Waste management (EoH) ebadullah ppt

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Waste management (EoH) ebadullah ppt

  1. 1. MANAGEMENT OF SOLID WASTE FROM MUNICIPALITY By Dr. Ebadullah Hedayat 30/ 01/ 2012
  2. 2. OUTLINE OF THE PRESENTATION• Define solid waste• Different sources of solid waste• Municipality waste• Impact of solid waste on health• Waste management• Recommendations• Conclusion• References
  3. 3. INTRODUCTION Waste• Unwanted or useless material.• Also called as rubbish, trash refuse, garbage and junk.
  4. 4. SOURCES OF WASTESSolid waste Biomedical wasteLiquid waste Biodegradable wasteGaseous waste Commercial wasteIndustrial waste Business wasteHospital waste Consumable wasteAnimal waste Composite wasteConstruction waste Bulky wasteChemical waste Coffee waste water
  5. 5. SOURCES OF WASTES
  6. 6. BACKGROUND• Since the beginning Human kind has been generating waste BUT• With the progress of civilization the waste became of a more complex nature
  7. 7. SOLID WASTE Non liquid, non soluble materials ranging frommunicipal garbage to industrial waste that contain complex and sometime hazardous substances
  8. 8. TYPES OF SOLID WASTE• Municipal waste• Industrial waste• Biomedical waste
  9. 9. MUNICIPAL SOLID WASTE• Household waste• Construction waste• Sanitation waste• Waste from streets
  10. 10. EFFECTS OF SOLID WASTEHealth hazard• Create unhygienic conditions• Lead to outbreak of diseases• Spread of disease and loss of human lives• Occupational hazards
  11. 11. EFFECTS …….Environmental impact• Decomposition and putrefaction• hateful odors due to decomposition
  12. 12. WASTE MANAGEMENT• Four Rs concept ( Reduce, Reuse, Recycle, Refuse) Refuse
  13. 13. REFUSE• Use containers that are already at home• Refuse to buy the new item when they are not required
  14. 14. REUSE• If you cannot prevent waste then reuse
  15. 15. RECYCLE• Use shopping bags made of cloth which can be use over and over again
  16. 16. REDUCE• Reduce generation of unnecessary waste
  17. 17. CONTROL MEASURESThe main purpose of solid waste management is tominimize the adverse effects on the environment,by• Collection of solid wastes• Disposal of solid wastes• Utilization of wastes
  18. 18. CONTROL MEASURES…Collection of waste• Gathering the waste• Transporting to centralized locationDisposal of waste• Compaction• Incineration• Manual separation
  19. 19. CONTROL MEASURES…Utilization of waste• Conservation of natural resources• Economic development• Generate many useful product• Employment opportunities• Control of air pollution
  20. 20. CONCLUSION• Limited focus on control mechanism affecting on safety, health and environment• Inadequately enforcement of regulations• Lack of integrated solid waste management system• Involvement of private sector is ignored.• open burning and disposal of waste is common practice.
  21. 21. RECOMMENDATIONS• The involvement of people and public sector could improve the efficiency of solid waste management• Public awareness• House to house collection of waste• Availability of collections bins with enough capacity• Storage facility to avoid unhygienic and unsanitary conditions
  22. 22. ThanksAny Questions? 23

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