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#133-154 John Pellegrino
Peace of Prague (1636) <ul><li>Treaty between Hapsburg Emperor Ferdinand II and the Electorate of Saxony </li></ul><ul><li...
Franco-Swedish Intervention (1635–1648)   <ul><li>France’s rivalry with the Hapsburgs encouraged their involvement against...
Peace of Westphalia (1646) <ul><li>Treaty between Holy Roman Empire and France, Sweden, and their allies </li></ul><ul><li...
William III <ul><li>Deposed his father James II during the Glorious Revolution </li></ul><ul><li>Ruled with his wife Mary;...
Stadholder <ul><li>Stadhouder  was the title of the official leader, or governor, of the United Netherlands </li></ul><ul>...
Dutch East India Company <ul><li>Vereenigde Oost-Indische Compagnie, est. 1602   </li></ul><ul><li>First multinational meg...
James I <ul><li>Became King of Scotland following the abdication of Mary Queen of Scots </li></ul><ul><li>Became King of E...
<ul><li>Whiny English Protestants who liked John Calvin </li></ul><ul><li>Large population emigrated from England </li></u...
Mary Queen of Scots <ul><li>Catholic Queen who claimed to be rightful ruler of England </li></ul><ul><li>Married three tim...
Presbyterian <ul><li>OG Puritans in the Netherlands </li></ul><ul><li>Originated as Calvinists from Protestant Reformation...
Episcopal <ul><li>The Anglican Church in England </li></ul><ul><li>Replaced the Catholic church as the official Church of ...
Impositions <ul><li>Not to be confused with  Inquisitions </li></ul><ul><li>Tariffs and taxes imposed on exports and impor...
Plymouth Colony <ul><li>Voyage of the Mayflower </li></ul><ul><li>English Pilgrims seeking religious freedom </li></ul><ul...
Duke of Buckingham <ul><li>George Villiers </li></ul><ul><li>“ favourite” of James I </li></ul><ul><li>Questionable conten...
Charles I <ul><li>King of England, Scotland, Ireland, etc. etc. </li></ul><ul><li>Spent most of his time fighting Parliame...
Forced Loans <ul><li>It’s when you force a loan on someone. </li></ul>
Forced Loans <ul><li>Charles I used these to try and raise money for his war against Spain </li></ul><ul><li>Parliament di...
Petition of Right <ul><li>Presented to Charles I by Parliament </li></ul><ul><li>The King could not levy taxes without the...
Ship Money <ul><li>Tax implemented by Charles I </li></ul><ul><li>Usually placed on coastal towns </li></ul><ul><li>Tax wa...
William Laud <ul><li>Archbishop of Canterbury </li></ul><ul><li>Supported Charles I </li></ul><ul><li>Didn’t like Puritans...
John Pynn <ul><li>Leader of the Long Parliament </li></ul><ul><li>Criticized both James I and Charles I </li></ul><ul><li>...
Short Parliament <ul><li>Summoned by Charles I </li></ul><ul><li>First Parliament to be held in 11 years </li></ul><ul><li...
Long Parliament <ul><li>Summoned by Charles I </li></ul><ul><li>Lasted for over ten years </li></ul><ul><li>Redress of gri...
Credits <ul><li>Peace of Prague;  http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/File:Hradschin_Prag.jpg </li></ul><ul><li>Franco-Swedish In...
