Pages 595-616 Maddy Ruble
The Truman Doctrine <ul><li>Created by President Harry Truman </li></ul><ul><li>During Cold War  </li></ul><ul><li>U.S. po...
The Marshall Plan <ul><li>Created by George Marshall, Truman’s Secretary of State </li></ul><ul><li>U.S. gives $ to weaken...
Berlin Blockade <ul><li>Soviet retaliation for being left out of creating the new w. German mark- Deutsche </li></ul><ul><...
Berlin Airlift <ul><li>Allies response to Berlin Blockade </li></ul><ul><li>Allies knew they couldn’t beat Soviets on grou...
NATO <ul><li>Western European & U.S. defense alliance </li></ul><ul><li>Led by General Eisenhower </li></ul><ul><li>Attack...
Warsaw Pact <ul><li>Russian response to NATO </li></ul><ul><li>Defense alliance with its satellite countries </li></ul>
Balfour Declaration <ul><li>Created by British Foreign Secretary Arthur Balfour </li></ul><ul><li>Promised British gov’ts ...
Israel <ul><li>Created by Great Britain, U.S. and UN </li></ul><ul><li>Based on the idea of Zionism- a Jewish homeland </l...
Korean War <ul><li>USSR had satellite gov’t in north </li></ul><ul><li>U.S. had military presence in south </li></ul><ul><...
Nikita Khrushchev <ul><li>First to tell of Stalin’s flaws </li></ul><ul><li>Tried too much too fast </li></ul><ul><li>Bad ...
Alexander Solzhenitsyn <ul><li>Russian author permitted under Khrushchev to publish “One Day in the Life of Ivan Denisovic...
Secret Speech <ul><li>Khrushchev’s speech to Congress </li></ul><ul><li>Held in confidence but soon leaked </li></ul><ul><...
Crisis in the Suez <ul><li>Caused when the U.S. withdrew grant offer to rebuild Egypt’s dam </li></ul><ul><li>Egyptian pre...
Hungarian Uprising <ul><li>Led by reform-minded communist Imre Nagy </li></ul><ul><li>Inspired by success in Poland </li><...
Sputnik <ul><li>Russian </li></ul><ul><li>First aircraft to make it into space </li></ul><ul><li>Led to “space race” betwe...
Berlin Wall <ul><li>Russian tactic </li></ul><ul><li>Built to prevent people from getting from oppressive socialist E. Ger...
Cuban Missile Crisis <ul><li>Russia put missiles in Cuba when Cuba wanted communism </li></ul><ul><li>U.S. sent naval troo...
Leonid Brezhnev <ul><li>Succeeded Khrushchev in Soviet Union </li></ul><ul><li>Built up navy and military to compete with ...
Brezhnev Doctrine <ul><li>Soviet response to Truman Doctrine </li></ul><ul><li>Soviets will intervene anywhere communism i...
Detente <ul><li>Ease of tensions during Cold War </li></ul><ul><li>Popular with all countries, but hard to maintain due to...
Helsinki Accords <ul><li>1975 Helsinki, not formal treaty </li></ul><ul><li>NATO members, Warsaw Pact states, & 12 other s...
Afghanistan Invasion <ul><li>Soviet Union invaded in 1979 to bolster a weak pro-Soviet leftist regime </li></ul><ul><li>Pa...
Works Cited <ul><li>http://apuseast.wikispaces.com/file/view/Marshallbike.jpg/30534980/Marshallbike.jpg </li></ul><ul><li>...
Works Cited <ul><li>http://thenextweb.com/socialmedia/files/2010/09/photo_lg_israel.jpg </li></ul><ul><li>http://upload.wi...
Works Cited <ul><li>http://blog.kievukraine.info/uploaded_images/4369-772697.jpg </li></ul><ul><li>http://www.wired.com/im...
