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MIS: Project Management Systems

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MIS: Project Management Systems

  1. 1. Project ManagementSystems4/16/2013
  2. 2. What Is a Project?• A project is “a temporary endeavorundertaken to create a unique product,service, or result” (PMBOK® Guide 2004, p.5)• Projects can be large or small and take a shortor long time to complete
  3. 3. What is a project?• One definition– ‘a specific design or plan’• Key elements– non-routine– specific objectives– planned– predetermined time span– constrained resources
  4. 4. Denver InternationalAirport – Scope• Designed to be thelargest US airport.• Estimate cost: $1.7billion.• Budget: $2.08 billion.• Planned finish date:Oct. 1993.
  5. 5. Denver International AP• Repeated design changes due tochanging requirementsfrom United Airlines• Malfunctioning computerizedbaggage system• Inter-terminal transitbreakdowns.• Millworkers’ union strike.
  6. 6. DIA – Cost & Time22.54.840123456Cost TimeEstimateActual
  7. 7. DIA – Success?• Public relationsdisaster.• 2006 blizzardshredded Teflon roof.• Death of Luis Jimenezwhen “Mustang” headfell on him.
  8. 8. PM Three-Legged StoolScopeCostTimeProject Success
  9. 9. Project ManagementSkills• Leadership• Communications• Problem Solving• Negotiating• Influencing the Organization• Mentoring• Process and technical expertise
  10. 10. The Role of the ProjectManager• Planning• Scheduling• Coordinating• Coaching• Project succeeds or fails based on you!
  11. 11. Position of planning• Feasibility study - decide if project is worth doing• Plan how you are going do it, then do itfeasibility studyplanningprojectIs it worth doing?How do we do it?Do it!
  12. 12. Project ManagementInstitute (PMI)• Disseminates industrybest practices.• Provides training andcertifications.• Project Management Bodyof Knowledge (PBMOK)
  13. 13. Functional vs. ProjectManagerFunctional manager Project managerClear authority; quasi-permanent; can directLow authority; temporary;must convinceEstablished organization Developing organizationLong-term relationships Short-term relationshipsSmall set of skills managed Diverse set of skillsmanaged
  14. 14. PM Tools: Software• Low-end– Basic features, tasks management, charting– MS Excel, Milestones Simplicity• Mid-market– Handle larger projects, multiple projects, analysistools– MS Project (approx. 50% of market)• High-end– Very large projects, specialized needs, enterprise– AMS Realtime– Primavera Project Manager
  15. 15. Project ManagementTools and Techniques–Project charter, scope statement, andWBS (scope)–Gantt charts, networkdiagrams, critical pathanalysis, critical chain scheduling(time)–Cost estimates and earned valuemanagement (cost)
  16. 16. JJ - Software ProjectManagement, Oct 2010Tools: Gantt Chart
  17. 17. Tools: Network Diagram
  18. 18. Adages• Brooks’ LawAdding manpower to a late softwareproject makes it later.• Throwing money at a project doesn’tsolve the problem• Taking resources away from a projectdoesn’t always make it easier either

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