Pure Power - Wind Energy Targets from 2020 and 2030

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This updated edition of Pure Power once again shows the huge contribution wind energy already makes – and will increasingly make – to meeting Europe’s electricity demand and strengthening its economy, and to avoiding polluting and costly fuel and carbon. Contents: Wind energy currently meets 5.3% of the EU’s electricity consumption from an installed capacity of 84.3 GW. The European Wind Energy Association’s scenarios show that wind energy in 2020 should meet 15.7% of EU electricity demand from 230 GW, and by 2030, 28.5% from 400 GW. Indeed, EWEA believes wind energy can provide half of Europe’s power by 2050, with the remainder from other renewable sources. To ensure the continued buoyancy of the wind energy sector and the path to 100% renewables in 2050, EU renewables legislation is needed now for the period after 2020. This should follow the successful legislation so far by setting an ambitious, binding renewables target for 2030.

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Pure Power - Wind Energy Targets from 2020 and 2030

  1. 1. Pure PowerWind energy targets for 2020 and 2030
  2. 2. EWEA High Scenario for the EU Finland Sweden Estonia Average MW that need Latvia to be installed per year Denmark in high scenario: Lithuania Ireland 2,000-3,000 Netherlands U. K. Poland 1,000-2,000 Germany Belgium Luxembourg Czech 250-1,000 Republic Slovakia 0-250 Austria Hungary France Slovenia Romania Italy Bulgaria Portugal Spain Greece Cyprus
  3. 3. wind power installed in Europeby end 2010 (cumulative) Faroe Islands 4 Finland 197 Sweden Norway 2,163 441 Estonia 149 Russia European Union: Latvia 9 Denmark 31 84,324 MW 3,798 Lithuania 154 Netherlands Candidate countries: 2,245 Ireland 1,418 MW Ireland 1,428 U. K. 1,428 5,204 Poland Belgium 911 Germany 1,107 EFTA: 27,214 Luxembourg 478 MW 42 Czech Republic Ukraine 215 87 Slovakia Total Europe: Austria 3 86,321 MW 1,011 Hungary France Switzerland 42 295 5,660 Slovenia Romania 0 Croatia 89 462 Italy 5,797 Bulgaria 375 Portugal 3,898 Spain 20,676 Greece Turkey 1,208 1,329 Malta 0 Cyprus 82
  4. 4. Member State 2010 wind power capacityand share of total EU capacity Greece 1,208 1% Other 5,033 6% Other Ireland 1,428 2% Poland 1,107 Sweden 2,163 3% Austria 1,011 Netherlands 2,245 3% Belgium 911 Denmark 3,798 4% Romania 462 Bulgaria 375 Portugal 3,898 5% Hungary 295 Germany 27,214 32% Czech Republic 215 Finland 197 UK 5,204 6% Lithuania 154 Estonia 149 Cyprus 82 France 5,660 7% Spain 20,676 24% Luxembourg 42 Latvia 31 Italy 5,797 7% Slovakia 3 Malta 0 TOTAL: 84,324 Slovenia 0
  5. 5. Germany, Spain and Denmark’sshare of the EU market (2002 – 2010) 100% 679 90% 1,190 1,727 80% 2,609 3,357 3,779 5,764 70% 4,985 5,959 60% 50% 5,234 40% 4,272 4,112 30% 3,595 5,178 3,840 4,735 20% 3,277 3,373 10% 0% 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 Germany, Spain, Denmark Rest of EU
  6. 6. Offshore wind power Installed in 2010 (MW) Total at end 2010 (MW) United Kingdom 458 1,341 Denmark 207 854 Netherlands 0 247 Belgium 165 195 Sweden 0 164 Germany 50 92 Finland 2 26 Ireland 0 25 Total EU 883 2,944 Norway 0 2.3 China 102 102 Total World 985 3,048
