Spanish Army Booklet 2013

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Spanish Army Booklet 2013

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Spanish Army Booklet 2013

  1. 1. T he Army has to be permanently ready to face all missions it could receive. This commitment requires a constant evolution along with our modern era, so it implies a permanent update of our organization and the materiel it employs, always aiming to be prepared and operative to act wherever circumstances require to do so. Those two aforementioned elements, an adequate organization and some technologically advanced means, put on the hands of technically, physically and morally well-trained soldiers, constitute the pillars where the Army´s work is based on. This document starts defining the missions currently assigned to the Army, its basic composition in General Headquarters, Force and Force Support, the organization of the High Level Commands directly dependant on the Chief of Staff of the Army (JEME), while it graphically shows the locations of all our main Units. Later on, it depicts the Spanish Army contribution to all International Security Organizations Spain belongs to. Finally, there is a detailed display of the main combat systems, vehicles and materiel in service in our Army, describing their main features. This brochure about the Army pretends to provide present information to our readers on our missions, organization and materiel, so as to serve you as a useful guide. «In Spain, as in the world, for your security» is the motto that best describes the work the Army does inside and outside our National Soil, as it shows the Army´s will to face any threat in appropriate time and location to guarantee the security of all our citizens.
  2. 2. ARMY MINISTRY OF DEFENCE ADVISORY AND CONSULTANCY ORGANISATIONS AND AGENCIES DEFENCE STAFF ARMY TECHNICAL CABINET DEFENCE STAFF SECRETARIAT NAVY UNDERSECRETARIAT ON DEFENCE AIR FORCE SECRETARIAT ON GENERAL DEFENCE POLICY MILITARY DISASTER RELIEF UNITY CIVIL GUARD A ccording to article 8 of the Spanish Constitution, the Armed Forces have the mission of guaranteeing the sovereignty and independence of Spain, as well as defending her territorial integrity, constitution and laws. Defence policy derives from the National Defence Directive, which the President of the Government signs and it constitutes the basis of national defence planning. In turn other documents emanate from this Directive such as the Directive on Military Defence and others specific to the Armed Forces, where they are given missions and assignments. In turn, Constitutional Law 5/2005 includes both military organisation and the missions of Powers of the State in relation with national defence. In its 13th article basic Army organisation and the missions corresponding to its Chief of Staff are specified. The organisation and deployment of the Army Force is included in Royal Decree 416/2006, and partially modified by Defence Orders 3771/2008 and 1298/2009. The Army is the Armed Forces component which has the main responsibility in the defence of the national territory, through its joint contribution to National Defence within the scope of the Armed Forces. 3 spanish army
  3. 3. ARMY ARMY HEADQUARTERS FORCE FORCE SUPPORT Directive 70/2011 from the Chief of the Army Staff determines Army Organisation and Operation Regulations. It includes the responsibilities of the Chief of the Army Staff, the organisational structure of the Army, its system of Command and Direction as well as the relations to establish within its scope of responsibility. The Army, under the authority of the Chief of the Army Staff, is made up of Headquarters, Force and Force Support. Through the organisational structure, command is exercised over the various organisations, as well as over the Units, Centres and Army Agencies in fulfilment of the missions assigned to each of them. The Units, Centres and Army Agencies are found situated on Bases, Barracks and Establishments. 4 spanish army
