DON’T FALL INTO THE GAP
UnderstandingInformationLiteracyStruggles
BetweenHighSchool&HigherEd.
WeareImagineEasySolutions,
atinycompanywithbigideas.
How do students approach research?
EVERY 60 SECONDS:
1.8 million “likes”
“WhatHappensOnlinein60Seconds?”Qmee.
2,000,000 search queries
“WhatHappensOnlinein60Seconds?”Qmee.
278,000 tweets
“WhatHappensOnlinein60Seconds?”Qmee.
20 million Flickr views
“BridgingtheGap:PreparingHighSchoolStudentsforCollegeLevelResearch.”
“Highschoolstudentsareoftennotallowed
enoughtimetodoi...
“AreTheyReady?ExploringStudentInformationLiteracySkillsintheTransitionFromSecondarytoTertiaryEducation.”
Studentsoften“get...
19xmore databases
Academiclibrarieshave
thantheaveragehighschoollibrary.
9xmore books/journals
“LearningtheRopes:HowFreshm...
“AreTheyReady?ExploringStudentInformationLiteracySkillsintheTransitionFromSecondarytoTertiaryEducation.”
Collegefreshmenar...
40%ofcollegestudentshaveneverusedtheirlibrary'swebsite.
“PerceptionsofLibraries,2010:ContextandCommunity.”
Caseinpoint:
Ofthosewhohavenotusedit….	
  
23%believeotherwebsiteshavebetterinformation(!)	
  
“PerceptionsofLibraries,2010:ContextandC...
Wikipedia–8%
Yahoo!Answers–7%
eNotes–3%
Answers.com–3%
OPPapers–3%
“TheSourcesinStudentWriting–SecondaryEducation.Turnitin...
“TheSourcesinStudentWriting–HigherEducation.Turnitin.”
Wikipedia–11%
Oppapers–4%
SlideShare–4%
CourseHero–4%
Scribd–3%
Wha...
EasyBibdata.
What Students Think of Wikipedia
"BothSidesNow:LibrariansLookingatInformationLiteracyfromHighSchoolandCollege."
0	
  
10	
  
20	
  
30	
  
40	
  
50	
  
60...
0
2
4
6
8
10
12
14
16
18
Short
quotes
Longquotes In-text
citations
Relevance Useof
quotesas
filler
Recognize
publication
b...
But it’s not so bad!
“AreTheyReady?ExploringStudentInformationLiteracySkillsintheTransitionFromSecondarytoTertiaryEducation.”
Areas of Understa...
0
2
4
6
8
10
12
14
First-yearEnglishCompositionN=16 SeniorCapstoneN=16
“InformationLiteracyLearningOutcomesandStudentSucce...
“InformationLiteracyLearningOutcomesandStudentSuccess.”
Sources Used in Student Writing
Freshmen used:
•  LexisNexisAcadem...
Sources Used in Student Writing
Seniors used:
•  AcademicSearchPremier
•  Librarycatalog
•  JSTOR
•  MontanaRulesofCivilPr...
What can we do?
Therearesolutions!	
  
“Train the Trainers”
Informationliteracyforeducators
Why?
ü  CCSS
ü  Familiarity
ü  Comfort
levels
“BridgingtheGap:Prep...
Collaborate!
Highschoollearningoutcomes
“BridgingtheGapforInformationLiteracy:ConnectingHighSchools,CollegesandtheWorkforce.”
Common Gr...
•  DiscussionforumofK-12and
academics
•  DocumentcoveringILskillsbetween
H.S.andcollege
•  Sharedwithteachersandparents
• ...
•  Librarymediaspecialists
•  HighschoolEnglishteacher
•  Universitylibrarians
•  Instructionaldesigner
http://helios.webe...
“Bridging	
  the	
  Gap:	
  Preparing	
  High	
  School	
  Students	
  for	
  College	
  Level	
  Research.”	
  
Collabora...
Twitter
•  #infolit
•  #libchat
•  #highered
Connect!
LinkedIn
•  Groups
•  Followlocalcolleges
•  Exploreyournetwork
Connect!
List Servs
•  infolit-l
•  K-20collaboration
•  lists.ala.org/sympa
Connect!
Understand the Struggles
“Comingupwith
keywords”
“Sortingthrough
irrelevantresults”
“Identifyingand
selectingsources”
Cloud	
  made	
  using	
  Tagxedo	
  
