European offshore statistics 2012

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Europe installed and grid connected 293 offshore wind turbines in 2012 - more than one per working day. This brings the total to 1,662 turbines, in 55 offshore wind farms in ten European countries.

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European offshore statistics 2012

  1. 1. The European Offshore Wind Industry:Key Trends and Statistics in 2012
  2. 2. Offshore wind power marketin 2012• 293 new offshore wind turbines, in 9 wind farms, representing investments of around €3.4 bn to €4.6 bn, were fully grid connected between 1 January and 31 December 2012, totalling 1,166 MW, 33% more than in 2011.• 369 turbines were erected during 2012, an average of 3.9 MW per day. 76 of these turbines are awaiting grid connection.
  3. 3. Offshore wind power marketin 2012 (…continued)• Work is on-going on five projects and foundation installation has started on a further nine new projects.• 2012 saw Siemens as the leading turbine supplier, Bladt as the leading substructure supplier, Nexans and JDR as the leading inter-array cable suppliers, Prysmian as the leading export cable supplier, and DONG Energy as the leading developer.
  4. 4. Cumulative offshore windpower market• 1,662 turbines installed and grid connected, totalling 4,995 MW in 55 wind farms in ten European countries: up from 1,371 turbines, totalling 3,827 MW, at end 2011, an increase of 31%.• Overall, EU Member States are lagging behind their offshore wind energy NREAP objectives.• 73% of substructures are monopiles, 13% jackets, 6%, tripods, 5% tripiles and 3% gravity based foundations. There are also two full scale grid-connected floating turbines, and two down-scaled prototypes.
  5. 5. Market outlook for 2013 and2014• Once completed, the 14 offshore projects currently under construction will increase installed capacity by a further 3.3 GW, bringing cumulative capacity in Europe to 8.3 GW.• Preparatory work has started on seven other projects, which will have a cumulative installed capacity of 1,174 MW.• 2013 installations could be around 1,400 MW and 2014 installations around 1,900 MW.
  6. 6. Trends:turbines, foundations, waterdepth and distance to shore.• The average size of offshore wind turbines installed in 2012 is 4 MW; it is expected that average wind turbine size will not increase significantly over the coming two years.• Average offshore wind farm size was 271 MW in 2012, 36% more than the previous year. The trend towards larger projects is expected to continue over the coming years.
  7. 7. Trends:turbines, foundations, waterdepth and distance to shore(…continued)• The average water depth of wind farms completed, or partially completed, in 2012 was 22 metres (m) and the average distance to shore 29 km.• Both average water depth and distance to shore are expected to increase over the coming years.
  8. 8. Installation Vessels• During 2012 a number of new generation installation vessels were delivered featuring innovative technologies, capable of operating in deeper waters (up to 75 m) and in harsher sea conditions (higher waves).
  9. 9. Financing highlights anddevelopments• Financing activity grew faster than the sector itself during 2012. The financing pipeline for 2013 is also considerable.• In 2012, four non-recourse debt financing transactions were closed, involving almost 20 banks.• Seven equity deals were struck during 2012 and the year saw a broader pool of companies buying into the sector.• 4 GW of capacity changed hands during 2012, 30% more than during the previous year.
  10. 10. New turbine announcements• 31 companies have announced plans for 38 new offshore turbine models.• 52% of new offshore turbine models announced are from European companies.• Almost three-quarters of all announcements are for turbines of a rated capacity of 5 MW or more.
  11. 11. Summary of work carried out at European offshorewind farms during 2012
  12. 12. Share of annual offshore wind capacityinstallations per country (MW). Denmark 46.8 4% Germany 80.0 7% Belgium 184.50 16% UK 854.20 73% Source: EWEA
  13. 13. Sea basin share of 2012 annual installations Baltic Sea 4% Atlantic Ocean 16% North Sea 80% Source: EWEA
  14. 14. Number of turbines and MW fully connected to thegrid during 2012 per country (MW) Source: EWEA
  15. 15. Wind turbine manufacturers’ share of 2012 annualinstallations in MW BARD 80.0 7% REpower 225.10 19% Siemens 860.40 74% Source: EWEA
  16. 16. Wind turbine manufacturers’ share of 2012 annualinstallations in terms of units connected BARD 16.0 5% REpower 38.0 13% Siemens 239.0 82% Source: EWEA
  17. 17. Developers’ share of 2012 annual installations Source: EWEA
  18. 18. Foundation types share of 2012 annual market Gravity Tripile 16.0 24.0 3% 5% Tripod 29 6% Jacket 61.0 13% Monopile 355.0 73% Source: EWEA
