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Transformed Landscapes
What lies beneath?
Constance Neely
Niger: A transformed agricultural landscape –
5 million hectares of farmer managed natural regeneration
Wet season millet production
What lies beneath?
• Recognition of the multiple
benefits of the Faidherbia albida
and other multi-purpose species
• Resea...
Tanzania - Shinyanga Ngitili System
500,000 hectares regenerated
Ngitili System - Shinyanga
What lies beneath?
• Severely degraded lands – due to
deforestation (tse-tse fly)
• Shinyanga Soil Conservation
project; N...
Zimbabwe
Photo credits: A. Savory
• Planned and controlled
grazing
• Timing not numbers of
animals
• Deep rooted diverse
perennial species
• Full soil cover...
What lies beneath?
• A visionary prepared to
challenge paradigms
• Addressing root causes
• Understanding among
livestock ...
What lies beneath?
• Access to productive inputs
• Agro-ecological approaches
• Investments in capacity
development – farm...
Photos: C. Leggett
Ecosystem Processes – managing the beneath…
Photos: C. Leggett
Solar Energy Flow
Biological Community D...
AfricaSoils.net
Sentinel Site locations
stratified by climate
Globally Integrated African Soil Information
Service (AfSIS)
• randomization to minimize local biases that might arise from convenience sampling
Sentinel site
surveillance
a spatially...
Carbon Sequestration Potential of
Four Land Use Systems
(Adapted from IPCC, 2000, Swaminathan, 2nd WAC, 2009)
0
100
200
30...
Improved Integrated Farming System
-20000
-15000
-10000
-5000
0
5000
10000
CO2-e Mg
Estimates Using Ex-ACT tool~4.5 Mg CO2...
What lies ahead?
• National Investment Strategies –
Cross-sectoral coordination and
multi-stakeholder processes
• Bridging...
Transformed Landscapes What lies beneath?
Transformed Landscapes What lies beneath?
Transformed Landscapes What lies beneath?
Transformed Landscapes What lies beneath?
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Transformed Landscapes What lies beneath?

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Constance Neely

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Transformed Landscapes What lies beneath?

  1. 1. Transformed Landscapes What lies beneath? Constance Neely
  2. 2. Niger: A transformed agricultural landscape – 5 million hectares of farmer managed natural regeneration
  3. 3. Wet season millet production
  4. 4. What lies beneath? • Recognition of the multiple benefits of the Faidherbia albida and other multi-purpose species • Research perfecting propogation methods, density, adaptation to farming systems • Grassroots village level institutional strengthening – access new knowledge on management systems • Policies - Niger government reform of forestry laws • National Agroforestry food security program (Malawi)
  5. 5. Tanzania - Shinyanga Ngitili System 500,000 hectares regenerated
  6. 6. Ngitili System - Shinyanga
  7. 7. What lies beneath? • Severely degraded lands – due to deforestation (tse-tse fly) • Shinyanga Soil Conservation project; National Agroforestry Research Centre • Grass roots leadership - close collaboration between farmers, scientists and local government • Implementation rooted in government structures allowing efforts to continue beyond project funding cycle
  8. 8. Zimbabwe Photo credits: A. Savory
  9. 9. • Planned and controlled grazing • Timing not numbers of animals • Deep rooted diverse perennial species • Full soil cover • Prohibit burning • Plan for drought in time and not space Photo credits: A. Savory
  10. 10. What lies beneath? • A visionary prepared to challenge paradigms • Addressing root causes • Understanding among livestock and wildlife stakeholders • Relevance to sustainable community development • Enhancing the value chain • Capacity development • Influence on future policies
  11. 11. What lies beneath? • Access to productive inputs • Agro-ecological approaches • Investments in capacity development – farmer leaders • Farmer cooperation (mingas) • Passing on the gift • Strong linkages with local and national government • Productivity
  12. 12. Photos: C. Leggett Ecosystem Processes – managing the beneath… Photos: C. Leggett Solar Energy Flow Biological Community DynamicsWater Cycle Nutrient Dynamics
  13. 13. AfricaSoils.net Sentinel Site locations stratified by climate Globally Integrated African Soil Information Service (AfSIS)
  14. 14. • randomization to minimize local biases that might arise from convenience sampling Sentinel site surveillance a spatially stratified, hierarchical, randomized sampling framework Sentinel site (100 km2) 16 Clusters (1 km2) 10 Plots (1000 m2) 4 Sub-Plots (100 m2)
  15. 15. Carbon Sequestration Potential of Four Land Use Systems (Adapted from IPCC, 2000, Swaminathan, 2nd WAC, 2009) 0 100 200 300 400 500 600 700 Agroforestry Grazing management Forest management Cropland management PotentialCarbonSequestrationby2040 (MtCy-1)
  16. 16. Improved Integrated Farming System -20000 -15000 -10000 -5000 0 5000 10000 CO2-e Mg Estimates Using Ex-ACT tool~4.5 Mg CO2-e/Ha/Yr
  17. 17. What lies ahead? • National Investment Strategies – Cross-sectoral coordination and multi-stakeholder processes • Bridging UN Conventions • Stronger linkages among research, practice, knowledge sharing and policy • Urban rural linkages – sustainable food and energy producing landscapes with Local government driving – (home grown…) • Assessments - Life cycle analysis, farming system and landscape level assessments - mitigation and adaptation potentials

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