The 100 Greatest Nigerians we never knew Pt 1

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Slides from a series of presentations held in the In the United Kingdom and Nigeria by Ed Keazor. Focus is on some of the greatest unsung heroes in Nigerian history.

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The 100 Greatest Nigerians we never knew Pt 1

  1. 1. THE 100 GREATEST NIGERIANS WE NEVER KNEW -PT 1 ©Ed Emeka Keazor 2013
  2. 2. HOW AND WHY?!?
  3. 3. 100?!? Ans: Its always complicated, but we’ll try……
  4. 4. THE GREATEST?!?: Ans: Substantial positive influence on Nigerian History By singular action or a medium to long
  5. 5. NIGERIANS? Nigerian citizens by birth, parentage, naturalisation or registration. British subjects permanently resident in Nigeria before independence.
  6. 6. WE NEVER KNEW? ANS: Person’s not generally known, otherwise than to those with specialist or specific knowledge, OR, of whom there is little available information OR who are known, but of which there is
  7. 7. THE LIST
  8. 8. IFIKUANIM- EZE NRI
  9. 9. • Priest King of the ancient Nri kingdom of Igboland, said to be • the cradle Of Igbo civilisation c.1000 AD • A highly intelligent, scholarly King,who is said to have traded with the Kingdoms Of the Middle-East. • His grave was unearthed by Archaeologist Thurston Shaw, who discovered a burial Chamber with remains adorned in robes, bronze crown, sceptre, staff and breast-Plates adorned with precious stones, which are said to only have obtainable at the time from Egypt or India • The Igbo-Ukwu bronzes and the Nsude Pyramids are said by some Historians to be Religious artefacts and symbols of the Nri Kingdom.
  10. 10. 1. OHEN OKUN
  11. 11. • The Olokun Priest of the Port town of Ughoton, Benin during the reign of Oba Esigie (1504-1549) • Sent to Portugal as the Ambassador of Benin, while Affonso D’Aveiro remained in Benin as Portuguese envoy. • Treated with the utmost respect and learnt to speak Portuguese. • He later returned to Benin and can be described as the first known diplomat of Nigerian origin to Europe.
  12. 12. 2. OBA ORHOGBUA
  13. 13. The son of Oba Esigie, the ffirst Nigerian King to establish diplomatic Relations with a European nation, he was educated in Portuguese Missionary Schools c.1535. He ascended to the throne of Benin in 1550. During his reign, Windham, the first English explorer to visit Benin arrived Accompanied by a Portuguese Interpreter Francisco Pinteado- whilst Orhogbua could not speak English, he could speak, read and write fluent Portuguese. In the course of his many conquests, he established a war camp (Eko) on An island, close to fishing communities known as the Awori’s. That camp Called Eko became Lagos Island and his Ehikpa (Ashipa) ruled over the Inhabitants (mostly captives from th many battles). He introduced the use of cooking salt to Benin and beyond.
  14. 14. 2. OLU ATONRONGBOYE OF WARRI (OLU SEBASTIAN 1597-1625)
  15. 15. • The first Christian Olu of Warri • On record as the first to receive a western education • He studied in Angola, courtesy of the Portuguese
  16. 16. 2.OLU ATUWATSE (DOM DOMINGO)
  17. 17. • He was sent by his father to Portugal in 1601. • He graduated from the University of Coimbra in 1611, the first person of Nigerian Origin to obtain a European University degree. • He married the daughter of a Portuguese noble Dona Feira • - their son, Omonigheren (Antonio Domingo- the golden skinned King) succeeded him to the throne upon, his death in 1643. • Antonio Domingo wrote a letter to the Pope in 1652, asking For missionary assistance- the oldest letter written in Nigeria.
  18. 18. 3. MAMADI MAKE (Angelo Soliman)
  19. 19. • Born c.1721 in North-Eastern Nigeria of the Kanuri ethnic group. • Prince George Christian of Sicily’s valet, later Chief servant of Joseph Wenzel, Prince of Liechtenstein. • An associate of Mozart and Haydn. “Bassa Selim” in Mozart’s “Abduction from the Seragio” reputedly based on him.
  20. 20. • He joined the Vienna Masonic Lodge in 1783 and rose to become Grandmaster, changing its practices to include scholarship, which was adopted by other Lodges. • Upon his death, he was ironically skinned and his stuffed remains displayed in the Imperial Museum of Natural History- in the cabinet of curiosities (!)
