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1
SHEPHERDVILLE COLLEGE
Formerly Jesus the Loving Shepherd Christian College
BACHELOR OF PHYSICAL EDUCATION
Talojongon, Tigaon, Camarines Sur
TEAM SPORTS
MODULE 1:
HISTORY OF BASKETBALL, FACILITIES AND EQUIPMENT, AND
OBJECTIVE OF THE GAME
EDUARDO B. CONTANTE, JR
Instructor
This module belongs to: __________________
2
I. Module 1: Historical Development of Basketball/Rules of the Game
II. Introduction
Basketball was invented in 1891 by James Naismith, a physical education instructor at the
YMCA Training School in Springfield, Massachusetts, USA. The game achieved almost immediate
acceptance and popularity, and the first collegiate game, with five players on each team, was played in
1896 in Iowa City, Iowa, USA. Professional basketball in the United States dates from the formulation
of the National Basketball League in 1898, which survived for six years. A later NBL was formed in 1937
and existed until 1949 when it merged with the three-year-old Basketball Association of America to
become the National Basketball Association (NBA). Currently, there is one women's professional
basketball league in the United States and a number of men's and women's professional leagues
around the world. Basketball is one of the core sports played at high schools and colleges in the
United States.
Considering the popularity of basketball, the amount of statistical research on the sport has
been small compared with other sports. The topics of the chapters in this section are representative of
the basketball research topics in various statistical journals. Two chapters of this section consider
modeling the National Collegiate Athletic Association (NCAA) basketball tournament.
III. Learning objectives
Upon completion of this module, you are expected to:
1. Discuss the history of Basketball
2. Identify the facilities and equipment’s in playing Basketball.
3. Explain the mechanics in playing Basketball
4. Participate actively in class discussion
IV. Course Content
A general description of lecture/discussion topics included in this course are listed in the
Learning Objectives / Specific Course Objectives sections of this syllabus.
3
V. Definition of term
Basketball
Basketball is a game played between two teams of five players each on a rectangular
court, usually indoors. Each team tries to score by tossing the ball through the opponent’s goal,
an elevated horizontal hoop and net called a basket.
VI. Context/discussion
 History of Basketball
The history of basketball began with its invention in 1891 in Springfield, Massachusetts by Canadian
physical education instructor James Naismith as a less injury-prone sport than football. Naismith was a
31-year old graduate student when he created the indoor sport to keep athletes indoors during the
winters.[1]
The game became established fairly quickly and grew very popular as the 20th century
progressed, first in America and then in other parts of the world. After basketball became established
in American colleges, the professional game followed. The American National Basketball
Association (NBA), established in 1946, grew to a multibillion-dollar enterprise by the end of the
century, and basketball became an integral part of American culture.
 Invention of the game
The game of basketball as it is known today was created by Dr. James Naismith in December 1891 in
Springfield, Massachusetts, to condition young athletes during cold months. Naismith was a physical
education instructor at YMCA International Training School (now known as Springfield College) in
Springfield, Massachusetts. Upon the request of his boss, Naismith was tasked to create an indoor
sports game to help athletes keep in shape in cold weather.[1]
It consisted of peach baskets and a
soccer style ball. He published 13 rules for the new game. He divided his class of eighteen into two
teams of nine players each and set about to teach them the basics of his new game. The objective of
the game was to throw the basketball into the fruit baskets nailed to the lower railing of the gym
balcony. Every time a point was scored, the game was halted so the janitor could bring out a ladder
and retrieve the ball. After a while, the bottoms of the fruit baskets were removed. The first public
basketball game was played in Springfield, Massachusetts, on March 11, 1892.
4
An illustration of a basketball game that accompanied Naismith's article from The Triangle in 1892
listing his 13 rules.
 Naismith's original rules
There were only thirteen rules of "basket ball":
1. The ball may be thrown in any direction with one or both hands.
2. The ball may be batted in any direction with one or both hands.
3. A player cannot run with the ball, the player must throw it from the spot on which he catches
it, allowance to be made for a man who catches the ball when running at good speed.
4. The ball must be held in or between the hands, the arms or body must not be used for holding
it.
5. No shouldering, holding, pushing, tripping or striking in any way the person of an opponent
shall be allowed. The first infringement of this rule by any person shall count as a foul, the
second shall disqualify him until the next goal is made, or if there was evident intent to injure
the person, for the whole of the game, no substitute.
