ESF - Presentation Scharle


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ESF - Presentation Scharle

  1. 1. Shaping the Future of ESP – ESF and Europe 2020 | Workshop 4 | Draft presentation of Ágota Scharle, Budapest Institute, Hungary Brussels, 23 June, Wednesday, 14.30/16.30 1. Approach - priorities derived from goals and potential for added value - goals derived from EU 2020: smart and inclusive growth - consider four sources of added value, coming either from the general weekness of democratic procedures to accommodate the interests of weak social groups (among them the unborn generations) or from the potential of transnational sharing and learning 1. [future] if the next generation will benefit from intervention (which national gov may not be able to generate enough support for) 2. [voice] if the intervention helps weak and discriminated groups, confronting the sentiment of the median voter (improving the outcome of short-sighted political bargains) 3. [transparency] increase transparency of resource allocation and thereby increase accountability of governments (by reducing the cost of information and thereby assymetry of information for civil society) 4. [governance] transfer of good governance procedures/tools across nations and government functions - consider the specific needs of new member states (NMS) 2. Proposals: what follows from the above four sources of added value? What to do How Example of concrete measure 1 future Target children, Early development as a priority, Compulsory minimum „income” for mothers care provision to increase female children (cf Atkinson), to be spent on employment child care services 2 voice Narrow targets to Introduce indicators that reflect truly disadvantaged flows/mobility (from inactivity and poverty, at household and regional level) Focus on rehabilitation services (facilitate reintegration) Impose conditionality of inclusion on all other spending 3 trans- Enforce transparency, Strengthen EC role in pooling and Initiate peer review on involving civil parency make information sharing info society in resource allocation and easily available at EU monitoring level Revive multilateral working groups under EMCO/EPS (e.g. country reviews, thematical sessions) 4 gover- 4.1. Reduce admin, Introduce result-based financing – Establish separate evaluation agency nance increase NPM first as a bonus Training for auditors, review appeal 4.2. Promote Promote intra gov coordination, procedures problem-based, remove constraints to complex OECD review of national management coordinated programmes and admin practices intervention: complex Capacity building in the Increase share of ESF but at the same programmes implementation system time increase share allowed to spend on 4.3. Foster ERF type spending within that involvement of local Significantly increase 2% error rate for communities complex programmes Ear-marked use of TA resources for improving project management
  2. 2. Shaping the Future of ESP – ESF and Europe 2020 | Workshop 4 | 3. Proposals: what follows from specific needs of MS? 3.1. Weak governments: need extra support for introducing NPM tools Fit with European Principles of Administration Current fit High Mediumto high Medium Medium to low Low Post accession change Continued Lithuania Latvia reform Estonia Mixed Hungary Slovenia Reform reversal Slovak R Czech R Poland Source: Meyer-Sahling 2009. Based on analysis of legal changes between 2004-2008 and survey data and interviews conducted in 2008 3.2. Weak civil society: need extra supply of information, enforcement of transparency, and reliable/stable financing structures Participation in civil organisations by type of organisation and country group global 1 0.5 political church EU Eastern Europe Nordic Europe Central (Western 0 Europe) Southern Europe labour market leisure Source: Pichler and Wallace (2008), based on the World Value Survey 2005
  3. 3. Shaping the Future of ESP – ESF and Europe 2020 | Workshop 4 | 3.3. Low employment of uneducated population is main source of long term poverty and little convergence has happened (following recovery from transitional recession, or EU accession) Need more assistance in policy design and ALMPs. Employment rate of uneducated population as compared to EU15 (age 25-64) 1.4 1.2 EU 15 Slovakia 1.0 Lithuania Czech R 0.8 Poland Hungary 0.6 Estonia Latvia 0.4 Bulgaria Slovenia 0.2 Slovenia Romania 0.0 1998 1999 2000 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 Source: Eurostat on-line database [tsdec430] References Meyer-Sahling, J.H. (2009): Sustainability of civil service reforms in Central and Eastern Europe five years after EU accession, OECD Sigma paper no. 44. Pichler and Wallace (2008): Civil Society in Eastern Europe 1995-2005. A comparative analysis including Western Europe, Russia and the US. Presented at the Cinefogo conference „Squaring the Circle: The Relationship between Civil Society and Social Capital in Central and Eastern Europe?”, 13 June, 2008