  21. 21. 4. MOHAMMAD IBN MOHAMMED AL FULANI AL KISNAWI
  22. 22. • A Fulani from northern Nigeria and a Mathematician, he travelled to Egypt in 1732 • He wrote a manuscript (in Arabic) of procedures for constructing magic squares up to order 11 • Magic squares are complex mathematical algorithms. • A quote from his manuscripts "Do not give up, for that is ignorance and not according to the rules of this art. Those who know the arts of war and killing cannot imagine the agony and pain of a practitioner of this honourable science...You cannot hope to achieve success without infinite perseverance". • He died in Cairo, 1741.
  23. 23. 5. NANA ASMAU
  24. 24. • She was the daughter of Usman Dan Fodio • She is the first known Nigerian female poetess. • “Wakar Gewaye” (The Journey) was her greatest work -the first of 60 surviving works (written in Arabic) still studied today. • A respected adviser to the Caliph Muhammad Bello (her brother).
  25. 25. • There are records of debates with Governors of the Caliphate + foreign scholars on state policy. • She formed a cadre of female Islamic scholars- “the Jaji’s”, in line with Dan Fodio’s policy of women’s education. • She was greatly Instrumental to the Islamic education of women in the Caliphate and beyond.
  26. 26. 5.CANDIDO DE FONSECA GALVAO
  27. 27. • Of Oyo Royal lineage, he was taken to Brazil at a very you • He was identified early as being of blue blood, given his fr assimilated into Brazilian aristocracy, with the title Dom O • He enlisted as an officer in the Brazilian Army and fought against Paraguay • When the Monarchy was ousted, he left Brazil, unhappy w Republican dispensation. • He returned to Oyo in 1896, where he was reunited with hi And died two years later.
  28. 28. 6.PROFESSOR ROBERT .A.COKER
  29. 29. • Classical Pianist born in Abeokuta • He studied music at the Abeokuta Institution between 1861 and 1864, under A.A Buhle and further in London in 1880 • He taught at the Lagos Female Institution, between 1881 and 1894, specialising in the Pianoforte. • Described by the Observer in 1915, as the first indigenous Organist in Nigeria
  30. 30. 7. ROBERT CAMPBELL
  31. 31. • Born in Jamaica, an abolitionist, he had been a Science Lecturer at the Institute for Coloured Youth, Philadelphia, before settling In Nigeria in 1859. • He published the first English language newspaper in Nigerian history The Anglo-African in 1863 • He established himself as part of Lagosian society and upon his death, he was buried in Lagos, where his descendants still live.
  32. 32. 11.CHRISTOPHER ALEXANDER SAPARA- WILLIAMS
  33. 33. Born in Sierra Leone, he moved to Nigeria as a young child with his pa sibling- Dr Oguntola Sapara. He attended the CMS Grammar School, Lagos and proceeded to Engla Law, after which he was called to the Bar in 1879, becoming the first N Lawyer. He practised Law in Lagos before the Supreme Court. Facing serious in that the pioneer set of Nigerian Lawyers were not well regarded by authorities and were restricted in which courts they had audience. He was a formidable advocate – especially in the area of Customary L Less nationalist activist , who organised demonstrations against the Authorities and represented Indigenous interests in Law suits against Authorities on land tenure rights. He was the pioneer President of the Nigerian BarAssociation from 190 Though he was denied KC in 1913, he was honoured with the CMG .
  34. 34. 8. William Broughton Davies
  35. 35. • Davies was born in Sierra Leone of Yoruba parentage. • He and Africanus Horton were selected by the Army, for Medical training, qualifying from Kings College and Edinburgh in 1858/1859. Enlisted as an Assistant-Surgeon in 1859. • He practised in Ghana and then Sierra Leone, promoted Surgeon-Major in 1875 and retired in 1881
  36. 36. 5.CAPTAIN JAMES LABULO PINSON DAVIES
  37. 37. • He was born in Sierra Leone and joined the British Navy, b Of the first African Naval Captains and certainly the first N • He was one of the first to establish a Cocoa plantation, as Massive fortune from the produce trade. Residing in a pa Brighton. • He married Sarah Forbes Bonetta, Egba lady who was the Victoria. Their daughter Victoria was Queen Victoria’s Go • He became one of the first two members of the Legislative Of Lagos in 1872. • He was a Lay Official of the CMS Church, famously challen Be the racially motivated marginalisation of African memb
  38. 38. CHARLES PIKE
  39. 39. Of mixed Saro and English descent, he was employed in the Colonial service, firstly as an administrative officer in Sierra Leone. He transferred his services to Nigeria and rose rapidly in the hierarchy, attaining the rank of Lieutenant Governor of the Colony of Lagos and serving as Acting Governor of Lagos In 1885 He was the most senior African in the Colonial service and the first ever to occupy the very highest administrative position.
