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DADIMA
BY DR. EISHAN JAIN
UNDER THE GUIDANCE OF ALL TEACHING STAFF
OF KAUMARBHRITYA DEPARTMENT
Introduction
Dadima has been used for thousands of years to cure a wide
range of diseases across different cultures and civilization.
It has great nutritional value and numerous health benefits.
It is used as a treatment for cancer, osteo-artheritis and other
diseases like sore throats, cough, urinary infection, digestive
disorders, skin disorders and to expel tape worms.
Botanical classification
• Botanical name- Punica Granatum linn.
• Family- Punicaceae.
• Synonyms- Karaka, dantabeeja,
lohitapushpaka, vrittaphala.
Vernacular names
Hindi- annar
Kannada- dalimbe
English- pomegranate.
Malayalam - matalam
Varieties
Madhura
Madhuramla.
Amla
Authors Ganas
Charaka hridya, chhardinigrahana,shramahara varga
Shushutra Parushakadi.
Morphology
• The shrub is 3-5 mtrs high.
• The stem bark is red externally and yellow internally.
• Leaves- 5-7 cms long, 3 cms broad, with tapering ends.
• Inflourescence- red in color.
• Fruits- round with a diameter of 5 cms, containing many seeds.
• The tree has 2 gender-types- one get only male flowers, and has
reddish leaves. The other has both male and female flowers.
Phyto-constituents
The stem bark and fruit rind contain 22-25% tannin.
The root bark has punicotannic acid 20-25%.
There is a subtle substance in the root called pelletierine.
The fruit contain 15% fructose.
Part used
Fruits.
Rind of the
fruit.(Phala twak)
Root.
Root
bark.
Flowers.
Rasapanchaka
Madhura Dadima
• Rasa – Madhura, kashaya, amla
• Guna –Laghu,snigdha
• Vipaka-Madhura
• Virya- Anushna
Amla Dadima
• Rasa-Amla
• Guna-Laghu,ruksha(R.N)
• Vipaka-Amla
• Virya-Ushna
Karmas
Pitta shamana by sweet and astringent tastes
Kaphavata shamana by ushna veerya
Sweet / sour fruit is slightly pitta kara by its sourness.
Sour fruits are kapha vata shamana but pitta prakopa.
Sweet fruits are used in disorder induced by all tri dosha while
sour fruit is used in kaphavata disorders.
Dosage
Phala rasa – 2-5 tolas
(20-50ml)
Phala twak kwatha-
4-8 tolas (40-80ml)
Formulations
Dadimashtaka churna -Grahani, Atisara.
Dadimadi churna- Aruchi, Agnimandya
Dadimadi ghrita- Prameha, Ashmari
Dadimadya taila- Grahani, Prameha
Dadimawlehya.
Indications
• Madhura dadima phala -Trsna, Daha, Jwara,Mukhadourgandhya.
• Madhuramla dadima phala- Agnimandya,Aruchi
• Amla dadima phala - Hrdroga
• Dadimaphala twak - Atisara
• Dadima mula twak - Krimi.
Aamayika prayoga
• Ripen fruit of Dadima should be cooked in putapaka method. The
juice extracted in this method cures all types of Atisara.
• Juice extracted from Dadima is mixed with juice of leaves of
Amra or any drug having sheeta virya should be used internally
and as an external appication.
• Decoction prepared from Dadima phala twak is very useful in
raktarshas.
• The paste prepared from Dadima and sugar or Dadima and
draksha is kept in mouth will reduce dryness and tastelessness
associated with trishna.
• Fresh Dadima twak has to be triturated with Aja kshira then
applied gives good complexion.
External uses
• Due to its astringent nature the decoction of bark is used in
throat disorders and oral disorders as a gargle and also in ulcers.
• In epistaxis, nasal drops of the juice of the fruits are very
effective
Internal uses
• Nervous system- the fruit act as a brain tonic, it acts on mental
debility and associated disorder.
• Digestive system- the fruit is an appetite stimulant, increases desire
for foods, inhibits thirst, and act as a astringent. The juice of the
fruit and decoction of the root bark are strong vermifuges (hook
worm). It is also used on tape worm. In a disinclinication to eat,
weak appetite, amebiosis, dipsia, acid peptic disorder and such pitta
disorder, diarrhoea, loose motions, its extremely useful.