  4. 4. H E A D Q U A RT E R S CHIEF OF THE ARMY STAFF ARMY STAFF CHIEF OF THE ARMY STAFF’S CABINET LEGAL COUNCIL 1 ST INFANTRY REGIMENT INFORMATION AND COMMUNICATION SYSTEM COMMAND MILITARY CULTURE AND HISTORY INSTITUTE Headquarters is constituted by a set of agencies and organisations that incorporate the material and human resources needed to assist the Chief of the Army Staff in the exercise of command over the Army. The Army Staff is the Chief of the the Army Staff’s main command support organisation, being responsible for providing him with the decision-making elements needed to fundament his decisions, translate these into orders and monitor their fulfilment, thus managing any issues that the aforementioned authority determines as Chief of the Army Staff. 5 spanish army
  5. 5. FORCE CHIEF OF THE ARMY STAFF HIGH READINESS LAND HEADQUARTERS CANARY ISLANDS COMMAND LAND FORCE OPERATIONAL LOGISTIC FORCE The Force is the pool of human and material assets assembled and organised with the main aim of preparedness for undertaking military operations. In the Army there is a single headquarters (p. 11) with capability to create headquarters which serve to lead multinational land operations and, when necessary, the Land Component of a joint organisation in an allied context. Likewise, there is a single command responsible for the generation of the force required by the Armed Forces operational structure. All combat supports are concentrated at the highest level in order to obtain the greatest asset generation flexibility. The Brigade is configured as the fundamental manoeuvre element in which all basic operational capabilities are integrated in order to allow for a fast, unified, initial response. 6 spanish army
  6. 6. FORCE LAND FORCE HEADQUARTERS LIGHT FORCES SPECIAL FORCES COMMAND SIGNALS BRIGADE HEAVY FORCES BALEARIC GENERAL COMMAND ARMY HELICOPTER FORCES ENGINEERS COMMAND CEUTA GENERAL COMMAND FIELD ARTILLERY COMMAND MELILLA GENERAL COMMAND ANTI-AIRCRAFT ARTILLERY COMMAND Other Support Units 7 spanish army
  7. 7. FORCE LIGHT FORCES COMMAND HEADQUARTERS 2ND LIGHT INFANTRY LEGION BRIGADE 5TH LIGHT INFANTRY BRIGADE 6TH PARATROOPS LIGHT INFANTRY BRIGADE 7TH LIGHT INFANTRY BRIGADE MOUNTAIN TROOPS HEADQUARTERS HEAVY FORCES COMMAND HEADQUARTERS 10TH MECHANISED INFANTRY BRIGADE 8 spanish army 11TH MECHANISED INFANTRY BRIGADE 12TH ARMOURED INFANTRY BRIGADE 2ND CAVALRY BRIGADE 12TH CAVALRY RECONNAISSANCE REGIMENT
  8. 8. FORCE 9 spanish army
  9. 9. FORCE OTHER LAND FORCE UNITS 10 spanish army
  10. 10. FORCE HIGH READINESS LAND HEADQUARTERS The High Readiness Land Headquarters is made up of: a National Staff and an International Staff. Its subordinate units, Intelligence Regiment, Headquarters Battalion and Military Police Battalion confer it the essential capabilities to carry out its functions that as an expeditionary headquarters it requires. The High Readiness Land Headquarters is a national organisation that is at the disposal of the Atlantic Alliance and the European Union in the manners specified in signed accords and memorandums. It is open to participation by Armed Forces personnel from other member Countries. This High Readiness Land Headquarters may be used as a command structure in specific land or joint operations on a purely national scope, or within the scope of collective Security and Defence organisations. The High Readiness Land Headquarters is an organisation with the capability to create Headquarters which serve to lead multinational land operations, and when appropriate, the Land Component is a joint organisation in an allied context. The High Readiness Land Headquarters, with the presence of allied personnel, is constituted in a permanent nature as the Atlantic Alliance’s Rapid Deployment Corps Headquarters with the official name of “Headquarters NATO Rapid Deployable Corps-Spain” (HQ NRDC-ESP) with the nature of a multinational headquarters. The new NATO strategic concept, approved at the Lisbon summit in 2010, reinforces the role of this type of Headquarters, and provides the option of its employment as a Joint Task Force Headquarters during the JUL 2014-JUL 2015 period of alert. 11 spanish army
  11. 11. FORCE CANARY ISLANDS COMMAND HEADQUARTERS 16TH LIGHT INFANTRY BRIGADE 12 spanish army 94TH ANTI-AIRCRAFT ARTILLERY REGIMENT 6TH HELICOPTER BATTALION The Canary Islands command is made up of all Army Units deployed in the Canary archipelago, which, reporting directly to this Command, have the main mission of preparedness to constitute, rapidly and effectively, specific land operational organisations capable of being integrated into other joint and combined organisations in order to materialise the required military effort.