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595-616

  1. 1. Pages 595-616 Maddy Ruble
  2. 2. The Truman Doctrine <ul><li>Created by President Harry Truman </li></ul><ul><li>During Cold War </li></ul><ul><li>U.S. policy to contain communism </li></ul><ul><li>Does not work in places communism already exists </li></ul>
  3. 3. The Marshall Plan <ul><li>Created by George Marshall, Truman’s Secretary of State </li></ul><ul><li>U.S. gives $ to weakened w. European governments to help them become stable so they won’t turn to communism </li></ul><ul><li>Gave over $13 mil without any need to pay back </li></ul>
  4. 4. Berlin Blockade <ul><li>Soviet retaliation for being left out of creating the new w. German mark- Deutsche </li></ul><ul><li>Blockaded all road and rail access to Berlin </li></ul>
  5. 5. Berlin Airlift <ul><li>Allies response to Berlin Blockade </li></ul><ul><li>Allies knew they couldn’t beat Soviets on ground </li></ul><ul><li>They flew in supplies to people of w. Berlin </li></ul><ul><li>Soviets harassed planes but never confronted </li></ul><ul><li>May 1949- Soviets lift blockade </li></ul>
  6. 6. NATO <ul><li>Western European & U.S. defense alliance </li></ul><ul><li>Led by General Eisenhower </li></ul><ul><li>Attack on one is an attack on all </li></ul>
  7. 7. Warsaw Pact <ul><li>Russian response to NATO </li></ul><ul><li>Defense alliance with its satellite countries </li></ul>
  8. 8. Balfour Declaration <ul><li>Created by British Foreign Secretary Arthur Balfour </li></ul><ul><li>Promised British gov’ts support for the idea of a Jewish homeland in Palestine </li></ul><ul><li>Controversial because Britain had plans to sponsor Arab nationalism </li></ul>
  9. 9. Israel <ul><li>Created by Great Britain, U.S. and UN </li></ul><ul><li>Based on the idea of Zionism- a Jewish homeland </li></ul><ul><li>Put in Palestine </li></ul><ul><li>Conflicts of nationalism with Arabs already living there </li></ul>
  10. 10. Korean War <ul><li>USSR had satellite gov’t in north </li></ul><ul><li>U.S. had military presence in south </li></ul><ul><li>N. invaded S. </li></ul><ul><li>U.S. attacked N. but drove too far past the 38 th parallel into China </li></ul><ul><li>U.S. pushed back by China but succeeded in saving S. </li></ul>
  11. 11. Nikita Khrushchev <ul><li>First to tell of Stalin’s flaws </li></ul><ul><li>Tried too much too fast </li></ul><ul><li>Bad idea w/ Cuban missile crisis </li></ul><ul><li>Stepped down for being too soft on foreign policy </li></ul>
  12. 12. Alexander Solzhenitsyn <ul><li>Russian author permitted under Khrushchev to publish “One Day in the Life of Ivan Denisovich” </li></ul><ul><li>Depicted human suffering in forced labor camps </li></ul><ul><li>Published “Gulag Archipelago” under Gorbachev </li></ul><ul><li>Gave outside world name for Stalin’s network of forced labor </li></ul>
  13. 13. Secret Speech <ul><li>Khrushchev’s speech to Congress </li></ul><ul><li>Held in confidence but soon leaked </li></ul><ul><li>Protected Lenin’s legacy, but attacked Stalin and his crimes </li></ul>
  14. 14. Crisis in the Suez <ul><li>Caused when the U.S. withdrew grant offer to rebuild Egypt’s dam </li></ul><ul><li>Egyptian president Nasser nationalized Suez Canal </li></ul><ul><li>Britain and France invade together, Israel by itself </li></ul><ul><li>UN brought in to provide buffer </li></ul>
  15. 15. Hungarian Uprising <ul><li>Led by reform-minded communist Imre Nagy </li></ul><ul><li>Inspired by success in Poland </li></ul><ul><li>Soviets invade and replace Nagy w/ Janos Kadar who accepts Soviet intervention </li></ul><ul><li>Khrushchev suppresses counterrevolution </li></ul><ul><li>200,000 Hungarians flee to U.S. </li></ul>
  16. 16. Sputnik <ul><li>Russian </li></ul><ul><li>First aircraft to make it into space </li></ul><ul><li>Led to “space race” between Russia and U.S. </li></ul>