  40. 40. 9.JOHN OTUNBA-PAYNE
  41. 41. Born in Sierra Leone, John Otunba-Payne of Ijebu Heritage, arrived Lagos in the mid19th century and joined the Government of the Colony of Lagos He rose to become Registrar of the Supreme Court of Lagos in 1874, With responsibility for the administration of the Court and indeed the Colony itself. He was instrumental to the visit of Edward Wilmot Blyden in 1885 and Famously supported his visit to the Lagos Central Mosque for the Purpose of engagement with the Lagos Muslim community, against Opposition from the CMS hierarchy. He was also active in supporting the African clergy of the CMS Church In the crisis between them and the European hierarchy.
  42. 42. 9/10. MOJOLA AGBEBI/DEBAYO AGBEBI
  43. 43. 16. SENHOR ANTONIO NOBRE
  44. 44. • He was the foremost Brazilian Master Builder of 19 Lagos and executed a number of commissions, wh  Holy Cross Cathedral, Lagos  b. The Shitta-Bey Mosque, Lagos.  c. Cuban Lodge • His work inspired the Colonial authorities to train A Skilled tradesmen.
  45. 45. ANDREW THOMAS
  46. 46. • The first Nigerian-born Newspaper Editor- he edited The Lagos Times and Gold Coast Colony Advertiser- in 1880. • He was later to publish and edit the newspaper Iwe Irohin Eko, which was focused on Yoruba culture and traditions.
  47. 47. 10. Nathaniel King
  48. 48. • Generally described as the first Nigerian Doctor • Born 1847, in Freetown to a Yoruba Clergyman, returned to Abeokuta where he received some training in medicine from Dr. A.A Harris at the Abeokuta Theological Institution in 1861. • Studied at Kings College London, where he qualified in 1874 and returned to Nigeria in 1878 and practised with the CMS Mission, till his death in 1884.
  49. 49. 11. JONATHAN ADAGOGO GREEN
  50. 50. • He was born in Bonny in 1872 and studied Photography at Fourah Bay College. • He became the photographer of choice for the British authorities, with some of his works including the famous portraits of Oba Ovonramwen, Dore Numa etc. • He was the first Nigerian-born photographer. • His work has been exhibited all over the world.
  51. 51. 10.THE ‘BROTHERS’ JOHNSON JAMES, SAMUEL AND OBADIAH JOHNSON
  52. 52. James Johnson was born in Sierra Leone in 1836 of Yoruba heritage. After attending the Fourah Bay College, he worked firstly as a teacher and Later became a CMS Priest. He came to Nigeria as missionary in 1874, Working In the Niger Delta. He returned to Lagos as the Priest ofThe St Paul’s Breadfruit Church. He opposed what they saw to be the discriminatory and patronising practices of the CMS hierarchy and Spoke out. He was instrumental to evangelisation in the Benin and Warri area. He promoted the notion of African equality and capability. Samuel Johnson was born in Sierra Leone of Oyo ancestry in 1846 and came To Nigeria, working firstly as a teacher in Yorubaland. He was instrumental in Facilitating the partial peace treaty in the Kiriji War. He joined the Anglican Priesthood in 1888. He gathered a large amount of Information on the traditions and history of the Yoruba’s which he complied into a book “A History of the Yoruba’s from the earliest times to the beginning of the British Protectorate”. The manuscript was howeverr lost by the publishers. Obadiah Johnson was born in 1849 of Oyo parentage- and like his brother Samuel came to Nigeria. He was the 2nd (or 3rd) Nigerian to qualify as a Doctor and famously re-assembled his brothers notes and ensured the final publication of his brothers book.
  53. 53. JAMES CHURCHILL VAUGHAN
  54. 54. 15. ANDREW W.U.THOMAS
  55. 55. Andrew W.U. Thomas was born at Oyo of Saro lineage and attended CMS Grammar School, Lagos. He joined the Colonial Civil Service, working as a Clerk at Government House, before rising to the position of Deputy Registrar of the Supreme Court of Lagos in 1886. He retired, venturing into business as a Licensed auctioneer and made a huge fortune, famously procuring the contract for disposal of German assets after WW1. He built the first three storey building in Nigeria- Ebun House or “Petesi Anduru”. He was Vice-President of the Aboriginal Society and President of the African Church.
  56. 56. 12. CHARLOTTE OBASA Born Charlotte Blaize and an heiress of the wealthy Saro- C.O. Blaize family. She married the young pioneer Saro Doctor- Dr Orishadipe Obasa. She established herself as an entrepreneur and after the Tram service was terminated by the Colonial authorities in 1912, she established a Bus service, the Anfani Transport Service, to fill the gap. She later established a Lagos Taxi service in
  57. 57. 12. NEILS WALWIN HOLM
  58. 58. • He was born in Ghana in 1865 and started his career as a photographer in 1882 and travelled around West Africa on commission from the British authorities. • He settled permanently in Nigeria in 1896,setting up his Photo studio in Lagos and was the first African to be admitted to the Royal Photographic Society in 1897. • He studied Law, whilst on medical leave in the UK and was called to the Bar in 1910. He returned to Nigeria in 1917 and set up, this time as a Barrister, running one of the most successful Chambers in Lagos.