  12. 12. FORCE OPERATIONAL LOGISTIC FORCE HEADQUARTERS LOGISTICS BRIGADE MEDICAL BRIGADE 11TH LOGISTIC SUPPORT GROUP 1ST MEDICAL GROUP 21ST LOGISTIC SUPPORT GROUP 3RD MEDICAL GROUP 41ST LOGISTIC SUPPORT GROUP FIELD HOSPITAL GROUP 61ST LOGISTIC SUPPORT GROUP MEDICAL LOGISTIC SUPPORT UNIT 81ST LOGISTIC SUPPORT GROUP The Operational Logistic Force is the group of Army Units that have the missions of preparedness to provide, in the Force action scenario, the logistic support needed for operations; to provide at its level in the national scope, the logistic support needed by Army Units, Centres and Organisations to maintain their operational capabilities; and, when so stipulated, to provide the sustainment and logistic support that from the home country need to be provided to the projected force. 13 spanish army
  13. 13. FORCE LOGISTICS BRIGADE 14 spanish army
  14. 14. FORCE MEDICAL BRIGADE 15 spanish army
  15. 15. FORCE SUPPORT CHIEF OF THE ARMY STAFF PERSONNEL COMMAND TRAINING AND DOCTRINE COMMAND ARMY LOGISTIC SUPPORT COMMAND ARMY INSPECTION GENERAL ECONOMIC AFFAIRS DIRECTORATE Force Support is made up of the combination of organisations responsible for planning, at its level, the direction, management, administration and control of material, financial and human assets assigned to the Army. Within its scope, Force maintenance is directed and controlled, logistic support activities are carried out which enable the life and operation of the Units, Centres and Organisations, and support to preparation activities are undertaken. Force Support undertakes the actions needed to the end of providing the Army with everything necessary to fulfil its missions, while these actions remain subordinate to those which in this scope may belong to or be assigned to higher level organisations of a common or joint nature. ECONOMIC AFFAIRS DIRECTORATE The Economic Affairs Directorate is the organisation responsible for planning, at its level, the direction, management, administration, control of financial recourses, remunerations, hiring and accounting. Also corresponding to it are the technical elaboration of the draft budget and the centralisation of all information, both on the forecast and execution of programmes such as the budget. It advises the Chief of the Army Staff on these matters, and likewise corresponding to it is the administration of the financial resources that it may be allotted, as well the administration of the resources unassigned to other organisations. It reports to the General Directorate on Economic Affairs. 16 spanish army
  16. 16. FORCE SUPPORT 17 spanish army
  17. 17. FORCE SUPPORT TRAINING AND DOCTRINE COMMAND TRAINING AND DOCTRINE COMMAND HEADQUARTERS EDUCATION, INSTRUCTION, TRAINING AND EVALUATION DEPARTMENT RESEARCH, DOCTRINE, ORGANISATION AND MATERIALS DEPARTMENT The Training and Doctrine Command is the Force Support organisation responsible within the scope of the Army for direction, inspection, co-ordination and research in matters regarding doctrine, organisation, materials, education and instruction, training and evaluation systems for their combat application. As well, it leads the lessons learned process. It is also responsible for the development at its level of the missions derived from the current legislation in matters of physical-military education, driver training and road safety education. It advises the Chief of the Army Staff in these matters, and holds before him the representation on behalf of the Arms and Corps. The Training and Doctrine Command reports functionally to the General Directorate on Recruitment and Military Training regarding educational and military training matters, while being under Under Secretariat of Defence co-ordination. 18 spanish army
  18. 18. FORCE SUPPORT TRAINING AND DOCTRINE COMMAND 19 spanish army
  19. 19. FORCE SUPPORT LOGISTIC SUPPORT COMMAND ARMY LOGISTIC SUPPORT COMMAND HEADQUARTERS WEAPONS SYSTEMS DEPARTMENT MAINTENANCE DEPARTMENT The Army Logistic Support Command is the Force Support organisation responsible within the scope of the Army for direction, management, administration and control in matters of weapons systems procurement, supply, maintenance, transport and systems engineering. It advises the Chief of the Army Staff in these matters. The Logistic Support Command reports functionally to the General Directorate on Weapons and Materiel in matters of supply, maintenance and systems engineering, while under State Secretariat on Defence co-ordination. 20 spanish army TRANSPORTATION DEPARTMENT
  20. 20. FORCE SUPPORT LOGISTIC SUPPORT COMMAND 21 spanish army
  21. 21. FORCE SUPPORT ARMY INSPECTION GENERAL ARMY INSPECTION GENERAL ARMY BASE DEPARTMENT SECOND ARMY DEPUTY INSPECTION (SOUTH) THIRD ARMY DEPUTY INSPECTION (EAST) FOURTH ARMY DEPUTY INSPECTION (NORTH) INFRASTRUCTURE DEPARTMENT FIFTH ARMY DEPUTY INSPECTION (CANARY ISLANDS) The Army Inspection General is the Force Support organisation, which, while reporting directly to the Chief of the Army Staff, is responsible for direction, management, co-ordination and control on matters of infrastructure, Base, Barracks and Army Establishment security, life of garrisoned units, centres and organisations, labour risk prevention, as well as development of policies on internal procedures of Bases, Barracks and Establishments. Is also undertakes, within the scope of its competence, functions regarding properties, environmental protection, as well as regions and installations of interest for National Defence. 22 spanish army
  22. 22. FORCE SUPPORT ARMY INSPECTION GENERAL 23 spanish army
