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Living and Working in Portugal, presented by EURES

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Living and Working in Portugal, presented by EURES

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Living and Working in Portugal, presented by EURES

  1. 1. 1 www.iefp.pt/eures EURES Online Jobdays 1st – 2nd December 2010 Want to work in Portugal?
  2. 2. www.iefp.pt/eures Living & Working in Portugal • The Country • Labour Market • Working Conditions • Social Security • Taxation • Recognition of Diplomas and Qualifications • Language • Accommodation • Healthcare • Education • Cost of Living • Looking for a Job • Starting up a Business 2
  3. 3. www.iefp.pt/eures The Country 3
  4. 4. www.iefp.pt/eures The Country Area: 92,412 km2 Territorial organisation: 5 regions in the Mainland, 2 Autonomous regions (Azores & Madeira archipelagos) Capital: Lisboa (Lisbon) Population: 10.647.300 (4th Q 2009) Active Population: 5.573.000 (3rd Q 2010) Unemployment Rate: 11% (October 2010) Currency: Euro GDP Growth Rate: -2,7% (2009) Per capita GDP (PPS): 79% EU27 avg (2009) Minimum Wage: 475,00 Eur/month (2010) Inflation Rate: -0,9% (2009) 4
  5. 5. www.iefp.pt/eures The Labour Market 5
  6. 6. www.iefp.pt/eures Labour Market Portuguese Economy • Based in traditional industries - textiles, clothing, footwear, cork and wood products, beverages (wine), ceramics, glass and glassware, fish canning, metal working, oil refining and chemicals; • A world-class mould-making industry • Changing its role in Europe’s automotive sector, IT and renewable energies 6
  7. 7. www.iefp.pt/eures • Agriculture is a small part of the economy • B2B Market: growth oriented sectors are construction & public works, environment, medical equipment, information technology, communications and transportation • B2C Market: the major visible trend in the last few years has been the increase of hypermarkets, large retailers & shopping malls Labour Market Portuguese Economy 7
  8. 8. www.iefp.pt/eures • Tourism is the driving force of the economy and the labour market • Trying to develop a more qualified cultural and rustic rather than “only sun & beach” tourism in order to attract tourists • New touristic offers: organisation of events, adventure and nature, cultural, rural, residential and SPA tourism Labour Market Portuguese Economy 8
  9. 9. www.iefp.pt/eures • Graduates in Economics, Management & other Business Sciences (including Accountancy, Marketing and Advertising) • Graduates in Languages & other Communication Sciences • Teachers (mostly Secondary School Teachers) • Social Workers & Psychologists • Other graduates in Social & Human Sciences: Sociologists, Lawyers, Historians, etc. Labour Market Graduate Surpluses 9
  10. 10. www.iefp.pt/eures • Recreation, Leisure & Tourism Animators • Travel Consultants & Organisers • Receptionists & Information Clerks • Engineers (Civil, Chemical, Electro, Agronomy, Environmental, IT, Mechanical,…) & Architects • IT Analysts, Programmers & Assistants • Nurses & several Life Science Technicians • Sales Managers & Representatives Labour Market Graduate Surpluses (cont.) 10
  11. 11. www.iefp.pt/eures • Tourism & HORECA  Waiters & Bartenders, Cook Assistants, Bakers & Pastry Cooks • Construction & Public Works  Bricklayers & Stonemasons, Public Works Construction & Maintenance Workers, Carpenters, Painters, Plumbers, others • Textile Industry  Sewers, weaving and knitting machine operators, others • Other Manufacturing Industries  Welders & Flamecutters, Assemblers & other Production Clerks Labour Market Less Qualified Surpluses 11
  12. 12. www.iefp.pt/eures Labour Market Less Qualified Surpluses (cont.) • Cleaning  Domestic cleaners & helpers; Cleaning staff in hotels, offices & other establishments • Personal Service  Childminders & Personal Care Workers • Shopping / Commercial  Shop Assistants, Stall & Market Demonstrators, Cashiers; Stock & Warehouse Clerks • Transport  Truck & Lorry Drivers; Taxi Drivers 12
  13. 13. www.iefp.pt/eures • Health Sector  Medical Doctors, mostly in some expert specialties • ICT’s (Information & Communication Technologies)  IT Engineers, with very specific profiles and skills • Services  Specialized Contact Centres, Shared Service Centres Labour Market Permanent Shortages 13
