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RRadiological examination of theadiological examination of the
breast and genital organsbreast and genital organs
Radiation methods research breast diseasesRadiation methods research breast diseases
1.1.X-ray:X-ray:
-Mammography-Mammogr...
Algorithm of ray examination of patients withAlgorithm of ray examination of patients with
pathology BREAST:pathology BREA...
X-ray methods:X-ray methods:
MammographyMammography, performed on apparatus -, performed on apparatus -
mammographs. Indic...
SponsoredSponsored
Medical Lecture Notes –Medical Lecture Notes – All SubjectsAll Subjects
USMLE Exam (America) –USMLE Exa...
Digital mammographyDigital mammography - a new method for diagnosis of- a new method for diagnosis of
BREAST, which lets y...
MammographyMammography
MammographyMammography
BREAST-cancerBREAST-cancer
MammographyMammography
BREAST-cancerBREAST-cancer
MRI (breast cancer)MRI (breast cancer)
Ultrasound methodsUltrasound methods
Indications for test:Indications for test:
-Differential diagnosis of cysts and solid...
UltrasoundUltrasound
BREAST-cancerBREAST-cancer
UltrasoundUltrasound
benign tumorbenign tumor
UltrasoundUltrasound
CystCyst
UltrasoundUltrasound
Gynecomastia male breastsGynecomastia male breasts
Radionuclide methodsRadionuclide methods
Scintigraphy is used as an additionalScintigraphy is used as an additional
method...
The use of CT is limited due to a large radiationThe use of CT is limited due to a large radiation
exposure to BREASTexpos...
Radiation anatomy of the breastRadiation anatomy of the breast
The breast is a paired organ, consisting ofThe breast is a ...
Radiation researchRadiation research of genitals of genitals
The main and often end imaging method The main and often end ...
Indications:Indications:
  -detailed examination of the situation, form, size and -detailed examination of the situation, ...
Radiation semiotics diseases of theRadiation semiotics diseases of the
genital organsgenital organs
Radiation semiotics di...
Diseases of the uterineDiseases of the uterine
-Mioma -most common benign tumor. Well diagnosed by -Mioma -most common ben...
UltrasoundUltrasound
   transrectal examination of the prostate  transrectal examination of the prostate 
UltrasoundUltrasound
 transrectal (cyst) transrectal (cyst)
UltrasoundUltrasound
  transrectal examination of the prostate transrectal examination of the prostate 
UltrasoundUltrasound
 transabdominal examination of the prostate transabdominal examination of the prostate
UltrasoundUltrasound
 transabdominal examination of the prostate transabdominal examination of the prostate
prostate cance...
UltrasoundUltrasound
testistestis
Norma CancerNorma Cancer
MRIMRI
prostate cancerprostate cancer
Primary imaging methods for the study ofPrimary imaging methods for the study of
uterine appendages isuterine appendages i...
MetrosalpingographyMetrosalpingography
MetrosalpingographyMetrosalpingography
Endometrial hyperplasia,
endometrial polyps . Women is
infertile 5 years.
Ultrasound
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Radiological examination of breast & Genital organs

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Radiological examination of breast & Genital organs

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Radiological examination of breast & Genital organs

  1. 1. RRadiological examination of theadiological examination of the breast and genital organsbreast and genital organs
  2. 2. Radiation methods research breast diseasesRadiation methods research breast diseases 1.1.X-ray:X-ray: -Mammography-Mammography -Ductography-Ductography -Pneumocystography-Pneumocystography 2.Ultrasound2.Ultrasound 3.Radinuclidic examination3.Radinuclidic examination -Mammoscintigraphy-Mammoscintigraphy -PET-PET 5.MRI5.MRI 6. CT6. CT
  3. 3. Algorithm of ray examination of patients withAlgorithm of ray examination of patients with pathology BREAST:pathology BREAST: 1st stage, mammography, ultrasound,1st stage, mammography, ultrasound, 2nd stage-Fine needle aspiration biopsy2nd stage-Fine needle aspiration biopsy 3rd stage, depending on the results of previous stages,3rd stage, depending on the results of previous stages, ductography, mammoscintigraphy, MRI, CT.ductography, mammoscintigraphy, MRI, CT. First performed physical examination of breast,First performed physical examination of breast, consisting of inspection and palpation. For a correct viewconsisting of inspection and palpation. For a correct view of breast divided into 4 quadrants-upperlateral,of breast divided into 4 quadrants-upperlateral, uppermedial, lowerlateral, lowermedial.uppermedial, lowerlateral, lowermedial.
