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Application of Landscape Approaches in Latin America: Model Forests

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Agriculture, Food Security, and Climate Change EcoAgriculture Side Event November 5, 2010

Jose Joaquin Campos, Director General
John Beer, Director of Research and Development
Ronnie de Camino, President, Iberoamerican Model Forests Network
Fabrice De Clerck, Environmental Livestock Group
Tamara Benjamin, Agroecology Group

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Application of Landscape Approaches in Latin America: Model Forests

  1. 1. Application of Landscape Approaches in Latin America: Model Forests Agriculture, Food Security, and Climate Change EcoAgriculture Side Event November 5, 2010 Jose Joaquin Campos, Director General John Beer, Director of Research and Development Ronnie de Camino, President, Iberoamerican Model Forests Network Fabrice De Clerck, Environmental Livestock Group Tamara Benjamin, Agroecology Group
  2. 2. • Generate scientific knowledge related to needs in Latin America and the Caribbean • Form leaders capable of solving problems in a complex and changing world • Implement projects that contribute to agricultural development and conservation of natural resources • Contribute to public policy at municipal, national and international levels through scientific knowledge • Work in strategic alliances with more than 200 public and private partners • Serve as a regional platform for the development and implementation of local solutions for global priorities What we do
  3. 3. Sustainable livelihoods, landscapes, and ecosystems through system approaches 6. Collective action through local governance and comanagement 1. Agriculture and forestry systems 2 . Restoring degraded pasturelands 3 . Inclusive value chains 4. Economic and market- based instruments 5. Locally led biological corridors
  4. 4. A virtuous circle for sustainable development
  5. 5. What are Model Forests? A diversity of values on the landscape Partnerships working towards a common vision Developing and testing approaches to sustainability Networking and knowledge sharing
  6. 6. Model Forests: Key Attributes • Partnerships; • Commitment to sustainable development; • Landscape level (watershed or sub-watershed); • Scope of activities reflect stakeholder needs and values; • Transparent and accountable governance structure; • Commitment to networking: cooperation, sharing, and capacity-building.
  7. 7. Reventazón Model Forest
  8. 8. RMF: Biophysical Profile • Approx. 300,000 ha, 6% of CR landbase; • mid-upper slopes of the Reventazón watershed; • other watersheds – Pacuare and Tárcoles; • elevation of between 410m - 3500m; • avg. precip: N slopes 1500mm, S. half 7000mm; • 2 active volcanos - Irazú and Turrialba; • Holdridge zones: – premontane moist forest - montane rainforest - paramo • Land uses: – primary/ secondary forest, coffee, pasture, sugar, annual crops, horticulture, urban
  9. 9. Importance of Watershed • 11% of the total value of the country’s agricultural exports are produced • 38% of its hydroelectric energy • 50% of its cement • 50% of the water used by the metropolitan area of San José Photo: F. De Clerck
  10. 10. Portion of the Reventazon Model Forest
  11. 11. Photos: T. Benjamin, M. Decker • Vision: • “Communities, organizations and citizens working in an integrated manner to advance sustainable management of our natural resources in order to achieve a better quality of life for the habitants of the Reventazón Model Forest” • Objectives: • Strengthening local conservation initiatives, values. • Promoting governance mechanisms that facilitate greater participative management by stakeholders and consensus based decision-making. • Improving the quality of life for local people.
  12. 12. Key Stakeholds in Reventazon Model Forest • Local, provincial, and national government agencies – Ministry of Environment and Energy – Municipalities of Cartago – Sewage and Water services • Producers (Agriculture, Forests, Agroforestry) • Chamber of Commerce, Industry, Tourism, and Services • Donor groups • Educational system (elementary, high school, universities)
  13. 13. Photo: F. De Clerck
  14. 14. Support Participatory Processes Biological Corridors Management of Protected Areas Community Rural Agro Tourism Analog Forestry Municipal Environment Management
  15. 15. Biological Corridors
  16. 16. Management of Protected Areas
  17. 17. Community Rural Agrotourism
  18. 18. Analog Forestry Restoration of degraded areas Demonstration sites, including in technical high schools. Nursery establishment Training the trainers and innovative farmers
  19. 19. Municipality Environmental Management
  20. 20. Thank you Dank U

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