  14. 14. www.iefp.pt/eures • Hotels & Restaurants  Bartenders  Waiters/Waitresses  Recepcionists • Agriculture  Fruit picking: grapes, pears, strawberries Labour Market Seasonal Shortages 14
  15. 15. www.iefp.pt/eures The Working Conditions 15
  16. 16. www.iefp.pt/eures Working Conditions Average Monthly Earnings (October 2009) Eur 1.101,9 Professional Level (Apr. 2009)  Managers/Directors 2.957,8  Employees 964,2  Labourers 650,2  Apprentices 500,8 Gender  Male 1.215,0  Female 948,9 Activity Areas  Manufacturing 965,7  Construction 965,4  Sales & Repair Services 1.032,5  Hotels & Restaurants 737,5  Transports & Communications 1.566,8  Financial Activities 2.299,1  Health Care & Social Work 845,4  Administr. & Support Services 949,0  Education 1.256,4 Source: GEP-MTSS16
  17. 17. www.iefp.pt/eures Working Conditions Relevant Info • Holiday & Christmas subsidies total 14 earning months per year • Lisbon has the highest wage level in Portugal, due to concentration of higher paying activities • Normal working period cannot exceed 40 hours weekly (avg. is 39 hours, 5 working days) • Holiday duration: in general, 22+3 useful days as a base (or 2 days per complete month of work in short-term contracts) • Fixed term contract maximum duration: 3 years (incl. 2 renewals max. during the period); mandatory to be in writing • Day limit for supplementary work: 2 hours Further info: www.act.gov.pt 17
  18. 18. www.iefp.pt/eures Working Conditions Temporary Work • Increasing in Portugal (around 250 TWA’s) • Only TWA’s licensed by the Public Employment Service (IEFP, I.P.) are authorised to perform the activity (assigning workers to other companies) • For information on licensed TWA’s, please visit: www.iefp.pt > Soluções para Entidades > Empresas Trabalho Temporário regulamentadas 18
  19. 19. www.iefp.pt/eures The Social Security 19
  20. 20. www.iefp.pt/eures Social Security Deductions • Social Security contributions of 11% deducted from gross monthly earnings • Employers contribute a further 23,75% • The employer is responsible for making the contribution for each worker, corresponding to the overall rate of 34,75% of his/her gross monthly earnings, at the District Social Security Centre (or online) • For the self-employed, contribution rate is calculated on the basis of declared wage:  25,4% (compulsory protection scheme)  32% (wider protection scheme) Further info: www.seg-social.pt 20
  21. 21. www.iefp.pt/eures Social Security Unemployment Benefits Unemployment benefit (UB)Unemployment benefit (UB) • due to workers with minimum 450 days of paid work and a record of contributions in the 24 months preceding the date of unemployment • duration depends on the benefit recipient’s age and on the number of years with registered earnings (after last record as unemployed benefit recipient): minimum 12 months and maximum 38 months • 65% of the reference wage (max. limit 3 x IAS* per month) * IAS (Indexante dos Apoios Sociais): Social Supports Index; equal to €419,22 in 2010 (amount revised every year) 21
  22. 22. www.iefp.pt/eures Social unemployment benefit (SUB)Social unemployment benefit (SUB) • paid to workers with min. 180 days worked and a record of contributions in the 12 months preceding the date of unemployment, and whose family per capita income is lower than 80% the IAS • duration identical to UB, except when following the UB payment (in which case it is reduced to half) • Equal to IAS for benefit recipients with a family; to 80% of the IAS for single benefit recipients Partial unemployment benefit (PUB)Partial unemployment benefit (PUB) • paid when workers receiving an unemployment benefit sign a part-time work contract, with a wage lower than the amount of the UB • differential between the wage and the UB due to the worker Social Security Unemployment Benefits 22
