Roman Bathhouses Susan Aylard Roman City Dig March 29 – April 17, 2010
Origin of Roman Baths <ul><li>Greeks: 5 th  century BC </li></ul><ul><li>Romans: 3 rd  century BC </li></ul><ul><li>Privat...
Hypocaust Heating <ul><li>Invented in 1 st  century BC </li></ul><ul><li>Led to large public and private bathhouses ( ther...
Aqueducts <ul><li>Often the reason for building aqueducts  </li></ul><ul><li>Most planned towns had at least one public ba...
Typical Features <ul><li>Changing room ( apodyterium ) </li></ul><ul><li>Warm room; no bath ( tepdiarium ) </li></ul><ul><...
Additional Amenities <ul><li>Hot dry room ( laconicum ) </li></ul><ul><li>Hot room to induce sweating ( sudatorium ) </li>...
Typical Layout
Bath, England
Bath, England <ul><ul><li>Sacred spring make it unique </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>46 °C </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>1,170,0...
References <ul><li>Adkins, Lesley, and Roy Adkins.  Handbook to Life in Ancient Rome . New York [u.a.]: Oxford Univ., 1998...
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Session no.1, 2010. Presentations: Roman Bathouses, by Susan Aylard

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Susan prepared this presentation showing the main parts of a Roman bath.

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Session no.1, 2010. Presentations: Roman Bathouses, by Susan Aylard

  1. 1. Roman Bathhouses Susan Aylard Roman City Dig March 29 – April 17, 2010
  2. 2. Origin of Roman Baths <ul><li>Greeks: 5 th century BC </li></ul><ul><li>Romans: 3 rd century BC </li></ul><ul><li>Private bath suites filled & emptied by hand </li></ul><ul><li>Bal(i)neum (sing.) </li></ul><ul><li>Bal(i)neae (pl.) </li></ul>
  3. 3. Hypocaust Heating <ul><li>Invented in 1 st century BC </li></ul><ul><li>Led to large public and private bathhouses ( thermae ) </li></ul><ul><li>Bathing became communal and a social event </li></ul>
  4. 4. Aqueducts <ul><li>Often the reason for building aqueducts </li></ul><ul><li>Most planned towns had at least one public bath </li></ul><ul><li>Usually situated in the town center </li></ul>
  5. 5. Typical Features <ul><li>Changing room ( apodyterium ) </li></ul><ul><li>Warm room; no bath ( tepdiarium ) </li></ul><ul><li>Hot room; hot plunge bath ( caldarium ) </li></ul><ul><li>Cold room; cold plunge bath ( frigidarium ) </li></ul><ul><li>Public toilet </li></ul>
  6. 6. Additional Amenities <ul><li>Hot dry room ( laconicum ) </li></ul><ul><li>Hot room to induce sweating ( sudatorium ) </li></ul><ul><li>Outdoor swimming pool ( natatio ) </li></ul><ul><li>Gymnasium for athletic training </li></ul><ul><li>Covered area for sport ( palaestra ) </li></ul><ul><li>Libraries </li></ul><ul><li>Gardens </li></ul><ul><li>Restaurant </li></ul><ul><li>Private rooms </li></ul>
  7. 7. Typical Layout
  8. 8. Bath, England
  9. 9. Bath, England <ul><ul><li>Sacred spring make it unique </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>46 °C </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>1,170,000 litres (240,000 gallons) per day </li></ul></ul>
  10. 10. References <ul><li>Adkins, Lesley, and Roy Adkins. Handbook to Life in Ancient Rome . New York [u.a.]: Oxford Univ., 1998. </li></ul><ul><li>Rodgers, Nigel, and Hazel Dodge. Roman Empire . London: Hermews House, 2006. </li></ul><ul><li>www.romanbaths.co.uk </li></ul><ul><li>Images from Google </li></ul>

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