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Dr. Jacques COULARDEAU – Paris 1 Panthéon-Sorbonne
IFIASA – 4TH
SESSION OF MCDSARE – OCTOBER 28, 2021
Dr. Jacques COULARDEAU – Paris 1 Panthéon-Sorbonne
IFIASA – 4TH
SESSION OF MCDSARE – OCTOBER 28, 2021
I AM GOING TO SPEAK ABOUT
FOREIGN LANGUAGES
A PSYCHO-LINGUISTIC
PERSPECTIVE
60 YEARS IN FOREIGN
LANGUAGE TEACHING
https://youtu.be/kI_WpJURWDk
WE ARE IN THE THIRD WAVE OF THE
PANDEMIC AND WE ARE STILL IN IT,
EVEN IF AT THE END OF THE WAVE IN
SOME COUNTRIES
AND YET…
3 MILLION NEW DAILY CASES WORLDWIDE
50 THOUSAND NEW DAILY DEATHS WORLDWIDE
EUROPE BY OCTOBER 19, 2021
A TOTAL OF 61,860,000 REPORTED INFECTIONS
a TOTAL OF 1,474,000 REPORTED DEATHS
BOTH FIGURES IN SHARP INCREASE
BY OCTOBER 19
AS FOR NEW CASES
Dr. Jacques COULARDEAU – Paris 1 Panthéon-Sorbonne
IFIASA – 4TH
SESSION OF MCDSARE – OCTOBER 28, 2021
THE FIVE TOP COUNTRIES ARE
UK
RUSSIA
ROMANIA
UKRAINE
GERMANY
AS FOR DEATHS
THE FIVE TOP COUNTRIES ARE
RUSSIA
ROMANIA
UKRAINE
UK
BULGARIA
AS COMPARED TO THE WORLD
EUROPE IS HIGH AS FOR NEW CASES AND RISING
EUROPE IS AVERAGE AS FOR DEATHS BUT RISING
WE ARE NOT OUT, FAR FROM IT
FRANCE IS IN THE PROCESS
OF LEGALLY VALIDATING IN PARLIAMENT
THE USE OF THE SANITARY PASS
UP TO JULY 2022
DRAMATICALLY INCLUDING
THE PRESIDENTIAL ELECTION
AND THE GENERAL ELECTIONS
Dr. Jacques COULARDEAU – Paris 1 Panthéon-Sorbonne
IFIASA – 4TH
SESSION OF MCDSARE – OCTOBER 28, 2021
AND BOTH CAMPAIGNS
IN APRIL-MAY 2022
THE MAIN MISTAKE WOULD BE
TO CONSIDER WE CAN GO BACK
TO NORMAL THE WAY IT WAS
BEFORE THE PANDEMIC
Five elements to take into account
1. VACCINATION HAS TO BECOME QUASI
MANDATARY.
2. BARRIER GESTURES HAVE TO REMAIN ACTIVE IN
SOME SITUATIONS.
3. TESTING HAS TO BE SYSTEMATIC.
4. THE POST-PANDEMIC PERIOD SHOULD BE THE
OPPORTUNITY TO DEVELOP A COMPLETELY NEW
WAY OF LEARNING AND TEACHING.
5. THAT IMPLIES ALL TEACHERS HAVE TO BE
RETRAINED TO COPE WITH THIS SITUATION IN
THEIR CLASSES.
THE METHODS AND OBJECTIVES
in this new period
Six ideas to keep in mind
Dr. Jacques COULARDEAU – Paris 1 Panthéon-Sorbonne
IFIASA – 4TH
SESSION OF MCDSARE – OCTOBER 28, 2021
1. SELF-LEARNING HAS TO BE PRIVILEGED.
2. GUIDANCE HAS TO BE AVAILABLE AT ALL TIMES.
3. STUDENTS MUST WORK IN SMALL GROUPS OF
TWO OR THREE.