In Summary
Works Cited
Ashbridge,Carole.BridgingtheGapforInformationLiteracy:ConnectingHighSchools,CollegesandtheWorkforce.Watertown,...
Works Cited
Nix,DonnaE.,MarianneHageman,andJaniceKragness.InformationLiteracyandtheTransitionfromHighSchooltoCollege.Publi...
Titleimage©UtahStateLibrary(Flickr,CCBY-NC-SA2.0)
Studentsinlibrary©MaryWoodard(Flickr,CCBY-NC-ND2.0)
GoogleLego©AntonioMa...
Emily Gover
emily@imagineeasy.com
@Emily_EasyBib
Rachel Wolfe
rachel@imagineeasy.com
(212)675-6738ext.019
Bibliography:
ti...
Don't Fall Into the Gap: Identifying Information Literacy Struggles Between High School & Higher Ed.
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Don't Fall Into the Gap: Identifying Information Literacy Struggles Between High School & Higher Ed.

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Research shows that college freshmen face a real challenge when they first conduct research at the college level. Despite their high levels of confidence, the reality is that many of them lack information literacy skills to find and access academic resources and scholarly information, in turn hindering their academic careers. Where are students struggling with information literacy? How are students using sources in higher ed? And how have K-12 librarians tackled this issue to better prepare their students for research in higher education? This informational presentation will discuss what we have learned from both external studies as well as our own data analysis from EasyBib's 40 million users.

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Don't Fall Into the Gap: Identifying Information Literacy Struggles Between High School & Higher Ed.

