NAMA selection and prioritisation

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This presentation informs on Nationally Appropriate Mitigation Actions (NAMAs) and their potential role in the context of national Low Emissions Development Strategies (LEDS). It was held by Frauke Röser, Managing Consultant International Climate Policies at Ecofys, during the “Summer School of the International Partnership on Mitigation and MRV” that took place from 20-28 August 2013 in Hanoi, Vietnam.

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NAMA selection and prioritisation

  1. 1. Development of NAMA ideas based on national priorities MRV Summer School 2013 22/08/2013 Frauke Röser
  2. 2. © ECOFYS | | Overview >Brief overview of state of play of NAMAs >NAMAs in the context of LEDS >NAMA development process >Criteria for selection of NAMAs >Stakeholder involvement – lessons learned >Development Impact Assessment tool Frauke Röser22/08/2013
  3. 3. © ECOFYS | | Key aspects of a NAMA A NAMA is a voluntary intervention by a developing country government: > Which is in line with national and/or local development priorities > Which receives support from domestic and/or international sources > Which has effect on reducing GHG emissions either directly or indirectly > Which is measurable, reportable and verifiable ("MRVable") to ensure transparency of the NAMA outcomes 22/08/2013 Frauke Röser
  4. 4. © ECOFYS | | Status of NAMAs worldwide 22/08/2013 0 5 10 15 20 25 30 Concept Proposal/Planning Implementation Submitted to the UNFCCC NAMA Registry Source: Update Status Report on NAMAs 2013; www.nama-database.org Frauke Röser
  5. 5. © ECOFYS | | Linking planning to action 22/08/2013 Frauke Röser National Development Plans & Objectives Low Emissions Development Strategy Nationally Appropriate Mitigation Actions > LEDS can provide the umbrella or coherent policy framework to prioritise actions > Process can be bottum up or top down
  6. 6. © ECOFYS | | Low carbon development planning > Climate led approach – Mitigation options prioritised according to development benefits – Development co benefits > Development led approach – Development options ranked according to mitigation impact – Mitigation as co benefit > Country specific according to national circumstances > Full transformation to low carbon development pathway not proven yet > Not always win win – trade offs likely! 22/08/2013 Frauke Röser
  7. 7. © ECOFYS | |22/08/2013 • Policy priorities • Sector strategies • GHG profiles • Institutional set up • Stakeholder mapping Assessment of technical and political context • NAMA options/ ideas • Define criteria Selection and prioritisation of NAMAs • Barrier analysis • Actions/ measures • Finance • MRV • Implemenation Detailed NAMA develoment NAMA development process CONCEPTIDEA PROPOSAL Frauke Röser
  8. 8. © ECOFYS | | Policy Assessment > Sources of information: – National and regional government strategies & plans – Development plans/ LEDS – National Communications – TNAs/ Technology Action plans – Key sector strategies, plans and objectives – Existing mitigation activities – NAMA best practice examples > Identify policy priorities > Develop a set of NAMA ideas > Process: Ministry – Interministerial – Wider Stakeholders Frauke Röser22/08/2013
  9. 9. © ECOFYS | |22/08/2013 • Policy priorities • Sector strategies • GHG profiles • Institutional set up • Stakeholder mapping Assessment of technical and political context • NAMA options/ ideas • Selection criteria Selection and prioritisation of NAMAs • Barrier analysis • Actions/ measures • Finance • MRV • Implemenation Detailed NAMA develoment NAMA development process CONCEPTIDEA PROPOSAL Frauke Röser
  10. 10. © ECOFYS | | Selection and prioritisation > Review NAMA ideas/ options > Define selection criteria > Stakeholder engagement – Multi stakeholder processes important for input & buy in – Involve different parts and layers of government – Private sector, civil society, research community as appropriate > When to involve stakeholders? – Initial assessment? – To develop ideas? – To set criteria? – To review options? – For validation? Frauke Röser22/08/2013
  11. 11. © ECOFYS | | Criteria for selection of NAMAs 22/08/2013 Funders (additional): > Robust MRV system > Unilateral finance elements > Embedded in national policy > Private sector leverage > Replicability > Innovation Countries: >GHG reduction potential >Transformation potential >Development benefits >Cost >Ease of implementation >High level political support >Stakeholder support >Attractiveness to funders Frauke Röser
  12. 12. © ECOFYS | | Example: Prioritisation Process Chile 22/08/2013 > Multi stakeholder process > Prioritisation of NAMAs in the transport sector > Exercise to prioritise criteria for NAMAs > Exercise to discuss and priortise NAMA options Criteria Scoring GHG Reduction potential 33 Data availability, simplicity MRV 22 Stakeholder support 19 Economic attractiveness (donors, private sector 18 Cost of the NAMA 14 Non GHG benefits 9 Complexity of implementation 7 Existing activities which facilitate implementation 4 Other 13 Frauke Röser
  13. 13. © ECOFYS | | Lessons Learned > Involving stakeholders important to capture knowledge > Carefully manage expectations > Be clear on the role of stakeholders > What is the process? > Who takes decisions? > Ensure „right“ balance between different stakeholder groups > Bilateral consultation – input, concerns, sensitive issues > Multilateral meetings/ workshops > Awareness > Validation 22/08/2013 Frauke Röser
  14. 14. © ECOFYS | | DIA Tool 22/08/2013 Frauke Röser Climate Economic Social Environmentalimpact Abatementpotential2020 (ktCO2) Abatementcost2020 (USD/tCO2) Climateresilience GDP/macroeconomic impact Energysecurity Ruraleconomicimpact/ development Household/consumer impact Employment Energyaccess Health Education Gender IMPROVED COOKSTOVES LPG FOR COOKING PRODUCTIVE USES OF ENERGY (PUE) IMPROVED CHARCOAL PRODUCTION LANDFILL GAS GENERATION BIODIESEL PRODUCTION High Positive Positive Neutral / Minor impact Negative Uncertain + Options Source: ECN Climate and development indicators
  15. 15. © ECOFYS | | Example – Evaluation of impacts (Ghana) Frauke Röser22/08/2013 Source: ECN
  16. 16. © ECOFYS | | Conclusions > NAMA identification process can have many starting points > Start from what is already there > Involving stakeholders throughout is key > Trust > Ownership > Knowledge > But – coordination between stakholders can be complex > Capacity constraints > There may be conflicting priorities– trade offs > Technical assessments have limitations – political decisions > Strong (political) leadership important 22/08/2013 Frauke Röser
  17. 17. © ECOFYS | |© ECOFYS | |22/08/2013 Frauke Röser Thank you! Ecofys Germany GmbH International Climate Policies Am Karlsbad 11 10785 Berlin Germany Frauke Röser T: +49 (0)30 29773579-32 M: +49 (0)172 200 4129 E: f.roeser@ecofys.com

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