  19. 19. Share of foundations installed in 2012 bymanufacturing company SIAG Nordseewerk Aker Verdal Jan De Nul Group 5.00 2.0 16.00 WeserWind 1% 0% 3% 19.00 4% AMBAU GmbH 22.0 Bladt Cuxhaven Steel 5% 193.0 Construction GmbH (CSC) 40% 24.0 5% Ingeniería y Diseño Europeo (IDESA) 30.0 6% SIF Group/Smulders 86.0 18% Erndtebrücker Eisenwerk 88.0 18% Source: EWEA
  20. 20. Share of inter-array cable suppliers to offshorewind farms in 2012 (number of farms supplied) NKT 1.0 other 6% Nexans 1.0 5% 4.0 22% ABB 2.0 11% NSW 3.0 17% JDR 4.0 22% Prysmian 3.0 Source: EWEA 17%
  21. 21. Share of export cable suppliers in 2012 (No. offarms) JDR 1.0 other 5% 1 5% NKT 3.0 Prysmian 17% 7.0 39% ABB 3.0 17% Nexans 3.0 17% Source: EWEA
  22. 22. Water depth, distance to shore and size of offshorewind farms under construction during 2012 Source: EWEA
  23. 23. Cumulative and annual offshore wind installations(MW) Source: EWEA
  24. 24. Installed capacity - cumulative share bycountry, (MW) Sweden Finland Ireland Norway 164 27 25 2 3% Netherlands 1% 0% 0% Portugal 247 2 5% Germany 0% 280 6% Belgium 380 8% UK 2,948 59% Denmark 921 18% Source: EWEA
  25. 25. Installed wind turbines - cumulative share bycountry Finland Ireland Norway 9 7 1 Germany 1% 0% 0% 68 Portugal 4% 1 Sweden 0% 75 5% Belgium 91 6% Netherlands 124 7% UK 870 52% Denmark 416 25% Source: EWEA
  26. 26. Installed capacity, cumulative share by sea basin Baltic sea 16% Atlantic Sea 19% North Sea 65% Source: EWEA
  27. 27. Global cumulative offshore wind energy capacity Japan China 33.80 509.50 1% 9% Europe 4995.0 90% Source: EWEA
  28. 28. EU Member States’ offshore wind capacity targets(NREAPs), EWEA 2009 forecast and realinstallations (MW) 6,000 5,800 5,600 5,400 5,200 5,000 4,800 4,600 4,400 NREAPs EWEA 2009 Real Source: EWEA
  29. 29. Member States’ NREAP cumulative offshore windinstallation targets for 2012, and real installations(MW) Source: National Renewable Energy Action Plans and EWEA
  30. 30. Wind turbine manufacturers’ share at the end of2012 (MW) WinWind Others 1% GE BARD 1% 1% 3% Areva Repower 0% 8% Siemens Vestas 58% 28% Source: EWEA
  31. 31. Wind turbine manufacturers’ share at the end of2012 (units) WinWind GE BARD 1% Other 2% 1% 3% Areva 0% Repower 4% Vestas Siemens 32% 57% Source: EWEA
  32. 32. Owners share of installed capacity in MW Source: EWEA
  33. 33. Foundation types share of 2012 cumulative market Tripod n/a 29 6 Floating Tripile2% 0% 4 47 0% Jacket3% 91 5% Gravity Based Foundation 302 16% Monopile 1376 74% Source: EWEA
  34. 34. Offshore market: projects online, underconstruction and consented (MW) 20,000 18,000 16,000 14,000 12,000 MW 10,000 8,000 6,000 4,000 2,000 0 Online Under construction Consented Source: EWEA
  35. 35. Share of consented offshore capacity per country(MW) Italy Latvia 4% 1% Greece 4% France 1% Belgium 4% Finland 4% Germany Sweden 38% 5% Estonia 5% Ireland 9% UK Netherlands 10% 15% Source: EWEA
  36. 36. Share of offshore wind farms under constructionby sea basin Baltic Sea 16% Atlantic Ocean 22% North Sea 62% Source: EWEA
  37. 37. Share of consented offshore wind farms by seabasin Mediterranean Sea 8% Atlantic Ocean 9% Baltic Sea 21% North Sea 62% Source: EWEA
  38. 38. Average offshore wind turbine rated capacity Average turbine size 4.5 4.0 3.5 3.0 2.5 2.0 1.5 1.0 0.5 0.0 U/C 1991 1992 1993 1994 1995 1996 1997 1998 1999 2000 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 Source: EWEA
  39. 39. MW 100.0 200.0 300.0 400.0 500.0 600.0 0.0 1991 1992 1993 1994 1995 1996 1997 1998 1999 2000 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 Average size of offshore wind farm projects U/C Consen… PlannedSource: EWEA
  40. 40. Average water depth and distance to shore ofonline, under construction and consented windfarms Source: EWEA
  41. 41. Financing of offshore wind farms 2006 to 2012(MW) Source: Jérôme Guillet (Green Giraffe Energy Bankers)
  42. 42. Investment in offshore wind farms by investor typein 2012 Smaller power producers Developers 3% 1% Contractors 9% Financial Investors 14% Large Power Producers 76% Source: EWEA
  43. 43. Annual investments in offshore wind farms Source: EWEA
  44. 44. Origin of announcements of offshore wind turbinemodels Source: EWEA
  45. 45. Share of announcements of big wind turbines Source: EWEA
  46. 46. Wind turbines announcements Source: EWEA
  47. 47. About the European Wind Energy Association EWEA is the voice of the wind industry, actively promoting wind power in Europe and worldwide. It has over 700 members from almost 60 countries making EWEA the worlds largest and most powerful wind energy network. Rue dArlon 80 B-1040 Brussels Belgium www.ewea.org
  48. 48. To download the pdf version click hereTo download the Ipad (Ibooks) version click hereIf you want to see more statistics, reports, news andinformation about wind energy event please visit EWEA’swebsite www.ewea.org or contact us atcommunication@ewea.org

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