  23. 23. FORCE SUPPORT PERSONNEL COMMAND PERSONNEL COMMAND HEADQUARTERS PERSONNEL ASSISTANCE DEPARTMENT PERSONNEL DEPARTMENT The Personnel Command is the Force Support organisation responsible within the scope of the Army for the direction, management, administration and control in matters of personnel management, assistance and health care. It advises the Chief of the Army Staff on these matters. The Personnel Command is functionally accountable to the General Personnel Directorate and the General Recruitment and Military Training Directorate, while under co-ordination by the Under Secretariat of Defence. Also accountable to the Personnel Command are the Army Orphans Trust, the Permanent Committee on Evaluation and the Army Personnel Advisory Council. 24 spanish army HEALTH CARE DEPARTMENT
  24. 24. FORCE SUPPORT PERSONNEL COMMAND 25 spanish army
  25. 25. I N T E R N AT I O N A L O R G A N I S AT I O N S CONTRIBUTION TO INTERNATIONAL ORGANISATIONS Following the Joint Chief of the Defence Staff’s guidelines, the Army participates in numerous international forums, as it contributes substantially to the collective defence of the Atlantic Alliance, the European Union’s Common Security and Defence Policy, land doctrine development in the FINABEL forum and undertakes bilateral activities with countries of interest. NATO At the Lisbon Summit in November 2010, NATO approved its new Strategic Concept, which among other aspects, focuses efforts on disposing of deployable forces and having capability to support them in operations. In keeping with this, at this Summit, NATO approved the transformation and reduction of its own structure. NATO military structure comprises the Command Structure and the Force Structure. NATO COMMAND STRUCTURE, NCS The Command Structure approved in 2011 is made up of headquarters established on a permanent basis, as well as other entities and agencies, at strategic, operational and tactical level. At the strategic level NATO has an Allied Operations Command (ACO) and an Allied Transformation Command (ACT). 26 spanish army
  26. 26. I N T E R N AT I O N A L O R G A N I S AT I O N S The Allied Operations Command exercises global command of all NATO operations, so assuming their planning and execution. At the operational level there are two Joint Force Headquarters, one situated in Brunssum (Holland) and another in Naples (Italy). Also, there are three specific Commands, land, sea and air, respectively situated in Izmir (Turkey), Northwood (United Kingdom) and Ramstein (Germany). The Allied Transformation Command, based in Norfolk (United States), co-operates with the Operations Command in the areas of transformation, development of new capabilities, instruction and training. Army personnel of various employments and specialities permanently work within the NATO Command Structure and are posted to the Headquarters of ACO (Belgium), ACT (United States), JFHQ Brussum (Netherlands) and JFHQ Naples (Italy). NATO FORCE STRUCTURE, NFS Force structure is made up of national and multinational forces and headquarters, put at the Alliance’s disposal by the countries in a temporary or permanent manner and according to established availability criteria. NATO Force Structure Headquarters are grouped into two main categories, on the basis of their degree of readiness, high HQ HRF(L) or lower HQ FLR(L). Spain is the framework nation for two of the HQs HRF(L) in the NATO Force Structure: The Eurocorps and the Spanish High Readiness Land Headquarters (HQ NRDC-ESP). The Spanish Army provides the bulk of the personnel and assets at HQ NRDC-SP, situated in Bétera, where eight other countries actively contribute by keeping personnel posted as well as participating in the shared expenses. HQ NRDC-ESP is a command structure designed and trained for Army Corps level and Land Component level command and control operations. Its first operational deployment took place in 2012, paired up with the Eurocorps, in Afghanistan. In line with the 2010 Strategic Concept, HQ NRDC-ESP structure has been adapted to incorporate a global focus into its planning, command and control functions. Besides, NRDC-ESP is undergoing training to take Command and control of Joint Operations at all levels below Division. 27 spanish army
  27. 27. I N T E R N AT I O N A L O R G A N I S AT I O N S NATO FORCE STRUCTURE HEADQUARTERS HQ NRDC-SP is a unique effort by the Spanish Army which allows placing Spain in the small group of leader countries in the land scope and maintaining close ties with the allied military structure. In this line as well, Spanish Army personnel are kept permanently posted at the remaining NATO Force Structure lower readiness Headquarters in Germany, France, Italy, Greece, United Kingdom and Turkey. RESPONSE FORCE (NRF) The NATO Response Force (NRF) is a joint, high readiness, multinational force whose main aim is to provide a rapid military response in the face of arising crises, when the Atlantic Council so decides. The NRF is a catalyser of allied army transformation. The Spanish Army has led the NRF land component regularly, by providing the command and main land elements of this high readiness force during the second semester of 2005 and during the first semester of 2009,and it will do so again for a year during the 2014-2017 period. 28 spanish army
