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WILDERNESS - a concept that integrates ecotourism

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Author: Erika Stanciu (ProPark)
Presentation for Topic 3: Practical Tools for conservation and local development
2nd European Ecotourism Conference
23-25 October 2013, Romania

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WILDERNESS - a concept that integrates ecotourism

  1. 1. WILDERNESS a concept that integrates ecotourism !. Wilderness in Europe - definition developed by a Wild Europe Working Group and accepted by the European Commission - complex areas with a zonation: core area for non-intervention, buffer area for phasing out human intervention, transition area with local communities and/or responsible resource use - includes people! - should allow for visitation and experiencing wilderness, but with very low impact or now impact (under careful management) II. Ecotourism and Wilderness: - Wilderness can have very high and become a key attraction for ecotourism businesses - how can ecotourism help communities from the transition zones? – q III. Case study: South Western Carpathians – the green heart of Europe Erika Stanciu, October 2013, Brasov
  2. 2. WILDERNESS a concept that integrates ecotourism Erika Stanciu, October 2013, Brasov
  3. 3. WILDERNESS is about … NATURE
  4. 4. WILDERNESS is about … PEOPLE
  5. 5. WILDERNESS is about … CULTURE
  6. 6. Wilderness Definition for Europe A wilderness is an area - governed by natural processes. - composed of native habitats and species, - large enough for the effective ecological functioning of natural processes. - unmodified or only slightly modified and - without intrusive or extractive human activity, settlements, infrastructure or visual disturbance.
  7. 7. Wilderness Zoning in Europe Core area - ‘highest’ quality of wilderness, with minimal impact of human activity or infrastructure and a dominance of natural processes. Buffer zone - relatively low impact of human presence, with phasing out of built structures and high impact activities within 10 years. Where feasible, there should be plans for it to be incorporated into the core zone. Transition zone - a range of human activities is permitted, but with management controls preventing development of major infrastructure, wind farms or large scale clear felling, that might significantly alter the landscape or natural environment. Sustainable harvesting is possible of timber, animals (hunting & fishing) and plants (berries, fruits, mushrooms), together with organic agriculture. Definition.doc
  8. 8. The Southern Carpathians—Threats and Opportunities in Continental Europe’s Last Great Wilderness © Wild Wonders of Europe / Cornelia Doerr / WWF
  9. 9. Global “Flagships” Yellowstone Europe ? Great Barrier Reef Amazon Serengeti
  10. 10. Natura 2000 sites – part of the EU protected area network Natura 2000 sites – 18%
  11. 11. Old-growth forests – protected? Romania Source: Royal Dutch Society for Nature Conservation (KNNV), Romanian Forest Research and Management Planning Institute (ICAS), Ministry of Environment and Forest Management Planning and Research Institute
  12. 12. Southern Carpathians The Largest Wild Landscape at the Heart of Europe Protected area category / type Surface (ha) 14 national and nature Parks (IUCN categ II and V) 688,930 12 Natura 2000 sites 721,047 TOTAL : 1,409,977
  13. 13. Southern Carpathians The Largest Wild Landscape at the Heart of Europe What Makes the Place so Special? • More 1 million ha of protected areas already in place • Abundant wildlife • Large natural, intact and old-growth forests • High concentration of biodiversity • Un-fragmented landscapes • Wild rivers • Large, mosaic, traditional landscapes
  14. 14. Southern Carpathians Largest Wild Landscape at the Heart of Europe What’s Next? • Seek for partners and build partnerships - Create a Coalition of “entrepreneurs” from the wider society • Anchor the idea locally, nationally & regionally • Call on the two governments of Romania and Serbia to work with WWF and partners on this initiative • Secure necessary start-up funding • Develop: Common Vision, Baseline assessments & Business plan
  15. 15. Southern Carpathians The Largest Wild Landscape at the Heart of Europe Outcomes he “wild landscape” valued for its spiritual and natural values, for the ecosystem service ntral Europe’s largest conservation landscape & first large-scale, functional ecosystem n ecological corridor, from the lowland Danube Iron Gate to the peaks of the Carpathian ime excellence in conservation & wilderness management odel of how to integrate a “wild landscape” into rural development ome of the best examples of traditional landscapes in Europe safeguarded, providing ainable income and high life quality for people ‘world class’ destination for tourism
  16. 16. Southern Carpathians The Largest Wild Landscape at the Heart of Europe Join Us!

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