  4. 4. X-ray methods:X-ray methods: MammographyMammography, performed on apparatus -, performed on apparatus - mammographs. Indications for screening mammography:mammographs. Indications for screening mammography: 1.1.BREAST-cancer in close relativesBREAST-cancer in close relatives 2.2. Age 40 years and overAge 40 years and over 3. BREAST-hormonal hyperplasia3. BREAST-hormonal hyperplasia 4. Endocrine disorders (thyroid disease, diabetes)4. Endocrine disorders (thyroid disease, diabetes) 5. Reproductive disorders (abortion, first birth after 30 years ,5. Reproductive disorders (abortion, first birth after 30 years , infertility)infertility) 6. Disease of the reproductive organs (ovaries and uterine tumors,6. Disease of the reproductive organs (ovaries and uterine tumors, inflammatory disease, menstrual dysfunction)inflammatory disease, menstrual dysfunction) If there are three or more factors of the patient should beIf there are three or more factors of the patient should be referred for a mammography.referred for a mammography.
  5. 5. SponsoredSponsored Medical Lecture Notes –Medical Lecture Notes – All SubjectsAll Subjects USMLE Exam (America) –USMLE Exam (America) – PracticePractice
  6. 6. Digital mammographyDigital mammography - a new method for diagnosis of- a new method for diagnosis of BREAST, which lets you analyze mammograms fromBREAST, which lets you analyze mammograms from screen monitor at specialized workstation.screen monitor at specialized workstation. DuctographyDuctography performed after mammography. Thisperformed after mammography. This method of X-ray BREAST using artificial contrasting milkmethod of X-ray BREAST using artificial contrasting milk ducts.ducts. Into the milk ducts injected 0.5-1 ml of water-solubleInto the milk ducts injected 0.5-1 ml of water-soluble contrastcontrast Indications for ductography -all cases of abnormalIndications for ductography -all cases of abnormal secretion from the nipplesecretion from the nipple PNEUMOCYSTOGRAPHYPNEUMOCYSTOGRAPHY A diagnostic cysts BREAST. Making a punction of a cystA diagnostic cysts BREAST. Making a punction of a cyst and remove its contents, then fill cyst cavity with gasand remove its contents, then fill cyst cavity with gas and make picturues. Gas dissolves in 7-10 days. Oftenand make picturues. Gas dissolves in 7-10 days. Often after cyst treated.after cyst treated.
  7. 7. MammographyMammography
  8. 8. MammographyMammography BREAST-cancerBREAST-cancer
  9. 9. MammographyMammography BREAST-cancerBREAST-cancer
  10. 10. MRI (breast cancer)MRI (breast cancer)
  11. 11. Ultrasound methodsUltrasound methods Indications for test:Indications for test: -Differential diagnosis of cysts and solid-Differential diagnosis of cysts and solid tumors determined during palpationtumors determined during palpation - evaluation of unexplained seals in the- evaluation of unexplained seals in the breastbreast -correction of the needle movement-correction of the needle movement during fine needle biopsy of tumorsduring fine needle biopsy of tumors -monitoring of implanted prosthesis-monitoring of implanted prosthesis
  12. 12. UltrasoundUltrasound BREAST-cancerBREAST-cancer
  13. 13. UltrasoundUltrasound benign tumorbenign tumor
  14. 14. UltrasoundUltrasound CystCyst
  15. 15. UltrasoundUltrasound Gynecomastia male breastsGynecomastia male breasts
  16. 16. Radionuclide methodsRadionuclide methods Scintigraphy is used as an additionalScintigraphy is used as an additional method of diagnosis of difficultmethod of diagnosis of difficult mammogramsmammograms Indications for the method are:Indications for the method are: -Determination of damage of parasternal-Determination of damage of parasternal and axillaries lymph nodesand axillaries lymph nodes -Determination of sentry lymph node-Determination of sentry lymph node -Monitoring of chemotherapy treatment-Monitoring of chemotherapy treatment
  17. 17. The use of CT is limited due to a large radiationThe use of CT is limited due to a large radiation exposure to BREASTexposure to BREAST BREAST MRIBREAST MRI is used as a addition to traditionalis used as a addition to traditional methods in the diagnosis of problematic cases andmethods in the diagnosis of problematic cases and questionable data from BREAST mammography, afterquestionable data from BREAST mammography, after surgery, implant dentures, nodal formations in women ofsurgery, implant dentures, nodal formations in women of any age.any age.