  28. 28. I N T E R N AT I O N A L O R G A N I S AT I O N S Likewise the Spanish Special Operations Command has assumed leadership of the Special Operations Command Component Headquarters of NRFs 9, 10 and 12. As well, the Spanish Army contributes with different land capabilities in most of the rotations led by other countries. EUROCORPS The Eurocorps is a multinational land Headquarters, in which Spain is one of its five framework nations. The Eurocorps was created at the initiative of Germany and France in 1992. Subsequently, Belgium, Spain (1994) and Luxemburg joined. In 2007 Poland expressed its interest in being incorporated in this multinational Headquarters and began the membership process in 2008. That incorporation is finally expected in 2016. The Spanish Army contributes 21% of the Eurocorps Headquarters personnel and puts at its disposal up to a Division Headquarters and two Mechanised Brigades, in addition to other support. Eurocorps framework nations provide, on a rotating basis, the command group General Officers. On two occasions a Spanish Army lieutenant general has held the command of the Eurocorps, from 1999-2001 and from 2007-09. It will hold it again from 2015 to 2017. The Eurocorps, whose headquarters is situated in Strasbourg (France), may deploy on missions of the European Union or NATO (it has been certified as a High Readiness Land Headquarters, according to NATO criteria in 2002), or it may also act independently. The Eurocorps has participated in NATO operations in the Balkans and on two occasions in Afghanistan (the most recent in 2012) along with the Spanish High Readiness Headquarters (HQ NRDC-SP). EUROPEAN UNION Through the Treaty of Lisbon, the European Union has been provided with a Common Security and Defence Policy, in order to achieve an intervention capability in the widest spectrum of crisis management, by means of the synergy of its countries’ civilian and military possibilities. In order to be in conditions to undertake these missions in their military aspect, a permanent military structure has been established at the heart of the European Union Council with a Military Committee and a Staff, both with an advisory mission. The Union set a Force Objective for 2010 (HLG 2010), so that the countries have offered a series of different military capabilities, which make up the 2007 Forces Catalogue (FC 07). 29 spanish army
  29. 29. I N T E R N AT I O N A L O R G A N I S AT I O N S The Spanish Army contributes to this Forces Catalogue with a high readiness Army Corps Headquarters and elements to constitute a Division Headquarters, a Brigade Headquarters, as well as modules that allow generation of a Brigade entity force or two Task Forces, one light and the other mechanised, along with a wide range of combat and logistic supports. EUROPEAN UNION BATTLE GROUPS (BG) The EU military ambition level establishes the possibility of assuming two simultaneous crisis management operations, for which great rapid response capability is required. To achieve this, in 2004 the Battle Group (BG) concept was implemented, a high readiness unit organised with core troops from a land Battalion, with air and sea elements that facilitate its deployment and action, according to an agreed rotating shift, with two Battle Groups activated simultaneously every six months. The Spanish Army led European Union Battle Groups in 2008 and 2010, by contributing the Force Headquarters (FHQ) and a Battle Group with core troops from a reinforced Light Infantry Group, along with other combat and logistic supports. It will lead a Battlegroup again next 2017. In addition, the Spanish Army regularly contributes with capabilities and build-up personnel in Battle Groups led by other European countries. Thus, since its creation, the Army has participated in three other European Union Battle Groups and will also significantly contribute to the one led by Belgium next 2014. FINABEL FINABEL is a forum for the exchange of information and doctrinal studies of great interest for the Spanish Army. It was created in 1953 by the armies of Belgium, France, Holland, Italy and Luxemburg. It is the only European multinational organisation within the scope of the armies, and it constitutes an irreplaceable tool to promote dialogue and exchange of ideas in the field of doctrine. Its organisation and operation are governed by the “FINABEL Charter”, a document subscribed by the member countries’ Army Chiefs of Staff. The Spanish Army has belonged to FINABEL since 1990. 30 spanish army
  30. 30. I N T E R N AT I O N A L O R G A N I S AT I O N S At present members of this organisation are the armies of: Germany, Belgium, Spain, France, Greece, the Netherlands, Italy, Luxemburg, Malta, Portugal, United Kingdom, Poland, Slovakia, Cyprus, Romania and Finland. Since 2005, any country belonging to the European Union may join FINABEL. In fact, at the 2007 meeting of the Army Chiefs of Staff Committee, which is part of the organisation and was held in Madrid on 14th and 15th of March, it was agreed to promote new memberships. FINABEL aims to become the land forces doctrinal reference framework at the heart of the European Union. BILATERAL RELATIONS Within the framework of bilateral relations, the Army contributes to the Defence Diplomacy Plan, established in 2011, by means of the biennial defence diplomacy programme, which specifies the most important activities carried out in the scope of diplomacy by the Ministry of Defence and the Armed Forces. On behalf of the Army multiple instruments are used to undertake this aspect, as focus is placed principally on Staff meetings, working sessions among chiefs of Army Staff, technical accords with countries of interest, exchanges in the area of training and education, participation in exercises and holding bilateral meetings with similar countries, as well as exchanging Liasion Oficcers in Army Staffs and Doctrine Commands. The prioritization of these activities is focalised on those neighbouring countries with which we share common interests within international organisations such as NATO and the European Union. They also take place with countries that due to proximity or cultural and historic links facilitate these exchanges, as those of the Mediterranean basin both on the European continent as well as the African, and the Latin American ones. 31 spanish army
