• Health Improvement• Improved Services• Savings in VirginResources• Reduction in GHGs• Improved Services• Resource Conservation &Development• Carbon Sink• Health Improvement• Reduction in Pollution• Reduction in GHGs• Health Improvement• HealthImprovement• ImprovedLandscape• Improved Qualityof Life• Improved Qualityof Life• Green Jobs• Increased Awareness• Improved Services• Green Jobs• Health Improvement• Green Jobs©2013 Ekonnect Knowledge Foundation
  36. 36. Intangible BenefitsAre immense but are difficult to capture inmonetary termsA rough estimate for health benefits fromvarious actions – Solid waste management,better sanitation, organic fumigation, stringentnorms on vehicular pollution, increased greencover, works out to be US$16million/yr, whichitself takes care of the entire investment in theEco-City Action Plan.©2013 Ekonnect Knowledge Foundation
  37. 37. Estimated savings in Health Sector Government norms of medical reimbursement perhousehold are US$ 325 per year. This amount getsgenerally spent If an amount of US$100 out of US $325 is saved then this would entailsavings of US$16million( for 0.16 million households in SMK) This saving will be due to improved environment, less pollution and hencebetter health.©2013 Ekonnect Knowledge Foundation
  38. 38. Concluding Observations Process is as important as the outcomes Community involvement should be the core of theprocess Awareness programs must be linked to actions forbetter effectiveness and sustainability Partnerships should be forged for multi-stakeholderengagement©2013 Ekonnect Knowledge Foundation
  39. 39. Concluding ObservationsEfforts to be made during implementation to set up key indicatorsand methodologies supported by surveys to assess the intangiblebenefits in monetary terms to the extent possible.Eco-City Action Plan, when developed considering economic,environmental and social perspectives, leads to investments that payoff. The returns are through efficiency gains, conservation ofresources, green jobs and benefits to health.Eco-city Action Plan thus leads to Green Economy anddemonstrates the Eco-Logic of an Eco-City!©2013 Ekonnect Knowledge Foundation
  40. 40. THANK YOUPrasad Modakprasad.modak@ekonnect.net©2013 Ekonnect Knowledge Foundation

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