  23. 23. www.iefp.pt/eures Rules for unemployment benefit exportRules for unemployment benefit export If receiving an UB in country X and wanting to look for a job in Portugal, you may request that it is exported to Portugal for up until 3 months, since you comply to the following rules: • to remain available for work for a minimum period of 4 weeks in the Job Centre • to inform the Social Security in country X of your intention to look for a job in Portugal • to bring the U2 form obtained from the Social Security in Country X • to register as a jobseeker in the PES in Portugal (IEFP Job Centres) at max. 7 days after departure from Country X • to comply to procedures applicable in Portugal regarding active job search Social Security Unemployment Benefits 23
  24. 24. www.iefp.pt/eures The Tax System 24
  25. 25. www.iefp.pt/eures Taxes Personal Income Tax (IRS) Rates (%) Annual Income Amount (Eur) Normal Rate (A) Avg. Rate (B) Up to 4.755 10,5 10,5000 4.755 to 7.192 13,0 11,3471 7.192 to 17.836 23,5 18,5986 17.836 to 41.021 34,0 27,3037 41.021 to 59.450 36,5 30,1545 59.450 to 64.110 40,0 30,8701 More than 64.110 42,0 25
  26. 26. www.iefp.pt/eures Taxes Principles to avoid double taxation • IRS is paid on the annual amount of income received by people living in Portugal • In case of non-residents, it is paid exclusively on income received in Portugal • Employers will retain 25% of the income due to non-resident employees • To avoid double taxation, Portugal has tax agreements with the other EEA member states (and Switzerland) Further info: www.portaldasfinancas.gov.pt 26
  27. 27. www.iefp.pt/eures The Recognition of Diplomas and Qualifications 27
  28. 28. www.iefp.pt/eures Recognition of Diplomas and Qualifications In Portugal, access to certain occupational activities is conditioned by the possession of diplomas, certificates or other degrees. The recognition schemes are not, in most occupational activities, automatic. Requests for recognition should be addressed at the competent authority in Portugal. Further info: NARIC - National Academic Recognition Information Centres www.naricportugal.pt PNRQ - National Reference Point for Vocational Qualifications http://portal.iefp.pt/pnrq/index.html 28
  29. 29. www.iefp.pt/eures The Language 29
  30. 30. www.iefp.pt/eures Language Although many Portuguese people speak English, French or Spanish, most employers will require at least a basic knowledge of Portuguese: Portuguese e-learning tools: • Camões Virtual Centre: http://cvc.instituto-camoes.pt/ • Easy Portuguese: www.easyportuguese.com Portuguese language teacher (Camões Institute): in several Universities in Europe: http://www.instituto-camoes.pt/rdic-europa/index.html In Portugal: • “Portugal Acolhe” (“Portugal Welcomes”) Programme • Search by “Português para Estrangeiros” in Yellow Pages (www.pai.pt) 30
  31. 31. www.iefp.pt/eures The Accommodation 31
  32. 32. www.iefp.pt/eures Accommodation Looking for a place to stay • Housing in the largest cities (Lisboa, Porto) and in touristic areas (Algarve) may be difficult to find and very expensive • The renting price for houses and flats does not include water supply, electricity, telephone and gas expenses; usually it does not include furniture either • Still not very common to find houses with central heating or air conditioning • Leasing contracts normally last for a minimum 6 months • It is common to be asked for a 1 to 2 months rent payment in advance • In the University cities, there are also people who rent rooms to students (already furnished) 32
  33. 33. www.iefp.pt/eures • Accommodation offered with a job is rare in Portugal • Average rental of a 1 bedroom appt. Eur 500, 2 bedroom appt. Eur 700 (more expensive in Lisbon) • Arrange for temporary accommodation before you leave:  Portugal Official Tourism website www.visitportugal.com > Where to stay (EN)  Portuguese Youth Hostels network www.pousadasjuventude.pt • Most newspapers (“Classificados” sections) and real estate agencies are already on the Internet… Accommodation Looking for a place to stay 33
  34. 34. www.iefp.pt/eures Accommodation Looking for a place to stay most useful websites • Portal da Habitação www.portaldahabitacao.pt • ComprarCasa (APEMIP Associates Portal) www.comprarcasa.pt • ERA Portugal www.era.pt • REMAX Portugal www.remax.pt • Lardocelar – Imobiliários e Serviços www.lardocelar.com • Imoproposta www.imoproposta.pt • BPI Expresso Imobiliário http://clix.bpiexpressoimobiliario.pt • Casa Sapo – Portal Nacional de Imobiliário www.casa.sapo.pt Further links: please check at the EURES Portal > L&W section 34
