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Portugalski jezik u svetu

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Kratka prezentacija o istoriji i nastanku modernog portugalskog jezika kao i putovanje kroz zemlje u kojima se portugalski jezik govori. Autor: prof. Olgica Andrić, predavač portugalskog i italijanskog jezika u Eduka Centru. Uživajte!

Published in: Education, Travel
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Portugalski jezik u svetu

  1. 1. A língua portuguesa no mundo
  2. 2. A língua portuguesa no mundo <ul><li>Muitos séculos antes de Cristo a Península </li></ul><ul><li>Ibérica era habitada pelos Iberos, povo </li></ul><ul><li>agrícola e pacífico e o mais antigo de que se </li></ul><ul><li>tem notícia. </li></ul>
  3. 3. A língua portuguesa no mundo <ul><li>Pelo século VI a.C. invadiram-se os Celtas, </li></ul><ul><li>povo turbulento e guerreiro. Com o correr </li></ul><ul><li>dos séculos mesclaram-se com os Iberos </li></ul><ul><li>dando origem, </li></ul><ul><li>aos povos </li></ul><ul><li>Celtiberos. </li></ul>
  4. 4. A língua portuguesa no mundo <ul><li>Pelos tempos adiante, outros povos: </li></ul><ul><li>Fenícios, Gregos e os Cartagineses, </li></ul><ul><li>estabeleceram colônias comercias em vários </li></ul><ul><li>pontos da </li></ul><ul><li>península. </li></ul>
  5. 5. A língua portuguesa no mundo <ul><li>No século III a.C., os romanos invadiram a </li></ul><ul><li>península com o intuito de sustar a expansão </li></ul><ul><li>de Cartago. Vencida Cartago, as legiões </li></ul><ul><li>romanas dominaram toda a Península, </li></ul><ul><li>tornando-se ela província romana em </li></ul><ul><li>197 a.C. </li></ul>
  6. 6. A língua portuguesa no mundo <ul><li>No século V da nossa era, foi a Península </li></ul><ul><li>invadida e assolada pelos bárbaros </li></ul><ul><li>germanos (alanos, suevos, vândalos, </li></ul><ul><li>visigodos), povo essencialmente guerreiro, </li></ul><ul><li>de cultura inferior a dos peninsulares, </li></ul><ul><li>já romanizados. </li></ul>
  7. 7. A língua portuguesa no mundo <ul><li>No século VIII, os árabes vindos do Norte da </li></ul><ul><li>África,atravessaram o estreito, depois </li></ul><ul><li>chamado Gibraltar e invadiram a Península. </li></ul><ul><li>Portadores de uma cultura superior à da </li></ul><ul><li>Península os árabes impõem sua língua </li></ul><ul><li>como oficial, mas os peninsulares </li></ul><ul><li>continuaram a falar o romance, ou seja, o </li></ul><ul><li>Latim Vulgar já modificado. </li></ul>
  8. 8. História da língua portuguesa <ul><li>O latim era a língua falada na região do Lácio. </li></ul><ul><li>Os romanos ao conquistarem as regiões vizinhas levaram sua cultura e sua língua – o latim. </li></ul><ul><li>Invasão da Península Ibérica – onde se localizam Portugal e Espanha. </li></ul><ul><li>Assimilação da língua dos dominadores, dando origem ao português, francês, provençal, romeno e espanhol etc. </li></ul>
  9. 9. História da língua portuguesa <ul><li>As línguas derivadas do latim são chamadas neolatinas ou românicas. São elas: </li></ul><ul><li>galego, romeno, francês, espanhol, italiano, português, catalão, provençal, franco-provençal e rético. </li></ul>
  10. 10. Formação da Língua Portuguesa <ul><li>Português deriva do latim vulgar, e não do latim clássico. </li></ul><ul><li>Queda do Império Romano – invasões provocaram o surgimento das variações lingüísticas, entre elas o galego-português. </li></ul><ul><li>Séc. XII – nasce o português como língua (independente do galego), graças à independência do país e ao seu emprego como língua literária. </li></ul><ul><li>Séc. XIV – diferenciação cada vez maior entre o galego e o português. </li></ul>
  11. 11. Países de língua oficial portuguesa
  12. 12. A língua portuguesa no mundo <ul><li>Português: Quinta língua mais falada no </li></ul><ul><li>mundo, 200.000.000 de falantes, </li></ul><ul><li>aproximadamente 3% da população mundial </li></ul>
