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Policy options for a new generation of biofuels


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This presentation highlights the important role that advanced biofuels can play in decarbonising the transport sector, particularly in aviation and maritime. It further outlines options that are available to policy makers to stimulate the uptake of advanced biofuels to 2020 and beyond. The presentation was given by Sacha Alberici, Bioenergy Consultant at Ecofys, at the “Biofuels in the UK: targets and land use, advanced biofuels and next steps for policy” conference, held in London on 13 February 2014.

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Policy options for a new generation of biofuels

  1. 1. Sacha Alberici 13/02/2014 Policy options for a new generation of biofuels Westminster Energy, Environment & Transport Forum Keynote Seminar
  2. 2. © ECOFYS | | EU 2030 Climate and Energy framework - How does this impact renewable transport? > 40% GHG savings vs. 1990 – No continuation of Fuel Quality Directive post-2021 > 27% renewable energy consumption across EU – No national targets – No sub-target for transport > Reiteration that food based biofuels should not receive “public support” after 2020 - implications for RTFC eligibility? > Policy measures for transport to build on Transport White Paper and focus on – Improving efficiency of transport system – Development and deployment of electric vehicles – 2nd and 3rd generation biofuels and other alternative sustainable fuels > Next steps: Discussion at EU Council in March 2014 and likely earliest possible agreement by EU Parliament in Q1 2015 13/02/2014 Sacha Alberici
  3. 3. © ECOFYS | | Advanced biofuels can play an important role in decarbonising transport to 2030 (and beyond) > Alternative vehicles not forecast to dominate fleet mix by 2030 > Advanced biofuels can be deployed in sectors which are currently more difficult to decarbonise using other renewable sources: – aviation, maritime and road freight 13/02/2014 Sacha Alberici UK Bioenergy Strategy (2012) analysis forecasts increasing use of biofuels in transport to 2040 Maritime - 2030 Aviation - 2035
  4. 4. © ECOFYS | |13/02/2014 Sacha Alberici Policy options for stimulating advanced biofuels Bringing forward advanced biofuels > Awarding multiple certificates for advanced biofuels – Lowers effective biofuels target (implication for GHG savings) – Can be complicated to administer and may lead to market distortions – Economic uncertainty for investors > Setting sub-targets for advanced biofuels – Creates a definite market demand – Setting the “right” sub-target(s) can be challenging for policy makers > Carbon linkage – Incentivises biofuels with high GHG savings without favouring specific technologies (more consistent with overall aim of achieving GHG savings) – Mandate system or increased certificate award? Expanding the RTFO > Eligibility for RTFCs for biofuels used in aviation and maritime, or setting specific obligations for these sectors
  5. 5. © ECOFYS | | Thank you for your attention! Sacha Alberici +44 (0)20 7423 0992 13/02/2014 Sacha Alberici