  35. 35. www.iefp.pt/eures The Health Care System 35
  36. 36. www.iefp.pt/eures Health Care National Emergency Services: 112112 • Medical services from the NHS (National Health System) are free to EEA citizens working or looking for work in Portugal • When travelling to Portugal, don’t forget your European Health Insurance CardEuropean Health Insurance Card • Once you start working, and after being registered in Portuguese Social Security, register with the nearest Health Centre • Health CentresHealth Centres: general practice/family medicine, public health care, nursing, vaccination and some diagnostic exams • Public HospitalsPublic Hospitals: external specialist consultations, hospitalization and emergency services Further info: www.portaldasaude.ptwww.portaldasaude.pt oror www.dgs.ptwww.dgs.pt 36
  37. 37. www.iefp.pt/eures Education Educational System Pre-School Education Pre-School Education Basic EducationBasic Education Secondary Education Secondary Education Higher EducationHigher EducationPost- Secondary Education Post- Secondary Education Ages Schooling Years 1st cycle1st cycle 2nd cycle2nd cycle 3rd cycle3rd cycle 3 4 5 kindergartenkindergarten Courses: Scientific-Humanistic Technological Specialised Artistic Professional Courses: Scientific-Humanistic Technological Specialised Artistic Professional 6 9 10 11 12 14 15 Technological Specialisation Courses Technological Specialisation Courses 1st, 2nd 3rd 4th 5th 6th 7th 8th 9th 10th 11th 12th 17 18 19 1st 2nd 18 … 1st 2nd 3rd GraduateGraduate 20 Compulsory Education MasterMaster DoctorDoctor 21 22 1st 2nd University EducationUniversity Education Polytechnics Education Polytechnics Education GraduateGraduate MasterMaster … 37
  38. 38. www.iefp.pt/eures • No school may refuse to enrol a child, independently of his or her nationality, provided it is located in the area in which his or her parents reside and places are still available • Pupils from kindergarten to the 9th grade registered in the public education system whose mother tongue is not Portuguese may benefit from support measures: they will attend Portuguese lessons along with others but may receive extra tuition in the language if necessary • There are also some International Schools in Greater Lisbon as well as in the Algarve Further info on the education and training systems: http://portal.iefp.pt/pnrq/index.html Education Educational System 38
  39. 39. www.iefp.pt/eures The Cost of Living 39
  40. 40. www.iefp.pt/eures Cost of Living Food and Beverages • Milk (1 lt) € 0,47 – 0,99 • Bread (1 kg) € 1,65 – 4,10 • Pork Meat (1 kg) € 2,98 – 4,50 • Beef (1 kg) € 12,48 – 19,97 • Eggs (6 units) € 0,59 – 1,09 • Codfish (1 kg) € 7,29 – 19,98 • Oranges (1 kg) € 0,79 – 1,29 • Apples (1 kg) € 0,64 – 1,69 • Beer (1 lt) € 1,39 – 3,54 • Bottle of Wine (0,75 lt) € 1,59 – 8,69 • Coke (1 lt) € 0,89 – 0,95 40
  41. 41. www.iefp.pt/eures Cost of Living Accommodation (apt. Rents, €) LisbonLisbon OportoOporto T2 Apartment 350 - 1100 450 – 700 T3 Apartment 750 – 2000 600 – 900 Studio (T0) 250 - 900 300 - 500 41
  42. 42. www.iefp.pt/eures Cost of Living Transports • 1 single bus ticket (Lisbon) € 1,40 (bought on board) • 1 single underground ticket (Lisbon) € 0,80 • Monthly Travel Card (Lisbon Area) € 28,10 – 59,80 • Gas 95 octanes (1 lt) € 1,238 - 1,289 • Train 2nd class from Lisbon to Oporto (return ticket) € 20,00 – 28,50 • Coach from Lisbon to Oporto (return ticket) € 31,50 42
  43. 43. www.iefp.pt/eures Cost of Living Leisure • 1 cup of coffee (‘bica’) € 0,50 - 0,80 • 1 cinema ticket € 5,50 – 6,00 • 1 theatre ticket € 10,00 – 30,00 • 1 McMenu (McDonalds) € 4,25 • 1 DVD € 19,00 – 25,00 • 1 meal in a café / snack bar € 6,00 – 8,00 • 1 meal in a restaurant (2nd class) € 10,00 – 25,00 • Packet of 20 cigarettes € 3,10 – 3,95 • 1 daily newspaper € 0,80 – 1,20 43
  44. 44. www.iefp.pt/eures Looking for a Job 44
