Upcoming SlideShare
×

# Math project 02 statistic

1,487 views

Published on

1 Like
Statistics
Notes
• Full Name
Comment goes here.

Are you sure you want to Yes No
• Be the first to comment

Views
Total views
1,487
On SlideShare
0
From Embeds
0
Number of Embeds
493
Actions
Shares
0
12
0
Likes
1
Embeds 0
No embeds

No notes for slide

### Math project 02 statistic

1. 1. SCHOOL OF ARCHITECTURE, BUILDING & DESIGN Foundation in Natural and Built Environments MATHEMATICS (MATH0103) Project 02 – Statistics Group Members: Wong Voon Yin (0315151) Nicholas Yap Wei Tyng (0314058) Chia Wee Min (0315186) Edwin Ho Khai Vun (0314846) Chua Jia Cheng (0315160) Chew Ung Heng (0315397) 1
2. 2. TABLE OF CONTENT CONTENT PAGE 1. Introduction………………………………….. 03 2. Objective……………………………………... 04 3. Methodology…………………………………. 05-06 4. Questionnaire……………………………….... 07-12 5. Statistical Analysis……………………………. 13-32 6. Conclusion……………………………………. 33 7. Appendix……………………………………... 34 2
3. 3. INTRODUCTION First of all, we had given a task to conduct a survey of comparatives analysis of any topics between female and male for our Mathematics final project. Nowadays, females have the ability to earn more than males on average and males could be spent more than females as well. To compare the spending habits of male and female, we had conducted a research study to observe the monthly expenses of college students. Majority of college students are between the ages of 18-24. Usually, we are always having stereotypes that females would spend more than males according to the basic needs of females. It is no doubt that females often spent their money on cosmetics products in order to attract the attention of males especially at the young age. In the other hand, females may also spend money for extra stuff such as sanitary pad, losen and etc which are not necessary for male. In fact, males may also spent on those cosmetics products and skin protection products as they are also having the same problems what females have in this century. So we can’t admit that males spent less than female with the comparison of the daily goods of both genders bought. For the saving habits and financial satisfaction of males and females, males are better savers than females based on the old stereotype. Males always feel less uncomfortable about their current financial status and more optimistic about the future. But when it comes to shopping, males like to get in, get what they need and get out fast. Males are more willing to pay a little more to speed the process then they are to spend time hunting down bargain which are different in females. So there are a lot of different spending habits between the males and females students within the college. In conclusion, we want to investigate the dissimilar way of monthly expenses for male and female in college through the survey. 3
4. 4. OBJECTIVE The survey’s primary objective is to identify the monthly expenses of boys and girls in college. Through the survey, it allows us to collect and organize statistical data we need to complete our survey’s report. During the calculating of the data, it enables us to apply the knowledge gained to analyse statistical data and draw conclusion from data. Besides, we may able to conduct a simple survey properly to ensure the participant understanding the purpose of the survey. It also improves our communication to the participant for better understanding. Lastly, it enhances teamwork ability and leadership while conducting the survey and completing our survey’s report. 4