4. THE MAIN OBJECTIVE IS AUTONOMY, FOR
INDIVIDUALS, FOR THE SMALL GROUPS, AND FOR
THE CLASSES THEMSELVES, HALF CLASSES EVERY
WEEK AND FULL CLASSES EVERY MONTH.
5. THIS OBJECTIVE IMPLIES CONSTANT
CONFRONTATION OF THE WORK OF THE VARIOUS
SMALL GROUPS IN THE CLASS.
6. CLASS DIVIDED INTO TWO HALVES OF 12
STUDENTS, ONE HALF IN CLASS PRAESENTIA, ONE
HALF OF THE CLASS IN DISTANT LEARNING (IN
GROUPS OF TWO OR THREE). THE HALF CLASSES
SHOULD ALTERNATE REGULARLY (WEEKLY CYCLE);
THE FULL CLASS ONCE A MONTH, ALL SUBJECTS
CONCERNED ON ONE DAY.
THE TOOLS
Seven tools to be used in foreign
language teaching
1. TELEPHONE: WITHIN THE SCHOOL WITH A
SPECIAL ROOM USING INNER CONNECTIONS FOR
COMMUNICATION, DISCUSSION, AND PEDAGOGICAL
WORK BETWEEN ONE STUDENT AND ONE TEACHER
OR BETWEEN ONE STUDENT AND ANOTHER
STUDENT.
Dr. Jacques COULARDEAU – Paris 1 Panthéon-Sorbonne
IFIASA – 4TH
SESSION OF MCDSARE – OCTOBER 28, 2021
2. TELEPHONE: OUTER COMMUNICATION BUT
KEEPING IT LOCAL WITH NORMAL LANDLINES, OR
REGIONAL WITH INTERNET LINES.
3. THE USE OF (ORAL OR WRITTEN) CHATBOTS IN
THE FOREIGN LANGUAGES CONCERNED: WITHIN
THE NATIONAL BOUNDARIES, OR WITH A FOREIGN
COUNTRY, OR THE WORLD IN THE FOREIGN
LANGUAGE CONCERNED.
4. VIDEO-CONFERENCING TOOLS LIKE MICROSOFT
TEAMS, OR ZOOM, OR GOOGLE MEET.
5. DEDICATED CHATTING SESSIONS (WECHAT AND
OTHERS). EACH CLASS SHOULD HAVE A DEDICATED
PAGE ON SOME SUCH SITES. THESE PAGES
SHOULD BE PROTECTED AND ONLY OPEN TO THE
MEMBERS OF THE CLASS AND THEIR GUESTS.
6. FOR FOREIGN LANGUAGES THE TWINNING OF
ONE NATIONAL CLASS AND ONE FOREIGN CLASS
WOULD BE A GOOD THING, BOTH IN WRITTEN
COMMUNICATION AND IN ORAL COMMUNICATION.
7. THE USE OF ALL ARTIFICIAL INTELLIGENCE
MEANS AVAILABLE DIRECTLY ACTIVE ON THESE
CHATBOTS FOR BOTH INDIVIDUAL USE AND
DISCURSIVE USE.
THE ACME OF THIS NEW AGE OF
LEARNING-TEACHING:
VIRTUAL REALITY
Dr. Jacques COULARDEAU – Paris 1 Panthéon-Sorbonne
IFIASA – 4TH
SESSION OF MCDSARE – OCTOBER 28, 2021
Six perspectives can be considered
1. IT SHOULD ENABLE TOTAL IMMERSION IN THE
FOREIGN LANGUAGE AND IN AN ENVIRONMENT
THAT SHOULD BE REAL, OPEN, COMMUNICATIONAL,
ETC.
2. THE STUDENT OR STUDENTS (2 OR 3 TOGETHER)
SHOULD BE IMMERSED IN A REAL FOREIGN
ENVIRONMENT, POSSIBLE WITH GOOGLE SATELLITE
MAPS FOR EXAMPLE.