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133-154

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133-154

  1. 1. #133-154 John Pellegrino
  2. 2. Peace of Prague (1636) <ul><li>Treaty between Hapsburg Emperor Ferdinand II and the Electorate of Saxony </li></ul><ul><li>Saxony gained Bohemia (Lower and Upper Lusatia) </li></ul><ul><li>Brought an end to the civil war aspect of the Thirty Years’ war </li></ul><ul><li>Military actions still continued due to intervention by Spain, Sweden, and France until the Peace of Westphalia </li></ul>
  3. 3. Franco-Swedish Intervention (1635–1648) <ul><li>France’s rivalry with the Hapsburgs encouraged their involvement against the Holy Roman Empire </li></ul><ul><li>Gustavas Adolphus, King of Sweden, was very pro-Protestantism and wanted to support the Protestant agenda by invading the Hapsburgs and aiding in their demise </li></ul><ul><li>France bought Swedish help, Sweden promised to maintain an army in Germany and continue hostilities against the Holy Roman Empire until France gave permission to cease </li></ul>
  4. 4. Peace of Westphalia (1646) <ul><li>Treaty between Holy Roman Empire and France, Sweden, and their allies </li></ul><ul><li>Brought a final end to the Thirty Year’s War in Germany </li></ul><ul><li>Allowed practice of Catholicism, Lutheranism, and Calvinism in different regions within Holy Roman Empire </li></ul><ul><li>Redrew several territorial boundaries within the Empire </li></ul>
  5. 5. William III <ul><li>Deposed his father James II during the Glorious Revolution </li></ul><ul><li>Ruled with his wife Mary; their reign is often called the reign of William and Mary </li></ul><ul><li>Spent the majority of his rule focused on fighting Louis XIV and keeping the balance of power </li></ul><ul><li>Stadholder of the Dutch Republic </li></ul>
  6. 6. Stadholder <ul><li>Stadhouder was the title of the official leader, or governor, of the United Netherlands </li></ul><ul><li>Nederland politics were dominated by the Orange family, as was the office of Stadholder </li></ul>
  7. 7. Dutch East India Company <ul><li>Vereenigde Oost-Indische Compagnie, est. 1602 </li></ul><ul><li>First multinational mega-corporation in the world and first to issue a stock </li></ul><ul><li>Was given the ability to wage war, imprison and execute convicts, negotiate treaties, coin money, and establish colonies </li></ul>
  8. 8. James I <ul><li>Became King of Scotland following the abdication of Mary Queen of Scots </li></ul><ul><li>Became King of England after the last Tudor monarch, Elizabeth I (1603-1625) </li></ul><ul><li>Was not fond of Catholics or Puritans </li></ul><ul><li>Gunpowder Conspiracy of 1605 to blow up the House of Lords </li></ul><ul><li>New “King James’ Bible” </li></ul>
  9. 9. <ul><li>Whiny English Protestants who liked John Calvin </li></ul><ul><li>Large population emigrated from England </li></ul><ul><li>Settled in Netherlands and New England </li></ul><ul><li>Harsh interpretation of scripture </li></ul><ul><li>Very boring people </li></ul><ul><li>Done </li></ul>Puritans (French for Boring)
  10. 10. Mary Queen of Scots <ul><li>Catholic Queen who claimed to be rightful ruler of England </li></ul><ul><li>Married three times </li></ul><ul><li>First husband died </li></ul><ul><li>Married her cousin (2 nd husband) </li></ul><ul><li>He was mysteriously strangled in the garden </li></ul><ul><li>Married her second husband’s murderer </li></ul><ul><li>Her existence as a Catholic ruler during a Protestant reign caused uprisings across England </li></ul><ul><li>Arrested by Elizabeth I, held for 19 years </li></ul><ul><li>Tried and executed for treason </li></ul>
  11. 11. Presbyterian <ul><li>OG Puritans in the Netherlands </li></ul><ul><li>Originated as Calvinists from Protestant Reformation </li></ul><ul><li>Believed in the sovereignty of God, the absolute authority of the Scriptures, and grace through faith in Christ </li></ul>
  12. 12. Episcopal <ul><li>The Anglican Church in England </li></ul><ul><li>Replaced the Catholic church as the official Church of England </li></ul><ul><li>Ruled by Bishops and the Monarchy </li></ul><ul><li>King James Bible , Book of Common Prayer , etc. </li></ul>
  13. 13. Impositions <ul><li>Not to be confused with Inquisitions </li></ul><ul><li>Tariffs and taxes imposed on exports and imports by the monarchs of England </li></ul><ul><li>Designed to regulate trade and protect domestic industry </li></ul><ul><li>Elizabeth I placed these and currants and tobacco </li></ul><ul><li>James I extended them to the majority of all imports </li></ul>
  14. 14. Plymouth Colony <ul><li>Voyage of the Mayflower </li></ul><ul><li>English Pilgrims seeking religious freedom </li></ul><ul><li>“ The First Thanksgiving” was supposedly held here </li></ul><ul><li>Mayflower Compact and Council were the government </li></ul>
  15. 15. Duke of Buckingham <ul><li>George Villiers </li></ul><ul><li>“ favourite” of James I </li></ul><ul><li>Questionable content </li></ul><ul><li>Served under both James I and Charles I </li></ul><ul><li>Influential in foreign affairs, including expeditions against Spanish ports and fleets </li></ul><ul><li>Negotiated with Cardinal Richelieu for aid against Spain </li></ul><ul><li>Blamed for many of England’s troubles during Charles I’s reign </li></ul>