5. 5. METHODOLOGY Data for this report were gathered from 9 January 2014 - 24 January 2014. A questionnaire survey was carried out from 16 January 2014 - 24 January 2014. The questionnaires were distributed to a total of 200 students, which consisting of 100 male students and 100 female students. 50 of each male and female students were having the online questionnaires while the other 50 of each male and female students do the normal questionnaires, both questionnaires have the same questions. The questionnaires were distributed all around Taylor's University Lakeside Campus, for example： Block D, Block E, Corridor, In front of library, in front of Grand Hall, and also Student Life Centre. These questionnaires were distributed equally to get the correct amount of data that is needed. After collecting all the questionnaires we separate the questionnaires into male and female and by that we created tables and diagrams to show the data based on every question and sex, we also calculated the mean for each question and sex. The formula that is most frequently use is mean formula which is : . After we analysis the data, we conclude that the total of money spend is male spend more money compare to female in a week and male will have more money left in the end of the month. 5
6. 6. These are some of the process pictures when the participant is answering the questions: Female student in front of "Student Life Centre" that is busy with filling the questionnaire. Group of students that are seriously filling up the questionnaire in front Grand Hall. 6
7. 7. QUESTIONARRE (Hardcopy) We are conducting a research study to examine the monthly expenses of boys and girls. Your participation in this research project is entirely voluntary and you responses will be kept completely confidential. The questionnaire is composed of 20 questions and it takes about 10 min to complete it. Thank you very much for your time and effort. Instruction: For each question below, please tick the appropriate box that best represent your answer. 1. Select your gender : O Female O Male 2. Select your age : O Below than 15 O 15-19 years O 20-24 years O 25-29 years 3. What are your main sources of income O Job O Parents (pocket money) O Gifts 4. Have you ever or do you currently have a part time job O Yes O No 5. What type of payment do you prefer ( mark 3 for least frequent to 1 for the most frequent ) O Cash O Debit Card O Credit Card 6. How much do you spend your money on food per week O RM 1 ~ RM20 O RM 21 ~ RM40 O RM 41 ~ RM60 O RM 61 ~ RM80 O RM 81 ~ RM100 7. How much do you spend on clothing or accessories per week O RM 1 ~ RM50 O RM 51 ~ RM100 O RM 101 ~ RM150 O RM 151 ~ RM200 O RM 201 ~ RM250 O RM 251 ~ RM300 8. How much do you spend on gas or petrol per week O RM 1 ~ RM50 O RM 51 ~ RM100 O RM 101 ~ RM150 O RM 151 ~ RM200 7
8. 8. 9. How much do you spend on entertainment (movies, karaoke, theme park, games) per week O RM 1 ~ RM20 O RM 21 ~ RM40 O RM 41 ~ RM60 O RM 61 ~ RM80 O RM 81 ~ RM100 10. How much do you spend on technologies and gadgets (power bank, pen drive, hard disk…) per week O RM 100 ~ RM500 O RM 501 ~ RM1000 O RM 1001 ~ RM1500 O RM 1501 ~ RM2000 O RM 2001 ~ RM3000 O RM 3001 ~ RM4000 O RM 4001 ~ RM5000 11. Do you purchase items on the internet O Yes O No 12. If yes, why do you shop on the internet O Convenience O Better price O Availability 13. When you shop, how is it important for you to buy brand name O Very important O Important O Not important 14. Have you ever regret about what you have bought O Yes O No 15. When you receive money , do you O Save some for saving O used it all 16. Have you ever save money for long term goals such as car trip or other expensive items O Yes O No 17. Do you do proper account for income and expenses O Yes O No 18. Is your monthly income or pocket money is enough to cover all expenses O Yes O No 8
9. 9. 19. How much do you think the amount of pocket money per month is enough to cover daily expenses O RM 200 ~ RM250 O RM 251 ~ RM300 O RM 301 ~ RM350 O RM 351 ~ RM400 O RM 401 ~ RM450 O RM 451 ~ RM500 O RM 501 ~ RM550 O RM 551 ~ RM600 20. At the end of the month O I always seem to end up short O I can tell you how much I will have left almost to the penny O I am never sure if I will come out a bit ahead or a bit behind each month O I don’t keep track of my money too closely, but I know that I will come out ahead each month 9