  7. 7. Annual and cumulative installedEU offshore capacity (MW) 3,000 2,944 2,500 2,061 2,000 1,479 1,500 1,106 1,000 883 787 695 605 582 515 500 373 318 256 259 170 90 90 93 51 86 5 5 0 5 0 5 2 7 5 12 17 29 0 29 3 32 0 32 4 36 0 1991 1992 1993 1994 1995 1996 1997 1998 1999 2000 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 Total annual Total cumulative Source: EWEA, GWEC and International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA)
  8. 8. Wind energy’s share of national electricitydemand at end 2010 Denmark 25.6% Portugal 15.5% Spain 15.0% Ireland 12.9% Germany 8.0% EU-27 5.3% Greece 4.3% Netherlands 4.1% United Kingdom 3.7% EU average Estonia 3.5% Sweden 3.2% 5.3% Italy 3.2% Austria 2.8% Lithuania 2.7% Belgium 2.3% France 2.3% Bulgaria 2.1% Romania 1.7% Poland 1.6% Hungary 1.5% Luxembourg 1.1% Latvia 0.9% Czech Republic 0.6% Finland 0.5% Slovakia 0.0% Slovenia 0.0% Malta 0.0% Cyprus 0.0% 0% 5% 10% 15% 20% 25% 30% Source: EWEA, GWEC and International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA)
  9. 9. Global Cumulative Wind Power Capacity (1996-2010) (GW) 200 180 160 84.3 140 120 75.1 100 64.7 80 56.5 60 112.7 48 40 40.5 83.8 34.4 55.6 28.5 20 23.1 37.3 17.3 26 9.7 12.9 18.6 3.5 4.8 6.5 8 10.9 13.2 2.6 2.8 3.7 3.9 4.5 6.6 0 1996 1997 1998 1999 2000 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 Total 6.1 7.6 10.2 13.6 17.4 23.9 31.1 39.4 47.6 59.1 74.1 93.8 120.3 158.9 197.0 Rest of the world EU Source: “Global wind report – annual market update 2010” – GWEC 2011; EWEA 2011
  10. 10. Global annual wind power capacity(1996-2010) 45 40 35 10.5 9.3 30 25 8.3 20 15 8.5 28.3 28.9 7.6 10 18.3 6.2 5 5.5 5.8 11.3 4.4 5.9 7.7 3.2 5.3 1.7 3.2 2.7 2.4 1 1.3 0.8 2.1 1.4 0 0.3 0.3 0.2 0.6 1996 1997 1998 1999 2000 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 Total 1.3 1.6 2.5 3.4 3.8 6.5 7.3 8.2 8.2 11.5 15.3 19.8 26.6 38.8 38.2 Rest of the world EU Source: “Global wind report – annual market update 2010” – GWEC 2011; EWEA 2011 9
  11. 11. Global wind power developmentcompared to nuclear development 250 45 Global cumulative wind power Global cumulative nuclear power 40 200 Global annual nuclear power Global annual wind power 35 30 150 25 20 100 15 50 10 5 0 0 1961 1962 1963 1964 1965 1966 1967 1968 1969 1970 1971 1972 1973 1974 1975 1976 1977 1978 1979 1980 1991 1992 1993 1994 1995 1996 1997 1998 1999 2000 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2 2.3 2.8 3.5 4.8 6.1 7.6 10.2 13.6 17.4 23.9 31.1 39.4 47.6 59.1 74.1 93.8 120.3 158.9 197 1 2.1 2.5 3.5 5.7 7.3 9.4 10.4 14.1 17.6 24.3 33 43.7 61 70.4 84 96.4 111.9 117.8 133 0.0 1.0 0.5 1.0 1.9 1.5 2.2 1.0 3.7 3.4 7.7 8.9 12.7 17.1 10.2 14.3 13.2 15.8 6.9 15.1 0.3 0.3 0.5 0.7 1.3 1.3 1.5 2.5 3.4 3.8 6.5 7.3 8.1 8.2 11.5 15.2 19.9 26.6 38.8 38.3 Source: EWEA, GWEC and International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA)
  12. 12. New annual global wind power andnuclear capacity (2001-2010) 45 (GW) 40 38.8 38.3 35 30 26.6 25 19.9 20 15.2 15 11.5 10 8.1 8.2 7.3 6.5 5 4.8 5 3.9 3.7 2.7 1.7 1.4 1.8 1.1 0 0 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 New global Nuclear capacity New global Wind power capacity TOTAL: 26.1 (GW) TOTAL: 180.4 (GW) Source: EWEA, GWEC and International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA)
  13. 13. Power production from new global windpower and nuclear capacity 90 83 82 80 70 60 57 50 43 40 36 34 33 30 28 27 25 19 18 20 16 17 14 13 12 10 10 8 0 0 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 Power production of new nuclear capacity (TWh) Power production of new wind capacity (TWh) TOTAL: 187 (TWh) TOTAL: 388 (TWh) Source: EWEA, GWEC and International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA)