  31. 31. S PA N I S H A R M Y W E A P O N S A N D E Q U I P M E N T L E O PA R D O 2E Country of origin . . . . . . . . Germany Manufactured in . . . . . . . . . Spain Crew . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4 Personnel Combat weight . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 62 T Length . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 9,67 m Width . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3.75 m Maximum speed . . . . . . 70 Km/h Range . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 340 Km Armament . . . . . 120 mm Cannon Two 7.62 mm Machine guns Ammunition . . . . . . . . .42 Rounds L E O PA R D 2/A4 Country of origin . . . . . . . . Germany Manufactured in . . . . . . . Germany Crew . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4 Personnel Combat weight . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 55 T Length . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 9,97 m Width . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3.75 m Maximum speed . . . . . . 72 Km/h Range . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 340 Km Armament . . . . . 120 mm Cannon Two 7.62 mm Machine guns Ammunition . . . . . . . . .42 Rounds PIZARRO 32 spanish army Country of origin . . . . . . . . . . . Spain Manufactured in . . . . . . . . . Spain Crew . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3 Personnel Transport capacity . . 6 Personnel Weight . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 26 T Length . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6,83 m Width . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3.15 m Height . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2.6 m Maximum speed . . . . . . 70 Km/h Range . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 500 Km Armament . . . . . . 30 mm Cannon 7.62 mm MG 3 Machine gun Ammunition . . . . . . . 402 Rounds
  32. 32. S PA N I S H A R M Y W E A P O N S A N D E Q U I P M E N T C E N TA U R O Manufactured in . . . . . . . . . . Italy Crew . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4 Personnel Weight . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 27 T Length . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7.85 m Width . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2.94 m Height . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2.73 m Maximum speed . . . . . 105 Km/h Range . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 800 Km Armament . . . . . 105 mm Cannon Three 7.62 mm Machine guns Ammunition . . . . . . . . 40 Rounds BMR Manufactured in . . . . . . . . . Spain Crew . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2 Personnel Capacity . . . . . . . . . . 8 Personnel Weight . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 15.4 T Length . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6.15 m Width . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2.5 m Height . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2 m Maximum speed . . . . . . 96 Km/h Range . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 800 Km Armament . .12.7 mm Machine gun VEC Manufactured in . . . . . . . . . Spain Crew . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5 Personnel Weight . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 17 T Length . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6.1 m Width . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2.5 m Height . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2.6 m Maximum speed . . . . . . 96 Km/h Range . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 800 Km Armament . . . . . . 25 mm Cannon 7.62 mm Machine gun 33 spanish army
  33. 33. S PA N I S H A R M Y W E A P O N S A N D E Q U I P M E N T RG 31 Manufactured in . . . . South Africa Maximum speed . . . . . . 98 Km/h Payload . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .4.5 T Crew . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2+7 Maximum weight . . . . . . . . . .17 T Range (road) . . . . . . . . . . .700 Km Power . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .275 HP LMV Manufactured in . . . . . . . . . . Italy Maximum weight . . . . . . . . . 7.1 T Payload . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1.1 T Power . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 190 HP Crew . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2+3 Range (road) . . . . . . . . . . 500 Km Maximum speed . . . . . 125 Km/h VA M TA C Manufactured in . . . . . . . . . Spain Maximum weight . . . . . . . . .5.3 T Payload . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1.5 T Power . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 188 HP Maximum speed . . . . . 125 Km/h Range (road) . . . . . . . . . . 700 Km TOM Manufactured in . . . . . . . Sweden Mission . . . . . . . . . . . . . Mountain Payload . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7,000 Kg No. passengers . . . . . . . . . . . . 17 Maximum speed . . . . . . 55 Km/h Range . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 580 Km 34 spanish army
  34. 34. S PA N I S H A R M Y W E A P O N S A N D E Q U I P M E N T 155/52 SIAC HOWITZER Manufactured in . . . . . . . . . Spain Calibre . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 155 mm Tube length . . . . . . . . . 8,120 mm Total weight . . . . . . . . . . . . 12.9 T Maximum speed . . . . . . 18 Km/h Maximum incline . . . . . . . . . 30% Crew . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7 Fire rate . . . . . . . . . . . . 8 rds/min Range . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 40 Km L118 LIGHT GUN 105/37 HOWITZER Manufactured in . .United Kingdom Calibre . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 105 mm Total length . . . . . . . . . 6,620 mm Vertical sector . . . . . . . . . . . . 90º Total weight . . . . . . . . . . . . 1.86 T Horizontal sector . . . . . . . . . 360º Fire rate . . . . . . . . . . . . 6 rds/min Crew . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6 Range . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 17 km Airportable capability / Parachute ATP 155/39 M-109 A5E Manufactured in . . . . . . . . . . USA Calibre . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 155 mm Barrel Length . . . . . . . . . . 4.96 m Total weight . . . . . . . . . . . . 24.5 T Maximum speed . . . . . . 56 Km/h Cruising range . . . . . . . . . 345 Km Range . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 30 Km Crew . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6 Fire rate . . . . . . . . . . . . 4 rds/min 35 spanish army