10. 10. (Online Survey) https://docs.google.com/forms/d/17DKDBu78AuTZtzsPLOn5Mk8rTpUK0vTFav ExATuR-8k/viewform#start=openform 10
11. 11. 11
12. 12. 12
13. 13. STATISTICAL ANALYSIS 1. Gender Total respondents = 201 Female 101 2. Male 100 Age Age 80 60 40 Female 20 Male 0 below 15 15-19 years 20-24 years 25-29 years Female 15-19 years 73 20-24 years 22 25-29 years 4 below 15 2 Mode ( Female ) : Age from 15-19 years Mode ( Male ) : Age from 15-19 years Male 66 29 3 2 13
14. 14. 3. Main source of income Income 100 80 60 Female 40 Male 20 0 Parents Job Gift Female 82 Parents 16 Job 3 Gift Mode (Female) : Main source of income from parents Mode (Male) :Main source of income from parents 4. Male 59 38 3 Part time job Part time job 70 60 50 40 30 20 10 0 Female Male Yes No Female Yes No Yes 48 53 Part time job Mode (Female) : Mostly get a part time job Mode ( Male ) :Mostly get a part time jobs Male No 58 42 14
15. 15. 5. Type of payment prefer Male 80 70 60 50 Most Frequent 40 Frequent Least Frequent 30 20 10 0 Cash Debit Card Credit Card Category Most frequent Frequent Least Frequent Cash 43 24 14 Credit card 14 13 71 Debit card 12 65 13 15
16. 16. Female 80 70 60 50 Most Frequent 40 Frequent Least Frequent 30 20 10 0 Cash Debit Card Credit Card Category Most frequent Frequent Least Frequent Cash 71 21 19 Credit card 14 28 45 Debit card 16 52 37 16
17. 17. Comparison between male and female 300 250 200 Female 150 Male 100 50 0 Cash Debit Card Credit Card Calculation: Set category “most frequent” as 3 Set category “frequent” as 2 Set category “least frequent” as 1 Calculation (Male): Category Most frequent, 3, f Frequent, 2, f Least Frequent,1, f Fx= Fx(1)+Fx(2)+Fx(3) 191 Cash 43 24 14 Credit card 14 13 71 139 Debit card 12 65 13 179 17
18. 18. Calculation (Female): Category Most frequent, 3, f Frequent, 2, f Least Frequent,1, f Fx= Fx(1)+Fx(2)+Fx(3) 274 Cash 21 19 Credit card 14 28 45 143 Debit card 6. 71 16 52 37 189 Money spent on food per week Money spent on food (RM) per week 35 30 25 20 Female 15 Male 10 5 0 RM 1- 20 RM 21-40 RM 41-60 RM 61-80 RM 81-100 Female Male RM 81RM 1- 20 RM 21-40 RM 41-60 RM 61-80 100 11 29 25 18 18 9 21 21 22 27 Mode ( Female ) : RM21- 40 ; Mean : RM 51.09 Mode ( Male ) : RM21- 40 ; Mean : RM 57.90 18
19. 19. Calculation (Mean) ( Female ) : NO.OF PRICE (RM) FEMALE, f 11 RM 1- 20 29 RM 21-40 25 RM 41-60 18 RM 61-80 18 RM 81-100 ∑f= 101 MIDPOINT, x RM10.50 RM30.50 RM50.50 RM70.50 RM90.50 ∑fx= fx 115.5 884.5 1262.5 1269 1629 5160.5 MIDPOINT, x RM10.50 RM30.50 RM50.50 RM70.50 RM90.50 ∑fx= fx Mean = = = RM 51.09 Calculation (Mean) ( Male ) : PRICE (RM) RM 1- 20 RM 21-40 RM 41-60 RM 61-80 RM 81-100 ∑f= NO.OF MALE, f 9 21 21 22 27 100 94.5 640.5 1060.5 1551 2443.5 5790 Mean = = = RM 57.90 19
20. 20. 7. Money spend on cloth and accessories per week Money spend on cloth and accessories ( RM ) per week 70 60 50 40 30 20 10 0 Female Male RM 150 Female Male RM201RM221RM 51-100 RM 101-150 RM 151-200 250 300 3 64 25 6 2 1 4 63 20 5 5 3 Mode ( Female ) : RM1-50; Mean : RM 56.19 Mode ( Male ) : RM1-50; Mean : RM 64.00 Calculation ( Mean )( Female) : NO.OF FEMALE, PRICE (RM) f 64 RM 1- 50 25 RM 51-100 6 RM 101-150 2 RM 151-200 1 RM201-250 3 RM251-300 ∑f= 101 MIDPOINT, x RM25.50 RM75.50 RM125.50 RM175.50 RM225.50 RM275.50 ∑fx= fx 1632 1887.5 753 351 225.5 826.5 5675.5 Mean = = = RM 56.19 20
21. 21. PRICE (RM) RM 1- 50 RM 51-100 RM 101-150 RM 151-200 RM201-250 RM251-300 ∑f= NO.OF MALE, f 63 20 5 5 3 4 100 MIDPOINT, x RM25.50 RM75.50 RM125.50 RM175.50 RM225.50 RM275.50 ∑fx= fx 1606.5 1510 627.5 877.5 676.5 1102 6400 Mean = = = RM 64.00 8. Money spend on gas and petrol Money spend on gas and petrol (RM) per week 80 60 Female 40 Male 20 0 RM 1- 50 RM 51-100 RM 1- 50 Female Male RM 101-150 RM 151-200 RM 51-100 69 56 RM 101-150 24 26 RM 151-200 6 11 2 7 Mode ( Female ) : RM1-50; Mean : RM 46.29 Mode ( Male ) : RM1-50; Mean : RM 60.00 21