  14. 14. Power production: global wind capacityadditions in nuclear reactor electricity equivalents 16 14.5 14.3 14 12 10 10 8 7.4 5.7 6 4 2 0 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 Equivalent nuclear reactors TOTAL: 51.9 Source: EWEA 2011
  15. 15. Member States market shares fornew capacity (2010) Other 800 9% Other Belgium 350 4% Bulgaria 198 Greece 123 Portugal 363 4% Ireland 118 Germany 1,493 Hungary 94 Denmark 364 4% 16% Cyprus 82 Lithuania 63 Poland 382 4% Finland 52 Spain 1,516 Netherlands 32 16% Romania 448 5% Czech Republic 23 Austria 16 Luxembourg 7 Sweden 604 6% France 1,086 Estonia 7 12% UK 962 Latvia 2 10% Italy 948 10% Malta 0 Slovenia 0 TOTAL: 9,332 (MW) Slovakia 0
  16. 16. kW of wind energy capacityper 1,000 people at end 2010 Denmark 686 Spain 450 Portugal 366 Germany 333 Ireland 320 Sweden 232 EU-27 168 Netherlands 135 Austria 121 Estonia 111 EU average Greece 107 Cyprus 102 168 kW Italy 96 France 87 Luxembourg 84 Belgium 84 United Kingdom 84 Bulgaria 50 Lithuania 46 Finland 37 Hungary 29 Poland 29 Romania 22 Czech Republic 20 Latvia 14 Slovakia 1 Slovenia 0 Malta 0 0 100 200 300 400 500 600 700 800 Source: EWEA, GWEC and International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA)
  17. 17. MW of wind power capacityper 1,000 KM² at end 2010 Denmark 88.1 Germany 76.2 Netherlands 54.1 Portugal 42.6 Spain 41.0 Belgium 29.9 UK 21.3 Ireland 20.3 EU-27 19.5 Italy 19.2 EU average Luxembourg 16.4 Austria 12.1 19.5 MW France 10.3 Greece 9.2 Cyprus 8.9 Sweden 4.8 Poland 3.5 Bulgaria 3.4 Estonia 3.3 Hungary 3.2 Czech Republic 2.7 Lithuania 2.4 Romania 1.9 Finland 0.6 Latvia 0.5 Slovakia 0.1 Slovenia 0.0 Malta 0.0 0 10 20 30 40 50 60 70 80 90 100 Source: EWEA, GWEC and International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA)
  18. 18. Installed power capacity in the EU (GW) 900 800 700 600 500 400 300 200 100 0 2000 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 Coal Gas Nuclear Fuel oil Peat Large Hydro Wind PV Biomass Small Hydro Waste Geothermal CSP Tidal & Wave Source: EWEA, EPIA, Estela, EU-OEA and Platts Powervision
  19. 19. EU power capacity mix 2000 2010 TOTAL: 575.5 (GW) TOTAL: 877.9 (GW) 100% Other: Other: 12,887 28,943 66,518 Small hydro: 4,514 Small hydro: 4,843 90% Biomass: 2,790 84,324 Biomass: 5,851 80% Peat: 1,868 54,735 Peat: 2,030 89,801 Waste: 2,054 Waste: 3,703 70% Geothermal: 1,360 Geothermal: 1,466 PV: 189 212,131 CSP: 635 60% 105,552 Tidal and wave: 250 50% 120,578 40% 128,471 30% 127,383 20% 159,482 231,050 10% 0% 2000 2010 Source: EWEA, EPIA, Estela, EU-OEA and Platts Powervision
  20. 20. Net increase/decrease inpower generating technologies 140 118.2 120 100 80 75.7 60 40 28.8 20 3.1 2.9 1.7 0.6 0.3 0.2 0.1 0.2 Nuclear Coal Fuel Oil 0 -7.6 -9.5 -13.2 -20 TOTAL INCREASE: 200,275 (GW) Source: EWEA, EPIA, Estela, EU-OEA and Platts Powervision
  21. 21. Latest wind energy scenarios for EU-27 450 (GW) 400 400 350 324 (GW total installed 300 capacity) 280 263 248 250 230 235 222 213 199 200 144 143 149 141 150 100 86 85 84 50 0 2010 2015 2020 2025 2030 EC 2009 NREAPs IEA 2010 EWEA 2011 Source: EWEA, European Commission, International Energy Agency, National Renewable Energy Action Plans.