• Circulatory System- the fruit is cardio tonic and haemostatic, it is
useful in blood disorder like anemia and bleeding disorder. In nose
bleeds.
Cont….
• Respiratory System- being astringent, the bud ameliorates kapha.
The fruits acts as an expectorant. In infertile kapha disorder the fruit
is ground in goats milk and is given as a licking agent. The flowers
are useful in kapha induced by vata and pitta.
• Urinary System- as it is diuretic and hence useful in urinary
disorders.
• Reproductive system- as its promotes semen, it is used in seminal
debility. Decoction of fruit rind is used for uttar basti in vaginal
discharges.
Cont..
• Temperature- being an antipiratic, it is a useful diuretic food in
fevers, it reduces the fever and its associated symptoms thus
enhancing the strength of patint.
• Satmikarana- it is a useful food even in health. Due to its
strengthening (tomic) properties, pomegranate juice is used in
all ordinary weaknesses.
Srotogamitwa
• Dosha – tridoshaghna
• Dhatu – shukra (shukrala), rakta, rasa (antipyretic), majja (brain
tonic)
• Mala – purisha (kashaya rasa)
• Organs – breast, ear.
kaumarabhritya
In pitta and kapha atisaara the peya prepared out of bala,
shaalparni, aakhuparni, Dadima and bilwa is useful. (ka.khi-
4/80)
The peya prepared out of Dadima, ativisha and amla dravyas is
helpful for aama-pachana. (ka.khi-4/82)
In vishama jwara ghrita prepared out of guduchi, aamlaki,
saareva, Dadima, shunthi, lodhra and chandana is used. (ka.khi-
11/168)
Research profile
Study of medhya (cognition inhancing) effect of Dadima phala in
healthy adolescents.
The drug was given to the students in dose of 10ml twice a day
orally in rasayana kala i.e morning and nisha kala for the duration
of 6 months.
There is significant improvement in IQ (due to improved function
of udana vaayu)
Improvement in IQ suggest that Dadima by its madhura rasa
nurishes and inhanses brain (dhi, dhruti, smruti) and ultimately
grasping power (medha) by amla rasa it inhanses the sadhaka pitta
which contributes its medhya action.
Thank you

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Dadima

  • 1. DADIMA BY DR. EISHAN JAIN UNDER THE GUIDANCE OF ALL TEACHING STAFF OF KAUMARBHRITYA DEPARTMENT
  • 2. Introduction Dadima has been used for thousands of years to cure a wide range of diseases across different cultures and civilization. It has great nutritional value and numerous health benefits. It is used as a treatment for cancer, osteo-artheritis and other diseases like sore throats, cough, urinary infection, digestive disorders, skin disorders and to expel tape worms.
  • 3. Botanical classification • Botanical name- Punica Granatum linn. • Family- Punicaceae. • Synonyms- Karaka, dantabeeja, lohitapushpaka, vrittaphala.
  • 4. Vernacular names Hindi- annar Kannada- dalimbe English- pomegranate. Malayalam - matalam
  • 6. Authors Ganas Charaka hridya, chhardinigrahana,shramahara varga Shushutra Parushakadi.
  • 7. Morphology • The shrub is 3-5 mtrs high. • The stem bark is red externally and yellow internally. • Leaves- 5-7 cms long, 3 cms broad, with tapering ends. • Inflourescence- red in color. • Fruits- round with a diameter of 5 cms, containing many seeds. • The tree has 2 gender-types- one get only male flowers, and has reddish leaves. The other has both male and female flowers.
  • 8. Phyto-constituents The stem bark and fruit rind contain 22-25% tannin. The root bark has punicotannic acid 20-25%. There is a subtle substance in the root called pelletierine. The fruit contain 15% fructose.
  • 9. Part used Fruits. Rind of the fruit.(Phala twak) Root. Root bark. Flowers.
  • 10. Rasapanchaka Madhura Dadima • Rasa – Madhura, kashaya, amla • Guna –Laghu,snigdha • Vipaka-Madhura • Virya- Anushna Amla Dadima • Rasa-Amla • Guna-Laghu,ruksha(R.N) • Vipaka-Amla • Virya-Ushna
  • 11. Karmas Pitta shamana by sweet and astringent tastes Kaphavata shamana by ushna veerya Sweet / sour fruit is slightly pitta kara by its sourness. Sour fruits are kapha vata shamana but pitta prakopa. Sweet fruits are used in disorder induced by all tri dosha while sour fruit is used in kaphavata disorders.
