Trajan presentation laura


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Trajan presentation laura

  1. 1. 98 – 117 AD Laura Taronas Necropolis session 5
  2. 2. <ul><li>Born September 18 th 53 AD in the Roman province of Hispania Baetica (modern day Andalusia). </li></ul><ul><li>His family, the prominent gens Ulpii, was of Italian origin. </li></ul><ul><li>His father, Marcus Ulpius Traianus, was a senator and general. </li></ul>
  3. 3. <ul><li>Began his career in the Roman army </li></ul><ul><li>76-77 AD: nominated as Consul </li></ul><ul><li>97 AD: made the adoptive son and successor of the current emperor, Nerva, in order to improve Nerva’s standing with the army. </li></ul><ul><li>January 27 th 98 AD: Nerva dies and Trajan becomes emperor </li></ul>
  4. 4. <ul><li>March – May 101 AD: First campaign led against Dacian army at Tapae. The Roman army was victorious, but not without many casualties. </li></ul><ul><li>Winter 102 AD: The Dacian king initiates a counter attack, but this effort is repulsed by the Romans. </li></ul>
  5. 5. <ul><li>105 AD: Dacians begin an invasion of Roman territory. </li></ul><ul><li>The Romans countered the Dacians and eventually destroyed their capital city, causing the Dacian king to flee and commit suicide. </li></ul><ul><li>The Dacian wars were commemorated in Trajan’s column, which still stands in Rome today. </li></ul>
  6. 6. <ul><li>Defends Christians, telling Pliny the Younger to let them be unless they were openly practicing their religion. </li></ul><ul><li>Formalization of Alimenta : a welfare program that provided funds, food and subsidized education to orphans and poor children of Italy. </li></ul>
  7. 7. <ul><li>Complex including Trajan’s Forum, Trajan’s Market and Trajan’s Column </li></ul><ul><li>Alcántara Bridge in Spain </li></ul><ul><li>Roads in Italia and Hispania </li></ul>
  8. 8. <ul><li>113 AD: Parthia places an unacceptable king on the throne of Armenia </li></ul><ul><li>Roman army marches on Armenia, removes the newly appointed king and annexes Armenia as a Roman province </li></ul>
  9. 9. <ul><li>115 AD: Roman army takes two northern Mesopotamian cities and Trajan begins organizing a province in Mesopotamia. </li></ul><ul><li>116 AD: Roman army captures Babylon, Seleucia and Pathian capital of Ctesiphon. </li></ul><ul><li>Babylon is made a new province and Trajan declares the conflict to be over. </li></ul><ul><li>Parthians resisted, causing Trajan to flee North in order to maintain the new provinces. </li></ul>
  10. 10. <ul><li>During the Parthian conflict, Trajan grew ill </li></ul><ul><li>August 9 th 117 AD: Trajan dies of edema </li></ul><ul><li>Trajan’s adoptive son, Hadrian, becomes emperor on August 10 th 117 AD. </li></ul>
  11. 11. <ul><li>Benario, Herbert W. “Trajan.” De Imperatoribus Romanis: An Online Encyclopedia of Roman Emperors. 23 July 2003. < > </li></ul><ul><li>Griffin, Miriam. “Nerva to Hadrian.” The Cambridge Ancient History: The High Empire, AD 70-192. Eds. Alan K. Bowman, Peter Garnsey and Dominic Rathbone. Cambridge University Press, 2000.  Cambridge Histories Online . Cambridge University Press.09 July 2011 DOI:10.1017/CHOL9780521263351.003 </li></ul><ul><li>Hammond, Mason. “Trajan.” Encyclopedia Britannica Online . 09 Jul. 2011. < >. </li></ul><ul><li>” Marcus Ulpius Traianus.” Roman Empire Online. < > </li></ul>