  17. 17. Berlin Wall <ul><li>Russian tactic </li></ul><ul><li>Built to prevent people from getting from oppressive socialist E. Germany to the safety and capitalism of W. Germany </li></ul>
  18. 18. Cuban Missile Crisis <ul><li>Russia put missiles in Cuba when Cuba wanted communism </li></ul><ul><li>U.S. sent naval troops to Cuba and had missiles in Turkey </li></ul><ul><li>Russia backs down </li></ul>
  19. 19. Leonid Brezhnev <ul><li>Succeeded Khrushchev in Soviet Union </li></ul><ul><li>Built up navy and military to compete with U.S. </li></ul><ul><li>Used dentente </li></ul><ul><li>Put down threats of freedom in Czechoslovakia </li></ul>
  20. 20. Brezhnev Doctrine <ul><li>Soviet response to Truman Doctrine </li></ul><ul><li>Soviets will intervene anywhere communism is threatened </li></ul><ul><li>Internal or external </li></ul>
  21. 21. Detente <ul><li>Ease of tensions during Cold War </li></ul><ul><li>Popular with all countries, but hard to maintain due to USSR and U.S. rivalry </li></ul><ul><li>Hurt by Russian invasion of Afghanistan </li></ul>
  22. 22. Helsinki Accords <ul><li>1975 Helsinki, not formal treaty </li></ul><ul><li>NATO members, Warsaw Pact states, & 12 other states </li></ul><ul><li>Pledged to work for peace, economic & cultural cooperation, & protection of human rights </li></ul><ul><li>Ratified European territorial boundaries set after WWII </li></ul>
  23. 23. Afghanistan Invasion <ul><li>Soviet Union invaded in 1979 to bolster a weak pro-Soviet leftist regime </li></ul><ul><li>Pakistan helped by U.S. which led to Soviets leaving w/ nothing in 1989 </li></ul><ul><li>Their Vietnam…foreign policy disaster </li></ul>
  24. 24. Works Cited <ul><li>http://apuseast.wikispaces.com/file/view/Marshallbike.jpg/30534980/Marshallbike.jpg </li></ul><ul><li>http://www.google.com/imgres?imgurl=http://www.americanrhetoric.com/images/harrytrumandoctrine.jpg </li></ul><ul><li>http://www.google.com/imgres?imgurl=https://www.arnewood.net/studentzone/subjects/history/history/coldwarpages/ </li></ul><ul><li>http://topics.nytimes.com/topics/reference/timestopics/subjects/b/berlin_airlift/index.html </li></ul><ul><li>http://www.mapsofworld.com/images/maps-of-world-nato-member-countries.gif </li></ul><ul><li>http:// www.audifaz.com/coldwar/nato.gif </li></ul><ul><li>http://sabbah.biz/mt/wp-content/uploads/2009/11/Balfour_portrait_and_declaration.JPG </li></ul>
  25. 25. Works Cited <ul><li>http://thenextweb.com/socialmedia/files/2010/09/photo_lg_israel.jpg </li></ul><ul><li>http://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/5/57/Korean_War_HA-SN-98-07010.jpg </li></ul><ul><li>http://euroheritage.net/khrushchev.jpg </li></ul><ul><li>http://media.economist.com/images/20080809/3208OB1.jpg </li></ul><ul><li>http://www.emersonkent.com/images/khrushchev_speech.jpg </li></ul><ul><li>http://homepage.mac.com/oldtownman/images3/16791.jpg </li></ul><ul><li>http://cairsweb.llgc.org.uk/images/ilw1/ilw2707.gif </li></ul><ul><li>http://www.aerospaceweb.org/question/spacecraft/russia/r7-sputnik.jpg </li></ul><ul><li>http://www.cs.utah.edu/~hatch/images/europe/berlin.buildwall.jpg </li></ul><ul><li>http://1.bp.blogspot.com/_ </li></ul>
  26. 26. Works Cited <ul><li>http://blog.kievukraine.info/uploaded_images/4369-772697.jpg </li></ul><ul><li>http://www.wired.com/images/article/magazine/1603/ff_nuclearwar_brezhnev.jpg </li></ul><ul><li>http://www.theillustrateddailyscribble.com/daily.scribble.gifs.07/07.02.07.dirty.detente-ing.gif </li></ul><ul><li>http://germanhistorydocs.ghi-dc.org/images/Konf%20ueber%20Sicherheit.jpg </li></ul><ul><li>http://www.csmonitor.com/var/ezflow_site/storage/images/media/images/1222-russia-afghanistan-30years/7144674-1-eng-US/1222-russia-afghanistan-30years_full_600.jpg </li></ul>

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