6. A foul is striking the ball with the fist, violation of rules 3 and 4, and such as described in rule 5.
7. If either side makes three consecutive fouls it shall count a goal for opponents.
8. A goal shall be made when the ball is thrown or batted from grounds into the basket and stays
there. If the ball rests on the edge and the opponent moves the basket it shall count as a goal.
9. When the ball goes out of bounds it shall be thrown into the field and played by the person
first touching it. In case of a dispute, the umpire shall throw it straight into the field. The
"thrower-in" is allowed five seconds. If he holds it longer it shall go to the opponent. If any
side persists in delaying the game, the umpire shall call a foul on them.
10.The umpire shall be the judge of the men and shall note the fouls, and notify the referee when
three consecutive fouls have been made.
11.The referee shall be the judge of the ball and shall decide when the ball is in play, in-bounds,
and to which side it belongs, and shall keep the time. He shall decide when a goal has been
made and keep account of the goals with any other duties that are usually performed by a
referee.
12.The time shall be fifteen-minute halves, with five-minute rests between.
13.The side making the most goals in that time shall be declared the winner. In the case of a draw,
the game may, by agreement of the captains, be continued until another goal is made.[3]
5
The first basketball game
The first basketball court: Springfield College
On December 21, 1891, Naismith published rules for a new game using five basic ideas and thirteen
rules.[4]
That day, he asked his class to play a match in the Armory Street court: 9 versus 9, using a
soccer ball and two peach baskets. Frank Mahan, one of his students, wasn't so happy. He just said:
"Harrumph. Another new game".[5]
Someone proposed to call it "Naismith Game", but he suggested
"We have a ball and a basket: why don’t we call it basketball?"[6]
The eighteen players were John G.
Thompson, Eugene S. Libby, Edwin P. Ruggles, William R. Chase, T. Duncan Patton, Frank Mahan, Finlay
G. MacDonald, William H. Davis and Lyman Archibald, who defeated George Weller, Wilbert Carey,
Ernest Hildner, Raymond Kaighn, Genzabaro Ishikawa, Benjamin S. French, Franklin Barnes, George
Day and Henry Gelan 1–0.[7]
The goal was scored by Chase.[8]
There were other differences between
Naismith's first idea and the game played today. The peach baskets were closed, and balls had to be
retrieved manually, until a small hole was put in the bottom of the peach basket to poke the ball out
using a stick. Only in 1906 were metal hoops, nets and backboards introduced. In 1894 the soccer ball
was replaced by a ball Naismith contracted Spalding to make.[9][10]
 OBJECTIVE OF THE GAME
The object of the game is to put the ball through the basketball hoop more times than the
opposing team. There are two teams on the court at a time, each trying to score on the opposing
team's basket. Each side will be trying to prevent the other to score in their basket, making it more
challenging to win.
 FACILITIES AND EQUIPMENT
6
In basketball, the basketball court is the playing surface, consisting of a rectangular floor, with
baskets at each end. Indoor basketball courts are almost always made of polished wood,
usually maple, with 10 feet (3.05 m)-high rims on each basket. Outdoor surfaces are generally made
from standard paving materials such as concrete or asphalt.
 Dimensions
Basketball courts come in many different sizes. In the National Basketball Association (NBA), the court
is 94 by 50 feet (28.7 by 15.2 m). Under International Basketball Federation (FIBA) rules,[1]
the court is
slightly smaller, measuring 28 by 15 meters (91.9 by 49.2 ft). In amateur basketball, court sizes vary
widely. Many older high school gyms were 84 feet (26 m) or even 74 feet (23 m) in length. The baskets
are always 10 feet (3.05 m) above the floor (except possibly in youth competition). Basketball courts
have a three-point arc at both baskets. A basket made from behind this arc is worth three points; a
basket made from within this line, or with a player's foot touching the line, is worth 2 points. The free-
throw line, where one stands while taking a foul shot, is located within the three-point arc at 15 feet
from the plane of the backboard. A foul shot is worth 1 point, but if a shot is made from the foul line
while in play it is still worth 2 points.[2]
 Diagrams
Composite diagram of a basketball court with FIBA (top half only), NBA (both halves),