  59. 59. 13 . IGWE ISRAEL IWEKA
  60. 60. • Born in 1879, he was an early Christian convert in The Lower Niger area and received a secondary school education. • He was one of the first Nigerian Civil Engineering contractors and built the massive Iweka Road at Onitsha, amongst others. • He wrote the first History of the Igbo people, both in English and Igbo in 1922. • He became the King of Obosi, his hometown in 1932.
  61. 61. 14. ARTHUR WILLIAMSON O’DWYER
  62. 62. • Born in Sierra Leone, he started out as a Trader after his e Later joined the Colonial Civil service in Nigeria in 1885. • He was later appointed the first indigenous Paymaster of Niger Coast Protectorate in 1893. He was later appointed Postmaster. • He later became the first indigenous Paymaster and later Q the Southern Nigeria Regiment, before retiring in 1906. • He embarked into business, opening a chain of successful • He was a member of the Liverpool Masonic Lodge and Gra Of Oddfellows at Salford.
  63. 63. 14. SARKIN KATSINA MUHAMMAN DIKKO
  64. 64. Installed Emir of Katsina in 1901 and made his mark as the greatest Emir of Katsina. His achievements included: • The sub division of the Native authority into various depts: Health, Works, Tax, Police etc. • The establishment of the first school for girls + encouragement of western education amongst his subjects. During his reign Katsina (later Barewa) College was established. • The first Emir to travel on the Hajj, to visit Britain and to fly in a plan.
  65. 65. 22. NWANYEREUWA/IKONNA ENYIA/MARY OKEZIE
  66. 66. Nwanyereuwa was a widow in the village of Oloko, on the Outskirts of approached by an agent of the Warrant Chief Okugo ostensibly on a t which a scuffle ensued, • She rallied women to her aid in the traditional method, by sending P women, who came out in their 1000’s, mobilised largely by Ikonna E leader in the area. Her ethos being peaceful but robust protest both Warrant Chief system. • This set in motion the most violent protest of the early Colonial era, were killed by the Colonial authorities, leading to two panels of enq whitewash by the Colonial authorities and the second constituting recommended a review of colonial administrative practices. The rep women at the second panel were written by a young teacher- Mary instrumental in stating their side. • Ikonna Enyia was to continue her activism, later protesting against u Eastern Region Government of Dr Azikiwe. • The riots became a rallying call of protest, for women not just in Nig the world.
  67. 67. 15. SIR KITOYI AJASA/ERIC MOORE
  68. 68. • Kitoyi Ajasa and Eric Moore were born in in 1866 and 1878 respectively. Both attended CMS Grammar School and were called to the Bar in 1893 and 1906 respectively. They set up two of the most successful Law Chambers in Lagos • They were selected for membership of Lugard’s Nigerian Council in 1914 and 1917 respectively and Clifford’s Legislative Council in 1922. Kitoyi Ajasa was the first Nigerian to be Knighted, while Eric Moore co-founded the first major political party- NNDP.
  69. 69. 19. SAMUEL HERBERT PEARSE
  70. 70. • Samuel Pearse was born in Lagos in 1866 and attended CMS Grammar School Lagos, from where he joined the Firm of McIver and Co, where worked as a Clerk, till 1883. • He entered into an export trade partnership with a Briton J.S.Thompson in 1883, with offices in Lagos and London • He re-established on his own exporting agricultural produce and became one of the wealthiest and influential men in the country. • A member of the legislative council, he was part of the delegation that travelled to the UK to make representations on land tenure, in 1913.
  71. 71. 17. DR CURTIS CRISPIN ADENIYI- JONES
  72. 72. • He was born in Waterloo Sierra Leone in 1876, attended the Wesleyan High School and later Durham University in 1906, where he studied Medicine. • After periods spent at the Rotunda Hospital, Dublin, West London Hospital, Hammersmith and the Liverpool School of Tropical Medicine. • He settled in Nigeria, building his hospital in 1914, with an operating theatre and beds. • He sat on the Legislative Council for several years and was a fearless, committed crusader for indigenous rights, consistently questioning the Colonial authorities on thorny issues.