  18. 18. Radiation anatomy of the breastRadiation anatomy of the breast The breast is a paired organ, consisting ofThe breast is a paired organ, consisting of particles of fat tissue in which theparticles of fat tissue in which the glandular tissue with milk ducts. Examineglandular tissue with milk ducts. Examine BREAST is better at 7-10 day of menstrualBREAST is better at 7-10 day of menstrual cycle. Most common diseases are:cycle. Most common diseases are: -Fibroadenoma, a benign tumor-Fibroadenoma, a benign tumor -Lipoma, a benign tumor of adipose tissue-Lipoma, a benign tumor of adipose tissue -Cysts - simple and atypical-Cysts - simple and atypical - BREAST-cancer- BREAST-cancer
  19. 19. Radiation researchRadiation research of genitals of genitals The main and often end imaging method The main and often end imaging method  is ultrasoundis ultrasound Transabdominal ultrasound is a screening Transabdominal ultrasound is a screening  method, to evaluate the approximate method, to evaluate the approximate  position, size and structure of the  position, size and structure of the   genitals. Transvaginal (for female genitals) genitals. Transvaginal (for female genitals)   Transrectal ultrasound (for prostate) - are  Transrectal ultrasound (for prostate) - are  the main methods. the main methods.  Transvaginal ultrasound is not performed to girls Transvaginal ultrasound is not performed to girls  who have not  sexual life.who have not  sexual life.
  20. 20. Indications:Indications:   -detailed examination of the situation, form, size and -detailed examination of the situation, form, size and  structure of genitalsstructure of genitals   -Inability to hold urine-Inability to hold urine -Obesity-Obesity -Suspected prostate cancer-Suspected prostate cancer -Menopause-Menopause -Suspected ectopic pregnancy-Suspected ectopic pregnancy -Metastases in the skeleton found by other methods-Metastases in the skeleton found by other methods MRIMRI is prescribed for doubtful ultrasound.  is prescribed for doubtful ultrasound. 
  21. 21. Radiation semiotics diseases of theRadiation semiotics diseases of the genital organsgenital organs Radiation semiotics diseases of the genital organsRadiation semiotics diseases of the genital organs 1-Syndrome of  prostate enlargement- manifested difficult 1-Syndrome of  prostate enlargement- manifested difficult  urination. Reasons are : inflammation of the prostate, urination. Reasons are : inflammation of the prostate,  adenoma, cancer. The main method of diagnosis is adenoma, cancer. The main method of diagnosis is  ultrasoundultrasound 2-Abnormal scrotum-indications for radiation research are:2-Abnormal scrotum-indications for radiation research are: -Increase of testis-Increase of testis -Formation in the of scrotal-Formation in the of scrotal -Pain-Pain --Male infertilityMale infertility -Trauma-Trauma Syndrome of pathological enlargement of testis - Syndrome of pathological enlargement of testis -  observed in the presence of simple and atypical cysts, observed in the presence of simple and atypical cysts,  malignant tumors. For the diagnosis is ultrasound.malignant tumors. For the diagnosis is ultrasound.
  22. 22. Diseases of the uterineDiseases of the uterine -Mioma -most common benign tumor. Well diagnosed by -Mioma -most common benign tumor. Well diagnosed by  ultrasound. When questionable data prescribed MRI, CTultrasound. When questionable data prescribed MRI, CT -Endometrial hyperplasia is a preview of metrorrhagia, -Endometrial hyperplasia is a preview of metrorrhagia,  especially in menopause. Diagnostic ultrasound method especially in menopause. Diagnostic ultrasound method  for detecting endometrial thickness and structure. Crucial for detecting endometrial thickness and structure. Crucial  in the diagnosis is histological study.in the diagnosis is histological study.       For the diagnosis is made For the diagnosis is made transvaginal ultrasoundtransvaginal ultrasound..
  23. 23. UltrasoundUltrasound    transrectal examination of the prostate  transrectal examination of the prostate 
  24. 24. UltrasoundUltrasound  transrectal (cyst) transrectal (cyst)
  25. 25. UltrasoundUltrasound   transrectal examination of the prostate transrectal examination of the prostate 
  26. 26. UltrasoundUltrasound  transabdominal examination of the prostate transabdominal examination of the prostate
  27. 27. UltrasoundUltrasound  transabdominal examination of the prostate transabdominal examination of the prostate prostate cancer germination of the bladder wallprostate cancer germination of the bladder wall
  28. 28. UltrasoundUltrasound testistestis Norma CancerNorma Cancer
  29. 29. MRIMRI prostate cancerprostate cancer
  30. 30. Primary imaging methods for the study ofPrimary imaging methods for the study of uterine appendages isuterine appendages is metrosalpingographymetrosalpingography-provides a picture-provides a picture of the uterus and fallopian tubes afterof the uterus and fallopian tubes after introduction of contrast agents. Producedintroduction of contrast agents. Produced under strict indicationsunder strict indications -In the case of infertility to assess tubes-In the case of infertility to assess tubes -Anomalies of the uterus-Anomalies of the uterus indicator tube patency is out of contrastindicator tube patency is out of contrast into the abdominal cavityinto the abdominal cavity
  31. 31. MetrosalpingographyMetrosalpingography
  32. 32. MetrosalpingographyMetrosalpingography Endometrial hyperplasia, endometrial polyps . Women is infertile 5 years.
  33. 33. Ultrasound

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