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RETHINKING GLOBAL DEVELOPMENT

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Reintegrating humankind and human affairs within the dynamics of the Earth's community of life. Ecologically-enhancing, humanly-fulfilling way of life and thought, driven by the creative intelligence of all people.

Published in: Environment
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RETHINKING GLOBAL DEVELOPMENT

  1. 1. Contrasting Doctrines of Development
  2. 2. Human-Centered Development and Integral Development
  3. 3. Human-Centered Development: Man’s supremacy and domination over nature. The rest of nature exists for human good. Everything acquires its value from its utility to man.
  4. 4. Human-Centered Development: Human well-being as the supreme good and primary purpose of development. The rest of nature as resources to be exploited to human ends. Materialistic – little regard for ethical values, such as humaneness, sustainability, etc. Success of development measured in quantitative terms – usually monetary.
  5. 5. Integral Development: The well-being of the entire community of life systems . Interdependence, interrelatedness, interpenetration of all things – human and non-human. Mutual-enhancement. Inherent right of non-human beings to exist & flourish. Integral human mode of living within the larger community of life systems. Human well-being is best served in the context of the well-being of all other Earth components.
  6. 6. Integral Development: Planetary-consciousness – thinking and acting within the context of the whole Earth. All life-supporting economic and non-economic actions – sensitivities toward all of nature. Mutually-enhancing ways of producing, consuming, living, relating. Ecologically-sustaining, humanly-fulfilling, socially-inclusive criteria of success and progress.
  7. 7. Here’s a selection of provocative insights, intriguing perspectives, and alternative proposals brought together to encourage and expand meaningful public and global conversations on ways to:  Restore and maintain harmonious, mutually- enhancing human presence with non-human members of the Earth community.  Strengthen the Earth’s capacity to continue to support human and non-human life into the infinite future.
  8. 8. “The work of the future will be friendly toward the environment and will accept the environment’s friendliness toward us; it will be interdependent rather than competitive and bellicose toward other humans; it will not exaggerate individualism or jingoism or nationalism, but will have a planetary worldview about it; it will not be about controlling the environment; it will not fall into the fallacy of an infinitely expanding mode of thinking about a finite reality, namely the Earth and its gifts to us; it will not succumb to economic determinism; it will look for its values and its creativity beyond technology alone.” -Gregory Bateson (Paraphrased by Matthew Fox)
  9. 9. “While humans do have their own distinctive reality and unique value, these must be articulated within a more comprehensive context. Ultimately humans find their own well-being [sic] within this context. To consider that one is enhanced by diminishing the other is an illusion.” -Thomas Berry
  10. 10. “We need to reinvent the human within the community of life systems. … In our efforts to reduce the other- than-human components of the planet to subservience … we have brought the entire set of life systems of the planet, including the human, to an extremely dangerous situation. Radical new cultural forms are needed … [to] place the human within the dynamics of the planet rather than place the planet within the dynamics of the human.” -Thomas Berry
  11. 11. “But shaping the [planetary] future … is not something that can be accomplished by solitary individuals working alone. Therefore, it is necessary to consider which social institutions are most likely to sponsor positive actions, and how we can develop more of them.” -Mihaly Csikszentmihalyi
  12. 12. “Nature reveals itself to us as a system in a perpetual state of transformation. … Everywhere in nature we see effort. Why should its generative or preservative action be stopped in man?” -Lecomte du Noüy
  13. 13. “To build a sustainable civilization we must learn how to foster global partnership culture, self-organized enterprises, and intricate, intelligent, committed communities protected by community-serving hierarchies. Nothing less will do.” -Robert G. Dyck
  14. 14. “The more we come to grips with our true nature as humans and our place in the harmony of nature, the more socially and ecologically responsible we are likely to become. … The more socially and ecologically responsible we become, the less acquisitive, the less consumption-driven, and the less adversarial we are likely to be. Of course, the less acquisitive and the less consumption-driven we are, the better for a finite Planet Earth and for posterity.” -Efiong Etuk
  15. 15. “What we need is to explore our beings, our heart and soul, our inner selves, the causes of the violence in which we engage.” -Matthew Fox
  16. 16. “The way [forward] is through an overarching moral and ethical system of values (metavalues) that transcends the values within and differences between various groups, be they hunters, conservationists, corporations, or ethnic groups. … Once these metavalues are accepted and expressed in thought and action and are shared with others of like spirit [we become] part of the transpersonal actualizing brotherhood of mankind.” -Michael W. Fox
  17. 17. “Mankind is on the threshold of a new stage in its development. We should not only promote the expansion of its material, scientific, and technical basis, but, what is most important, the formation of new value and humanistic aspirations … since wisdom and humaneness are the ‘eternal truths’ that make the basis of humanity.” -I. T. Frolov