  73. 73. 17. OREOLUWA GREEN
  74. 74. Born in 1885, she attended St Peter's School and the CMS Girls Seminary, as well as private tuition under Rev W.B.Euba. She travelled to the UK in 1912 and obtained the following qualifications: • 1st Class Certificate,- Theory of Music- The London School of Music; • Certificate of the Central Midwives Board (Honours Certificate)- Clapham School of Midwifery and Clapham Maternity Hospital;
  75. 75. • Certificate of the Apothecaries of the Pharmaceutical Society of London- the first West African woman to achieve this; • Certificate of the Westminster College of Chemistry, Pharmacy and Botany; • Certificate of Licence as a qualified Druggist, and lastly • Certificate of Cookery (Distinction for Invalid Cookery). She worked at the as a dispenser at the Eye and Ear Hospital Soho, before returning to Nigeria in
  76. 76. 18. DR OGUNTOLA ODUMBAKU SAPARA
  77. 77. • Born in 1861 in Sierra Leone. He moved to Lagos in 1876 with his family and attended the CMS Grammar School. • He worked as a Dispenser, then went to the UK to study medicine, qualifying in 1891 from Edinburgh University and specialist training at Glasgow University and St Thomas’s. • He returned to Nigeria and worked in Public Health, famously working on Smallpox eradication, achieved by his work in banning the Soponna Cult and promoting vaccination. • He also campaigned actively against race
  78. 78. 15.GEORGE (JORGE) DA COSTA
  79. 79. A son of Brazilian Immigrants, he attended the CMS School Lagos and was later employed by the CMS B to the post of Manager He trained as a Photographer and set up on his own Commercial photographer, gaining a majority share And private commissions in Lagos in the 1920’s. His works, are an invaluable record of the life and pe The early 20th century.
  80. 80. 19. FREDERICK BARON MULFORD
  81. 81. • Born in Shropshire + arrived Nigeria, as a Commerc Lagos Stores Limited c.1904. • The first to organise desegregated Football matche old Race Course from 1914 -between Europeans an became Games Master of CMS Grammar School, K + St Gregory’s College. • He organised the first Football tournament in Lagos City Cup even playing for the winning team- Diamo alongside Zik in 1923. • He donated one of the first League trophies -the Mu • One the first board-members of the NFA in 1933-Vic
  82. 82. • He was instrumental to the forming of a national team in 1938. • He was instrumental to the inauguration of the War Memorial Cup in 1942, won once again by Zik’s club ZAC. The competition that became the Governors Cup/Challenge Cup • Himself and D.H.Hooley were instrumental to the UK Tourists tour of 1949, he died when the team was on its way home in September 1949. • He was fondly known as Baba Eko
  83. 83. 23.Felix Oladipo Solanke
  84. 84. • He was the co-founder of the West African Students Union (WASU) in 1925. Influenced by Marcus One of the most vocal nationalist pressure Groups at the early stage. • He was the first African to do a live studio broadcast on radio. • He was also the joint first Nigerian to record an album, on the Zonophone record label
  85. 85. 20.JUSTUS DOMINGO
  86. 86. • Justus Domingo is said to be of Afro-Brazilian origin. Who lived in Lagos in the late 19th/early 20th century, before moving to the UK in The early 1920’s. • He is said to have been recording music in London, on the Zonophone label since 1925, singing in Yoruba language. Joint first Nigerian to record a popular music album alongside Ladipo Solanke. J.J.Ransome Kuti was the first to record an album. • His compilation of Yoruba popular and folk songs was released by • Zonophone in 1928. • Census records showed he lived in the Liverpool docklands at least up till 1930.
  87. 87. 21. DR YEWANDE SAVAGE
  88. 88. • She was the first Nigerian female Medical Doctor and daughter of the renowned Dr R.A.Savage. • She attended Edinburgh University, qualifying in 1929. • She did not however, practice in Nigeria, moving to the Gold Coast. The reason why the first female Doctor tag was attributed to Dr Abimbola Awoliyi.
  89. 89. STELLA JANE THOMAS
  90. 90. Born in Lagos to a Saro family, she travelled to the UK In 1928 – after completing her secondary school education, for further studies. She was one of the first female members of the West African Students Union a vocal and important activist of its cause i.e greater Governmental responsibilities for Africans. She famously tackled Lord Lugard at a seminar organised by Dame Margery Perham in 1934, stating categorically that his policy was disdainful of Africans. She was called to the Bar in 1932, becoming the first African woman Lawyer, she settled in Ghana, and subsequently returned to Nigeria.