  22. 22. Average annual increase in wind powercapacity in the EU-27 20 (GW) 18.7 17.8 18 15.7 16 15.3 14 14 12 10.5 9.7 10 10 9.5 9.5 2010 installations 8 7.2 6.3 6 5.6 5.2 4 2 0 2010-2015 2016-2020 2021-2025 2026-2030 EC 2009 NREAPs IEA 2010 EWEA 2011
  23. 23. Average annual new capacity AdditionsEU 2000-2030 (EC Primes Model, 2009) (GW) 200,000 180,000 4,999 160,000 9,323 46,048 9,502 43,289 140,000 14,218 4,651 120,000 17,628 27,009 27,407 100,000 53,284 4,832 27,274 17,485 80,000 78,443 44,166 4,320 16,622 60,000 57,238 5,907 38,345 6,802 45,821 40,000 32,096 15,920 8,344 27,791 16,524 20,000 7,027 7,222 28,052 30,135 5,921 16,486 16,497 16,318 0 7,445 2000-2005 2006-2010 2011-2015 2016-2020 2021-2025 2026-2030 Other RES Biomass & Waste Wind Oil Coal Gas Nuclear *Biomass and Waste Source: “EU Energy trends to 2030 – update 2009”, European Commission 2010
  24. 24. Electricity production from onshore andoffshore wind energy (NREAPs) (TWh) 900 500 15% 800 4 433 3.4 13% 700 2.9 366 2.4 11% 600 1.9 299 1.5 9% 500 10 1.2 9.6 9.1 0.9 8.6 400 233 0.6 8.1 7% 7.6 0.4 7 300 166 0.3 6.5 5% 5.9 5.4 200 4.7 99 3% 0.1 100 33 2.2 1% 0 0 2005 2010 2011 2012 2013 2014 2015 2016 2017 2018 2019 2020 0 Offshore Onshore Source: National Renewable Energy Action Plans 23
  25. 25. New annual EU wind powercapacity additions (1991-2020) 30 (GW) 25 20 15 10 5 0 1991 1992 1993 1994 1995 1996 1997 1998 1999 2000 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 2013 2014 2015 2016 2017 2018 2019 2020 Total 0.2 0.4 0.5 0.8 1 1.3 1.7 3.2 3.2 4.4 5.9 5.5 5.9 6.2 7.6 8.6 8.3 8.7 9.3 9.5 10 12.3 13.5 14.5 15.8 17.9 20.3 23.4 24.8 Total Offshore repowering Onshore repowering New offshore
  26. 26. Wind energy in 2020 – EWEA targets Onshore Offshore Total Installed capacity (GW) 190 40 230 Annual installations (GW) 17.8 6.9 24.8 Annual investments (bn€) 16.2 10.4 26.6 Electricity production 433 148 581 (TWh)
  27. 27. EU power capacity mix (2010) Others Increase in wind % of EU-27 Greece 5,292 power capacity increase in wind 4% Ireland 4,572 2011-2020 power capacity 3% (MW) 2011-2020 Sweden 6,837 Portugal 3,602 2,5% 5% Belgium 2,986 2,1% Netherlands 7,255 Others 23,377 Bulgaria 2,625 1,8% 5% 16% Romania 2,538 1,7% Austria 2,489 1,7% Denmark 2,202 1,5% Poland 9,393 Finland 1,703 1,2% 6% Czech Germany 1,385 1% 21,786 Republic Italy 9,703 15% Lithuania 846 0,6% 7% Slovakia 797 0,5% Hungary 605 0,4% Slovenia 500 0,3% France 17,360 12% Estonia 351 0,2% UK 20,796 Luxembourg 258 0,2% 14% Cyprus 218 0,1% Spain 19,324 Latvia 169 0,1% 13% Malta 100 0,1% Source: EWEA, EPIA, Estela, EU-OEA and Platts Powervision
  28. 28. Onshore historical growth 1994-2004compared to EWEA’s offshore projection 2010-2020 8000 (MW) 6,902 7000 6,419 6000 5,743 5,749 5,115 5,203 5000 4,377 4,145 4000 3,433 3,225 3,205 3,053 2,767 2,859 3000 2000 1,697 1,370 1,277 883 1,000 962 1000 809 584 470 374 367 215 0 1992 1993 1994 1995 1996 1997 1998 1999 2000 2001 2002 2003 2004 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 2013 2014 2015 2016 2017 2018 2019 2020 Onshore (1992-2004) Offshore (2008 -2020)
