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Circular Economy Covenant 2022
Philip Harfield

‘We make ecodesign happen through
developing and delivering collaborative
...
Cycling resources embedded in systems
containing Light Emitting Diodes
recovery

Collaboration across the lifecycle
Demons...
why LEDs: necessary complexity!

• 7 materials
• Manufacturing energy 42MJ
(per 20M lumen-hours)
• Use energy 60W

Philip ...
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•

Why LEDs: critical materials!

Sapphire,
Gallium,
Aluminium,
Gold,
Silver,
Tin,
Indium,
Chr...
material
inputs
manufacture

recovery

preprocessing

cycLED

assembly
& market

use

collection
reuse

Philip Harfield 20...
material
inputs
manufacture

recovery
external
external

preprocessing

organisation
eco-i

assembly
& market

use

collec...
material
inputs
manufacture

recovery

preprocessing

eco-i

use

collection
reuse

Philip Harfield 2013

assembly
& marke...
eco-i

AT A COMPANYPhilip Harfield 2013
LEVEL
where are the
eco-i

pportunities ?

Philip Harfield 2013
eco-i

wh
benefits?
Philip Harfield 2013
eco-i

h

w

do we do this?
Philip Harfield 2013
WHAT ECO-I / CIRCULARITY MEANS WITHIN SUPPLY CHAIN?
WHAT ARE THE STAKEHOLDER MOTIVATIONS ALONG VALUE CHAIN?
WHERE ARE THE ...
reprocess

process

extract

supply

preprocess

deliver

EoL

re-sell
refurb

finish

assemble

eco-i

production

make

...
http://www.etaplighting.com/

Demonstration eco-innovation

Commercial (harsh environments):
Extended life focus

www.brau...
eco-innovation challenges:
•
•
•
•

Lifecycle on design brief: substitution vs. recycling
Recovering value: reuse vs. shre...
possible solutions
• Define collaborative landscape – what it looks like:
– pooled knowledge & solutions?
– shared costs &...
Philip Harfield
Ecodesign Centre
Senior Project Officer
phil@edcw.org
www.edcw.org/en/project/cycled

Philip Harfield 2013
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CE Covenant 2022 presentation - cycLED

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CE Covenant 2022 presentation - cycLED

  1. 1. Circular Economy Covenant 2022 Philip Harfield ‘We make ecodesign happen through developing and delivering collaborative multi-sectoral ecodesign projects’. Philip Harfield 2013
  2. 2. Cycling resources embedded in systems containing Light Emitting Diodes recovery Collaboration across the lifecycle Demonstrate eco-innovation through decoupling critical material consumption from the economic potential of LED technologies. Philip Harfield 2013
  3. 3. why LEDs: necessary complexity! • 7 materials • Manufacturing energy 42MJ (per 20M lumen-hours) • Use energy 60W Philip Harfield 2013 • 30+ materials (17 in LED chip) • Manufacturing energy 343 MJ (per 20M lumen-hours) • Use energy 12.5W (Source: DOE 2012, DEFRA 2009)
  4. 4. • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • Why LEDs: critical materials! Sapphire, Gallium, Aluminium, Gold, Silver, Tin, Indium, Chromium, Platinum, Cerium, Europium, Terbium, Yttrium, Silicone Carbide, Silicon Philip Harfield 2013 image: www.treehugger.com
  5. 5. material inputs manufacture recovery preprocessing cycLED assembly & market use collection reuse Philip Harfield 2013 TECHNICAL ISSUES
  6. 6. material inputs manufacture recovery external external preprocessing organisation eco-i assembly & market use collection reuse Philip Harfield 2013 NON-TECHNICAL ISSUES
  7. 7. material inputs manufacture recovery preprocessing eco-i use collection reuse Philip Harfield 2013 assembly & market
  8. 8. eco-i AT A COMPANYPhilip Harfield 2013 LEVEL
  9. 9. where are the eco-i pportunities ? Philip Harfield 2013
  10. 10. eco-i wh benefits? Philip Harfield 2013
  11. 11. eco-i h w do we do this? Philip Harfield 2013
  12. 12. WHAT ECO-I / CIRCULARITY MEANS WITHIN SUPPLY CHAIN? WHAT ARE THE STAKEHOLDER MOTIVATIONS ALONG VALUE CHAIN? WHERE ARE THE WEAK OR MISSING ‘LINKS’? supply make production sell Philip Harfield 2013 EoL eco-i consumption use reuse
  13. 13. reprocess process extract supply preprocess deliver EoL re-sell refurb finish assemble eco-i production make reuse consumption re-sell form deliver sell pack market Philip Harfield 2013 return use repair buy rebrand
  14. 14. http://www.etaplighting.com/ Demonstration eco-innovation Commercial (harsh environments): Extended life focus www.braun-lighting.com http://riva.sc/ http://www.ona.es/ Domestic: Philip Harfield 2013 End of Life focus (recovery) Street-lighting: Servicability focus Industrial: Product Service System
  15. 15. eco-innovation challenges: • • • • Lifecycle on design brief: substitution vs. recycling Recovering value: reuse vs. shredding vs. disassembly Technology foresight : hydro vs. pyro-metallurgy Open innovation: competitive environment prevents collaboration between organisations • Ambition & motivation: incremental technical innovation vs. radical business model innovation. • Business case: market demand for eco-innovation Rebound: application ‘innovation’ may offset any efficiency gains? Philip Harfield 2013
  16. 16. possible solutions • Define collaborative landscape – what it looks like: – pooled knowledge & solutions? – shared costs & value? – innovation platforms (within competitive arena)? • Develop valorisation models for repair and remanufacturing of existing materials1 • Develop evaluation criteria for successful eco-innovative products (success = product + systems value) • Development of technical design rules for critical resource efficient products & non-technical system rules for value chain! Philip Harfield 2013 (1. Wales And The Circular Economy, 2013)
  17. 17. Philip Harfield Ecodesign Centre Senior Project Officer phil@edcw.org www.edcw.org/en/project/cycled Philip Harfield 2013

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