22. 22. Calculation ( Mean )( Female) : NO.OF PRICE (RM) FEMALE, f 69 RM 1- 50 24 RM 51-100 6 RM 101-150 2 RM 151-200 ∑f= 101 MIDPOINT, x RM25.50 RM75.50 RM125.50 RM175.50 ∑fx= fx 1759.5 1812 753 351 4675.5 Mean = = = RM 46.29 PRICE (RM) RM 1- 50 RM 51-100 RM 101-150 RM 151-200 ∑f= NO.OF MALE, f 56 26 11 7 100 MIDPOINT, x RM25.50 RM75.50 RM125.50 RM175.50 ∑fx= fx 1428 1963 1380.5 1228.5 6000 Mean = = = RM 60.00 22
23. 23. 9. Money spend on entertainment Money spend on entertainment ( RM ) per week 60 50 40 Female 30 Male 20 10 0 RM 1- 20 RM 21-40 RM 41-60 RM 61-80 RM 81-100 RM 1- 20 Female Male RM 21-40 RM 41-60 51 44 29 27 RM 81100 RM 61-80 12 15 6 9 3 5 Mode ( Female ) : RM1-20; Mean : RM 26.94 Mode ( Male ) : RM1-20; Mean : RM 31.30 Calculation ( Mean )( Female) : NO.OF FEMALE, PRICE (RM) f 51 RM 1- 20 29 RM 21-40 12 RM 41-60 6 RM 61-80 3 RM 81-100 ∑f= 101 MIDPOINT, x RM10.50 RM30.50 RM50.50 RM70.50 RM90.50 ∑fx= fx 535.5 884.5 606 423 271.5 2720.5 Mean = = = RM 26.94 23
24. 24. PRICE (RM) RM 1- 20 RM 21-40 RM 41-60 RM 61-80 RM 81-100 ∑f= NO.OF MALE, f 44 27 15 9 5 100 MIDPOINT, x RM10.50 RM30.50 RM50.50 RM70.50 RM90.50 ∑fx= fx 462 823.5 757.5 634.5 452.5 3130 Mean = = = RM 31.30 10. Money spend on technologies Money spend on technologies (RM) per week 100 90 80 70 60 50 40 Female 30 Male 20 10 0 Female Male RM RM 501- RM1001- RM 1501- RM 2001RM 3001100-500 1000 1500 2000 3000 4000 0 92 4 3 1 0 0 88 7 3 0 1 RM 40015000 1 1 Mode ( Female ) : RM100-500; Mean : RM 406.44 Mode ( Male ) : RM100-500; Mean: RM 429.50 24
25. 25. Calculation ( Mean )( Female) : PRICE (RM) RM 100-500 RM 501-1000 RM 1001-1500 RM 1501-2000 RM2001-3000 RM 3001-4000 RM 4001-5000 ∑f= NO.OF FEMALE, f 92 4 3 1 0 0 1 101 MIDPOINT, x RM300.50 RM800.50 RM1,300.50 RM1,800.50 RM2,500.50 RM3,500.50 RM4,500.50 ∑fx= fx 27646 3202 3901.5 1800.5 0 0 4500.5 41050.5 MIDPOINT, x RM300.50 RM800.50 RM1,300.50 RM1,800.50 RM2,500.50 RM3,500.50 RM4,500.50 ∑fx= fx 26444 5603.5 3901.5 0 2500.5 0 4500.5 42949.5 Mean = = = RM 406.44 Calculation ( Mean )( Male) : PRICE (RM) RM 100-500 RM 501-1000 RM 1001-1500 RM 1501-2000 RM2001-3000 RM 3001-4000 RM 4001-5000 ∑f= NO.OF FEMALE, f 88 7 3 0 1 0 1 100 Mean = = = RM 429.495 = RM 429.50 25
26. 26. 11. Online shopping Online Shopping 70 60 50 40 Female 30 Male 20 10 0 Yes No Female Yes Male No 63 Online shopping Yes 56 38 No 44 12. Why shop Internet Reasons for onlilne shopping 40 35 30 25 20 15 10 5 0 Female Male Convenient Convenient availability better price Availability Better Price Female 21 15 27 Male 27 20 34 26
27. 27. 13. How important is to buy brand name Importance to buy brand name 60 50 40 Female 30 Male 20 10 0 Very Important Important Very Important Important Not Important Not Important Female 14 39 48 Male 15 47 38 14. Regret on what you bought Regret on what you bought 100 80 60 Female 40 Male 20 0 Yes Yes No No Female 78 23 Male 57 43 27
28. 28. 15. When you receive money , do you When receive money 100 80 60 Female 40 Male 20 0 Save some for saving Save some for saving Used it all Used it all Female 94 7 Male 89 11 16. Ever save money for long term goal Long term goal 70 60 50 40 Female 30 Male 20 10 0 Yes Yes No No Female 64 37 Male 65 35 28
29. 29. 17. Proper account for Income and expenses Proper account for Income and expenses 60 50 40 30 Female 20 Male 10 0 Yes No Female 48 53 Yes No Male 44 56 18. Monthly money enough to cover daily expenses Monthly money enough to cover daily expenses 70 60 50 40 Female 30 Male 20 10 0 Yes Yes No No Female 66 35 Male 62 38 29
30. 30. 19. How much pocket money enough to cover daily expenses How much pocket money enough to cover daily expenses (RM) 35 30 25 20 Female 15 Male 10 5 0 RM 200- RM 251- RM 301- RM 351- RM 401- RM 451- RM 501- RM 551250 300 350 400 450 500 550 600 Female Male RM 200250 18 22 RM 251300 21 15 RM 301350 10 8 RM 351400 7 6 RM 401450 5 4 RM 451500 10 8 RM 501550 1 6 RM 551600 29 31 Mode ( Female ) : RM551-600; Mean : RM 176.79 Mode ( Male ) : Calculation ( Mean )( Female) : NO.OF PRICE (RM) FEMALE, f 18 RM 200-250 21 RM 251-300 10 RM 301-350 7 RM 351-400 5 RM 401- 450 10 RM 451-500 1 RM 501-550 29 RM 551-600 ∑f= 101 MIDPOINT, x RM225.50 RM275.50 RM325.50 RM375.50 RM425.50 RM475.50 RM525.50 RM575.50 ∑fx= fx 4059 5785.5 3255 2628.5 2127.5 4755 525.5 16689.5 39825.5 30