  1. 1. DON’T FALL INTO THE GAP UnderstandingInformationLiteracyStruggles BetweenHighSchool&HigherEd.
  2. 2. WeareImagineEasySolutions, atinycompanywithbigideas.
  3. 3. How do students approach research?
  4. 4. EVERY 60 SECONDS:
  5. 5. 1.8 million “likes” “WhatHappensOnlinein60Seconds?”Qmee.
  6. 6. 2,000,000 search queries “WhatHappensOnlinein60Seconds?”Qmee.
  7. 7. 278,000 tweets “WhatHappensOnlinein60Seconds?”Qmee.
  8. 8. 20 million Flickr views
  9. 9. “BridgingtheGap:PreparingHighSchoolStudentsforCollegeLevelResearch.” “Highschoolstudentsareoftennotallowed enoughtimetodoin-depthresearch. Studentsareoftentoldwhat to learn rather thanaskedtoconductself-directed research. StandardizedtestingattheK-12levelmakesit difficult for teachers toemphasize informationliteracyskills.”
  10. 10. “AreTheyReady?ExploringStudentInformationLiteracySkillsintheTransitionFromSecondarytoTertiaryEducation.” Studentsoften“getbywithGoogle”inhighschool.
  11. 11. 19xmore databases Academiclibrarieshave thantheaveragehighschoollibrary. 9xmore books/journals “LearningtheRopes:HowFreshmenConductCourseResearchOnceTheyEnterCollege.”
  12. 12. “AreTheyReady?ExploringStudentInformationLiteracySkillsintheTransitionFromSecondarytoTertiaryEducation.” Collegefreshmenareoverlyconfidentwithresearchskills. Badexperienceinthelibrary=lesslikelytouseit.
  13. 13. 40%ofcollegestudentshaveneverusedtheirlibrary'swebsite. “PerceptionsofLibraries,2010:ContextandCommunity.” Caseinpoint:
  14. 14. Ofthosewhohavenotusedit….   23%believeotherwebsiteshavebetterinformation(!)   “PerceptionsofLibraries,2010:ContextandCommunity.”
  15. 15. Wikipedia–8% Yahoo!Answers–7% eNotes–3% Answers.com–3% OPPapers–3% “TheSourcesinStudentWriting–SecondaryEducation.Turnitin.” Where are they going? 1! 2! 3! 4! 5! Secondary,2011-2012
  16. 16. “TheSourcesinStudentWriting–HigherEducation.Turnitin.” Wikipedia–11% Oppapers–4% SlideShare–4% CourseHero–4% Scribd–3% What are they citing? 1! 2! 3! 4! 5! HigherEd.,2011-2012
  17. 17. EasyBibdata. What Students Think of Wikipedia
  18. 18. "BothSidesNow:LibrariansLookingatInformationLiteracyfromHighSchoolandCollege." 0   10   20   30   40   50   60   70   80   0%-­‐20%   21%-­‐40%   41%-­‐60%   61%-­‐80%   81%-­‐100%   K-­‐12   Academic  
  19. 19. 0 2 4 6 8 10 12 14 16 18 Short quotes Longquotes In-text citations Relevance Useof quotesas filler Recognize publication bias Include Cultural context First-yearEnglishCompositionN=16 SeniorCapstoneN=16 “InformationLiteracyLearningOutcomesandStudentSuccess.”
  20. 20. But it’s not so bad!
  21. 21. “AreTheyReady?ExploringStudentInformationLiteracySkillsintheTransitionFromSecondarytoTertiaryEducation.” Areas of Understanding Boolean Operators • 38.6%understood“AND” functions Website Credibility • ~25%selected3correct characteristics • Almostallselectedat leastone
  22. 22. 0 2 4 6 8 10 12 14 First-yearEnglishCompositionN=16 SeniorCapstoneN=16 “InformationLiteracyLearningOutcomesandStudentSuccess.” Areas of Understanding
  23. 23. “InformationLiteracyLearningOutcomesandStudentSuccess.” Sources Used in Student Writing Freshmen used: •  LexisNexisAcademic •  QuickSearch(federatedsearch) •  AcademicSearchPremier •  Librarycatalog
  24. 24. Sources Used in Student Writing Seniors used: •  AcademicSearchPremier •  Librarycatalog •  JSTOR •  MontanaRulesofCivilProcedure •  ScienceDirect •  BusinessSearchPremier “InformationLiteracyLearningOutcomesandStudentSuccess.”
  25. 25. What can we do?
  26. 26. Therearesolutions!  
  27. 27. “Train the Trainers” Informationliteracyforeducators Why? ü  CCSS ü  Familiarity ü  Comfort levels “BridgingtheGap:PreparingHighSchoolStudentsforCollegeLevelResearch.”
  28. 28. Collaborate!
  29. 29. Highschoollearningoutcomes “BridgingtheGapforInformationLiteracy:ConnectingHighSchools,CollegesandtheWorkforce.” Common Ground Taskdefinition Sourceselection Informationaccess Makeconnections,drawconclusions Ethicalwritingandpresentation Reflectonresearch 1! 2! 3! 4! 5! 6!
  30. 30. •  DiscussionforumofK-12and academics •  DocumentcoveringILskillsbetween H.S.andcollege •  Sharedwithteachersandparents •  Visiteachother’slearning environments Academic   K-­‐12   Committees EasingtheHighSchooltoCollegeTransition:CreatinganInformationLiteracyContinuum.Educator'sSpotlightDigest.
  31. 31. •  Librarymediaspecialists •  HighschoolEnglishteacher •  Universitylibrarians •  Instructionaldesigner http://helios.weber.edu “HeLIOS:BridgingtheInformationLiteracyGapfromHighSchooltoUniversity.” Academic   K-­‐12   Curriculum Collaboration
  32. 32. “Bridging  the  Gap:  Preparing  High  School  Students  for  College  Level  Research.”   Collaborate! Visit academic libraries • LCclassification • Inter-libraryloan • Subjectspecialists • Breadthofresources • Virtualreference
