Growth and development ppt.


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Growth and development ppt.

  1. 1. GROWTH andGROWTH and DEVELOPMENTDEVELOPMENT ToddlerToddler Presented By: Maria Elisa Belarso
  2. 2. • Normal Growth And Development Of Toddlers • Who are toddlers? • Toddlers are children who are 1 to 3 years of age. This time period is a stage of growth for your young child. During this time, he will go through many changes in his physical, psychological (mental and emotional), and social development.
  3. 3. The toddler years can be challenging ones (and sometimes frustrating), both for parents and children.   Toddlers learn by doing lots of things, including parents, who gets in their way.  
  4. 4. over and over, even after they’ve been told not to. Parents should Be patient with a toddler. they will need to teach them the rules again and again and remind them over and over when he forgets.  A toddler is not trying to drive us crazy so we shouldn’t take their behaviour personally.
  5. 5. PHYSICAL DEVELOPMENT • Complete teeth • Prominent abdomen • Has a forward curve of spine INTERPRETATION Body contour is normal for this stage. Because although they walk well, their abdominal muscles are not yet strong enough o support abdominal
  6. 6. • Weight and length: The child may gain four times his birth weight during this time. His length may increase to about 22 inches. The length is your child’s height measured while he is lying down.
  7. 7. In these years, a child becomes stronger and starts to look longer and leaner. Physical growth is slower than in the first 3 years of life, but the outward changes can be dramatic.
  8. 8. MOTOR DEVELOPMENT (gross & fine) •Able to make simple lines using chalk and pencil. INTERPRETATION By age 2, most children can walk up stairs one at a time, kick a ball, and draw simple strokes with a pencil.
  9. 9. Movement: • child’s muscles develop as his motor (movement) skills get better. • Body control or movement: Your child may sit without support at about one year of age. He may start walking on his own or still need to hold your hand. Later, he may be able to jump.
  10. 10. • Able to walk, run, and climb stairs alone. By age 3, most can dress and undress themselves; draw a person with a head, body, arms, and legs; and write some small and capital letters.
  11. 11. COGNITIVE DEVELOPMENT •When his toys is missing he knows where to find it. INTERPRATATION Children at this stage are able to remember an action, and then imitate it later, it is what we called “Deferred Imitation”..
  12. 12. •Able to identify shape such as: Square and Circle. •Can identify color such as: Red and White. A child this age makes great strides in being able to think and reason. In these years, children learn their letters, counting, and colors. Their play becomes more creative as they
  13. 13. He imitates what ever he sees in television.
  14. 14. •Could follow instructions given by his mother Like: putting Garbage on the trash can, and changing his/ her clothes. At the end of the toddler period, children enter the second stage which is the “pre- operational thought”, in this stage children deals with symbols that they did while still in the
  15. 15. EMOTIONAL DEVELOPMENT •His parents are always His Companion. •Friendly to others •Cries when his mother or father INTERPRETATION Child has develop autonomy because they have learned to trust themselves and others during the infant year.
  16. 16. LANGUAGE (COMMUNICATION) DEVELOPMENT •Can speak but not too clear. •Can repeat words he heard. •Able to count Numbers such as 1 up to 10. INTERPRETATION The ability to use words grows quickly in these years. By age 2, most children can say at least 50 words. These are used to ask questions constantly, up to 400 times a day, mostly “how” and “why? Questions.
  17. 17. Speech: Your child tries to form words which may result to babbling (talking without meaning) at first. Later, he learns to use actions to tell what he wants. He learns a lot of words which may start to come out like sentences. At around two years of age, he may be able to make 2 to 3 word sentences.
  18. 18. • Understanding words: Your child may be able to point to a body part when named or point to pictures in books. Later, he may be able to name familiar pictures. He may recite or fill in words in stories that he knows. Your child may also be able to follow simple directions and requests.
  19. 19. An example of An example of Babbling:
  20. 20. Play •Cooperates with his playmates. •Plays ball and blocks usually. INTERPRETATION All during the toddler period, children play beside children next to them. This side by side play (called Parallel play) Is not unfriendly but is a normal developmental sequence that occurs