  18. 18. “The necessity to unite with other living things, to be related to them, is an imperative need on the fulfillment of which man’s sanity depends.” -Erich Fromm
  19. 19. “[We are] faced with challenges that may well imperil civilization as we know it. The old solutions and procedures for dealing with political and social problems no longer appear to work. Hope seems to lie in beginning to seek new creative solutions, new approaches and breakthroughs for the global dilemmas we now face.” -Willis Harman
  20. 20. “Because of the interconnectedness of the modern world, questions about development can only be answered within the context of some picture of a viable global future. … Development is unlikely to be a matter of continued exponential growth of GNP; a fundamental departure from that path seems likely.” -Willis Harman and John Hormann
  21. 21. “Yet the gross national product does not allow for the health of our children, the quality of their education, or the joy of their play. It does not include the beauty of our poetry or the strength of our marriages; the intelligence of our public debate or the integrity of our public officials. It measures neither our wit nor our courage; neither our wisdom nor our learning; neither our compassion nor our devotion to our country; it measures everything, in short, except that which makes life worthwhile.” -Robert Kennedy
  22. 22. “Sustainability is a central value, and calls for flexibility and mutual accommodation among people, as well as between people and their natural environment.” -Ervin Laszlo
  23. 23. “Our present educational and social failure to recognize new bases of human relationships must change if we are to survive.” -Ashley Montagu
  24. 24. “What we do to the world’s body, we do to our own. We are not master’s of this world, we participate in its life.” -Thomas Moore
  25. 25. “Our bodies reflect or participate in the world’s body, so that if we harm the outer body, our own bodies will feel the effects.” -Thomas Moore
  26. 26. “Our species … must ask itself where it wants to go and what it wishes to accomplish. The inquiry into what we are up to, what we can or should do with ourselves and future generations, should undoubtedly come first, if for no other reason than because without an overall design our frenzied activities can but give rise to colossal disorder – which is precisely what is beginning to occur today.” -Aurelio Peccei
  27. 27. “Unless individuals, groups, and nations can imagine, construct, and creatively [devise] new ways of relating to these complex changes [in the world], the lights will go out. Unless man can make new and original adaptations to his environment as rapidly as his science can change the environment, our [civilization] will perish...[and] international annihilation will be the price we pay for a lack of creativity.” -Carl R. Rogers
  28. 28. “It is not possible to use the techniques and philosophies of the mechanistic paradigm to heal the effects and devastations of that paradigm. … Reductionism can certainly be helpful in fixing our cars, but it has not proved very helpful in facilitating our understanding of ourselves, our world, or the relationships therein.” -Anne Wilson Schaef
  29. 29. “Until and unless we develop a new life- style which is compatible with the real needs of human nature, with the health of living nature around us, and with the resource endowment of the world … [the crisis] will become worse and end in disaster.” -E. F. Schumacher
  30. 30. “Everywhere people ask: ‘What can I do?’ The answer is as simple as it is disconcerting: we can, each of us, work to put our inner house in order. The guidance we need for this work cannot be found in science or technology.” -E. F. Schumacher
  31. 31. “How long would we continue to worship at the alter of economic growth, accepting as unfortunate, but accepting nonetheless, the damage to the integrity of creation?” -Michael Schut
  32. 32. “One thing we no longer need to be told is that we are in the throes of an appalling crisis. … [T]he message is quite clear: our entire way of life is humanly and environmentally suicidal.” -Philip Sherrard
  33. 33. “The ultimate goal of development is not simply higher incomes, longer life expectancies, or higher literacy rates, but rather the capability for people and communities to realize their full responsible and creative potential.” -John G. Sommer
  34. 34. “How can we make the quality of life, rather than open-ended economic growth, the focus of future thinking?” -Charlene Spretnak
  35. 35. “The major error of the last century has been the assumption that a total society can be organized upon an economic motive, upon profit.” -Frank Tannenbaum
  36. 36. “Whether we examine capitalist free market notions or Marxism as we have known it, whether we look at liberalism, welfare statism, or at traditional theories of Third World development – all of them seem less and less relevant as events outrace our theoretical formulations. …It is time to put our most passionately held assumptions under the microscope. We may find that they no longer correspond to the emerging reality.” -Alvin Toffler
  37. 37. “Humanity has the ability to make development sustainable – to ensure that it meets the needs of the present generation without compromising the ability of future generations to meet their own needs.” -The World Commission on Environment and Development
  38. 38. Planetary Sustainability of Man and Nature:
  39. 39. Interconnected, interrelated world in which:
  40. 40. Daunting Ecological Imperatives:
  41. 41. New ways of being and living that are:

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