31. 31. Mean = = = RM 394.31 Calculation ( Mean )( Male) : NO.OF MALE, PRICE (RM) m 22 RM 200-250 15 RM 251-300 8 RM 301-350 6 RM 351-400 4 RM 401- 450 8 RM 451-500 6 RM 501-550 31 RM 551-600 ∑f= 101 MIDPOINT, x RM225.50 RM275.50 RM325.50 RM375.50 RM425.50 RM475.50 RM525.50 RM575.50 ∑fx= fx 4961 4132.5 2604 2253 1702 3804 3153 17840.5 40450 Mean = = = RM 404.50 31
32. 32. 20 . Condition at the end of the month Condition at the end of the month 40 35 30 25 20 15 Female 10 Male 5 0 I always seem to end up short I can tell you how I am never sure if I will much I will have left come out a bit ahead almost to the penny or a bit behind each month I don’t keep track of my money too closely, but I know that I will come out ahead each month Female I always seem to end up short I can tell you how much I will have left almost to the penny I am never sure if I will come out a bit ahead or a bit behind each month I don’t keep track of my money too closely, but I know that I will come out ahead each month Male 12 14 20 22 35 28 34 36 32
33. 33. CONCLUSION In conclusion, the major purpose of our survey is to gather and integrate all the information into a complete table to examine the monthly expense of boys and girls. Through the histogram that shows participants’ (100 boys and 100 girls) main source of income, it tells us that 81% of girls’ main source of income are from their parents, 15.8% of girls’ main source of income are from their salary of the job they are doing or they did, and lastly there are 3.2% of girls’ main source of income are from their gifts. As for the boys, 59% of their main source incomes are from their parents, 38% of their main source incomes are from job salary and lastly 3% of their main resource incomes are from gift. It shows that there are more boys’ main source of income is come from their job comparing to girls. In the other graph, it also shows that there are more boys having part time job to earn money for their daily expenses. As in the histogram, it shown that there are 58% of boys having a part time job but there are only 47.5% of girls having a part time job. So through these histograms, it shows that there are more boys earning money to overcome their daily expenses. Next is study to determine the type of payment that most participants prefer. According to the histograms, it shows that both parties (girls and boys) prefer cash payment the most, debit card payment method will be next and finally is the credit card payment method. To ensure the difference between both parties about this topic, we set each kind of answers by giving it a number. The result was slightly different and it shown that both parties prefer cash payment the most but there are difference between the other two categories. Comparing to debit card and credit card payment method, boys prefer credit card payments but girls prefer debit card payments. After that was to determine which party spends the most money. By calculating the mean of every question that related to spending and comparing the histogram, we found out that boys spend the most. As boys spend a lot of money buying gadget and personal computer accessories. Compare to girls, boys spend RM429.50 per week individually, and girls only spend RM406.44 per week individually. It was RM23.06 difference. Last but not least was the amount of pocket money per month participants think that is enough to cover their daily expenses. Through the data calculations and analysis, we found out that boys need RM404.50 per month individually to cover daily expenses, as girls need RM394.31 per month individually to cover daily expenses. Overall, it shows that boys need more money and spends more money than girls through this survey form. 33
34. 34. APPENDIX 34