  29. 29. Wind energy in 2020• Meeting 15.7% to 16.5% of EU electricity demand depending on total demand• Producing 22.9% of total electricity generating capacity in the EU• Equivalent to the consumption of 140 million average EU households• Avoiding 341.6 Mt CO2 annually• Avoiding fuel costs of bn€ 23.9*• Avoiding bn€ 8.5 of CO2 cost*** Assuming IEA forecast, fuel cost equivalent to $97.4/bbl of oil, real 2010 value)** Assuming €25/t CO2
  30. 30. Total installed wind power capacityEWEA, BTM, and EER scenarios compared 600 509 500 400 400 312 300 230 223 200 179 141 148 100 0 2015 2020 2030 EWEA BTM EER Source: EWEA 2011, BTM 2010, EER 2010
  31. 31. New wind capacity and growth rates New wind capacity Onshore Offshore Total 1991-2000 12,413 35 12,448 2001-2010 69,157 2,908 72,065 2011-2020 124,850 37,067 161,916 2021-2030 132,352 109,083 241,435 Annual growth rates Onshore Offshore Total 1991-2000 33% -2.60% 32.70% 2001-2010 6.80% 33.10% 7.70% 2011-2020 7.70% 21.30% 10% 2021-2030 -5.20% 5.80% -0.50%
  32. 32. New wind capacity (1991-2030) New wind capacity Annual growth rates Onshore Offshore Total Onshore Offshore Total 1991-2000 12,413 35 12,448 33% -2.60% 32.70% 2001-2010 69,157 2,908 72,065 6.80% 33.10% 7.70% 2011-2020 124,850 37,067 161,916 7.70% 21.30% 10% 2021-2030 132,352 109,083 241,435 -5.20% 5.80% -0.50%
  33. 33. Wind energy in 2030 – EWEA targets Onshore Offshore Total Installed capacity (GW) 250 150 400 Annual installations (GW) 10 13.7 23.7 Annual investments (bn€) 8.2 17.1 25.3 Electricity production 591 562 1,154 (TWh)
  34. 34. Wind energy in 2030• Meeting 28.5% of EU electricity demand depending on total demand• Producing 36% of total electricity generating capacity in the EU• Equivalent to the consumption of 252 million average EU households• Avoiding 646 Mt CO2 annually• Avoiding fuel costs of bn€ 51*• Avoiding bn€ 26 of CO2 cost*** Assuming IEA forecast, fuel cost equivalent to $108.2/bbl of oil** Assuming €40/t CO2
  35. 35. Wind energy share of EU electricity demand 6,000 4,051 5,000 3,910 3,690 3,524 4,000 3,307 3,320 2,994 3,000 2,000 1,154 1,000 873 581 182 330 23 83 0 2000 2005 2010 2015 2020 2025 2030 Wind energy production (TWh) EU reference (TWh) Source: EWEA and EC 2010
  36. 36. Wind power share of installed capacity 1995 2000 2005 2010 2015 2020 2025 2030 Total installed 532 575 627 878 920 1,003 1,041 1,111 capacity (GW) Total installed wind 2.5 13 41 84 141 230 324 400 capacity (GW) Wind powers share 0.5% 2.25 6.5% 9.6% 15.3% 22.9% 31.1% 36.0% of installed capacity
  37. 37. Wind and CO2CO2 avoided annually Annual CO2 costby wind energy avoided by wind energy bn € Mt of CO2 avoided 30 Cost avoided 700 (40€/tCO2) Cost avoided (25€/tCO2) 600 25 Cost avoided (10€/tCO2) Mt of CO2 avoided 500 20 400 15 300 10 200 5 100 0 0
