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20101116teachingin english tomida02


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20101116teachingin english tomida02

  1. 1. Challenges and Issues in Research Today 4 Vygotsky’s Theory and Its Application TOMIDA Eiji Faculty of Education富田 英司 愛媛大学教 育学部 1 2010/11/16
  2. 2. Lev Semyonovich Vygotsky •Educational Psychologist •Born in Belarus (Russian Empire at that time) •1896 – 1934 •Majored in literature, medicine, law, and psychology 2
  3. 3. Program • Introduction of Vygotsky’s theory • Discussing on how to promote discussion in our campus 3
  4. 4. Objectives 1. To understand basic ideas of Vygotsky’s theory. 2. To aware the importance to engage in public discussions. 3. To propose some ideas to promote discussion at our campus. 4
  5. 5. Three main ideas(Wertsch,1985 ) (1)Genetic Method – Human should be understood in process (2)Social origin of human mind – Our intelligence is shaped between people (3)Cultural mediation – Our intelligence is based on cultural tools 5
  6. 6. Individual body Practice Practice Community of Practice Vygotsky’s Theory Illustrated 6 Language as Communication tool Language as Thinking tool Personal level Inter-personal level Community level Developmentasaperson
  7. 7. Interpreting pre-discussion by theory of Vygotsky • To what factors did you attribute the reasons for the difficulty? • Let’s look into the first three post to the thread. (Thank the three students so mach for understanding!) 7
  8. 8. Pre-discussion topics 1. Have you experienced difficulty in discussing? If you do, how was it like? What do you think are the reasons for the difficulty? 2. What do you think are the best ways to promote discussion at our campus? 8
  9. 9. What is the reasons? From the point of Vygotskian Veiw • Usual causal attribution – Ability/knowledge → Practice • Vygotskian causal attribution – Practice → Ability/knowledge 9
  10. 10. Implications of Vygotsky’s theory • Our intellectual ability is formed through social interaction • Then, if you develop your ability, you should engage in discussions • However, it is not enough – We are not inclined to do what is not related to the practicein community – Then what we should? 10
  11. 11. What is “discussing”? • Who made this custom? – Western democracy is from Greece or Viking? • For what? – They used it to decide important things • Is it relevant to our lives? – Before, only small number of people had been involved in decision making. – Modern society requires its members to talk to diverse people for prospective lives. – Then discussing requires us certain manners in talking behaving, and choosing words. 11
  12. 12. How to be involved in practice? • Our ability is based on practice. • Have you been involved in practice? – Usually not for most people – Schooling is a setup to remove us from practice • For acquiring necessary skill in future job – So we should think of things we have been actually involved already. 12
  13. 13. A possible answer • We should modify social practice in order to learners can be situated so that they are naturally involved. – By joining research activity from early stage of college life – By offering more chances for internship – By involving teachers themselves in social activities 13
  14. 14. Further discussion • Are the students not involved in practice? Or they do not aware that they have been involved? • How can they be involved in practice? Or how can they aware their commitment to the community? 14