  13. 13. A língua portuguesa no mundo <ul><li>A língua portuguesa é falada nas seguintes </li></ul><ul><li>regiões: </li></ul><ul><li>Europa: Portugal, Ilha da Madeira, Açores. </li></ul><ul><li>América: Brasil. </li></ul><ul><li>África: Cabo Verde, Guiné, Angola, </li></ul><ul><li>Moçambique, Zanzibar, Mombaça. </li></ul><ul><li>Ásia: Goa, Ceilão, Macau, Java e Cingapura. </li></ul><ul><li>Oceania: Timor. </li></ul>
  14. 14. Portugal <ul><li>Capital: Lisboa </li></ul><ul><li>Área: 91985km2 </li></ul><ul><li>População:10 milhões </li></ul><ul><li>Data da independência:1143 </li></ul><ul><li>Escritor: Luís Vaz de Camões </li></ul><ul><li>Sugestões de leitura: </li></ul><ul><li>” Os Lusíadas” </li></ul>
  15. 15. Lisboa
  16. 16. Angola <ul><li>Capital:Luanda </li></ul><ul><li>Área:1.246.700Km2 </li></ul><ul><li>População:12.000.000 </li></ul><ul><li>Data da independência: 1975 </li></ul><ul><li>Escritor:Luandino Vieira </li></ul><ul><li>Sugestões de </li></ul><ul><li>leitura:Luuanda </li></ul>
  17. 17. Luanda
  18. 18. Guiné-Bissau <ul><li>Capital:Bissau </li></ul><ul><li>Área: 36.200 Km2 </li></ul><ul><li>População:1.100.000 </li></ul><ul><li>Data da independência: </li></ul><ul><li>1973 </li></ul><ul><li>Escritor: Manuel Ferreira </li></ul><ul><li>Sugestões de leitura: </li></ul><ul><li>No tempo em que os </li></ul><ul><li>animais falavam </li></ul>
  19. 19. Bissau
  20. 20. Cabo Verde <ul><li>Capital:Cidade da Praia </li></ul><ul><li>Área:4.033 Km2 </li></ul><ul><li>População:417.000 </li></ul><ul><li>Data da independência: </li></ul><ul><li>05.07.75 </li></ul><ul><li>Escritor:João Lopes Filho </li></ul><ul><li>Sugestões de leitura: Estória, estória </li></ul><ul><li>Contos Cabo-Verdianos </li></ul>
  21. 21. Cidade da Praia
  22. 22. Macau <ul><li>Capital:Santo nome de Deus de Macau </li></ul><ul><li>Área:15,5 Km2 </li></ul><ul><li>População: 408.000 </li></ul><ul><li>Sugestões de leitura: Lenda da amoreira </li></ul>
  23. 23. Macau
  24. 24. Moçambique <ul><li>Capital:Maputo </li></ul><ul><li>Área:18,3Km2 </li></ul><ul><li>População:147.000.000 </li></ul><ul><li>Data da independência:25.06.75 </li></ul><ul><li>Escritor:Mia Couto </li></ul><ul><li>Sugestões de leitura: </li></ul><ul><li>O gato e o escuro </li></ul>
  25. 25. Maputo
  26. 26. São Tomé e Príncipe <ul><li>Capital:São-Tomé </li></ul><ul><li>Área:836 km2 </li></ul><ul><li>População:108.000 </li></ul><ul><li>Data da independência: </li></ul><ul><li>12.07.75 </li></ul><ul><li>Escritor:Almada Negreiros </li></ul><ul><li>Sugestões de leitura: </li></ul><ul><li>Nome de Guerra </li></ul>
  27. 27. São-Tomé
  28. 28. Timor Leste <ul><li>Capital:Dili </li></ul><ul><li>Área:33.850 Km2 </li></ul><ul><li>População:522.433 </li></ul><ul><li>Data da independência: </li></ul><ul><li>1999 </li></ul><ul><li>Escritor:Luís Cardoso </li></ul><ul><li>Sugestões de leitura: </li></ul><ul><li>Crónica de uma </li></ul><ul><li>Travessia </li></ul>
  29. 29. Dili- Cristo Rei
  30. 30. Brasil <ul><li>Capital: Brasília </li></ul><ul><li>Área: 8.511.996 km2 </li></ul><ul><li>População: 161.790.311 </li></ul><ul><li>Data da independência: </li></ul><ul><li>1822 </li></ul><ul><li>Escritor: José Mauro de </li></ul><ul><li>Vasconcelos </li></ul><ul><li>Sugestões de leitura: </li></ul><ul><li>O meu pé de laranja lima </li></ul>
  31. 31. Brasília
  32. 32. Literatura portuguesa- autores principais e obras <ul><li>Luís Vaz de Camões- </li></ul><ul><li>Os Lusíadas (1572) poema épico </li></ul>
  33. 33. Literatura portuguesa- autores principais e obras <ul><li>Eça de Queirós (1845-1900)- O Crime do </li></ul><ul><li>Padre Amaro, </li></ul><ul><li>O Primo Basílio, </li></ul><ul><li>Os Maias.. </li></ul>
  34. 34. Literatura portuguesa- autores principais e obras <ul><li>Fernando Pessoa </li></ul><ul><li>(1888-1935)- </li></ul><ul><li>Mensagem, </li></ul><ul><li>Livro do Desassossego </li></ul>
  35. 35. Literatura portuguesa- autores principais e obras <ul><li>José Saramago (1922-2010)- ganhou o </li></ul><ul><li>Prêmio Nobel de Literatura em 1998. </li></ul><ul><li>Obras: Terra do Pecado, </li></ul><ul><li>O Ano da Morte de </li></ul><ul><li>Ricardo Reis, </li></ul><ul><li>Todos os Nomes, </li></ul><ul><li>A Viagem do </li></ul><ul><li>Elefante... </li></ul>

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