3. THE STUDENT OR STUDENTS (2 OR 3 TOGETHER)
SHOULD HAVE PERSONAE THAT COULD ACTUALLY
BE IN THE VIRTUAL REALITY ENVIRONMENT, COULD
HEAR AND LISTEN TO WHAT IS BEING SAID
AROUND, COULD INTERVENE IN THE DISCURSIVE
EXCHANGES AROUND (THIS LAST REMARK IS A
MAXIMUM EXTENSION)
4. THE STUDENT OR STUDENTS (2 OR 3 TOGETHER)
SHOULD BE ABLE TO TAKE PART IN VIRTUAL VISITS
TO MUSEUMS AND OTHER INSTITUTIONS AND BE
ABLE TO COMMUNICATE WITH THE PEOPLE (THIS
LAST REMARK IS A MAXIMUM EXTENSION)
5. BEFORE THIS MAXIMUM EXTENSION BE
POSSIBLE, IN THESE VISITS THE STUDENT OR
STUDENTS (2 OR 3 TOGETHER) SHOULD BE TAKEN
CARE OF BY AN ARTIFICIAL INTELLIGENCE
CHARACTER (AVATAR) THAT COULD BE THE GUIDE
OR THE ONE WHO CAN ANSWER ANY QUESTION.
6. IN FACT, THE STUDENT OR STUDENTS (2 OR 3
TOGETHER) COULD, AT FIRST AND FOR THE TIME
BEING, MEET WITH SUCH ARTIFICIAL INTELLIGENCE
Dr. Jacques COULARDEAU – Paris 1 Panthéon-Sorbonne
IFIASA – 4TH
SESSION OF MCDSARE – OCTOBER 28, 2021
AVATARS IN ALL THE INSTITUTIONS OR PLACES
THEY VISIT.
CONCLUSIONS ARE FOUR WAKE-
UP CALLS
EUROPE CAN BE AND SHOULD BE A
CENTRAL COMPETITOR AND PARTNER IN
THE WORLD IN THIS DEEPER LEARNING
PROJECT.
EUROPE SHOULD, IN THE WORLD, TAKE
THE LEAD IN BRINGING TOGETHER THE
VARIOUS PRIVATE, PUBLIC, AND STATE
ACTORS ON SUCH A PROJECT MOBILIZING
ARTIFICIAL INTELLIGENCE, 5G AND 6G, AND
VIRTUAL REALITY WITHIN EDUCATION.
EUROPE HAS TO TAKE THE CONTROL
OF HER LINGUISTIC MULTIFARIOUSNESS: 24
OFFICIAL LANGUAGES AND 200 SPOKEN
LANGUAGES.
VIRTUAL REALITY CAN BE AN
ESSENTIAL TOOL IN THE GAME BECAUSE IT
Dr. Jacques COULARDEAU – Paris 1 Panthéon-Sorbonne
IFIASA – 4TH
SESSION OF MCDSARE – OCTOBER 28, 2021
PROVIDES TOTAL IMMERSION WITHOUT
MASS TRAVELING.
BEYOND THESE FOUR CALLS WE HAVE
TO CONSIDER HOW THE LEARNER CAN BE
MADE THE ACTIVE AND CONTROLLING
AGENT OF THE SELF-LEARNING PROCESS
WITH THE GUIDANCE FROM THE TEACHER.
THIS WILL REVEAL THE MAJOR MISTAKE
MADE BY THE EUROPEAN UNION AS FOR
FOREIGN LANGUAGE TEACHING, A MISTAKE
AMPLIFIED IN FRANCE TO DRAMATIC
PROPORTIONS. THIS WILL BE MY ORAL
PARTICIPATION IN THIS FOURTH SESSION OF
THE CONFERENCE.