and NCAA (men's & women's – bottom half only) markings
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Module-1 Team Sports Basketball BPE 3N.doc

  • 1. 1 SHEPHERDVILLE COLLEGE Formerly Jesus the Loving Shepherd Christian College BACHELOR OF PHYSICAL EDUCATION Talojongon, Tigaon, Camarines Sur TEAM SPORTS MODULE 1: HISTORY OF BASKETBALL, FACILITIES AND EQUIPMENT, AND OBJECTIVE OF THE GAME EDUARDO B. CONTANTE, JR Instructor This module belongs to: __________________
  • 2. 2 I. Module 1: Historical Development of Basketball/Rules of the Game II. Introduction Basketball was invented in 1891 by James Naismith, a physical education instructor at the YMCA Training School in Springfield, Massachusetts, USA. The game achieved almost immediate acceptance and popularity, and the first collegiate game, with five players on each team, was played in 1896 in Iowa City, Iowa, USA. Professional basketball in the United States dates from the formulation of the National Basketball League in 1898, which survived for six years. A later NBL was formed in 1937 and existed until 1949 when it merged with the three-year-old Basketball Association of America to become the National Basketball Association (NBA). Currently, there is one women's professional basketball league in the United States and a number of men's and women's professional leagues around the world. Basketball is one of the core sports played at high schools and colleges in the United States. Considering the popularity of basketball, the amount of statistical research on the sport has been small compared with other sports. The topics of the chapters in this section are representative of the basketball research topics in various statistical journals. Two chapters of this section consider modeling the National Collegiate Athletic Association (NCAA) basketball tournament. III. Learning objectives Upon completion of this module, you are expected to: 1. Discuss the history of Basketball 2. Identify the facilities and equipment’s in playing Basketball. 3. Explain the mechanics in playing Basketball 4. Participate actively in class discussion IV. Course Content A general description of lecture/discussion topics included in this course are listed in the Learning Objectives / Specific Course Objectives sections of this syllabus.
  • 3. 3 V. Definition of term Basketball Basketball is a game played between two teams of five players each on a rectangular court, usually indoors. Each team tries to score by tossing the ball through the opponent’s goal, an elevated horizontal hoop and net called a basket. VI. Context/discussion  History of Basketball The history of basketball began with its invention in 1891 in Springfield, Massachusetts by Canadian physical education instructor James Naismith as a less injury-prone sport than football. Naismith was a 31-year old graduate student when he created the indoor sport to keep athletes indoors during the winters.[1] The game became established fairly quickly and grew very popular as the 20th century progressed, first in America and then in other parts of the world. After basketball became established in American colleges, the professional game followed. The American National Basketball Association (NBA), established in 1946, grew to a multibillion-dollar enterprise by the end of the century, and basketball became an integral part of American culture.  Invention of the game The game of basketball as it is known today was created by Dr. James Naismith in December 1891 in Springfield, Massachusetts, to condition young athletes during cold months. Naismith was a physical education instructor at YMCA International Training School (now known as Springfield College) in Springfield, Massachusetts. Upon the request of his boss, Naismith was tasked to create an indoor sports game to help athletes keep in shape in cold weather.[1] It consisted of peach baskets and a soccer style ball. He published 13 rules for the new game. He divided his class of eighteen into two teams of nine players each and set about to teach them the basics of his new game. The objective of the game was to throw the basketball into the fruit baskets nailed to the lower railing of the gym balcony. Every time a point was scored, the game was halted so the janitor could bring out a ladder and retrieve the ball. After a while, the bottoms of the fruit baskets were removed. The first public basketball game was played in Springfield, Massachusetts, on March 11, 1892.
