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Seeking the candidate technology to drive the Automated Vehicles market


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Presented at the ICCVE 3-7 Nov 2014, Vienna, Austria
P1 Plenary session:
Which technologies will pave the way to automated vehicles? Which industry sector is expected to take a leading role?

Published in: Automotive
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Seeking the candidate technology to drive the Automated Vehicles market

  1. 1. Seeking the candidate technology to drive the Automated Vehicles market 4th November 2014 Alberto Fernández Wyttenbach European GNSS Agency (GSA)
  2. 2. GNSS have made a huge impact in our society… MKT
  3. 3. …and the future impact will be even greater 300 250 200 150 100 50 CAGR: 9% CAGR: 5% Source: NSS_Market%20Report_2013_web.pdf Cumulative core revenue by application 2012-2022 0 2012 2013 2014 2015 2016 2017 2018 2019 2020 2021 2022 € (billions) Global GNSS market size Core revenue (Global) Enabled revenue (Global) 7 bln GNSS devices by 2022 – almost one for every person on the planet MKT
  4. 4. The automotive industry is already anticipating the leading role of GNSS Source : “Expert opinion forecast of connected vehicle technology”, Center for Automotive Research, USA (2012) MKT
  5. 5. GNSS is an enabler of several applications in road transportation  Navigation is the most widespread application of Satellite Navigation  Satellite road traffic monitoring services collect floating car location data from vehicles and process traffic information  Fleet management solutions enable transport operators to monitor the logistics activities performance  Insurance telematics services rely on GNSS to increase transparency for insurers/subscribers  Cooperative /Connected Vehicles to enhance road safety and comfort for the driver, by enabling V2V communication APPS
  6. 6. Regulations in Europe are accelerating the business case  eCall system will send an emergency call to 112 in case of accident, including precise location, accelerating assistance to drivers  Digital tachographs will facilitate registration of starting-ending time of the journey  Dangerous goods tracking: robust positioning requirements uptake in EU Member States  Road User Charging GNSS supports toll operators in charging levies in compliance with the European Electronic Tolling System Directive POLI
  7. 7. GNSS signal authentication INN In addition, Galileo signal authentication will provide trustability against spoofing attempts; this will facilitate the process for a legal use of GNSS position in several regulated road applications:  Payment critical applications, in which GNSS is used to go from vehicle ownership to usage (e.g. road tolling, congestion charging, pay as you drive, mobility as a service, etc.)  New liability applications based on GNSS will be supported (e.g.: speed control and enforcement, digital tacograph, accident reconstruction, dangerous goods transportation, etc.)
  8. 8. The “Local Integrity” approach  Proposed in the framework of the GLOVE FP7 project  Intended to overcome the limitations of classic integrity – Cars as sensors for GNSS signal quality assessment – GNSS observations shared by means of VANET communications – Collaborative monitoring of GNSS signals in urban scenarios • Spatial/temporal characterization of local signal degradations  Computation of “Local Protection Levels” ellipses – Defined on Along-Track (AT) and Cross-Track (CT) directions – Suitable to vehicular applications AT CT INN Source:
  9. 9. Signals used by GNSS service providers are compatible and interoperable L5 L3 L1 CDMA* CDMA* L5 CDMA: Code Division Multiple Access Open signals Military/Governmental signals * future signal The European GNSS Programmes EU USA Russia Japan China India E6 E5a E5 E5b E1/L1 L5 L1 E6 L5 L1 E5b E6 L1 L5 CDMA INTG
  10. 10. Multiconstellation / Multifrequency INTG  Multi-constellation: When buildings block the signal and reduce the number of visible satellites, the availability of more constellations ensures a much more accurate final position  Multi-frequency increases robustness of the position against jammers, because even if a satellite is not available or providing incorrect data, a reasonable accuracy will be achieved
  11. 11. INTG Sensor fusion for integrated navigation  Typically meant the combination of GNSS, inertial navigation, odometry, map matching  Combination of Computer Vision, 3D Maps and GNSS technologies are fostering new solutions not only for driving assistance but for unmanned vehicles
  12. 12. IND Taxisat: Low-cost Autonomous Vehicles SLAM-Simultaneous Location & Mapping:  Visual odometry: Estimation of the EgoMotion (6D camera/vehicle pose) in real time  Real time 3D scene map generation Follow the Lane  Self Assessment  Active Control of Light Conditions
  13. 13. IND Taxisat: Low-cost Autonomous Vehicles  Under commercialization!  Closed circuits, no regulatory barriers  Different target than Google car   Limited investment on technology with high performance and reliability Manufacturing costs…? 45.000 Euro
  14. 14. Conclusion Satellite positioning (GNSS) is the candidate technology to pave the way to Automated Vehicles GNSS Apps Integrati Policies Innova tion on Market Industry
  15. 15. Thank You Learn more at… Session: “Satellite navigation and positioning in a connected / automated vehicle environment” Nov 4, 15:50 - 17:50 - Room: Stolz 1