Dr. Jacques COULARDEAU – Paris 1 Panthéon-Sorbonne
IFIASA – 4TH
SESSION OF MCDSARE – OCTOBER 28, 2021
Dr. Jacques COULARDEAU – Paris 1 Panthéon-Sorbonne
IFIASA – 4TH
SESSION OF MCDSARE – OCTOBER 28, 2021
Dr. Jacques COULARDEAU – Paris 1 Panthéon-Sorbonne
IFIASA – 4TH
SESSION OF MCDSARE – OCTOBER 28, 2021
Dr. Jacques COULARDEAU – Paris 1 Panthéon-Sorbonne
IFIASA – 4TH
SESSION OF MCDSARE – OCTOBER 28, 2021
Dr. Jacques COULARDEAU – Paris 1 Panthéon-Sorbonne
IFIASA – 4TH
SESSION OF MCDSARE – OCTOBER 28, 2021
Dr. Jacques COULARDEAU – Paris 1 Panthéon-Sorbonne
IFIASA – 4TH
SESSION OF MCDSARE – OCTOBER 28, 2021
Dr. Jacques COULARDEAU – Paris 1 Panthéon-Sorbonne
IFIASA – 4TH
SESSION OF MCDSARE – OCTOBER 28, 2021
Dr. Jacques COULARDEAU – Paris 1 Panthéon-Sorbonne
IFIASA – 4TH
SESSION OF MCDSARE – OCTOBER 28, 2021
Dr. Jacques COULARDEAU – Paris 1 Panthéon-Sorbonne
IFIASA – 4TH
SESSION OF MCDSARE – OCTOBER 28, 2021
Dr. Jacques COULARDEAU – Paris 1 Panthéon-Sorbonne
IFIASA – 4TH
SESSION OF MCDSARE – OCTOBER 28, 2021
Dr. Jacques COULARDEAU – Paris 1 Panthéon-Sorbonne
IFIASA – 4TH
SESSION OF MCDSARE – OCTOBER 28, 2021
WILLKOMMEN IM HUMBOLDT FORUM, BERLIN

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FOREIGN LANGUAGES, A PSYCHO-LINGUISTIC PERSPECTIVE: 60 YEARS IN FOREIGN LANGUAGE TEACHING

  • 1. Dr. Jacques COULARDEAU – Paris 1 Panthéon-Sorbonne IFIASA – 4TH SESSION OF MCDSARE – OCTOBER 28, 2021
  • 2. Dr. Jacques COULARDEAU – Paris 1 Panthéon-Sorbonne IFIASA – 4TH SESSION OF MCDSARE – OCTOBER 28, 2021 I AM GOING TO SPEAK ABOUT FOREIGN LANGUAGES A PSYCHO-LINGUISTIC PERSPECTIVE 60 YEARS IN FOREIGN LANGUAGE TEACHING https://youtu.be/kI_WpJURWDk WE ARE IN THE THIRD WAVE OF THE PANDEMIC AND WE ARE STILL IN IT, EVEN IF AT THE END OF THE WAVE IN SOME COUNTRIES AND YET… 3 MILLION NEW DAILY CASES WORLDWIDE 50 THOUSAND NEW DAILY DEATHS WORLDWIDE EUROPE BY OCTOBER 19, 2021 A TOTAL OF 61,860,000 REPORTED INFECTIONS a TOTAL OF 1,474,000 REPORTED DEATHS BOTH FIGURES IN SHARP INCREASE BY OCTOBER 19 AS FOR NEW CASES