  • 12. Dosage Phala rasa – 2-5 tolas (20-50ml) Phala twak kwatha- 4-8 tolas (40-80ml)
  • 13. Formulations Dadimashtaka churna -Grahani, Atisara. Dadimadi churna- Aruchi, Agnimandya Dadimadi ghrita- Prameha, Ashmari Dadimadya taila- Grahani, Prameha Dadimawlehya.
  • 14. Indications • Madhura dadima phala -Trsna, Daha, Jwara,Mukhadourgandhya. • Madhuramla dadima phala- Agnimandya,Aruchi • Amla dadima phala - Hrdroga • Dadimaphala twak - Atisara • Dadima mula twak - Krimi.
  • 15. Aamayika prayoga • Ripen fruit of Dadima should be cooked in putapaka method. The juice extracted in this method cures all types of Atisara. • Juice extracted from Dadima is mixed with juice of leaves of Amra or any drug having sheeta virya should be used internally and as an external appication. • Decoction prepared from Dadima phala twak is very useful in raktarshas.
  • 16. • The paste prepared from Dadima and sugar or Dadima and draksha is kept in mouth will reduce dryness and tastelessness associated with trishna. • Fresh Dadima twak has to be triturated with Aja kshira then applied gives good complexion.
  • 17. External uses • Due to its astringent nature the decoction of bark is used in throat disorders and oral disorders as a gargle and also in ulcers. • In epistaxis, nasal drops of the juice of the fruits are very effective
  • 18. Internal uses • Nervous system- the fruit act as a brain tonic, it acts on mental debility and associated disorder. • Digestive system- the fruit is an appetite stimulant, increases desire for foods, inhibits thirst, and act as a astringent. The juice of the fruit and decoction of the root bark are strong vermifuges (hook worm). It is also used on tape worm. In a disinclinication to eat, weak appetite, amebiosis, dipsia, acid peptic disorder and such pitta disorder, diarrhoea, loose motions, its extremely useful. • Circulatory System- the fruit is cardio tonic and haemostatic, it is useful in blood disorder like anemia and bleeding disorder. In nose bleeds.
  • 19. Cont…. • Respiratory System- being astringent, the bud ameliorates kapha. The fruits acts as an expectorant. In infertile kapha disorder the fruit is ground in goats milk and is given as a licking agent. The flowers are useful in kapha induced by vata and pitta. • Urinary System- as it is diuretic and hence useful in urinary disorders. • Reproductive system- as its promotes semen, it is used in seminal debility. Decoction of fruit rind is used for uttar basti in vaginal discharges.
  • 20. Cont.. • Temperature- being an antipiratic, it is a useful diuretic food in fevers, it reduces the fever and its associated symptoms thus enhancing the strength of patint. • Satmikarana- it is a useful food even in health. Due to its strengthening (tomic) properties, pomegranate juice is used in all ordinary weaknesses.
  • 21. Srotogamitwa • Dosha – tridoshaghna • Dhatu – shukra (shukrala), rakta, rasa (antipyretic), majja (brain tonic) • Mala – purisha (kashaya rasa) • Organs – breast, ear.
  • 22. kaumarabhritya In pitta and kapha atisaara the peya prepared out of bala, shaalparni, aakhuparni, Dadima and bilwa is useful. (ka.khi- 4/80) The peya prepared out of Dadima, ativisha and amla dravyas is helpful for aama-pachana. (ka.khi-4/82) In vishama jwara ghrita prepared out of guduchi, aamlaki, saareva, Dadima, shunthi, lodhra and chandana is used. (ka.khi- 11/168)
  • 23. Research profile Study of medhya (cognition inhancing) effect of Dadima phala in healthy adolescents. The drug was given to the students in dose of 10ml twice a day orally in rasayana kala i.e morning and nisha kala for the duration of 6 months. There is significant improvement in IQ (due to improved function of udana vaayu) Improvement in IQ suggest that Dadima by its madhura rasa nurishes and inhanses brain (dhi, dhruti, smruti) and ultimately grasping power (medha) by amla rasa it inhanses the sadhaka pitta which contributes its medhya action.