  33. 33. Twitter •  #infolit •  #libchat •  #highered Connect!
  34. 34. LinkedIn •  Groups •  Followlocalcolleges •  Exploreyournetwork Connect!
  35. 35. List Servs •  infolit-l •  K-20collaboration •  lists.ala.org/sympa Connect!
  36. 36. Understand the Struggles “Comingupwith keywords” “Sortingthrough irrelevantresults” “Identifyingand selectingsources”
  37. 37. Cloud  made  using  Tagxedo   In Summary
  38. 38. Works Cited Ashbridge,Carole.BridgingtheGapforInformationLiteracy:ConnectingHighSchools,CollegesandtheWorkforce.Watertown,NY:Connections Abound,2010.PDF.http://connectionsabound.com/BridgingtheGap.pdf Bayliss,Sarah."StudentsWaryofWikipediaButStillUseforResearch,StudyFinds."SchoolLibraryJournal.LibraryJournal,1Oct.2013.Web.25Apr.2014. <http://www.slj.com/2013/10/research/easybib-survey-students-wary-of-wikipedia-but-still-use-for-research/#_>. DeRosa,Cathy,JoanneCantrell,MatthewCarlson,PeggyGallagher,JanetHawk,andCharlotteSturtz.PerceptionsofLibraries,2010:Contextand Community.Rep.Ed.BradGauder.OCLC,2011.Web.29Mar.2012. EasyBibStudentSurvey.June2013.Rawdata.ImagineEasySolutions,LLC,NewYork,NY. Head,AlisonJ.,andMichaelB.Eisenberg.TruthBeTold:HowCollegeStudentsEvaluateandUseInformationintheDigitalAge.Seattle:Project InformationLiteracy,1Nov.2010.PDF.http://projectinfolit.org/images/pdfs/pil_fall2010_survey_fullreport1.pdf Head,AlisonJ.LearningtheRopes:HowFreshmenConductCourseResearchOnceTheyEnterCollege.Rep.ProjectInformationLiteracy,5Dec.2013. Web.13Feb.2014. Kasowitz-Scheer,Abby.EasingtheHighSchooltoCollegeTransition:CreatinganInformationLiteracyContinuum.Educator'sSpotlightDigest,Winter 2007.PDF.http://www.informationliteracy.org/users_data/admin/V2I1-college.pdf Kinikin,JaNae.HeLIOS:BridgingtheInformationLiteracyGapfromHighSchooltoUniversity.Ogden,UT:WeberStateUniversity,21Apr.2010.PDF.http:// www.mpla.us/documents/handouts/2010/kinikin.pdf LearningtheRopes:HowFreshmenConductCourseResearchOnceTheyEnterCollege.Rep.ProjectInformationLiteracy,5Dec.2013.Web.16Apr.2014. <http://projectinfolit.org/images/pdfs/pil_2013_freshmenstudy_fullreport.pdf>.
  39. 39. Works Cited Nix,DonnaE.,MarianneHageman,andJaniceKragness.InformationLiteracyandtheTransitionfromHighSchooltoCollege.Publication.UniversityofSt. Thomas,Minnesota,1June2011.Web.25Sept.2013. Salisbury,Fiona,andSharonKarasmanis."AreTheyReady?ExploringStudentInformationLiteracySkillsintheTransitionfromSecondarytoTertiary Education."AustralianAcademic&ResearchLibraries41.1(2011):43-58.Print. Samson,Sue."InformationLiteracyLearningOutcomesandStudentSuccess."TheJournalofAcademicLibrarianship36.3(2010):202-10.ScienceDirect. Web.2Mar.2013. Schein,Christine,LindaConway,RebeccaHarner,SueByerley,andShelleyHarper."BridgingtheGap:PreparingHighSchoolStudentsforCollegeLevel Research."ColoradoLibraries36.1(2011).2011.Web.25Sept.2013.http://coloradolibrariesjournal.org/content/bridging-gap-preparing-high- school-students-college-level-research Schroeder,Robert."BothSidesNow:LibrariansLookingatInformationLiteracyfromHighSchoolandCollege."Educator'sSpotlightDigest4.1(2009):5 Pp.ERIC.Web.28Mar.2013. TheSourcesinStudentWriting–HigherEducation.Rep.Turnitin,Jan.2013.Web.17Jan.2013.http://pages.turnitin.com/ sources_in_writing_he_2012.html TheSourcesinStudentWriting–SecondaryEducation.Rep.Turnitin,Jan.2013.Web.17Jan.2013.<http://pages.turnitin.com/ sources_in_writing_sec_2012.html> "WhatHappensOnlinein60Seconds?[Infographic]."Qmee.Qmee,24July2013.Web.25Sept.2013.<http://blog.qmee.com/qmee-online-in-60- seconds/>.
  40. 40. Titleimage©UtahStateLibrary(Flickr,CCBY-NC-SA2.0) Studentsinlibrary©MaryWoodard(Flickr,CCBY-NC-ND2.0) GoogleLego©AntonioManfredonio(Flickr,CCBY-SA2.0) Twitter©ScottBeale(Flickr,BYCC-NC-ND2.0) Photographer©Wikicommonuser(WikimediaCommons,CCBY-SA2.5) Studentsatcomputer©BerkeleyLab(Flickr,CCBY-NC-ND2.0) Studentsinclassroom©BardCollegeatSimon’sRock(Flickr,CCBY-NC2.0) Femalestudentwithlaptop©CollegeDegrees360(Flickr,CCBY-SA2.0) Femalestudentinstacks©TulanePublicRelations(Flickr,CCBY2.0) Frustrated©SybrenStüvel(Flickr,CCBY-NC-ND2.0) Thumbsup©SarahReid(Flickr,CCBY2.0) Malestudentwithcomputer©ThompsonRiversUniversity(Flickr,CCBY-NC-SA2.0) Handwriting©(Flickr,CCBY-SA2.0) Collaboration ©JosieHolford(Flickr,CCBY-NC-ND2.0) Questionmark©StefanBaudy(Flickr,Attribution2.0GenericCCLicense) Researchbox-man©NomadicLass(Flickr,CCBY-SA2.0) Socialmedia©JasonHowie(Flickr,CCBY2.0) Allotherimagesarepublicdomain. Image References
  41. 41. Emily Gover emily@imagineeasy.com @Emily_EasyBib Rachel Wolfe rachel@imagineeasy.com (212)675-6738ext.019 Bibliography: tinyurl.com/NYLASSLeasybib content.easybib.com Thank you!

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