  • 3. Dr. Jacques COULARDEAU – Paris 1 Panthéon-Sorbonne IFIASA – 4TH SESSION OF MCDSARE – OCTOBER 28, 2021 THE FIVE TOP COUNTRIES ARE UK RUSSIA ROMANIA UKRAINE GERMANY AS FOR DEATHS THE FIVE TOP COUNTRIES ARE RUSSIA ROMANIA UKRAINE UK BULGARIA AS COMPARED TO THE WORLD EUROPE IS HIGH AS FOR NEW CASES AND RISING EUROPE IS AVERAGE AS FOR DEATHS BUT RISING WE ARE NOT OUT, FAR FROM IT FRANCE IS IN THE PROCESS OF LEGALLY VALIDATING IN PARLIAMENT THE USE OF THE SANITARY PASS UP TO JULY 2022 DRAMATICALLY INCLUDING THE PRESIDENTIAL ELECTION AND THE GENERAL ELECTIONS
  • 4. Dr. Jacques COULARDEAU – Paris 1 Panthéon-Sorbonne IFIASA – 4TH SESSION OF MCDSARE – OCTOBER 28, 2021 AND BOTH CAMPAIGNS IN APRIL-MAY 2022 THE MAIN MISTAKE WOULD BE TO CONSIDER WE CAN GO BACK TO NORMAL THE WAY IT WAS BEFORE THE PANDEMIC Five elements to take into account 1. VACCINATION HAS TO BECOME QUASI MANDATARY. 2. BARRIER GESTURES HAVE TO REMAIN ACTIVE IN SOME SITUATIONS. 3. TESTING HAS TO BE SYSTEMATIC. 4. THE POST-PANDEMIC PERIOD SHOULD BE THE OPPORTUNITY TO DEVELOP A COMPLETELY NEW WAY OF LEARNING AND TEACHING. 5. THAT IMPLIES ALL TEACHERS HAVE TO BE RETRAINED TO COPE WITH THIS SITUATION IN THEIR CLASSES. THE METHODS AND OBJECTIVES in this new period Six ideas to keep in mind
  • 5. Dr. Jacques COULARDEAU – Paris 1 Panthéon-Sorbonne IFIASA – 4TH SESSION OF MCDSARE – OCTOBER 28, 2021 1. SELF-LEARNING HAS TO BE PRIVILEGED. 2. GUIDANCE HAS TO BE AVAILABLE AT ALL TIMES. 3. STUDENTS MUST WORK IN SMALL GROUPS OF TWO OR THREE. 4. THE MAIN OBJECTIVE IS AUTONOMY, FOR INDIVIDUALS, FOR THE SMALL GROUPS, AND FOR THE CLASSES THEMSELVES, HALF CLASSES EVERY WEEK AND FULL CLASSES EVERY MONTH. 5. THIS OBJECTIVE IMPLIES CONSTANT CONFRONTATION OF THE WORK OF THE VARIOUS SMALL GROUPS IN THE CLASS. 6. CLASS DIVIDED INTO TWO HALVES OF 12 STUDENTS, ONE HALF IN CLASS PRAESENTIA, ONE HALF OF THE CLASS IN DISTANT LEARNING (IN GROUPS OF TWO OR THREE). THE HALF CLASSES SHOULD ALTERNATE REGULARLY (WEEKLY CYCLE); THE FULL CLASS ONCE A MONTH, ALL SUBJECTS CONCERNED ON ONE DAY. THE TOOLS Seven tools to be used in foreign language teaching 1. TELEPHONE: WITHIN THE SCHOOL WITH A SPECIAL ROOM USING INNER CONNECTIONS FOR COMMUNICATION, DISCUSSION, AND PEDAGOGICAL WORK BETWEEN ONE STUDENT AND ONE TEACHER OR BETWEEN ONE STUDENT AND ANOTHER STUDENT.
