Pre roman vs roman glass Ashley Brennaman

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  • As early as 3,300 years ago, ritual instructions for glassmaking in Mesopotamia were written on clay tablets in a cuneiform script
  • Workshop creation into ingots – ingots shipped to 2nd workshop – molded into vessels & beads; Phoenicians: traded throughout Mediterranean including with Egyptians and Greeks
  • Pre roman vs roman glass Ashley Brennaman

    1. 1. Ashley Brennaman August 25, 2012 Session 6
    2. 2. Ancient Glassmaking 4000 years ago Mesopotamia Sand, Alkali (Soda) & Lime Core forming technique Coloration: mimic precious stones
    3. 3. Mediterranean Glass Trade  Phoenician trade  Maritime bases in the Balearic Islands (Ibiza)  Rich Phoenician tombs with grave goods: Almuñécar, Ibiza, Mallo rca  Exported precious metals, jewelry & glass vessels
    4. 4. Examples: Pre-Roman
    5. 5. Punte de Noy, Almuñécar Laurita Necropolis, Almuñécar Puig Des Molins, Ibiza Goddess Tanit Puig Des Molins, Ibiza
    6. 6. This Week at the Cave
    7. 7. Roman Glass 2nd century BC/ Hellenistic period: Mosaic glass technique 1st century AD: Glass blowing technique
    8. 8. References The Corning Museum of Glass: http://www.cmog.org/ http://www.costatropical.net/Almunecar/Almunecar_Monuments_La urita_Necropolis.asp http://www.costatropical.net/Almunecar/Almunecar_Monuments_No y_Bridge.asp A Rossella, D Ferrari & G Vezzalini (2012) “Pre-Roman glass from Mozia (Sicily-Italy): the first archaeometrical data”. Journal of Archaeological Science 39: 3396-3401. M Garcia-Heras, JMA Rincon, A Jimeno & MA Villegas (2005) “Pre- Roman coloured glass beads from the Iberian Peninsula: a chemico- physical characterisation study”. Journal of Archaeological Science 32: 727- 738. MS Walton, A Shortland, S Kirk & P Degryse (2009) “Evidence for the trade of Mesopotamian and Egyptian glass to Mycenaean Greece”. Journal of Archaeological Science 36: 1496-1503.

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