  35. 35. S PA N I S H A R M Y W E A P O N S A N D E Q U I P M E N T PAT R I O T S Y S T E M Manufactured in . . . . . . . . . . USA Range . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 120 Km Speed . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5 Mach Guidance system . . . . . . . . Active Ceiling . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 24 Km HAWK ANTI-AIRCRAFT MISSILE Manufactured in . . . . . . . . . . USA Range . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 40 Km Ceiling . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 18 Km Speed . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2.8 Mach Guidance system . . . Semi-active Warhead . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 54 Kg ROLAND ANTI-AIRCRAFT MISSILE Manufactured in . . . . . . . . . . France Range . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6 Km Ceiling . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3 Km Speed . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1.5 Mach Warhead . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 9 Kg Guidance system . . Auto/Semi-auto guided 36 spanish army
  36. 36. S PA N I S H A R M Y W E A P O N S A N D E Q U I P M E N T NASAMS ANTI-AIRCRAFT MISSILE SYSTEM Manufactured in . . . . . . . . . Norway/USA Range . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 75 Km Type . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Fire and forget Speed . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2 Mach Warhead . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 35 Kg Ceiling . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6.5 Km ASPIDE ANTI-AIRCRAFT MISSILE SYSTEM Manufactured in . . . . . . . . . . . . Italy Radar Coverage . . . . . . . . 20 Km Range . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 10 Km Ceiling . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5 km Associated with Skyguard Fire Control MISTRAL ANTI-AIRCRAFT MISSILE Manufactured in . . . . . . . . . . France Range . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5 Km Ceiling . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3 Km Speed . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2.5 Mach Warhead . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3 Kg Guidance system . . . . . . Passive 37 spanish army
  37. 37. S PA N I S H A R M Y W E A P O N S A N D E Q U I P M E N T 40 SB-MI GRENADE LAUNCHER Manufactured in . . . . . . . . . . . Spain Calibre . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 40 mm System . . . . . . . . . . . . Long recoil Feed . . . . . . . . . . . Linked ammunition Fire rate . . . . . . . . . . 215 rds/min Fire mode . . . . . . . . . . . . . automatic Overall weight . . . . . . . . . 65.5 Kg Piece weight . . . . . . . . . . . 34 Kg Tripod weight . . . . . . . . . 21.5 Kg Upper gun mount weight . . 9.6 Kg Effective range . . . . . . . . . . 475 m TOW ( A N T I - TA N K ) LW L Manufactured in . . . . . . . . . . . USA Range . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . > 4 Km Guidance system . . Cable driven Weight . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 73.3 Kg SPIKE MISSILE Manufactured in . . . . . Israel/Spain LR Range . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4 Km Seeker Head . . . . . . .Dual Charge Coupled Device Infrared Homing (CCD / IIR) Weight . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 13 Kg Guidance system . . Fire and forget A L C O T Á N -C100 Manufactured in . . . . . . . . . . . Spain Calibre . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 100 mm Total weight . . . . . . . . . . . . .14 Kg Total length . . . . . . . . . . . . 1.15 m Range . . . . . . . . . . . . 30 to 600 m 38 spanish army
  38. 38. S PA N I S H A R M Y W E A P O N S A N D E Q U I P M E N T HUSKY 2G Country of origin . . . . . . . . . . . . USA Manufactured in . . . . . . . . . . USA Crew . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2 Personnel Weight . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 9,2T Length . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7,34 m Width . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2,59 m Height . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3,07 m Maximum speed . . . . . . 72 Km/h Range . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 450 Km VLPD 26/70 E BRIDGE-LAUNCHER VEHICLE Manufactured in . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Spain Maximum road speed . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .45 Km/h Maximum trench . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2.3 m Crew . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .2 Personnel Leguan Bridge length . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 26 m Weight with bridge . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 56 T Class (MLC) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .70 Launch/Withdrawal time . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5 min D O R N I E R BRIDGE Manufactured in . . . . . . . . Germany Maximum load . . . . . . . . . . . 110 T Crew . . . . . . . . . . . . 5/6 Personnel Length . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .46 m Launch time . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1 h Bridge crossing speed . . . 25 Km/h Class (MLC) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .70 CZ 10/25 E ALACRÁN Manufactured in . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Spain Maximum road speed . . . . . . . . 45 Km/h Maximum trench . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2.3 m Crew . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2 Personnel Total weight . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 53 T Maximum incline . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 50% Maximum fording depth . . . . . . . 1.22 m 39 spanish army