  • 6. Dr. Jacques COULARDEAU – Paris 1 Panthéon-Sorbonne IFIASA – 4TH SESSION OF MCDSARE – OCTOBER 28, 2021 2. TELEPHONE: OUTER COMMUNICATION BUT KEEPING IT LOCAL WITH NORMAL LANDLINES, OR REGIONAL WITH INTERNET LINES. 3. THE USE OF (ORAL OR WRITTEN) CHATBOTS IN THE FOREIGN LANGUAGES CONCERNED: WITHIN THE NATIONAL BOUNDARIES, OR WITH A FOREIGN COUNTRY, OR THE WORLD IN THE FOREIGN LANGUAGE CONCERNED. 4. VIDEO-CONFERENCING TOOLS LIKE MICROSOFT TEAMS, OR ZOOM, OR GOOGLE MEET. 5. DEDICATED CHATTING SESSIONS (WECHAT AND OTHERS). EACH CLASS SHOULD HAVE A DEDICATED PAGE ON SOME SUCH SITES. THESE PAGES SHOULD BE PROTECTED AND ONLY OPEN TO THE MEMBERS OF THE CLASS AND THEIR GUESTS. 6. FOR FOREIGN LANGUAGES THE TWINNING OF ONE NATIONAL CLASS AND ONE FOREIGN CLASS WOULD BE A GOOD THING, BOTH IN WRITTEN COMMUNICATION AND IN ORAL COMMUNICATION. 7. THE USE OF ALL ARTIFICIAL INTELLIGENCE MEANS AVAILABLE DIRECTLY ACTIVE ON THESE CHATBOTS FOR BOTH INDIVIDUAL USE AND DISCURSIVE USE. THE ACME OF THIS NEW AGE OF LEARNING-TEACHING: VIRTUAL REALITY
  • 7. Dr. Jacques COULARDEAU – Paris 1 Panthéon-Sorbonne IFIASA – 4TH SESSION OF MCDSARE – OCTOBER 28, 2021 Six perspectives can be considered 1. IT SHOULD ENABLE TOTAL IMMERSION IN THE FOREIGN LANGUAGE AND IN AN ENVIRONMENT THAT SHOULD BE REAL, OPEN, COMMUNICATIONAL, ETC. 2. THE STUDENT OR STUDENTS (2 OR 3 TOGETHER) SHOULD BE IMMERSED IN A REAL FOREIGN ENVIRONMENT, POSSIBLE WITH GOOGLE SATELLITE MAPS FOR EXAMPLE. 3. THE STUDENT OR STUDENTS (2 OR 3 TOGETHER) SHOULD HAVE PERSONAE THAT COULD ACTUALLY BE IN THE VIRTUAL REALITY ENVIRONMENT, COULD HEAR AND LISTEN TO WHAT IS BEING SAID AROUND, COULD INTERVENE IN THE DISCURSIVE EXCHANGES AROUND (THIS LAST REMARK IS A MAXIMUM EXTENSION) 4. THE STUDENT OR STUDENTS (2 OR 3 TOGETHER) SHOULD BE ABLE TO TAKE PART IN VIRTUAL VISITS TO MUSEUMS AND OTHER INSTITUTIONS AND BE ABLE TO COMMUNICATE WITH THE PEOPLE (THIS LAST REMARK IS A MAXIMUM EXTENSION) 5. BEFORE THIS MAXIMUM EXTENSION BE POSSIBLE, IN THESE VISITS THE STUDENT OR STUDENTS (2 OR 3 TOGETHER) SHOULD BE TAKEN CARE OF BY AN ARTIFICIAL INTELLIGENCE CHARACTER (AVATAR) THAT COULD BE THE GUIDE OR THE ONE WHO CAN ANSWER ANY QUESTION. 6. IN FACT, THE STUDENT OR STUDENTS (2 OR 3 TOGETHER) COULD, AT FIRST AND FOR THE TIME BEING, MEET WITH SUCH ARTIFICIAL INTELLIGENCE
