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Overview of Artifact Conditions and Environment Requirements Zachary Walton Session 9
Archaeology Locations <ul><li>Land </li></ul><ul><li>Dry or wet </li></ul><ul><li>Never Fully Submerged </li></ul><ul><li>...
Factors Contributing to Maritime / Underwater Archaeology <ul><li>Anerobic Environment </li></ul><ul><li>Dark </li></ul><u...
Items Preserved <ul><li>Organics </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Wood </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Leather </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>...
Metals http://www.qaronline.org/conservation/LabReportJuly08.htm http://www.post-gazette.com/pg/10276/1091928-140.stm
Carved Stone http://www.123rf.com/photo_3040993_greek-ancient-ceramics-museum-of-underwater-archaeology-in-bodrum.html htt...
Ceramics http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Canvey_Island http://www.mingwrecks.com/Shanghai_jar.jpg http://www.ancientdigger.co...
Organics http://goscandinavia.about.com/od/photogalleries/ig/Sweden-Photo-Gallery/The-Vasa-Ship-in-Stockholm.htm http://ww...
Removal from Environment <ul><li>Objects require special care and handling once removed from the environment to preserve i...
Resources <ul><li>http://www.crystalinks.com/underwaterarch.html </li></ul><ul><li>http://www.qaronline.org/conservation/L...
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Underwater Achaeological Field School, session #9 2011, Zac

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Underwater Achaeological Field School, session #9 2011, Zac

  1. 1. Overview of Artifact Conditions and Environment Requirements Zachary Walton Session 9
  2. 2. Archaeology Locations <ul><li>Land </li></ul><ul><li>Dry or wet </li></ul><ul><li>Never Fully Submerged </li></ul><ul><li>Usually result of geologic event or land development </li></ul><ul><li>Maritime </li></ul><ul><li>Submerged or area directly relating to a port </li></ul><ul><li>Includes wells and peat bogs </li></ul><ul><li>Can be result of construction, storms, or even fishing </li></ul>
  3. 3. Factors Contributing to Maritime / Underwater Archaeology <ul><li>Anerobic Environment </li></ul><ul><li>Dark </li></ul><ul><li>Cold </li></ul><ul><li>Fresh/Salt Water </li></ul><ul><li>Location is Key Factor </li></ul>http://danielberesford.com/2011/04/07/sunsets-and-shipwrecks/
  4. 4. Items Preserved <ul><li>Organics </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Wood </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Leather </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Horn & Bone </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Hair & Flesh (Unique Cases i.e. Peat Bogs </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Non-Organics </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Ceramic </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Carved Stone </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Metal (if conditions are favorable) </li></ul></ul>
  5. 5. Metals http://www.qaronline.org/conservation/LabReportJuly08.htm http://www.post-gazette.com/pg/10276/1091928-140.stm
  6. 6. Carved Stone http://www.123rf.com/photo_3040993_greek-ancient-ceramics-museum-of-underwater-archaeology-in-bodrum.html http://danielomcclellan.wordpress.com/tag/archaeology/ Left and right center
  7. 7. Ceramics http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Canvey_Island http://www.mingwrecks.com/Shanghai_jar.jpg http://www.ancientdigger.com/2009/02/insanely-phenomenal-mysterious.html
  8. 8. Organics http://goscandinavia.about.com/od/photogalleries/ig/Sweden-Photo-Gallery/The-Vasa-Ship-in-Stockholm.htm http://www.npr.org/templates/story/story.php?storyId=5452068
  9. 9. Removal from Environment <ul><li>Objects require special care and handling once removed from the environment to preserve integrity. </li></ul><ul><li>Normal goal is to slowly change the conditions which the artifacts exist. </li></ul><ul><li>Each material has a specific process which has been found to work best at preservation. </li></ul>
  10. 10. Resources <ul><li>http://www.crystalinks.com/underwaterarch.html </li></ul><ul><li>http://www.qaronline.org/conservation/LabReportJuly08.htm </li></ul><ul><li>http://www.post-gazette.com/pg/10276/1091928-140.stm </li></ul><ul><li>http://goscandinavia.about.com/od/photogalleries/ig/Sweden-Photo-Gallery/The-Vasa-Ship-in-Stockholm.htm </li></ul><ul><li>http://www.npr.org/templates/story/story.php?storyId=5452068 </li></ul><ul><li>http://www.123rf.com/photo_3040993_greek-ancient-ceramics-museum-of-underwater-archaeology-in-bodrum.html </li></ul><ul><li>http://danielomcclellan.wordpress.com/tag/archaeology/ </li></ul><ul><li>http://danielberesford.com/2011/04/07/sunsets-and-shipwrecks/ </li></ul><ul><li>http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Canvey_Island </li></ul><ul><li>http://www.mingwrecks.com/Shanghai_jar.jpg </li></ul><ul><li>http://www.ancientdigger.com/2009/02/insanely-phenomenal-mysterious.html </li></ul><ul><li>www.wikipedia.org -various pages </li></ul>All sources last accessed 13 November 2011

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