  16. 16. Charles I <ul><li>King of England, Scotland, Ireland, etc. etc. </li></ul><ul><li>Spent most of his time fighting Parliament (literally) </li></ul><ul><li>His last years of rule were marked by the English Civil War </li></ul><ul><li>Wanted to invade Scotland </li></ul><ul><li>Generally ruled without Parliament if he could </li></ul>
  17. 17. Forced Loans <ul><li>It’s when you force a loan on someone. </li></ul>
  18. 18. Forced Loans <ul><li>Charles I used these to try and raise money for his war against Spain </li></ul><ul><li>Parliament did not like this, and petitioned against such practices </li></ul><ul><li>Charlie didn’t get his money  </li></ul>
  19. 19. Petition of Right <ul><li>Presented to Charles I by Parliament </li></ul><ul><li>The King could not levy taxes without the consent of Parliament </li></ul><ul><li>He could not impose martial law on civilians, imprison without cause, or quarter troops in their home </li></ul><ul><li>He agreed, but continued to collect taxes without Parliament’s authorization </li></ul>
  20. 20. Ship Money <ul><li>Tax implemented by Charles I </li></ul><ul><li>Usually placed on coastal towns </li></ul><ul><li>Tax was paid in ships, or in their equivocal value </li></ul><ul><li>Its intention was to raise money for defense of colonies and English coast </li></ul><ul><li>A spark of the English Civil War </li></ul>
  21. 21. William Laud <ul><li>Archbishop of Canterbury </li></ul><ul><li>Supported Charles I </li></ul><ul><li>Didn’t like Puritans and was opposed to radical reform </li></ul><ul><li>Lost his head in the English Civil War </li></ul>
  22. 22. John Pynn <ul><li>Leader of the Long Parliament </li></ul><ul><li>Criticized both James I and Charles I </li></ul><ul><li>Defended the powers of Parliament </li></ul><ul><li>Did not like the Star Chamber </li></ul>
  23. 23. Short Parliament <ul><li>Summoned by Charles I </li></ul><ul><li>First Parliament to be held in 11 years </li></ul><ul><li>Charles needed money to fund a war against Scotland </li></ul><ul><li>Charles dissolved the parliament after only one month when he found out that they were going to petition against the war </li></ul>
  24. 24. Long Parliament <ul><li>Summoned by Charles I </li></ul><ul><li>Lasted for over ten years </li></ul><ul><li>Redress of grievances </li></ul><ul><li>Led to English Civil War, ejection of Cromwell and other boring British things </li></ul><ul><li>Cromwell emerged victorious </li></ul>
  25. 25. Credits <ul><li>Peace of Prague; http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/File:Hradschin_Prag.jpg </li></ul><ul><li>Franco-Swedish Intervention; http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/File:Battle_of_Lens.jpg </li></ul><ul><li>Peace of Westphalia; http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/File:The_Ratification_of_the_Treaty_of_Munster,_Gerard_Ter_Borch_(1648).jpg </li></ul><ul><li>William III; http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/File:King_William_III_of_England,_(1650-1702).jpg </li></ul><ul><li>Stadholder; http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/File:Antonio_Moro_-_Willem_I_van_Nassau.jpg http://nl.wikipedia.org/wiki/Bestand:Michiel_Jansz_van_Mierevelt_-_Maurits_prins_van_Oranje.jpg </li></ul><ul><li>VOC: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/File:Anonymous_The_Noord-Nieuwland_in_Table_Bay,_1762.jpg </li></ul><ul><li>James I; http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/File:James_I_of_England_by_Daniel_Mytens.jpg </li></ul><ul><li>Mary; http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/File:Mary_Stuart_James.jpg </li></ul><ul><li>Plymouth Colony; http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/File:Landing-Bacon.PNG </li></ul><ul><li>Duke of Buckingham; http://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/1/1d/GeorgeVilliers.jpg </li></ul><ul><li>Charles I; http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/File:Charlesx3.JPG </li></ul><ul><li>Forced Loans; http://www.amazon.co.uk/Photographic-CHARLES-DECAPITATED-Mary-Evans/dp/B0025Y5MYI </li></ul><ul><li>Petition of Right; http://forquignon.com/history/global/baroque_art/hals_laughingz_cavalier1624.jpg </li></ul><ul><li>Ship money; http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/File:John_Hampden_-_Project_Gutenberg_eText_19609.jpg </li></ul><ul><li>William Laud; http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/File:William_Laud.jpg </li></ul><ul><li>John Pym; http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/File:John_Pym.jpg </li></ul><ul><li>Short Parliament; http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/File:Commons_In_Session.jpg </li></ul><ul><li>Long Parliament; http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/File:CromwellDissolvingLongParliament.jpg </li></ul>

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