  • 4. 4 An illustration of a basketball game that accompanied Naismith's article from The Triangle in 1892 listing his 13 rules.  Naismith's original rules There were only thirteen rules of "basket ball": 1. The ball may be thrown in any direction with one or both hands. 2. The ball may be batted in any direction with one or both hands. 3. A player cannot run with the ball, the player must throw it from the spot on which he catches it, allowance to be made for a man who catches the ball when running at good speed. 4. The ball must be held in or between the hands, the arms or body must not be used for holding it. 5. No shouldering, holding, pushing, tripping or striking in any way the person of an opponent shall be allowed. The first infringement of this rule by any person shall count as a foul, the second shall disqualify him until the next goal is made, or if there was evident intent to injure the person, for the whole of the game, no substitute. 6. A foul is striking the ball with the fist, violation of rules 3 and 4, and such as described in rule 5. 7. If either side makes three consecutive fouls it shall count a goal for opponents. 8. A goal shall be made when the ball is thrown or batted from grounds into the basket and stays there. If the ball rests on the edge and the opponent moves the basket it shall count as a goal. 9. When the ball goes out of bounds it shall be thrown into the field and played by the person first touching it. In case of a dispute, the umpire shall throw it straight into the field. The "thrower-in" is allowed five seconds. If he holds it longer it shall go to the opponent. If any side persists in delaying the game, the umpire shall call a foul on them. 10.The umpire shall be the judge of the men and shall note the fouls, and notify the referee when three consecutive fouls have been made. 11.The referee shall be the judge of the ball and shall decide when the ball is in play, in-bounds, and to which side it belongs, and shall keep the time. He shall decide when a goal has been made and keep account of the goals with any other duties that are usually performed by a referee. 12.The time shall be fifteen-minute halves, with five-minute rests between. 13.The side making the most goals in that time shall be declared the winner. In the case of a draw, the game may, by agreement of the captains, be continued until another goal is made.[3]
  • 5. 5 The first basketball game The first basketball court: Springfield College On December 21, 1891, Naismith published rules for a new game using five basic ideas and thirteen rules.[4] That day, he asked his class to play a match in the Armory Street court: 9 versus 9, using a soccer ball and two peach baskets. Frank Mahan, one of his students, wasn't so happy. He just said: "Harrumph. Another new game".[5] Someone proposed to call it "Naismith Game", but he suggested "We have a ball and a basket: why don’t we call it basketball?"[6] The eighteen players were John G. Thompson, Eugene S. Libby, Edwin P. Ruggles, William R. Chase, T. Duncan Patton, Frank Mahan, Finlay G. MacDonald, William H. Davis and Lyman Archibald, who defeated George Weller, Wilbert Carey, Ernest Hildner, Raymond Kaighn, Genzabaro Ishikawa, Benjamin S. French, Franklin Barnes, George Day and Henry Gelan 1–0.[7] The goal was scored by Chase.[8] There were other differences between Naismith's first idea and the game played today. The peach baskets were closed, and balls had to be retrieved manually, until a small hole was put in the bottom of the peach basket to poke the ball out using a stick. Only in 1906 were metal hoops, nets and backboards introduced. In 1894 the soccer ball was replaced by a ball Naismith contracted Spalding to make.[9][10]  OBJECTIVE OF THE GAME The object of the game is to put the ball through the basketball hoop more times than the opposing team. There are two teams on the court at a time, each trying to score on the opposing team's basket. Each side will be trying to prevent the other to score in their basket, making it more challenging to win.  FACILITIES AND EQUIPMENT
  • 6. 6 In basketball, the basketball court is the playing surface, consisting of a rectangular floor, with baskets at each end. Indoor basketball courts are almost always made of polished wood, usually maple, with 10 feet (3.05 m)-high rims on each basket. Outdoor surfaces are generally made from standard paving materials such as concrete or asphalt.  Dimensions Basketball courts come in many different sizes. In the National Basketball Association (NBA), the court is 94 by 50 feet (28.7 by 15.2 m). Under International Basketball Federation (FIBA) rules,[1] the court is slightly smaller, measuring 28 by 15 meters (91.9 by 49.2 ft). In amateur basketball, court sizes vary widely. Many older high school gyms were 84 feet (26 m) or even 74 feet (23 m) in length. The baskets are always 10 feet (3.05 m) above the floor (except possibly in youth competition). Basketball courts have a three-point arc at both baskets. A basket made from behind this arc is worth three points; a basket made from within this line, or with a player's foot touching the line, is worth 2 points. The free- throw line, where one stands while taking a foul shot, is located within the three-point arc at 15 feet from the plane of the backboard. A foul shot is worth 1 point, but if a shot is made from the foul line while in play it is still worth 2 points.[2]  Diagrams Composite diagram of a basketball court with FIBA (top half only), NBA (both halves), and NCAA (men's & women's – bottom half only) markings
  • 7. 7 The backboard and basket  BASKETBALL EQUIPMENT  Basketball can be played with very little equipment. That is why has it become one of the most popular sports to play worldwide. Although the strongest a and best-known league is in the United States, basketball is a popular sport in every continent and it is still growing. Basketball can be played outdoor on asphalt and dirt or indoors on wooden floors. If you’re ready to play a pick-up game, here’s a list of equipment you need to bring; 1. The backboard The rectangular structure, 6x4 by measurement is where the basket is attached. The backboards are made up of hardwood, glass, iron. 2. The Ball It is spherical, measuring not less than 75cm and not more than 78cm in circumference; It must weight between 600 and 650 grams.