  91. 91. REV L.R POTTS-JOHNSON
  92. 92. Born in Sierra Leone, he arrived Nigeria in 1911, worked as a Civil servants, then joined the Methodist Church in Port Harcourt in 1921- ordained as a Priest. He went to the UK and received training In the Clergy, returning to Port Harcourt in 1924, where he established the Methodist Church. He left the Church in 1930, acting as a Freelance Preacher. He established the Ennitona High School in 1932, essentially an experiment of high quality secondary education run entirely by Africans. This attracted the attention of the Colonial Authorities. Greatly respected by the British and loved by AfricansHe remained one of the most important community leaders in Port Harcourt till his death. The President of the African Community League and first Port Harcourt member Of the Eastern Nigeria House of Assembly 1946, also awarded the MBE in 1949.
  93. 93. DR ABUBAKAR OLORUNNIMBE
  94. 94. REVEREND DANIEL EKARTE
  95. 95. 23. S.A FASHOLA
  96. 96. • S.A Fashola was the Captain of the first Nigerian football team, which played its first match in 1938, against Ghana. • An employee of the P+T Department, he also played for the P+T football team. A commanding presence on the pitch in spite of his relative youth at the time. • He is described by some experts (inc Sam Akpabot), as the greatest Captain of the National team. • He went on to a career in the Nigerian Ports Authority as a Senior Manager, where he retired. • The Grand-Uncle of the present Governor of Lagos State.
  97. 97. 21.BENJAMIN WILLIAMS + MELVILLE ROBE
  98. 98. The descendants of Saro Immigrants, Benjamin Williams and Melville Robe enlisted in the Nigerian Police Force in the late 1920’s/early 1930’s. They both played for the Police Machine Football XI and Benjamin Williams Was the goalkeeper of the first national team , which played its first match i Lagos in 1938. Melville Roberts, was the reserve goalkeeper of the national team, he remai In the Nigerian Police Force rising to the rank of Deputy Inspector-General o Police, retiring during the 1966 political crisis.
  99. 99. 24. SAADU ZUNGUR
  100. 100. • Born in 1915. A poet, journalist and nationalist. Highly intelligent, articulate political activist. He was the first Northerner to attend the Yaba Higher College in Lagos • He used Poetry as a form of passive protest. He was responsible alongside Abubakar Imam, Aminu Kano + Abubakar Tafawa Balewa for forming quasi-political associations geared towards political discussion. • He was recruited by Zik to write for the West African Pilot, later joining the NCNC and becoming Secretary General. He left the NCNC and co-founded the NPC, with R.A.B
  101. 101. ABUBAKAR IMAM
  102. 102. 25. CHARI MAIGUMERI
  103. 103. • The most decorated soldier in the Nigerian Army, RSM Mai First fought for the Germans in WW1, earning an Iron Cros gallantry. He switched sides and fought on the side of the 1917. • In WW2, he fought in Somaliland, earning a Military Medal, fought in Burma, earning a British Empire Medal and Ment In despatches. • On retirement in 1953, he was awarded the rank Honorary C service to the Army. He was honoured by the Nigerian Arm barracks named after him. • The respected book The History of The Royal West African has a whole page dedicated to him.
  104. 104. 28. MAJOR HAMA KIM
  105. 105. He was awarded the Military Medal for two exem actions in Burma during WW2: A.Even after receiving a bullet wound, he continu fire accurately on the enemy and rally his men, in several casualties on the Japanese, till his men w safely in retreat. Also shielded his wounded com Officer, with his own body. B. He single-handedly attacked a Japanese posi Several casualties, thus motivating his men.
  106. 106. SERGEANT OSUMAN SAMARI
  107. 107. 22/23. PETER THOMAS/BABATUNDE ALAKIJA
  108. 108. • Peter Thomas was Born in Lagos of Saro descent, he was a civil servant at the outbreak of World War 2 and enlisted in the Royal Airforce, as an Airforce Officer- one of two Nigerians pioneers, the other being Babatunde Alakija (descendant of Aguda returnees), who was a student in the UK at the time and the 1st African to be commissioned as a RAF officer • They were among the first two Nigerian Airforce Officers, others were to follow i.e Tai Solarin, David Oguntoye and Tani Bankole-Oki. • Peter Thomas famously made several radio broadcasts on British radio, encouraging Africans to enlist in the Airforce. Whilst Alakija was featured On a number of RAF promotional bulletins.
  109. 109. 26. RAJI ABDALLAH
  110. 110. • Born in Northern Nigeria, after his secondary sch education, he was employed by the Post Office. • He joined the Revolutionary Zikist movement in 40’s rising to the rank of Secretary-General. • He defied a 1947 banning order and addressed a Protesting against the Colonial Government. • He was tried for Sedition and Misconduct in Pub And sentenced to 2 years imprisonment. Before his sentence, his response in mitigation was
  111. 111. “If you sincerely believe it is a crime to fight fo by all means condemn me to death. Were I to b I cannot give assurance to muzzle my tongue. The pleasure of those who put you here, I shal Leave the final verdict to God”. • After serving his sentence, he emerged unrepenta He was disillusioned by the lack of support he pe Azikiwe. • He retired to his native Igalaland, living a quiet life He remains one of the quiet heroes of the nationa Movement in Nigeria.
