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Children in Roman Society<br />Lauren Menzies<br />Session 7<br />2010<br />
Place in the Family<br />Marriage intended to produce children and Romans often had large families<br />Pater familias had...
Infants<br />Fathers could decide to keep or                     abandon newborns<br />Deformed children were often       ...
Clothes and Recreation<br />Clothes<br />Generally wore smaller versions of adult clothing<br />Indoor garment was traditi...
Roles in Religion<br />Several gods were related to the care of children (Abeona, Fabulinus, Orbona, Pontina, Sentia)<br /...
Education<br />Traditionally unsystematic<br />Generally began education at age 9<br />Minimal education opportunities for...
Coming of Age<br />Males<br />Came of age between 14 and 19, usually 17<br />Began wear toga virilis to mark their new sta...
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Session no. 7, 2010: Children In Roman Society, by Lauren Menzies

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Session no. 7, 2010: Children In Roman Society, by Lauren Menzies

  1. 1. Children in Roman Society<br />Lauren Menzies<br />Session 7<br />2010<br />
  2. 2. Place in the Family<br />Marriage intended to produce children and Romans often had large families<br />Pater familias had full control over their children’s lives<br />All children within the family inherited equally<br />Adoption<br />
  3. 3. Infants<br />Fathers could decide to keep or abandon newborns<br />Deformed children were often exposed or drowned<br />High infant mortality rate<br />Birth was a public affair<br />lustratio ceremony held to name the child<br />Ceremony was held 8 days after the birth of a girl and 9 days after the birth of a boy<br />
  4. 4. Clothes and Recreation<br />Clothes<br />Generally wore smaller versions of adult clothing<br />Indoor garment was traditionally a tunic<br />Outdoors girls wore a white togas and boys wore a toga praetextaover their tunics<br />Recreation<br />Boys had more free time than girls<br />Had a variety of toys (dolls, balls, kites)<br />Games included hide-and-seek, marbles and leap-frog<br />Sporting activities where the individual could excel were popular<br />
  5. 5. Roles in Religion<br />Several gods were related to the care of children (Abeona, Fabulinus, Orbona, Pontina, Sentia)<br />Ver Sacrum<br />Performed during great crisis<br />Everything born in the spring was dedicated to the god Jupiter<br />Children were kept until the age of 20 when they were expelled to form a new community<br />Vestal Virgins<br />Girls from age 6 to 10 were chosen from patrician families<br />Responsible for tending the sacred fire within the Temple of Vesta<br />
  6. 6. Education<br />Traditionally unsystematic<br />Generally began education at age 9<br />Minimal education opportunities for girls (reading, writing, domestic skills, music)<br />Considered more important for boys<br />Richer families would hire tutors<br />3 basic levels of education: primary (reading, writing, arithmatic, music, gymnastics), secondary (Latin and Greek literature) and higher (public speaking)<br />Occassionally went to “centers of culture” (rhetoric and philosophy)<br />
  7. 7. Coming of Age<br />Males<br />Came of age between 14 and 19, usually 17<br />Began wear toga virilis to mark their new status<br />Went to the Tabularium with family to be officially enrolled<br />Females<br />Married off as young as 13 or 14 years old<br />High infant mortality rates meant that many children died before reaching adulthood<br />

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