  45. 45. www.iefp.pt/eures Looking for a Job Job Search Strategies • Invest in the Portuguese language learning • Contact the EURES Advisers network in your country • Visit www.eures.europa.eu for info on job vacancies and living and working conditions in Portugal • Place your CV on the EURES portal – or, if you have enough knowledge of Portuguese, on www.netemprego.pt • Search for job opportunities in several on-line job banks (see UsefulUseful ContactsContacts document) 45
  46. 46. www.iefp.pt/eures Looking for a Job Applying for a Job • Portuguese Resumé (e.g. in Europass CV model – include photo) and Motivation Letter • Other Europass tools (Language, IT Skills, Diploma/Certificate Supplements) may be an added value • Collect all documents in evidence of your relevant professional experience and education/training diplomas and certificates – take them with you for an Interview (in Portuguese, if required – or, at least, in English) • Take previous employers’ references with you 46
  47. 47. www.iefp.pt/eures Looking for a Job When in Portugal... Register yourselfRegister yourself: • in a Job Centre (“Centro de Emprego”) • on www.netemprego.pt (Contact Centre in Portugal: 808 200 670808 200 670) You can alsoYou can also: • check for ads in newspapers • check online job banks • apply for a job at TWA’s, if you’re willing to accept a temporary job (make sure it is authorised to operate) 47
  48. 48. www.iefp.pt/eures 3 in the national Coordination 10 at the regional level (2 in the Autonomous Regions - Azores and Madeira) 12 in Local Units (in Job Centres) 25 EURES Advisers Looking for a Job EURES Advisers in Portugal 48
  49. 49. www.iefp.pt/eures • I have a valid Identity Card or Passport • I have a copy of the labour contract or written document confirming the provided work terms and conditions, and I completely understand them • I have documents proving my professional experience, training/education degrees and professional certificates • I know the wage payment method and frequency • I can guarantee accommodation in the area where I’m going to work • I have the European Health Insurance Card • I have enough money to remain in Portugal until I get my 1st wage payment or to return to Poland in case of need Looking for a Job Checklist (before leaving) 49
  50. 50. www.iefp.pt/eures • Previously check situation in the labour market in Portugal, through the Internet (e.g. EURES Portal or online newspapers) and/or getting in touch with Portuguese EURES Advisers • Make sure that you have the adequate Portuguese language level to the job and, in case of need, improve it in due time • Take previous employers’ references with you • Take out travel insurance • Contact Social Security in Country X for more information on the Portuguese social protection system • Contact NRP, NARIC or a EURES Adviser for further info on the recognition of your qualifications and skills in Portugal Looking for a Job Other Advices 50
  51. 51. www.iefp.pt/eures Starting up your own Business 51
  52. 52. www.iefp.pt/eures • Investment opportunities IT & new technologies, tourism, trade, bioagriculture,… • Strategic access to markets • Modern road & communication infrastructures • Quality of life and nice working environment Starting up a business Portuguese added value 52
  53. 53. www.iefp.pt/eures53 What to think about?What to think about? • Juridical statute • Simplified procedure or traditional method? • Activities requiring previous licensing Further Info: please visit the EURES Portal > L&W section Starting up a business Basic Procedures
  54. 54. www.iefp.pt/eures • Company Portal www.portaldaempresa.pt • Firm On-Line www.portaldaempresa.pt/CVE/pt/EOL • Firm on the Spot www.empresanahora.mj.pt • Company Stores www.portaldaempresa.pt/CVE/pt/LojaEmpresa/ • Enterprise Europe Network in Portugal www.enterpriseeuropenetwork.pt • AICEP (Portuguese Agency for Investment and External Trade) www.investinportugal.pt • IAPMEI (Institute of Support to SME’s) www.iapmei.pt Starting up a business Useful Links 54
  55. 55. www.iefp.pt/eures Further info Please contact a Portuguese EURES Adviser or visit: Website: www.iefp.pt/eures E-mail: eures-jobseeker@iefp.pt 55
  56. 56. www.iefp.pt/eures Welcome to Portugal!Welcome to Portugal! 56

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