  112. 112. 27. AUGUST AGBOOLA BROWNE
  113. 113. • Born in Lagos in 1895, he moved to Poland in 1922 to a Polish lady and started a career as a Jazz sin Percussionist • On the outbreak of World War 2, he joined the Poli and fought in the defence of Warsaw during the G as well as during the Warsaw uprising of 1944. • His claims having been verified in 1949 , he becam hero of the Polish resistance. • He moved to the UK after the war with his family, w In 1958.
  114. 114. 28. LAUD (LOUIS) VICTOR UGBOMA
  115. 115. • Born at Atani in Ogbaru, Anambra State, and Initially trained as a teacher. • He received emergency commission into the Army on 28th August 1948, becoming the first Nigerian born Infantry Officer. • He is said to have been instrumental to the award of Commissions, to other Nigerians. • He relinquished his commission in April 1953 and went back to teaching- at Zixton Grammar School Ozubulu. He passed away In 2002, after proving his primacy in the officer corps.
  116. 116. 29.JOSIAH MAJEKODUNMI
  117. 117. • A High Jumper, he was born in 1927 at Abeoku competed for Abeokuta Grammar School in th competition in 1947 • He also competed at the 1948 London Olympi • He won Nigeria’s first medal in International co the 1950 Vancouver Empire Games, with Silv Jump.
  118. 118. PIUS QUIST/AUGUSTINE ANISHA
  119. 119. 32. ISRAEL NJEMANZE
  120. 120. Israel Njemanze was born c.1913 at Owerr and have joined the Army In his youth and seen serv during WW2. He played in a number of bands in Lagos, even the Three Night Wizards with two others. His music influenced a whole generation of mus He was murdered in 1955, by his band-members United a nation shocked by the loss of a much li
  121. 121. 30.TUNJI SOWANDE
  122. 122. • Born in Lagos in 1912, to a clergyman, siblings included Fela Sowande attended Kings College, Lagos and Yaba Higher College, qualifying as a Pharmacist in 1946. • Travelled to the UK in 1947, to play music his first love. A Baritone, he also played the Saxophone and Piano, forming a band called the Chocolate Dandies. He also played as a duo with Pianist Rita Cann and was part of the Regents Park set of young activists that included Paul Robeson and John Payne. He recorded a number of singles, including: “Ihin rere” and “Igi t’olorun”. • He studied Law at Kings College and was called to the Bar at Lincoln’s Inn in 1952, practising at 3 Kings Bench Walk, from where he rose to become the first Black Head of Chambers- 1968 and first Black Crown Court Judge- 1978
  123. 123. 31. CAPTAIN ROBERT HAYES
  124. 124. • He was among the first set of Nigerian Com who qualified in 1955 and were employed b African Airways Corporation. • He (and Festus Orimoloye) were the first Nig to gain Captain’s Wings in 1962. • He rose to Managing Director of Nigeria Airw where he retired. The first Nigerian Pilot to Airline.
  125. 125. 32. PROFESSOR AUGUSTINE NJOKU-OBI
  126. 126. • He was born in Owerri in 1930, studied Microbiolo a PhD from the Tuskegee Institute in Alabama US • He returned to Nigeria lecturing at the University o and later at the University of Nigeria Nsukka after Where he became a Professor of Virology. • He produced a Cholera Vaccine, which was approv World Health Organisation as efficacious in 1971 successfully in the Kano Cholera epidemic of 197 • He died in the USA in 2003.
