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relativeclauses-120517151436-phpapp01.ppt

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Relative clauses
Relative clauses
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relativeclauses-120517151436-phpapp01.ppt

  1. 1. Relative Clauses 1. Relative pronouns and adverbs 2. Omission of relative pronouns 3. Defining and Non-defining clauses
  2. 2. 1. Relative pronouns and adverbs Sometimes, when talking about people or things it could be necessary to add more information. It is when we use a RELATIVE CLAUSE:
  3. 3. That is the house. The house was built on the main road. That is the house which was built on the main road. which = the house The woman lives across the road. The woman is a professor. The woman who lives across the road is a professor. who = the woman
  4. 4. Relative clauses always follow the name they refer to (its antecedent). The most frequent relative pronouns are:  who / whom  people  which  objects  where  places and spatial references  when  temporal references  that  people / objects
  5. 5.  whom is used in formal speech and it is only used when it refers to the direct object of the main clause: - This is the boy about whom you were asking me.  whose  expresses possession and cannot be omitted: - Whose book is this? (NEVER “Of who…?”) - The children whose books you are using are my pupils.
  6. 6.  whom and which are used after prepositions but in colloquial English we can omit the relative pronoun and place the preposition in a final position: - This is the boy about whom you were asking me. - This is the boy (who) you were asking me about. - I like the car about which you were asking me about. - I like the car (which) you were talking about.
  7. 7. There are other relative connectors that are not pronouns but adverbs, such as:  where  The house where I was born.  when  I remember the time when we lived there.  why  The reason why he is so sad is a mystery to us.
  8. 8. 2. Omission of relative pronouns  Relative pronouns cannot be omitted if they are the subjects of the clauses: - The man who visited us yesterday is a famous professor. We can omit the relative pronoun if it is not the subject of the clause: - The house (which/that) we bought is very big.
  9. 9. TAKE NOTE! Relative pron. + verb   Omission Relative pron. + subject   Omission
  10. 10. 3. Defining and Non-defining clauses The computer is very expensive. The computer which we bought is very expensive.
  11. 11. Those relative clauses that are NECESSARY to understand the meaning of a sentence are called DEFINING CLAUSES (especificativas) That’s the actor. That’s the actor who plays Hamlet.
  12. 12. The Queen of England, who lives in London, is called Elizabeth II. Those relative clauses that are NOT NECESSARY to understand the meaning of a sentence are called NON-DEFINING CLAUSES (explicativas)
  13. 13. Non-defining clauses: 1. are separated by commas 2. never use “that” 3. never omit the relative pronoun 4. are used in writing or formal speech (so are less common)
  14. 14. Non-defining: My uncle, who is a doctor, lives in Madrid. Mi tio, que (por cierto) es medico, vive en Madrid. Defining: My uncle who is a doctor lives in Madrid. Mi tio (de entre todos) el que es medico, vive en Madrid Analyse these sentences:

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