  • 8. Dr. Jacques COULARDEAU – Paris 1 Panthéon-Sorbonne IFIASA – 4TH SESSION OF MCDSARE – OCTOBER 28, 2021 AVATARS IN ALL THE INSTITUTIONS OR PLACES THEY VISIT. CONCLUSIONS ARE FOUR WAKE- UP CALLS EUROPE CAN BE AND SHOULD BE A CENTRAL COMPETITOR AND PARTNER IN THE WORLD IN THIS DEEPER LEARNING PROJECT. EUROPE SHOULD, IN THE WORLD, TAKE THE LEAD IN BRINGING TOGETHER THE VARIOUS PRIVATE, PUBLIC, AND STATE ACTORS ON SUCH A PROJECT MOBILIZING ARTIFICIAL INTELLIGENCE, 5G AND 6G, AND VIRTUAL REALITY WITHIN EDUCATION. EUROPE HAS TO TAKE THE CONTROL OF HER LINGUISTIC MULTIFARIOUSNESS: 24 OFFICIAL LANGUAGES AND 200 SPOKEN LANGUAGES. VIRTUAL REALITY CAN BE AN ESSENTIAL TOOL IN THE GAME BECAUSE IT
  • 9. Dr. Jacques COULARDEAU – Paris 1 Panthéon-Sorbonne IFIASA – 4TH SESSION OF MCDSARE – OCTOBER 28, 2021 PROVIDES TOTAL IMMERSION WITHOUT MASS TRAVELING. BEYOND THESE FOUR CALLS WE HAVE TO CONSIDER HOW THE LEARNER CAN BE MADE THE ACTIVE AND CONTROLLING AGENT OF THE SELF-LEARNING PROCESS WITH THE GUIDANCE FROM THE TEACHER. THIS WILL REVEAL THE MAJOR MISTAKE MADE BY THE EUROPEAN UNION AS FOR FOREIGN LANGUAGE TEACHING, A MISTAKE AMPLIFIED IN FRANCE TO DRAMATIC PROPORTIONS. THIS WILL BE MY ORAL PARTICIPATION IN THIS FOURTH SESSION OF THE CONFERENCE.
  • 10. Dr. Jacques COULARDEAU – Paris 1 Panthéon-Sorbonne IFIASA – 4TH SESSION OF MCDSARE – OCTOBER 28, 2021
  • 11. Dr. Jacques COULARDEAU – Paris 1 Panthéon-Sorbonne IFIASA – 4TH SESSION OF MCDSARE – OCTOBER 28, 2021
  • 12. Dr. Jacques COULARDEAU – Paris 1 Panthéon-Sorbonne IFIASA – 4TH SESSION OF MCDSARE – OCTOBER 28, 2021
  • 13. Dr. Jacques COULARDEAU – Paris 1 Panthéon-Sorbonne IFIASA – 4TH SESSION OF MCDSARE – OCTOBER 28, 2021
  • 14. Dr. Jacques COULARDEAU – Paris 1 Panthéon-Sorbonne IFIASA – 4TH SESSION OF MCDSARE – OCTOBER 28, 2021
  • 15. Dr. Jacques COULARDEAU – Paris 1 Panthéon-Sorbonne IFIASA – 4TH SESSION OF MCDSARE – OCTOBER 28, 2021
  • 16. Dr. Jacques COULARDEAU – Paris 1 Panthéon-Sorbonne IFIASA – 4TH SESSION OF MCDSARE – OCTOBER 28, 2021
  • 17. Dr. Jacques COULARDEAU – Paris 1 Panthéon-Sorbonne IFIASA – 4TH SESSION OF MCDSARE – OCTOBER 28, 2021
  • 18. Dr. Jacques COULARDEAU – Paris 1 Panthéon-Sorbonne IFIASA – 4TH SESSION OF MCDSARE – OCTOBER 28, 2021
  • 19. Dr. Jacques COULARDEAU – Paris 1 Panthéon-Sorbonne IFIASA – 4TH SESSION OF MCDSARE – OCTOBER 28, 2021
  • 20. Dr. Jacques COULARDEAU – Paris 1 Panthéon-Sorbonne IFIASA – 4TH SESSION OF MCDSARE – OCTOBER 28, 2021 WILLKOMMEN IM HUMBOLDT FORUM, BERLIN