An Excessive 650 Question Packet of ID’s Questions 617 through 638 as interpreted by Tiffany Burba
617) Solidarity 1956: Soviets back off from collectivization in Poland after riots Lead by the militant Lech Walesa A new trade union to push for worker’s rights Undermines communism
618) Lech Walesa Militant leader creates solidarity Brezhnev orders his movement crushed Survived underground and the regime never had to impose full scale terror
619) Decolonization European nations move towards releasing their holds on colonies. France releases Algeria and Morocco Some nations leave colonies with dominion status or allies
620) Mohandas Ghandi Spearheaded the Indian independence movement. Advocated peaceful resistance and civil disobedience. Fasted in order to stop violence.
621) France and Algeria France had a valuable colony in Algeria. Decolonization became the new trend and colonies were taboo. France releases Algeria after ten years of fighting and protests.
622) French Indochina Charles duGaull just couldn’t get the message that he needed to let his colonies go. He tried to hold onto Indochina, particularly Laos and Vietnam. Independence around 1956
623) Vietnam Conflict South Vietnam was infiltrated by North Vietnam. Vietnamese did NOT fight well, USA sent aid to south Vietnam—not a good investment. (lost the war)
624) Ho Chi Minh Leader of North Vietnam Invaded the capitalist South Vietnam in order to spread communism. Eventually took over Saigon and the war ended.
625) Mikhail Gorbachev Took over Russia after Brezhnev, who was after Khrushchev, who was after Stalin. Gorbachev attempted to institute capitalism to save communism. Lost his grip on dissenting soviet countries.
626) Perestroika Drastic modification of the planned economy Hopes to create consumer demand Incentives for production, autonomy for managers Bureaucrats opposed
627) Glasnost Right to voice a need for change Criticism of status quo is acceptable to identify the evils of the past Emigration more liberally allowed Reconciliation with orthodox church
628) Vaclav Havel/Velvet Revolution Leader of Czechoslovakia Got the new Czech Republic economic reforms and into NATO Allowed Slovakia to peacefully break off from the Czech Republic
629) Nicole Ceausescu Autocratic, withdrawn, desires industrial superpower status for Romania Kills hundreds in a riot Flees capital from Rioters Gets the Mussolini treatment.
630) August 1991 Coup Gorbachev becomes less and less respected as Yeltsin gains popularity Yeltsin becomes an opposition leader (former party boss) Open elections bring about Yeltsin being new president of Russia
631) Boris Yeltsin A governor who becomes more respected than Gorbachev Becomes president of Russia after open elections are held Had a major drinking problem
632) Chechnya 1994-Yeltsin tries to crush and independence movement in this autonomous republic and failed Separatist pressures this and some others want independence from Russia proper. The war continues
633) Vladimir Putin Chosen as Yeltsin’s successor and is elected prime minister Crushes Chechen rebels after terror attacks in Moscow. Shares a first name with Vladimir Lenin
634) Slobodan Milosevic Serbian desiring a nation-state in Serbia and take over former Yugoslavia. Serbian Hitler?? Created purges in Kosovo and in Bosnia.
635) Bosnia Has some population of Serbs and some Bosnians. Under repression and attack by Slobodan and Serbia. Bosnians persecuted and killed.
636) Serbia Became very militant after the dissolving of Yugoslavia Led by the Serbian Hitler, Slobodan Milosevic. Attempted to become a nation-state with nationalistic desires. Instituted purges
637) Croats Persecuted by Serbia in an attempt to make an all-Serbian state. Sent to concentration/labor camps There was a civil war within the former Yugoslavian countries.
638) Kosovo Part of Serbia that wanted to break away Feared declaring independence after seeing what Slobodan did to the Bosnians Eventually achieved independence