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Networking Standards
Networking Standards Organizations• Standards: documented agreements containing  technical specifications or other precise...
IEEE• Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers• International society composed of engineering  professionals• Goa...
ISO• International Organization for Standardization• Collection of organization standards representing  146 countries• Goa...
ANSI• American National Standards Institute (ANSI)   – Composed of more than a thousand     representatives from industry ...
EIA and TIA• Electronic Industries Alliance (EIA): Trade  organization composed of representatives from  electronics manuf...
ITU• International Telecommunication Union• Regulates international telecommunications:   – Radio and TV frequencies   – S...
ISOC• Internet Society• Professional membership society that helps to  establish technical standards for the Internet• Ove...
IANA and ICANN• Internet Protocol (IP) addresses: Addresses used to  identify computers on the Internet and other TCP/IP- ...
IANA and ICANN• In late 1990s U.S. Department of Commerce (DOC)  overhauled IP addressing and domain name  management• Int...
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Networking standards

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Networking standards

  1. 1. Networking Standards
  2. 2. Networking Standards Organizations• Standards: documented agreements containing technical specifications or other precise criteria stipulating how particular products or services should be designed or performed – Define minimum acceptable performance• Many different organizations have evolved to oversee computer industry’s standards
  3. 3. IEEE• Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers• International society composed of engineering professionals• Goals are to promote development and education in electrical engineering and computer science• IEEE technical papers and standards are highly respected in the networking profession – Can purchase IEEE documents online from IEEE’s Web site (www.ieee.org)
  4. 4. ISO• International Organization for Standardization• Collection of organization standards representing 146 countries• Goal is to establish international technological standards to facilitate global exchange of information and barrier-free trade• Fewer than 300 of ISO’s more than 14,350 standards apply to computer-related products and functions
  5. 5. ANSI• American National Standards Institute (ANSI) – Composed of more than a thousand representatives from industry and government – Represents United States in setting international standards• ANSI standards documents available: – ANSI’s Web site (www.ansi.org) – At university or public libraries
  6. 6. EIA and TIA• Electronic Industries Alliance (EIA): Trade organization composed of representatives from electronics manufacturing firms across US – Sets standards for its members – Helps write ANSI standards – Lobbies for legislation favorable to growth of computer and electronics industries• Telecommunications Industry Association (TIA): Focuses on standards for information technology (IT), wireless, satellite, fiber optics, and telephone equipment
  7. 7. ITU• International Telecommunication Union• Regulates international telecommunications: – Radio and TV frequencies – Satellite and telephony specifications – Networking infrastructure – Tariffs applied to global communications• Typically, documents pertain more to global telecommunications issues than to industry technical specifications
  8. 8. ISOC• Internet Society• Professional membership society that helps to establish technical standards for the Internet• Oversees groups with specific missions: – Internet Architecture Board (IAB): Technical advisory group of researchers and professionals • Interested in overseeing Internet’s design and management – Internet Engineering Task Force (IETF): Sets standards for how systems communicate over the Internet • How protocols operate and interact
  9. 9. IANA and ICANN• Internet Protocol (IP) addresses: Addresses used to identify computers on the Internet and other TCP/IP- based networks• Internet Assigned Numbers Authority (IANA): Used to keep records of available and reserved IP addresses and determines how addresses were doled out – In 1997, coordinated efforts with three Regional Internet Registries (RIRs) • Not-for-profit agency that manages distribution of IP addresses to private and public entities
  10. 10. IANA and ICANN• In late 1990s U.S. Department of Commerce (DOC) overhauled IP addressing and domain name management• Internet Corporation for Assigned Names and Numbers (ICANN): Ultimately responsible for IP addressing and domain name management – IANA still performs system administration• Individuals and businesses lease addresses from Internet Service Provider (ISP) – Business providing access to Internet and other services

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