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PowerPoint-example03-Shaken Baby

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PowerPoint-example03-Shaken Baby

  1. 1. Shaken Baby Syndrome (SBS) By Edithce Zambrano
  2. 2. What is It? It is a head or neck injury which can happen when an infant or a young child is shaken.
  3. 3. What Happens, Why Babies? O Large heavy heads. O Weak neck muscles. O Fragile central nervous system.
  4. 4. SBS Can Occur from as Little as 5 Seconds of Shaking.
  5. 5. This Can Result in: Some symptoms can include Lethargy Decreased appetite Grab-type bruises on the arms Poor sucking or swallowing Rigidity or posturing More serious injuries are Difficulty breathing Seizures Inability to suck or swallow Inability to lift head Inability of eyes to focus or track movement
  6. 6. This Can Result in: Other symptoms may include Changes in behavior Irritability Loss of consciousness Pale or bluish skin Vomiting and convulsions Very serious injuries are Physical signs of trauma Broken, injured, or dislocated bones Injuries to the neck and spine. Eye damage
  7. 7. Why are Babies Shaken? O Unrealistic expectations of babies. O Young or single parenthood. O Stress and frustration. O Domestic violence. O Alcohol or substance abuse. O Unstable family situations. O Depression. O A history of mistreatment as a child.
  8. 8. Uniqueness of SBS O Usually done in private. O No witnesses. O Motive exists in the mind of the prep. O ‘Murder’ weapon is the hands. O Subtle presentation in the E.R may lead to mis- diagnosis or missed-diagnosis.
  9. 9. Profile of Abusers/ Perps O 70+% males; fathers / uncles / boyfriend of mother / etc. O Average age 22 yrs. O 60+% babies shaken are male. O Day care providers: licensed and unlicensed.
  10. 10. What can you do to prevent a tragedy? O When you are frustrated, take time to calm yourself first. O Take a few slow, deep breaths. O Sit down, close your eyes and count to 20. O Take your baby for a stroller ride. O Play music or sing to your baby. O Ask a friend to stay with your baby for a while. O Make sure your baby is fed, burped and dry. O Gently rock or walk your baby. O Check for discomfort, diaper rash, teething or fever. O Call the doctor if you think your baby is sick.
  11. 11. Tests and diagnosis Computerized tomography (CT) scan. Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI). Skeletal survey. Ophthalmolo gical exam. Blood tests.
  12. 12. Sources O http://www.health.ny.gov/prevention/ injury_prevention/shaken_baby_syndrome/ sbs_fact_sheet.htm O http://www.medicinenet.com/ shaken_baby_syndrome/article.htm O http://www.childabuseconsulting.com/shaken-baby- syndrome.html O http://stopsbs.org/facts/ O http://www.mayoclinic.com/health/shaken-baby- syndrome/DS01157/DSECTION=tests%2Dand %2Ddiagnosis O http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=THhFoYk7U40
  13. 13. END

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