  39. 39. S PA N I S H A R M Y W E A P O N S A N D E Q U I P M E N T H K G -36 E Country of origin . . . . . . . . Germany Manufactured in . . Germany/Spain Calibre . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5.56 mm Feed . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .Magazine Fire rate . . . . . . . . . . .750 rds/min Breech Mechanism . . . . .Gas Intake Weight . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .3.3 Kg Magazine . . . . . . . . . . 30 Rounds Accessories . . Grenade Launcher BARRET Manufactured in . . . . . . . . . . . .USA Calibre . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .12.7 mm Total weight . . . . . . . . . . . . .10 Kg Total length . . . . . . . . . 1,145 mm Operation . . . . . . . . . . . Manual bolt Feed . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .5 Rounds Effective range . . . . . . . . .1,830 m ACCURACY Manufactured in . .United Kingdom Calibre . . . . . . . . . . . . . .7.62 mm Total weight . . . . . . . . . . . . . .6 Kg Total length . . . . . . . . . 1,178 mm Operation . . . . . . . . . . . Manual bolt Feed . . . . . . . . . . . . . .10 Rounds Effective range . . . . . . . . . .600 m H K M G -4 M A C H I N E G U N Manufactured in . . . . . . . . Germany Calibre . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5.56 mm Total weight . . . . . . . . . . . . 7.9 Kg Action . . . . . . . . . . . . . Gas-operated Fire rate . . . . . . . . . . . . . 780 rds/min Feed . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Link belt 40 spanish army
  40. 40. S PA N I S H A R M Y W E A P O N S A N D E Q U I P M E N T HK USP Country of origin . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .Germany Calibre . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 9 mm parabellum Weight . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 817 gr Total length . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 218 mm Magazine capacity . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 13+1 Frame . . . . . . . . Fibre-reinforced Polyamide SEARCHER MK II UAV Manufactured in . . . . . Spain/Israel Range . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 350 Km Endurance . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 15 h Ceiling . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 20,000 Ft Employment . . . . . . . . . Day/night RAVEN B MINI UAV Manufactured in . . . . . . . . . . . USA Range . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 10 Km Endurance . . . . . . . . . . . . 90 min Ceiling . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1,000 Ft Employment . . . . . . . . . Day/night 41 spanish army
  41. 41. S PA N I S H A R M Y W E A P O N S A N D E Q U I P M E N T C O U G A R H T-27 U L Manufactured in . . . . . . . . . . France Mission . . . . . . . Medium transport Payload . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4,500 Kg No. passengers . . . . . . . . . . . . 24 Cruising speed . . . . . . . 300 Km/h Endurance . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4.5 h SUPERPUMA HU-21 Manufactured in . . . . . . . . . . France Mission . . . . . . . Medium transport Payload . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4,350 Kg No. passengers . . . . . . . . . . . . 18 Cruising speed . . . . . . . 280 Km/h Endurance . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3 h C H I N O O K H T-17 Manufactured in . . . . . . . . . . . USA Mission . . . . . Transport and cargo Payload . . . . . . . . . . . . 10,000 Kg No. passengers . . . . . . . . . . . . 33 Cruising speed . . . . . . . 222 Km/h Endurance . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2.75 h 42 spanish army
  42. 42. S PA N I S H A R M Y W E A P O N S A N D E Q U I P M E N T TIGRE HAP H A -15 B O L K O W Manufactured in . . . . . . . . Germany Mission . . . . . . . . . . . . Multi-role Payload . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1,000 Kg No. passengers . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3 Cruising speed . . . . . . . 270 Km/h Endurance . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2.5 h Manufactured in . . . . . . . . . . France Mission . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Attack No. crew . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2 Cruising speed . . . . . . . 315 Km/h Endurance . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3 h Armament . . . . 4 Mistral missiles Rocket Launcher, 30 mm Cannon 43 spanish army
  43. 43. S PA N I S H A R M Y W E A P O N S A N D E Q U I P M E N T NH-90 (PROTOTYPE) Origin . . . . . . . . . . . . . Eurocopter Manufactured in . . . . . . . . . . . Spain Mission . . . . . . . . . . . . . Multi-role Payload . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2,800 Kg No. passengers . . . . . . . . . . . . 20 Cruising speed . . . . . . . 305 Km/h E C -135 Origin . . . . . . . . . . . . . Eurocopter Manufactured in . . . . . . . . . . . Spain Mission . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Training No. passengers . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5 Maximum Speed . . . . . 235 Km/h Endurance . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3 h 44 spanish army

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