5 orders of ignorance - A tale about testing and ignorance
A tale about Testing and Ignorance
He who knows not and knows not that he knows not, is a fool. Shun him!
He who knows not and knows that he knows not, is unlearned. Teach him!
He who knows and knows not that he knows, is asleep. Awaken him!
He who knows and knows that he knows, is enlightened. Follow him!
An Arab Proverb quoted by
Isabel Lady Burton (1831-1896) in
"The Life of Captain Sir Richard F. Burton"
tool for acquiring knowledge
The 5 orders of ignorance
0OI = Lack of Ignorance
I (probably) know something. I have the answer and can explain it.
1OI = Lack of Knowledge
I don't know something, but I have a well formed question.
2OI = Lack of Awareness
I don't know that I don't know something. I have no idea what the right question is.
3OI = Lack of Process
I don't know a suitably way to find out I don't know that I don't know something.
I have no clue how to find the right idea's to search for the right question.
4OI = Meta-ignorance
I don't know about the Five Orders of Ignorance.
“Exploratory testing is simultaneous
learning, test design, and test execution.”
James Bach, 1995
Test techniques improve result
Immediate investigation gives most information
Get to know the system
A definition of exploratory testing
Where to start?
Little black book on test design
Exploratory testing resources
Hey, I just met you
And this is crazy
So here’s my twitter
So tweet me maybe?!
Big thanks to these guys!
Dan North – Deliberate discovery
Philip Armour – The five orders of ignorance
Alan Page – Testers and the order of ignorance
Or me: email@example.com