  38. 38. Avoided fuel costs from wind European Commission International Energy Agency Historical price 11/07/2008 fuel prices ($148/barrel) 60 60 50 10.29 50 50 10.25 10.25 40 40 7.06 40 7.04 28.43 7.06 30 30 30 26.88 26.88 21.22 4.6 4.59 4.59 20 19.64 20 20 19.64 2.98 11.66 12.22 2.48 12.22 1.59 3.09 1.59 3.09 1.6 10 10 10 2.56 2.56 5.56 1.42 6.68 6.68 1.58 1.58 0.62 0.62 2.94 2.76 1.17 2.76 1.17 3.97 7.62 12.54 16.25 0.46 1.87 3.26 5.49 8.17 10.71 0.46 1.87 3.26 5.49 8.17 10.71 0 0 0 2010 2015 2020 2025 2030 2010 2015 2020 2025 2030 2010 2015 2020 2025 2030 Coal Oil Gas Biomass and waste Coal Oil Gas Biomass and waste Coal Oil Gas Biomass and waste
  39. 39. Capital cost of onshore and offshore wind 3500 3000 2500 2000 1500 1000 500 0 2000 2005 2010 2015 2020 2025 2030 Onshore Onshore EC EWEA Offshore Offshore EC EWEA
  40. 40. Wind power investments 30 (€bn) 25 20 15 10 5 0 2000 2002 2004 2006 2008 2010 2012 2014 2016 2018 2020 2022 2024 2026 2028 2030 Onshore Investments (€2010 bn) Offshore Investments (€2010 bn)
  41. 41. Wind energy sector employment (People) 500,000 246,175 296,548 169,550 450,000 400,000 350,000 300,000 86,731 293,306 250,000 22,458 34,945 231,198 200,000 202,694 6,374 13,931 183,373 150,000 174,174 147,419 154,151 140,544 100,000 50,000 0 2007 2008 2009 2010 2015 2020 2025 2030 Total Offshore Total 153,793 154,476 196,632 189,096 289,425 462,856 477,373 479,921 Source: EWEA and EC 2010
  42. 42. Installed capacity, electricity production,and share of EU demand Contribution of electricity from RES and wind energy 1970-2010 + expected contribution 2011- 2050 (% of consumption) 120 100 80 60 40 20 0 1971 1980 1990 2000 2010 2020 2030 2040 2050 All RES (%) Wind (%) Total EU-27 Wind wind Average Average gross power’s Onshore Offshore energy capacity capacity electricity share of wind wind capacity factor factor TWh TWh TWh consumptio electricity (GW) (GW) (GW) onshore offshore onshore offshore total n demand 2020 190 40 230 26% 42.30% 433 148 581 3,690 16% 2030 250 150 400 27% 42.80% 591 562 1,154 4,051 29% 2050 275 460 735 29% 45% 699 1,813 2,512 5,000 50% Sources: 1971-1989 3E/EWEA assumption: 1990-2008 Eurostat: 2009 EWEA assumption: 2010-2020 NREAPs: 2020-2030 EWEA (based on PRIMES consumption 2030: 2031-2050 EWEA).
  43. 43. About the European Wind Energy Association EWEA is the voice of the wind industry, actively promoting wind power in Europe and worldwide. It has over 700 members from almost 60 countries making EWEA the worlds largest and most powerful wind energy network. Rue dArlon 80 B-1040 Brussels Belgium www.ewea.org
  44. 44. To download the pdf version click hereIf you want to see more statistics, reports, news andinformation about wind energy event please visit EWEA’swebsite www.ewea.org or contact us atcommunication@ewea.org

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