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Diplomat history of eu compressed


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Diplomat history of eu compressed

  1. 1. The European Union European UnionEducational Outreach Program in the United States 2012 Delegation of the European Union Washington, DC
  2. 2. History of the European Union
  3. 3. The Original Purpose of the EU To secure peace between former enemies How? By controlling the production of coal and steel
  4. 4. Key Milestones Production of coal and steel put under1951 ECSC control of a High Authority Creation of the EEC and1957 Treaty of Rome establishment of the common market
  5. 5. Key Milestones1986 First major revision of the Rome Single European Act Treaty: Single Market and European Political Cooperation1989 Fall of the Berlin Wall Reunification of Germany and democratisation of Eastern Europe1992 Maastricht Treaty Creation of the European Union and the pillar structure
  6. 6. The Treaty of Lisbon - Entered into force on December 1st 2009 - Amends current treaties without replacing themKey improvements: Democracy and Rights and Values Transparency Visibility on the Efficiency Global Stage
  7. 7. The EU Today 502 million 174 million23 languages 4 languages 27 countries 6 countries
  8. 8. The EU Today7% World Population25% World GDP>50% World Official Development Aid
  9. 9. The Values of the EU FreedomRule of Law Respect for Human Rights Democracy Equality
  10. 10. European Enlargement
  11. 11. Conditions of Membership
  12. 12. Conditions of Membership Market Economy Ability to Cope with Competitive Pressures
  13. 13. The Enlargement Process
  14. 14. History of Enlargement
  15. 15. EU Candidate CountriesAcceding Country• Croatia – joining in 2013Candidate Countries• fYROM• Iceland• Montenegro• Serbia• Turkey
  16. 16. How the EU Works
  17. 17. Major EU Institutions European Council European Commission European Parliament Council of the European Union
  18. 18. European CouncilCompositionHeads of state or government from member statesFunctions Sets the general guidelines for EU policy
  19. 19. European Commission Executive Branch of the EU Composition27 independent members, one from each EU country Functions Proposes new legislation Manages EU’s day-to-day business and budget
  20. 20. European Parliament Voice of the PeopleComposition 736 MEPs from all member statesFunctions Decides on EU legislation together with CoEU Democratic supervision of all the EU’s work
  21. 21. Council of the European Union Voice of the Member States Composition One minister from each member state Functions Decides on EU legislation together with parliament Manages common foreign and security policy
  22. 22. European Court of Justice The Judicial Authority of the EU Composition 27 independent judges, one from each state Functions Rules on how to interpret EU law Ensures EU countries apply laws in the same way
  23. 23. Economic and Monetary Union and the Euro
  24. 24. History of the EMU The Euro is the single currency of the EU, introduced in 1999 12 of the then 15 members adopted it in 2002. Today 17 of the 27 countries use it It has become an attractive world currency like the US dollar
  25. 25. Economic, Monetary and Fiscal Policy in the EMU - Coordination of economic policiesEconomic Policy - Financial and budgetary disciplineMonetary Policy - Set by the ECB Fiscal Policy - Set by national governments of member states
  26. 26. The European Central Bank Ensures price stability Controls money supply and decides interest ratesWorks independently from governments
  27. 27. Joining the Euro: Maastricht Criteria Price stability Budget deficit Debt Interest rates Exchange rate stability
  28. 28. The EU on the World Stage
  29. 29. Common Foreign and Security Policy Common Security European Securityand Defense Policy Strategy CFSPPeacekeeping and EU and NATOCrisis Management
  30. 30. European External Action Service The EU’s foreign service Improved coherence and efficiency Led by HR Catherine Ashton
  31. 31. Trade and Development DevelopmentDoha Assistance
  32. 32. Democracy and Human RightsPromoting: Election Monitoring …and fighting: The Death Penalty Torture Human Trafficking
  33. 33. The EU-US Relationship
  34. 34. Shared Values Promoting peace, human rights and democracy worldwide Confronting global challenges, including security and non-proliferationNatural Fostering prosperity and opportunityPartners Advancing strategic cooperation on energy security, climate change and sustainable development
  35. 35. Comparative Statistics 1.8 mil US$ sq 502 17.6 milesmillion trillion 3.5 mil US$ sq 15.1 miles 312 trillionmillion
  36. 36. Trade and Economics Largest bilateral trade relationship in the world We are each other’s main trading partner and source of FDI$4.3 trillion in trade More than 30% of global More than 40% of global Generates 15 million jobs in the EU and US every year merchandise trade service trade
  37. 37. The Transatlantic Takes place once a year between the Presidents of the European Commission AnnualPartnership and the European Council and the President of the US SummitThe Senior Level Group (SLG) comprises senior EUand US State Department Officials. They, together Senior Levelwith the Joint Task Force, prepare for the Annual Joint Task ForceSummits. The Joint Task Force meets regularly to Groupoversee the implementation of Summit decisions Transatlantic Transatlantic Transatlantic Transatlantic Business Consumer Legislators’ Economic Dialogue Dialogue Dialogue Council EU-US Working Group Biotechnology EU-US Cooperation in Crisis EU-US Development on Employment and Research Management, Conflict Prevention Dialogue Labor Task Force and Capacity Building EU-US Counter- Transport and Border EU-US EducationEU-US Energy Council Terrorism Security Policy Forum Dialogue Dialogue Transatlantic EU-US Financial EU-US Science and Macroeconomic Environmental Markets Regulatory Technology Dialogue Dialogue Dialogue Agreement
  38. 38. Thank you!Delegation of the European Union Washington, DC
  39. 39. Question & Answer