  127. 127. 33. LATUNDE ODEKU
  128. 128. • He was born in 1927, at Awe near Oyo and attended MethodistBoys High School and Howard University in the USA, graduating as the best student in his Undergraduate Class in 1950. • He studied Medicine at Howard University between 1950-1954 and returned briefly to Nigeria in 1955, working at the General Hospital, Lagos. He returned to the USA in 1956, qualifying as a Neuro-Surgeon in 1962- the second black man and the first African. • He returned to Nigeria in 1962, refusing several job offers globally to work at the University of Ibadan. Notably had to negotiate beds for his patients back then. • Carried out a revolutionary procedure excising a Brain tumour from a 12 year old boy. The first OF
  129. 129. 34. DAVID OGUNEWE + MUSA USMAN
  130. 130. • David Ogunewe and Musa Usman were both comm Army in 1958 and 1962 respectively after attending Military Academy. • Ogunewe took over command of the Enugu Garriso Usman transferred service to the Nigerian Airforce taking over command of the Airforce Training Com • In aftermath of fraternal killings post the July 29 1 two Commanders, acted to prevent any further kill by adopting what became known in the Army as “O I look you”. • This saved the lives of several Army officers and m
  131. 131. 36.CAPTAIN FRANCIS OSAKWE
  132. 132. Francis Osakwe was born at Onitsha in 1938 and aft School education, enrolled at the West African Airwa Flying School at Ikeja, qualifying in 1963, among the Nigerian Commercial Pilots. Flew with Nigeria Airways, till the 1966 crisis, when h Biafra and became Ojukwu’s Chief Civilian Pilot He piloted the last aircraft that left Biafra with Ojukwu He returned to Nigeria after the war, rejoining Nigeria He became General Gowon’s preferred choice Pilot a Aircraft that took Gowon to Kampala on 28 July 1975
  133. 133. WARIBOKO WEST
  134. 134. 37.CHINYERE ASIKA
  135. 135. • Born at Owerri, to famous educationist Nathaniel Ejiogu. She attended Queens College Lagos and was admitted to Mills College, California in 1959- all on a full scholarship. The first African woman to obtain a Post-graduate degree in Information Technology and Library Science -from UCLA(as well as the first to play drums In a rock band!!) • One of the spokesperson’s for the Black Panther Movement- she was interviewed on American network television in 1965.She and her husband – Ukpabi Asika, spent time in Southern Africa, embedded with the FRELIMO liberation fighters of Namibia.
  136. 136. 38. ADEKUNBI MACAULAY
  137. 137. • Born 1925 in Lagos, she attended Queens College Lagos, later qualifying as a Nurse, from St James Hospital London, in 1955 (Midwife in 1958 and PG qualification (Polio) in 1958 • She returned to Nigeria in 1961, working firstly at the General Hospital and Island Maternity. • She was commissioned into the Army Medical Corps as a Captain in 1963, the second Nigerian woman to receive an officers commission • She was promoted Lieutenant Colonel in 1975 and Army Chief Nursing Officer. The first Nigerian woman to achieve this • She was promoted Colonel in 1976 (PSC) and Army Director of Nursing. Decorations FSS;DSM;RSM. She retired 1983.
  138. 138. CHIEF MERCY ENELI
  139. 139. OLADUNNI “DECENCY” ODUGUW
  140. 140. • Oladunni Oduguwa was born c.1957 in Ijebu and began at A very early age, learning and mastering the Guitar. • She established her Decency and Unity Orchestra in 197 Nigeria’s first female Guitarist/Band-leader. She gained Success and released several successful albums on th • She died suddenly at the age of 28, greatly mourned by loyal fans as a sterling pioneer of her art.
  141. 141. 39. MAJOR-GENERAL RABIU ALIYU
  142. 142. A graduate Engineer (ABU), he was among the pioneer set of the Nigerian Defence Academy 1964-1967 (Inc. Abacha and Diya) and saw action during the Nigerian Civil War. He rose to the rank of Major-General, retiring in 1993. Alongside Lt Gen Salihu Ibrahim and Major-General Ishola Williams, he refused all offers to accept political appointments throughout his career. Quotes: a. “The Military had no business in politics, none whatsoever!” b. They tried to compromise us and we refused, we were soldiers, not Politicians or businessmen.
  143. 143. PROFESSOR OBA NSUGBE QC SAN
  144. 144. SIR KEITH AJEGBO
  145. 145. LORD VICTOR ADEBOWALE
  146. 146. 40. LAITAN OYERINDE
  147. 147. Attended the University of Lagos, a Student Activist- Univers level -as a member of NANS. One of the organisers of the ASU demonstrations. One of founders of the Patriotic Youth Move He became a Trade Unionist firstly- Assistant Secretary of th Senior Staff Association of Nigeria. He founded the Nigerian T which successfully protected the rights of displaced Maroko He joined the Campaign for Democracy (CD), becoming Chair State) and was the key organiser of the pro-democracy activi He later rose to become Deputy-Secretary General of the Nige Congress. Killed in front of his family on 7th December 2012.
  148. 148. 41. IMEH USUAH/TOCHUKWU MOKAH/OYIBO SHUAIBU SU
  149. 149. Imeh Usuah, a taxi driver august 2012, found a bag containing N18 Million in his taxi- he handed it in for return to the owner. In August 2009, a 4 year old boy, Benjamin Nelson-West, fell under a Tube train and was saved at the last minute by a mystery stranger who pulled him out from under the train and handed him over to his mother. The train pulled away and the grateful parents initiated a search for the guardian angel, who was found a few days later and turned out to be…a Nigerian Tochukwu Mokah. Shuaibu Oyibo Suleiman a Police
  150. 150. THE STREET TRADER HEROES
  151. 151. FIN

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