  • 8. 8 3. The Ring It should be constructed from solid iron, 0.45m inside diameter painted orange, should rigidly attached to the backboards and should lie on a horizontal plane 3.05 above the floor. 4. The Net The net of the white cord should be suspended from the rings and made in a such way that the ball momentarily passes through the basket. It should be 0.40m in length.  Free throw Line
  • 9. 9 ` VII. Student Assessment Questions SAQ#1. Why is basketball a sport for everyone? Explain fully your answer. (5 points) SAQ#2. Why is basketball the most popular game in our country both inter-school and in national competition? Justify your answer. (5 points) SAQ#3. Draw the facilities and equipments in basketball. (5 points each) 1. Court – identify each line and write the standard measurement/dimension including its length and width. 2. Ring – Indicate its spherical measurement and weight. 3. Free throw line - identify each line and write the standard measurement/dimension including its length and width. VIII. Summary History The history of basketball began with its invention in 1891 in Springfield, Massachusetts by Canadian physical education instructor James Naismith as a less injury-prone sport than football. Naismith was a 31-year old graduate student when he created the indoor sport to keep athletes indoors during the winters. Basketball Equipment & Facilities  The Backboard and Rim. The regulation height above the ground for the rim (hoop) is 10 feet, and the rim is 18 inches in diameter. ...  The Foul Line. For all size courts the 'foul line' is 15 feet in front of the backboard.  The Key. ...  The 3 Point Line (Arc) ...  Line Markings. IX. References 1. Arceri, Mario; Bianchini, Valerio (2004). La leggenda del basket. Milano: Baldini Castoldi Dalai. ISBN 9788884906267. 2. Peterson, Robert W. (2002). Cages to Jump Shots: Pro Basketball's Early Years. Lincoln: University of Nebraska Press. ISBN 0-8032-8772-0. 3. James Naismith, Basketball: Its Origin and Development, University of Nebraska Press, 1941
  • 10. 10 X. Evaluation/Activity/Quiz Directions: Analyze and complete each statement by providing the appropriate detail or information. 1. The game was created by ______________________. 2. ________________ is the playing surface, consisting of a rectangular floor, with baskets at each end. 3. In the original 13 rules, a player cannot run with the ___________________. 4. The game consists of two halves of ________________ minutes each. 5. YMCA stands for ____________________________. 6. The actual playing time in basketball is __________ minutes. 7. If overtime or extra time is played, each period lasts additional ___________ minutes. 8. Naismith is a Canadian physical education instructor at ______________. 9. When a basket is scored, a player from opposing team restarts the game by _____________ the ball into play behind the end line. 10. The first public basketball game was played in Springfield, Massachusetts, on ___________. For our next module, we will be having online activity, Terminologies and Mechanics of the game. You can contact me through my email or mobile number if there are certain parts of this module that you do not understand. Thank you and God bless! EDUARDO B. CONTANTE JR. PE Instructor 09301071572 Edward Contante eduardobcontantejr01@gmail.com
  • 11. 11 SHEPHERDVILLE COLLEGE Formerly Jesus the Loving Shepherd Christian College BACHELOR OF PHYSICAL EDUCATION Talojongon, Tigaon, Camarines Sur TEAM SPORTS Module 2: BASKETBALL ANSWER SHEET God bless You! Name: _______________________________________________________ Score: _______ Date Submitted: ______________________________________ I. Student Assessment Questions SAQ#1. Why is basketball a sport for everyone? Explain fully your answer. (5 points) _____________________________________________________________________________________________ _____________________________________________________________________________________________ _____________________________________________________________________________________________ _____________________________________________________________________________________________ _____________________________________________________________________________________________ __________________________________________________________________________ SAQ#2. Why is basketball the most popular game in our country both inter-school and in national competition? Justify your answer. (5 points) _____________________________________________________________________________________________ _____________________________________________________________________________________________ __________________________________________________________________________ _____________________________________________________________________________________________ _____________________________________________________________________________________________ __________________________________________________________________________ SAQ#3. Draw the facilities and equipments in basketball. (5 points each) 1. Court – identify each line and write the standard
  • 12. 12 measurement/dimension including its length and width. 2. Ring – Indicate its spherical measurement and weight. 3. Free throw line - identify each line and write the standard measurement/dimension including its length and width. II. Evaluation: 1. _______________________ 6. _______________________ 2. _______________________ 7. _______________________ 3. _______________________ 8. _______________________
  • 13. 13 4. _______________________ 9. _______________________ 5. _______________________ 10. _______________________